The following acts, action, inaction, omissions, behavior, or conditions shall constitute a public nuisance:
   (A)   Any act, thing, occupation, condition, use of property, non-use of property, misuse of property that continues for a length of time so as to:
      (1)   Substantially annoy, injure, or endanger the comfort, health, repose or safety of the public;
      (2)   In any way render the public insecure in life, peaceful uninterrupted existence, or in the use of their property;
      (3)   Offend the public morals or decency; or
      (4)   Unlawfully and substantially interfere with, obstruct or tend to obstruct, or render dangerous for passage any street, alley, highway, navigable body of water, or other public way, including but not limited to sidewalks.
   (B)   To allow any physical condition, use, or occupancy of any premises or its appurtenances to be an attractive nuisance to children, including, but not limited to, abandoned wells, shafts, standing pools of water or liquid, basements, excavations, retaining walls, and unsafe fences, accessible to children or other persons, on the premises. No person shall abandon or leave unattended in any place accessible to children any refrigerator, freezer ice chest, ice box, or similar airtight box or container, which has a locking device inoperable from within, without first unhinging and removing the door or lid thereof or detaching the locking device from the door or lid. Nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit the normal use of any refrigerator, ice box, freezer, or similar appliance for the storage of food in any home or buildings appurtenant thereto.
   (C)   For any premises to have unsanitary, defective, or insufficient sewerage or plumbing facilities.
   (D)   To keep or maintain any premises designated by a code enforcement officer as unsafe or unfit for human habitation.
   (E)   For any premises to present an imminent fire hazard, be in imminent danger of collapse, or to be unsafe or unsecure so as to endanger life, limb, or property.
   (F)   (1)   For any premises to lack electrical service, plumbing, heating, and/or other equipment required by this code, the Property Maintenance Code, state statute or any other ordinance of the city.
      (2)   If the utility providing natural gas service to a furnace, water heater, or other equipment determines that the equipment is defective, the utility shall cite or "red tag" the defective equipment and notify the code enforcement officer of such citation. Any equipment so cited by a utility company as defective will be deemed a public nuisance.
   (G)   For any structure or building to be in a state of dilapidation, deterioration, or decay, or be a product of faulty construction.
   (H)   For any structure or building to be vacant or abandoned and open or accessible to vagrants or passersby, or damaged by fire so as to not provide shelter.
   (I)   To allow on any premises or structure any stagnant water in which mosquitoes, flies, or other insects may breed or multiply. For stagnant water that cannot be easily eliminated, a property owner may use mosquito dunks or other environmentally safe larvacides to kill mosquitoes and other insects and evidence of the effective use of such products will constitute a defense to any citation issued under this section.
   (J)   To allow any rubbish to remain on any premises.
   (K)   To allow any premises or structure to pollute any public well or cistern, stream, lake, canal, or body of water by sewage, creamery, or industrial wastes or other polluting substances.
   (L)   To allow any premises or structure within the county, to emit or cause any foul, offensive, noisome, nauseous, noxious, or disagreeable odors, effluvia or stenches repulsive to the physical senses of ordinary persons, or that annoy, cause discomfort, or injure the health of any appreciable number of persons within the county.
   (M)   Harboring or keeping any animal of the dog kind which by loud and frequent or habitual barking, howling, or yelping, shall cause serious annoyance or disturbance to adjacent residents in the neighborhood.
   (N)   The keeping of cattle, horses, chickens and other barn type animals shall be prohibited in any non-agricultural zoned area with the city.
   (O)   Emission of noxious odors or smoke into the surrounding atmosphere of dust, smoke, or other matter which renders ordinary use or physical occupation of other property in the vicinity uncomfortable or impossible.
   (P)   Emission of noise or sounds which are noxious enough to destroy the enjoyment of dwellings or other uses of property in the vicinity by interfering with the ordinary comforts of human existence.
   (Q)   Storage of explosives or combustible material. The storage of combustible or explosive material which creates a safety hazard to other property or persons in the vicinity.
   (R)   Any tree, stack of wood or trees, or other object standing in such a condition that it will, if the condition is allowed to continue, endanger the life, limb, or property of, or cause hurt, damage, or injury to persons or property upon the public streets or public ways adjacent thereto, by the falling thereof or of parts thereof.
   (S)   The operation of any ATV within the city on any day, before 8:00 a.m. or after 10:00 p.m. prevailing time without the muffler system provided by the manufacturer of the ATV, as provided by the manufacturer, without any modification thereof other than like kind parts replacement, and which prevents the emission of sound from the ATV in excess of the levels identified in 40 CFR 205.166 for motorcycles; or at any speed in excess of the minimum speed required to maintain the forward motion of the ATV while it is within 150 feet of any dwelling on a lot or parcel of real estate other than that upon which the ATV is being operated.
   (T)   Any outdoor fire except for that of candles, torches, grills, and approved properly positioned and maintained fire pits, with a fuel load of paper, firewood, charcoal, propane or natural gas and no more than three (3) square feet in area. Open burning of trees and all forms of vegetation for the purpose of land clearing is prohibited. The burning of leaves and other all forms of trash is also prohibited. Burn permits from the Elsmere Fire District are not required for the approved type of fires defined in this chapter.
   (U)   To allow any motor vehicle to be parked on an unpaved (concrete or blacktop) surface.
   (V)   The feeding of ducks, geese, pigeons, and similar such birds and wild animals, such as, raccoons and squirrels in a manner causing or contributing to unsanitary conditions and offensive odors within the city limits. This would include making mass quantities of food available to groups of waterfowl, pigeons, or wild animals, on repeated occasions, so as to encourage them to amass in one particular location. This does not include maintenance of birdhouses or backyard bird feeders designed to feed sparrows, cardinals, hummingbirds, or similar such birds.
   (W)   It shall be illegal to place any object or item in the public right-of-way without written permission by the city. The city holds the right to remove any and all items illegally placed in the public right-of-way.
(Ord. 1742-2017, passed 9-12-17)  Penalty, see § 94.99