Unless the context specifically indicates otherwise, the meaning of terms used in this chapter shall be as follows:
   (1)   "Administrator" means the Administrator of the Water/Sewer Department and is given the responsibility to manage the City's water and wastewater system by the Board of Public Utilities.
   (2)   "Authority" means a government or public agency created to perform a single function or a restricted group of related activities.  Usually such units are financed from service charges, fees and tolls, but in some instances they also have taxing powers.  An authority may be completely independent of other governments for its creation, its financing or the exercise of certain powers.
   (3)   "Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD)" means the quantity of oxygen utilized in the biochemical oxidation of organic matter in a specified time and at a specified temperature, usually at five days and twenty degrees Centigrade.
   (4)   "Board of Public Utilities" means the Board established by the City which is responsible for managing the water and wastewater systems of the City.
   (5)   "Capital costs" means costs of major rehabilitation, betterments, expansion or upgrading required as facilities reach the end of their useful life.
   (6)   "Capital outlays" means expenditures which result in the acquisition of or addition to fixed assets.
   (7)   "City" means the City of East Liverpool, Ohio.
   (8)   "Collection system" means the sewer lines and appurtenances used and useful in the collection and conveyance of wastewater. See also "wastewater system".
   (9)   "Commercial user" means all retail stores, restaurants, office buildings, laundries and other private business and service establishments.
   (10)   "County" means Columbiana County, Ohio.
   (11)   "County Sewer District user" means any user that is under the direct jurisdiction of the Columbiana County Water and Sewer District No. 2 and further defined in its rules and regulations.
   (12)   "Federal Act" means the Federal Water Pollution Control Act Amendments of 1972, Public Law 92-500, and any amendments thereto, as well as any guidelines, limitations and standards promulgated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency pursuant to the Act.
   (13)   "Governmental" includes legislative, judicial, administrative and regulatory activities of federal, state and local governments.
   (14)   "Grantee" means a municipality that has executed a federal grant agreement.
   (15)   "Improvements" means buildings, other structures and other attachments or annexations to land which are intended to remain so attached or annexed, such as sidewalks, trees, drives, tunnels, drains and sewers.  Sidewalks, curbing, sewers and highways are sometimes referred to as "betterments", but "improvements" is preferred.
   (16)   "Industrial user" means any nongovernmental, nonresidential user of publicly- owned treatment works which is identified in the Standard Industrial Classification Manual, 1972, Office of Management and Budget, as amended and supplemented, under the following divisions:  Division A - Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing; Division B - Mining;  Division D - Manufacturing; Division E - Transportation, Communications, Electric, Gas and Sanitary; and Division I - Services.
   (17)   "Institutional" includes social, charitable, religious and educational activities such as schools, churches, hospitals, nursing homes, penal institutions and similar institutional users.
   (18)   "May" is permissive; "shall" is mandatory.
   (19)   "Normal strength wastewater" as defined for the purpose of determining surcharges, means wastewater having an average daily suspended solids concentration of not more than 200 mg/l, an average daily BOD5 of not more than 200 mg/l and containing not more than 100 mg/l of Freon soluble matter (grease and oil).
   (20)   "OEPA" means the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency.
   (21)   "Operation and maintenance" means those functions that result in expenditures during the useful life of the treatment works for materials, labor, utilities and other items which are necessary for managing and maintaining the sewage works to achieve the capacity and performance for which such works were designed and constructed.
   (22)   "Owner" means any person in title or having any interest in real property, lot, tract, acreage, etc., which is served by or adjacent to any part of the wastewater system of this City.
   (23)   "Pretreatment Ordinance" means the enacted ordinance by the City that sets forth uniform requirements for nondomestic discharges into the City's wastewater collection and treatment systems, and enables the Authority to protect public health in conformity with all applicable local, state and federal laws.
   (24)   "Replacement" means expenditures for obtaining and installing equipment, accessories or appurtenances which are necessary during the useful life of the treatment works to maintain the capacity and performance for which such works were designed and constructed.  "Operation and maintenance" (O and M) includes replacement.
   (25)   "Replacement costs" means the cost as of a certain date of a property which can render similar service (but which need not be of the same structural form) as the property to be replaced.  Replacement is an incremental element of operating costs and is variable depending upon levels of expenditures for maintenance.  The statutory definition of the term means expenditures for obtaining and installing equipment, accessories or appurtenances during the useful life of the treatment works necessary to maintain the capacity and performance for which they were designed and constructed.  "Replacement costs" is not a capital cost and does not increase the book value of an asset.
   (26)   "Residential" includes all dwelling units such as detached, semi-detached, rowhouses, mobile homes and multi-family dwellings.
   (27)   "Service charge" means a charge levied on a user of the treatment works which includes a user charge, a charge for capital reserve and debt service, other charges for current services or all of these.
   (28)   "Sewer Department" means the department responsible for the operation and maintenance of the sewerage works or wastewater system.
   (29)   "Superintendent" means the person or agent of the Sewer Department duly appointed to operate, maintain, repair and inspect the system.
   (30)   "Suspended solids" means solids that either float on the surface of or are in suspension in water, wastewater or other liquids and that are removable by a standard laboratory filtering procedure.
   (31)   "Useful life" means the estimated period during which a treatment works will be operated.
   (32)   "U.S. EPA" means the United States Environmental Protection Agency.
   (33)   "User" means a recipient of wastewater treatment services.
   (34)   "User charge" means a charge levied on users of a treatment works for the cost of operation and maintenance including replacement.
   (35)   "Wastewater system" means all the property involved in the operation of a wastewater treatment utility.  "Wastewater system" includes land, sewer lines and appurtenances, pumping stations, treatment plants and general property.  Synonym:  Sanitary sewerage system, wastewater treatment works.
   (36)   "Wastewater treatment plant (WWTP)" means any arrangement of devices and structures used for treating wastewater.
   (37)   "Water meter" means a water volume measuring and recording device, furnished and/or installed by a user and approved by the City.
      (Ord. 39.  Passed 8-1-88.)