(A)   Generally. The Board of Adjustment may reverse any order, requirement, decision or determination of the Zoning Administrator, or may decide in favor of the applicant a matter upon which the Board is required to pass under this chapter, or may grant a variance from the provisions of this chapter.
   (B)   Voting.
      (1)    The concurring vote of four-fifths of the Board shall be necessary to grant a variance.  A majority of the members shall be required to decide any other quasi-judicial matter or to determine an appeal made in the nature of certiorari.  For the purposes of this section, vacant positions on the Board and members who are disqualified from voting on a quasi-judicial matter shall not be considered members of the Board for calculation of the requisite majority if there are no qualified alternates available to take the place of such members.
      (2)   A member of the Board or any other body exercising quasi-judicial functions pursuant to this section shall not participate in or vote on any quasi-judicial matter in a manner that would violate affected persons' constitutional rights to an impartial decision maker.  Impermissible violations of due process include, but are not limited to, a member having a fixed opinion prior to hearing the matter that is not susceptible to change, undisclosed ex parte communications, a close familial, business, or other associational relationship with an affected person, or a financial interest in the outcome of the matter. If an objection is raised to a member's participation and that member does not recuse himself or herself, the remaining members shall by majority vote rule on the objection.
      (3)   Quasi-judicial decisions and judicial review.
         (a)   The Board shall determine contested facts and make its decision within a reasonable time.  Every quasi-judicial decision shall be based upon competent, material, and substantial evidence in the record.  Each quasi-judicial decision shall be reduced to writing and reflect the Board's determination of contested facts and their application to the applicable standards.  The written decision shall be signed by the Chairperson or other duly authorized member of the Board.  A quasi-judicial decision is effective upon filing the written decision with the clerk to the Board.  The decision of the Board shall be delivered by personal delivery, electronic mail, or by first-class mail to the applicant, property owner, and to any person who has submitted a written request for a copy, prior to the date the decision becomes effective.  The person required to provide notice shall certify that proper notice has been made.
         (b)   Every quasi-judicial decision shall be subject to review by the superior court by proceedings in the nature of certiorari pursuant to  G.S. § 160D-1402.  A petition for review shall be filed with the clerk of superior court by the later of 30 days after the decision is effective or after a written copy thereof is given in accordance with division (B)(3)(a) of this section.  When first-class mail is used to deliver notice, three days shall be added to the time to file the petition.
(Ord. 04-21, passed 10-6-2004, § 62; Am. Ord. 06-09, passed 9-6-2006; Am. Ord. 09-07, passed 8-5-2009; Am. Ord. 13-05, passed 11-6-2013; Am. Ord. 21-01, passed 6-2-2021)