Skip to code content (skip section selection)
For the purpose of this title, concerning traffic-control regulations, the following definitions shall apply unless the context clearly indicates or requires a different meaning.
ALLEY. A street intended to provide access to the rear or side of lots or buildings in urban districts and not intended for the purpose of through vehicular traffic.
BICYCLE. Any foot-propelled vehicle, irrespective of the number of wheels in contact with the ground.
BUREAU. The Bureau of Motor Vehicles of this state acting directly or through its duly authorized officers and agents.
(1) A motor vehicle designed for carrying passengers for hire and used for the transportation of persons; or
(2) A motor vehicle, other than a taxicab, designed or used for the transportation of persons for compensation.
BUSINESS DISTRICT. The territory contiguous to and including a street when 50% or more of the frontage thereon for a distance of 500 feet or more is occupied by buildings in use for business.
(1) The part of a roadway at an intersection included within the connections of the lateral lines of the sidewalks on opposite sides of the street measured from the curbs or, in the absence of curbs, from the edges of the traversable roadway; or
(2) Any portion of a roadway at an intersection or elsewhere distinctly indicated for pedestrian crossing by lines or other markings on the surface.
DRIVER. A person who drives or is in actual physical control of a vehicle.
GROSS WEIGHT. The weight of a vehicle without load plus the weight of any load thereon.
HIGHWAY. A street.
(1) (a) The area embraced within the prolongation or connection of the lateral curb lines or, if none, the lateral boundary lines of the roadways of two streets that join one another at or approximately at right angles; or
(b) The area within which vehicles traveling upon different streets joining at any other angle may come into conflict.
(2) Where a street includes two roadways 30 feet or more apart, then every crossing of each roadway of that divided street by an intersecting street shall be regarded as a separate INTERSECTION. In the event the intersecting street also includes two roadways 30 feet or more apart, then every crossing of two roadways of the streets shall be regarded as a separate INTERSECTION.
LANED STREET. A street the roadway of which is divided in three or more clearly marked lanes for vehicular traffic.
MOTOR VEHICLE. Every vehicle, except a motorized bicycle, that is self-propelled, and every vehicle that is propelled by electric power obtained from overhead trolley wires, but not operated upon rails.
MOTORCYCLE. A motor vehicle, except a farm tractor or a motorized bicycle, with motive power, having a seat or saddle for the use of the rider and designed to travel on not more than three wheels in contact with the ground.
MOTORIZED BICYCLE. A bicycle with operable pedals that may be propelled by human power, by an internal combustion engine or battery-powered motor, or by both, and when powered by an internal combustion engine, having an engine rating of no more than 1.5 brake horsepower and a cylinder capacity not exceeding 50 cubic centimeters, an automatic transmission, and a maximum design speed of not more than 25 miles per hour on a flat surface.
M.P.H. Miles per hour.
(1) The person who holds the legal title of a vehicle;
(2) The conditional vendee or lessee in the event a vehicle is the subject of an agreement for the conditional sale or lease of the vehicle with the right of purchase upon performance of the conditions stated in the agreement and with an immediate right of possession in the conditional vendee or lessee; or
(3) The mortgagor, in the event the mortgagor of a vehicle is entitled to possession.
PARK or PARKING. The standing of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, otherwise than temporarily for the purpose of and while actually engaged in loading or unloading property or passengers.
PERSON. A natural person, firm, copartnership, association, or corporation.
POLICE OFFICER. An officer authorized to direct or regulate traffic or to make arrests for violations of traffic regulations.
PRIVATE BUS. A motor vehicle that is designed and constructed for the accommodation of passengers and that is used for transportation of passengers by a religious, fraternal, charitable, or benevolent organization, by a youth association, or by a public or private institution of higher education. The term PRIVATE BUS includes the chassis, the body, or both the chassis and body of any such vehicle. The term PRIVATE BUS does not include a vehicle having a seating capacity of 15 persons or less, a school bus, or a bus used to carry passengers for hire.
PRIVATE DRIVEWAY. A private road.
PRIVATE ROAD. A way or place in private ownership that is used for vehicular travel by the owner and those who have express or implied permission from the owner, but not by other persons.
RAILROAD SIGN or RAILROAD SIGNAL. A sign, signal, or device erected by authority of a public body or official or by a railroad and intended to give notice of the presence of railroad tracks or the approach of a railroad train.
RESIDENCE DISTRICT. The territory contiguous to and including a street not comprising a business district when the property on that street for a distance of 500 feet or more is in the main improved with residences or residences and buildings used for business.
RIGHT-OF-WAY. The privilege of the immediate use of a street.
ROADWAY. The portion of a street improved, designed, or ordinarily used for vehicular travel.
SCHOOL BUS. A motor vehicle:
(1) Owned by a public or governmental agency and operated for the transportation of children to or from school; or
(2) Privately owned and operated for compensation for the transportation of children to and from school.
SIDEWALK. The portion of a street between the curb lines or the lateral lines of a roadway and the adjacent property lines intended for the use of pedestrians.
STAND or STANDING. The halting of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, otherwise than temporarily for the purpose of and while actually engaged in receiving or discharging passengers.
STOP or STOPPING. When prohibited, means any halting, even momentarily, of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, except when necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic or in compliance with the directions of a police officer or traffic-control device.
STREET. The entire width between the boundary lines of every way publicly maintained when any part thereof is open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel.
THROUGH STREET. A street or portion thereof at the entrance to which vehicular traffic from intersecting streets is required by law to yield the right-of-way to vehicles on the THROUGH STREET in obedience to either a stop sign or a yield sign erected as provided in the chapters of this title concerning traffic-control regulations.
TRAFFIC. Pedestrians, ridden or herded animals, street cars, vehicles, and other conveyances, either singly or together, while using any street for purposes of travel.
TRAFFIC-CONTROL DEVICE. A sign, signal, marking, or device, including a railroad advance warning sign, not inconsistent with I.C. 9-21-1-4, placed or erected by authority of a public body or official having jurisdiction for the purpose of regulating, warning, or guiding traffic.
TRAFFIC-CONTROL SIGNAL. A device, not inconsistent with I.C. 9-21-1-4, whether manually, electrically, or mechanically operated, by which traffic is alternately directed to stop and to proceed.
TRUCK. Every motor vehicle designed, used, or maintained primarily for the transportation of property.
URBAN DISTRICT. The territory contiguous to and including any street that is built up with structures devoted to business, industry, or dwelling houses situated at intervals of less than 200 feet for a distance of one-quarter of a mile or more.
VEHICLE. Every device in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, except devices used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks.
(1985 Code, § 440-5) (Ord. 126, passed 8-2-1948; Am. Ord. 79-5, passed 1-21-1980)