For the purpose of this chapter, the following definitions shall apply unless the context clearly indicates or requires a different meaning.
   BLOCK. A tract of land bounded by streets, or a combination of streets and public parks, cemeteries, railroad right-of-ways, waterways or municipal boundaries.
   BUILDING SET BACK LINE - BUILDING LINE. The line, nearest the front and side of a lot, which establishes the minimum yard between the principal building/structure and the lot line. In measuring to establish the building set back line, the measurement is to be taken from the furthest protruding point of the building, such as eaves, steps, ramps, decks, porches and the like.
   DEDICATION. The setting apart of land, or interests in land, for the use by the public by ordinance, resolution or entry in the official minutes and by the recording of a plat.
   EASEMENT. A grant by the owner of the use of a strip of land by the public, a corporation, or persons, for specific uses and purposes, to be designated as a “public” or “private” easement depending on the nature of type use.
   IMPROVEMENTS. Grading, street surfacing, curbs, gutters, sidewalks, crosswalks, water mains and lines, sanitary sewers, storm sewers, culverts, bridges, utilities, and other additions to the natural state of land which increase its value, utility or habitability.
   LOT. A parcel or portion of land separated from other parcels or portions by description, as in a subdivision or on record survey map or by metes and bounds, for the purpose of sale, lease, or separate use.
   PERFORMANCE BOND. The amount of money, or other negotiable security, paid by the sub- divider or his surety, to the Hamilton Clerk-Treasurer that guarantees that the sub-divider will perform all actions required by the Plan Commission regarding an approved plat. Such bonds shall provide that, if the sub-divider defaults and fails to comply with the provisions of an approved plat, he/she will pay damages up to the amount of the bond, or the surety itself will complete such requirements.
   PLAT. A map or chart indicating the subdivision or resubdivision of land, intended to be recorded.
      (1)   PRELIMINARY PLAT. A preliminary map and support data indicating the proposed layout of the subdivision in sufficient detail to provide adequate basis for review by the Commission and meeting requirements of § 152.22.
      (2)   FINAL PLAT. A map of all or part of a subdivision providing substantial conformance to the preliminary plat of the subdivision prepared and certified by a registered land surveyor in compliance with requirements of I.C. 36-7-3-1 et seq. and suitable for recording by the County Register of Deeds.
   PLAT, SKETCH. An informal sketch drawn before the preparation of a primary plat, to save time and expense in reaching general agreements with the Plan Commission as to the form of a proposed plat.
   STREET. Any street, avenue, boulevard, road, land, parkway, viaduct, alley, or other way which is an existing state, county, or municipal roadway; or a street, or any way shown in a plat heretofore approved pursuant to law or approved by official action; or, a street or way on a plat duly filed and recorded in the office of the County Register of Deeds. A STREET includes the land between the street lines whether improved or unimproved and may comprise pavement, shoulders, gutters, sidewalks, parking areas, and lawns.
      (1)   MAJOR THOROUGHFARE. Any interstate, state, or county highway, or any local traffic artery of considerable continuity carrying a large volume of both private and commercial vehicles, (i.e. a “section line road”).
      (2)   COLLECTOR STREET. A street within a neighborhood used primarily to carry traffic from minor streets to major thoroughfares, including principal entrance streets to a residential development.
      (3)   LOCAL STREETS. A street of limited continuity used primarily for access to abutting residential properties.
      (4)   MARGINAL ACCESS STREET. A minor street paralleling and adjacent to a major thoroughfare which provides access to abutting properties and protection from through traffic.
      (5)   TURN-AROUND. A short boulevard street permanently terminated by a vehicular turn- about.
      (6)   CUL-DE-SAC STREET. A short minor street having one end permanently terminated by a vehicular turn-around.
      (7)   ALLEY. A minor service street used primarily to provide secondary vehicular access to the rear or side of properties otherwise abutting upon a street.
   SUBDIVIDER. Any person responsibly engaged in developing or improving a tract of land which complies with the definition of a subdivision as defined by this chapter.
   SUBDIVISION. A division of a lot, tract or parcel of land into two or more lots or other divisions of land for the purpose, immediate or future, or transfer of ownership, or development, including all changes in street or lot lines. The term includes resubdivision and when appropriate to the context shall relate to the process of subdividing or to the land subdivider.
('88 Code, § 10-9-6) (Ord. 82-5, passed 4-26-82; Am. Ord. 94-2, passed 4-4-94; Am. Ord. 98-8, passed 8-31-98; Am. Ord. 2002-04, passed 7-1-02)