(A)   Rules for computing parking spaces.  In computing the number of required off-street parking spaces, the following rules shall apply:
      (1)   Floor area shall mean the gross floor area of the entire building of the specific use, excluding any floor or portion thereof used for parking, as defined in this chapter.
      (2)   Where fractional spaces result, the parking spaces required shall be the next greater whole number.
      (3)   In the case of mixed uses, the parking spaces required shall be computed separately for each use.
      (4)   Whenever a building or use constructed or established after the effective date of this chapter is changed or enlarged in floor area, number of employees, number of dwelling units, seating capacity or otherwise, parking spaces shall be provided on the basis of the enlargement or change.  Whenever a building or use existing prior to the effective date of this chapter is reconstructed or is enlarged to the extent of 20% or more in floor area, the building or use in its entirety shall then and thereafter comply with the parking requirements set forth herein.  Any enlargement or change in use of less than 20% of the gross floor area shall be provided with parking based on the enlargement or change.  Existing buildings in violation of parking requirements shall not be enlarged.
      (5)   All required parking shall be available at all times for the use for which the parking is required.  No spaces shall be used for any other parking, for storage or for any other purpose. Commercial trucks and vehicles shall be parked at the rear of the premises during nonbusiness hours.
   (B)   Minimum improvements and maintenance standards.  Required parking facilities other than residential spaces shall conform with the following improvements and maintenance standards.
      (1)   Parking lots shall be paved in accordance with village standards.
      (2)   Adequate provision shall be made for the disposal of storm or surface water.
      (3)   At least 10% of the parking area shall be devoted to landscaped space.  Trees or shrubs shall be planted and maintained to substantially screen all off-street parking areas on such property from the view of adjoining property in a residential district.
      (4)   There shall not be more than one entrance and one exit, or one combined entrance, or exit, along any one street unless same is deemed necessary by the Council for the alleviation of traffic congestion and interference of traffic movement along such street.
      (5)   The location of each parking space and the location and direction of movement along the driveways providing access thereto shall be indicated by painting upon the surface by raised directional signs, or by markers or other similar measures placed in the surfacing.
      (6)   The parking area shall be maintained in a manner to keep it as free as practicable from dust, paper, and other loose particles, and snow and ice shall be promptly removed by the operator.  All adjacent sidewalks shall be kept free from dirt, ice, sleet, and snow and in a safe condition for use by pedestrians.  All signs, markers, or any other method used to indicate direction of traffic movement and location of parking spaces shall be maintained in a neat and legible condition.  Likewise, any walls, trees, shrubbery, as well as surfacing of the parking areas, shall be maintained in good condition throughout its use for parking purposes.  The Building Commissioner shall have the authority to prohibit the use of the area for parking purposes unless and until proper maintenance, repair, or rehabilitation is completed.
   (C)   Off-street loading requirements.
      (1)   There shall be provided at the time any building is erected or structurally altered off-street loading space in accordance with the following requirements:
Office building
Less than 5,000
5,000 to 50,000
50,000 to 200,000
Each 75,000 over 200,000
Retail use
Less than 2,000
2,000 to 20,000
20,000 to 100,000
Each 75,000 over 100,000
      (2)   In all cases where the required off-street loading space is located in a manner that a truck must back directly from a major street into a loading space, a maneuvering space of not less than 50 feet shall be provided on the lot on which the use is located.
      (3)   All required off-street loading spaces shall be paved and shall be screened from the front yard area of the lot and from adjoining property in a residential district.
(Am. Ord. 2006-07, passed 3-6-06; Am. Ord. 2007-22, passed 8-6-07)  Penalty, see § 154.99