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The singular number includes the plural; words used in the present include the future; words used in the masculine gender comprehend as well, the feminine and neuter. Words prohibiting anything being done, except in accordance with a license or permit or authority from a board or officer, shall be construed as giving such board or officer power to license or permit or authorize such thing to be done.
Whenever in this Code it is provided that anything must be done, to the approval of or subject to the direction of the enforcing officer, this shall be construed to give such officer only the power to determine whether the rules and regulations established in this Code have been complied with and shall not be construed as giving such officer discretionary powers.
DAY, MONTH, QUARTER, YEAR: "Day" shall be any twenty four (24) hour period from midnight to midnight; "month" shall mean a calendar month, unless otherwise expressed; "quarter" shall mean any three (3) month period, ending with the last days of March, June, September and December; and "year" shall mean any one calendar year, unless otherwise expressed.
KNOWINGLY: Imports only a knowledge that the facts exist which bring the act or omission within the provisions of this Code. It does not require any knowledge of the unlawfulness of such act or omission.
LAND, REAL ESTATE, REAL PROPERTY: Includes lands, tenements, hereditaments, water rights, possessory rights and claims.
NEGLECT: The terms "neglect", "negligence", "negligent", and "negligently" import a want of such attention to the nature or probable consequences of the act or omission as a prudent man ordinarily bestows in acting in his own concern.
OATH: The word "oath" includes "affirmation" and the word "swear" includes the word "affirm". Every mode of oral statement under oath or affirmation is embraced in the term "testify" and every written one in the term "depose". (Revised Code 1958; amd. 1984 Code)
OFFICER: Includes officers and boards in charge of departments and the members of such boards and such reference as use of the word "Municipality" shall mean this City; "Finance Officer" shall mean the City Finance Officer. (Revised Code 1958; amd. 1984 Code; amd. Ord. 93-4, 8-17-93)
OFFICIAL TIME: Whenever used, shall mean Standard Time or Daylight Saving Time, as may be in current use within the City.
OWNER: As applied to a building or land, shall include any part owner, joint owner, tenant in common, joint tenant or lessee of the whole or of a part of such building or land.
PERSON: Includes bodies politic and corporate, partnerships, associations and corporations.
PERSONAL PROPERTY: Includes every description of money, goods, chattels, effects, evidence of rights in action and all written instruments by which any pecuniary obligation, right or title to property is created, acknowledged, transferred, increased, defeated, discharged or diminished, and every right or interest therein.
PROPERTY: Includes both real and personal property.
PUBLIC THOROUGHFARE: Includes streets, alleys, lanes, courts, boulevards, public ways, public squares, public places and sidewalks.
SHALL, MAY: "Shall" is mandatory, "may" is discretionary.
SIGNATURE: Includes any name, mark or sign written with the intent to authenticate any instrument of writing.
TENANT or OCCUPANT: As applied to a building or land, shall include any person who occupies the whole or any part of such building or land, whether alone or with others.
WILFULLY: When applied to the intent with which an act is done or omitted, implies simply a purpose or willingness to commit the act or make the omission referred to. It does not require any intent to violate law or to injure another or to acquire an advantage.
WRITING: Includes printing, writing and typewriting. (Revised Code 1958; amd. 1984 Code)