7-2-1: DEFINITIONS:
As used herein:
ALLEY: Public ways which are used primarily to service the back or side of a property which also abuts on a street; a minor right of way dedicated to public use which gives a secondary means of vehicular access to the back or side of properties otherwise abutting a street, and which may be used for public utility purposes.
AMBULANCE: A motor vehicle constructed, reconstructed or arranged for the purpose of transporting ill, sick, or injured persons.
AUTHORIZED EMERGENCY VEHICLES:
   A.   When equipped as prescribed in subsection B of this definition:
      1.   Vehicles of fire departments;
      2.   Ambulances or vehicles specified pursuant to 63 Oklahoma Statutes section 1-2512, subsection B, of licensed ambulance service providers;
      3.   State vehicles of law enforcement agencies;
      4.   County vehicles of sheriffs and full time commissioned deputies;
      5.   Municipal vehicles of police departments;
      6.   Vehicles owned and operated by the United States marshals service or the federal bureau of investigation;
      7.   Vehicles of Oklahoma national guard units designated by the adjutant general for support to civil authorities; or
      8.   Vehicles owned and operated by any local organization for emergency management as defined by 63 Oklahoma Statutes section 683.3;
are authorized emergency vehicles.
   B.   All vehicles prescribed in subsection A of this definition shall be equipped with sirens capable of giving audible signals as required by the provisions of 47 Oklahoma Statutes section 12-218 and flashing red lights as authorized by the provisions of 47 Oklahoma Statutes section 12-218.
BICYCLE, ELECTRIC ASSISTED BICYCLE AND MOTORIZED BICYCLE:
   Bicycle:
   A.   Any device propelled solely by human power upon which any person or persons may ride, having a seat or saddle for the use of each rider, and:
      1.   On a bicycle, two (2) tandem wheels, either of which is twenty inches (20") or more in diameter;
      2.   On a tricycle, three (3) wheels in any configuration, of which at least one is twenty inches (20") or more in diameter; or
      3.   On a quadcycle, four (4) wheels in any configuration, of which at least two (2) are twenty inches (20") or more in diameter.
   B.   The wheel diameter provisions of this definition shall not apply to recumbent bicycles.
   C.   As used in this title, the term "bicycle" shall include tricycles, quadcycles, or similar human powered devices, electric assisted bicycles, and motorized bicycles unless otherwise specifically indicated.
   Electric Assisted Bicycle:
   A.   Any bicycle with:
      1.   Two (2) or three (3) wheels;
      2.   Fully operative pedals for human propulsion and equipped with an electric motor:
         a. With a power output not to exceed one thousand (1,000) watts;
         b. Incapable of propelling the device at a speed of more than twenty (20) miles per hour on level ground; and
         c. Incapable of further increasing the speed of the device when human power alone is used to propel the device at a speed of twenty (20) miles per hour or more.
   B.   An "electric assisted bicycle" shall meet the requirements of the federal motor vehicle safety standards as set forth in federal regulations and shall operate in such a manner that the electric motor disengages or ceases to function when the brakes are applied.
  Motorized Bicycle: Any bicycle having:
   A.   Fully operative pedals for propulsion by human power;
   B.   An automatic transmission; and
   C.   A combustion engine with a piston or rotor displacement of fifty (50) cubic centimeters or less, regardless of the number of chambers in the engine, which is capable of propelling the bicycle at a maximum design speed of not more than thirty (30) miles per hour on level ground.
BUS: Every motor vehicle designed for carrying more than ten (10) passengers and used for the transportation of persons, and every motor vehicle, other than a taxicab, designed and used for the transportation of persons for compensation.
BUSINESS DISTRICT: The territory contiguous to and including a highway if there are buildings within six hundred feet (600') of the highway in use for business or industrial purposes, including, but not limited to, hotels, banks, or office buildings, railroad stations, and public buildings which occupy at least three hundred feet (300') of frontage on one side or three hundred feet (300') collectively on both sides of the highway.
CENTER LANE: Any clearly marked center lane. If the center lane is not marked and no cars are parked on the roadway, then the center lane is equally distanced between the curbs or traveled portion of the roadway. In the event a vehicle or vehicles are parked on one side of the roadway only, then the center lane is equally distanced from the side of the parked vehicle or vehicles toward the street and curb on the opposite roadway. If vehicles are parked on each side of the roadway, then the center lane is equally distanced from the edges of the parked vehicles.
COMMERCIAL VEHICLES: Every vehicle designed, maintained, or used primarily for the transportation of property.
CONTROLLED ACCESS HIGHWAY: Every highway, street or roadway in respect to which owners or occupants of abutting lands and other persons have no legal right of access to or from the same except at such points only and in such manner as may be determined by the public authority having jurisdiction over such highway, street or roadway.
CROSSWALK: That part of a roadway at an intersection included within the connections of the lateral lines of the sidewalks on opposite sides of the street measured from the curbs or, in the absence of curbs, from the edges of the traversable roadway. "Crosswalk" also means any portion of a roadway at an intersection or elsewhere distinctly indicated for pedestrian crossing by lines or other markings on the surface.
DOUBLE PARK: Parking or stopping a vehicle on the roadway side of another vehicle already parked adjacent to the edge or curbing of the roadway.
DRIVER OR OPERATOR: A person who drives or is in actual physical control of a vehicle.
EMERGENCY: An unforeseeable occurrence of temporary duration causing or resulting in an abnormal increase in traffic volume, cessation or stoppage of traffic movement, or creation of conditions hazardous to normal traffic movement, including fire, storm, accident, riot, or spontaneous assembly of large numbers of pedestrians in such a manner as to impede the flow of traffic.
HIGHWAY: See definition of Street.
INTERSECTION: A. The area embraced within the prolongation or connection of the lateral curb lines or, if none, then the lateral boundary lines of the roadway of two (2) streets, which join one another at, or approximately at, right angles, or the area within which vehicles traveling upon different streets join at any other angle, may come in conflict; or
   B.   Where a street includes two (2) roadways thirty feet (30') or more apart, then every crossing of each roadway of such divided street by an intersecting street shall be regarded as a separate intersection. In the event such intersecting street also includes two (2) roadways thirty feet (30') or more apart, then every crossing of two (2) roadways of such streets shall be regarded as separate intersections.
LIMIT LINES: Boundaries of parking areas, loading zones and nontraffic areas and lines indicating the proper place for stopping where stops are required.
LIMITED ACCESS HIGHWAY: See definition of Controlled Access Highway.
LOADING ZONE: A space adjacent to a curb reserved for the exclusive use of vehicles during the loading or unloading of passengers or material. A "freight curb loading zone" is a loading zone for the exclusive use of vehicles during the loading or unloading of freight; a "passenger curb loading zone" is a loading zone for the exclusive use of vehicles during the loading or unloading of passengers.
MOPED: Any motor driven cycle with a motor which produces not to exceed two (2) brake horsepower and which is not capable of propelling the vehicle at a speed in excess of thirty (30) miles per hour on level ground. If an internal combustion engine is used, the displacement shall not exceed fifty (50) cubic centimeters, and the moped shall have a power drive system that functions directly or automatically without clutching or shifting by the operator after the drive system is engaged.
MOTOR DRIVEN CYCLE: Any motor vehicle having:
   A.   A power source that:
  1. If the power source is a combustion engine, has a piston or rotor displacement of greater than thirty five (35) cubic centimeters but less than one hundred fifty (150) cubic centimeters, regardless of the number of chambers in the power source;
  2. If the power source is electric, has a power output of greater than one thousand (1,000) watts; and
   B.   A seat or saddle for the use of each rider; and
   C.   Not more than three (3) wheels in contact with the ground.
MOTOR VEHICLE: Every vehicle which is self-propelled.
MOTORCYCLE: Any motor vehicle having:
   A.   A seat or saddle for the use of each rider;
   B.   Not more than three (3) wheels in contact with the ground, but excluding a tractor; and
   C.   A combustion engine with a piston or rotor displacement of greater than one hundred fifty (150) cubic centimeters.
MOTORIZED SCOOTER: A. Any vehicle having:
  1. Not more than three (3) wheels in contact with the ground;
  2. Handlebars and a foot support or seat for the use of the operator;
  3. A power source that is capable of propelling the vehicle at a maximum design speed of not more than twenty five (25) miles per hour on level ground; and:
      a. If the power source is a combustion engine, has a piston or rotor displacement of thirty five (35) cubic centimeters or less regardless of the number of chambers in the power source.
      b. If the power source is electric, has a power output of not more than one thousand (1,000) watts.
   B.   For purposes of this definition, an "electric personal assistive mobility device", as defined in 47 Oklahoma Statutes section 1-114A and "bicycle", "electric assisted bicycle", or "motorized bicycle",  as defined in this section, shall not be considered a "motorized scooter".
   C.   A "motorized scooter" shall not be required to be registered under the laws of the state. The operator of a "motorized scooter" shall not be required to possess a driver's license or to comply with the vehicle insurance or financial responsibility laws of the state.
OFFICIAL TIME: Whenever certain hours are named herein, they shall mean Central Standard Time, or daylight saving time, as may be in current use in the town.
OFFICIAL TRAFFIC CONTROL DEVICE: All signs, barricades, signals, markings, and devices not inconsistent with this title, placed or erected by authority of a public body or official having jurisdiction, for the purpose of regulating, warning, or guiding traffic.
PARK OR PARKING: The standing of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, otherwise than temporarily for the purpose of and while actually engaged in loading or unloading merchandise or passengers, provided such loading and unloading is in an authorized place.
PEDESTRIAN: Any person afoot.
POLICE OFFICER: Every officer of the municipal police department, or any officer authorized to direct or regulate traffic or to make arrests for violation of traffic regulations.
PRIVATE ROAD OR DRIVEWAY: A way or place in private ownership or leading to property in private ownership and used for vehicular travel by the owner and those having express or implied permission from the owner.
PUBLIC PARKING LOT: A parking lot or right of way dedicated to public use or owned by the state or a political subdivision thereof.
RAILROAD: A carrier of persons or property upon cars, operated upon stationary rails.
RAILROAD TRAIN: A steam engine, diesel, electric or other motor, with or without cars coupled thereto, operated upon rails.
RESIDENCE DISTRICT: The territory contiguous to and including a highway not comprising a business district when the property on such highway for a distance of three hundred feet (300') or more is in the main improved with residences or residences and buildings in use for business.
RIGHT OF WAY: The right of one vehicle or pedestrian to proceed in a lawful manner in preference to another vehicle or pedestrian approaching under such circumstances of direction, speed and proximity as to give rise to danger of collision unless one grants precedence to the other.
ROADWAY: That portion of a street improved, designed, and ordinarily used for vehicular travel, exclusive of the shoulders. In the event a street includes two (2) or more separate roadways, the term "roadway", as used herein, shall refer to any such roadway, separately, but not to all such roadways, collectively.
SAFETY ZONE: The area or space officially set apart within a roadway for the exclusive use of pedestrians and which is protected or is so marked or indicated by adequate signs as to be plainly visible at all times, while set apart as a "safety zone".
SCHOOL ZONE: All streets or portions of streets immediately adjacent to a school, or school ground, where same is adjacent and for a distance of three hundred feet (300') in each direction.
SIDEWALK: That portion of a street between the curb lines or at lateral lines of the roadway and adjacent property lines, intended for use of pedestrians.
STAND OR STANDING: Any stopping of a vehicle whether occupied or not, otherwise than temporarily for the purpose of and while actually engaged in receiving or discharging passengers.
STOP: When required, shall mean the complete cessation from movement.
STOP OR STOPPING: When prohibited, means any halting, even momentarily, of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, except when necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic or in compliance with the direction of a police officer or traffic signal.
STREET OR HIGHWAY: The entire width between the boundary lines of every way publicly maintained when any part thereof is open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel.
THROUGH STREET OR HIGHWAY: A street, or boulevard or highway or portion thereof on which vehicular traffic is given preferential right of way, and at the entrances to which:
   A.   Vehicular traffic from intersecting streets or highways is required by law to yield right of way to vehicles on such through street or highway, in obedience to either a stop or yield sign; and
   B.   Stop signs are erected as provided in this title.
TRAFFIC: Pedestrians, ridden or herded animals, vehicles and other conveyances, either singly or together, while using any highway or street for purpose of travel.
TRAFFIC CONTROL DEVICES OR SIGNALS: Any device legally authorized and used for the purpose of regulating, warning or guiding traffic.
U-TURN: A turn by which a vehicle reverses its course of travel on the same street.
URBAN DISTRICT: The territory contiguous to and including any street which is built up with structures devoted to business, industry, or dwelling houses situated at intervals of less than one hundred feet (100') for a distance of one-fourth (1/4) mile or more.
VEHICLE: Every device in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn, upon a highway or street, except devices moved by human power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks. (1995 Code title 15 § 1.3; amd. 2006 Code)