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For the purpose of this subchapter, the following definitions shall apply unless the context clearly indicates or requires a different meaning.
CIRCUIT BREAKER. A device designed to open and close a circuit by nonautomatic means and to open the circuit automatically on a predetermined over-current without injury to itself when properly applied within its rating.
DEVICE. A unit of an electrical system which is intended to carry but not use electric energy.
ELECTRICAL APPRENTICE. Any person 16 years of age or older whose principal occupation is the learning of and assisting in the installation of electrical work under the direct supervision of a licensed journeyman electrician or electrical contractor.
ELECTRICAL CONTRACTOR. Any person skilled in the planning, superintending and practical installation of electrical facilities who is familiar with the laws, rules and regulations governing such work. ELECTRICAL CONTRACTOR also means any individual, firm, partnership, corporation or business performing skills of an electrical contractor or an electrician or the business of contracting or furnishing labor or labor and materials for the installation, repair, maintenance or renovation of electrical facilities.
ELECTRICAL CONTRACTOR, RESIDENTIAL. Any person, firm or corporation engaged in the business of wiring, rewiring, installing, repairing or altering any electrical wiring or installing or repairing any apparatus or electrical appliances in any single-family residence.
GROUND. A conducting connection, whether intentional or accidental, between an electrical circuit or equipment and the earth or to some conducting body that serves in place of the earth.
GROUNDED. Connected to earth or to some conducting body that serves in place of the earth.
GROUNDED CONDUCTOR. A system or circuit conductor that is intentionally grounded.
JOURNEYMAN ELECTRICIAN. Any person other than an electrical contractor who engages in the actual installation, alteration, repair or renovation of electrical facilities.
JOURNEYMAN ELECTRICIAN, RESIDENTIAL. Any person actually engaged in the wiring or installing or repairing of any electrical apparatus or electrical appliances within any building constructed for and designed to be used as a single- family residence.
LIGHTING OUTLET. An outlet intended for the direct connection of a lampholder, a lighting fixture or a pendant cord terminating in a lampholder.
OUTLET. A point on the wiring system at which current is taken to supply utilization equipment.
READILY ACCESSIBLE. Capable of being reached quickly for operation, renewal or inspections, without requiring those to whom ready access is requisite to climb over or remove obstacles or to resort to portable ladders, chairs and the like.
RECEPTACLE. A contact device installed at the outlet for the connection of a single attachment plug.
RECEPTACLE OUTLET. An outlet where one or more receptacles are installed.
SERVICE. The conductors and equipment for delivering energy from the electricity supply system to the wiring system of the premises served.
SERVICE CONDUCTORS. The supply conductors that extend from the street main or from transformers to the service equipment of premises supplied.
SERVICE DROP. The overhead service conductors from the last pole or other aerial support to and including the splices, if any, connecting to the service-entrance conductors at the building or other structure.
SERVICE-ENTRANCE. That part of the building wiring from the meter base to the main cabinet and cutoffs.
SERVICE-ENTRANCE CONDUCTORS, OVER-HEAD SYSTEM. The service conductors between the terminals of the service equipment and a point usually outside the building, clear of building walls, where joined by tap or splice to the service drop.
SERVICE-ENTRANCE CONDUCTORS, UNDERGROUND SYSTEM. The service conductors between the terminals of the service equipment and the point of connection to the service lateral.
SERVICE EQUIPMENT. The necessary equipment, usually consisting of a circuit breaker or switch and fuses, and their accessories, located near the point of entrance of supply conductors to a building or other structure or an otherwise defined area and intended to constitute the main control and means of cutoff of the supply.
SERVICE LATERAL. The underground service conductors between the street main, including any risers at a pole or other structure or from transformers, and the first point of connection to the service-entrance conductors in a terminal box or meter or other enclosure with adequate space inside or outside the building wall. Where there is no terminal box, meter or other enclosure with adequate space, the point of connection shall be considered to be the point of entrance of the service conductors into the building.
SWITCHBOARD. A large single panel, frame or assembly of panels on which are mounted, on the face or back or both, switches, overcurrent and other protective devices, fuses and usually instruments. SWITCHBOARDS are generally accessible from the rear as well as from the front and are not intended to be installed in cabinets.
(`93 Code, § 5-302) (Ord. 1155, passed 12-11-90)