§ 150.327  OFF-STREET PARKING REQUIREMENTS.
   (A)   Requirement. The number of off-street parking spaces provided shall be in accordance with this section, as supplemented, and shall apply to all buildings and structures erected and all uses of land established after Ord. 1978-4, passed 3/21/78.
   (B)   Determination.
      (1)   In the event that this section does not specify the number of parking spaces for a specific use, the Zoning Administrator or Board of Zoning Appeals shall determine the number of spaces required. In making this determination, the Zoning Administrator or Board of Zoning Appeals shall consider the following criteria:
         (a)   The number of parking spaces required for the use listed that is most similar to the proposed use in terms of the parked vehicles that are anticipated to be generated;
         (b)   The square footage to be occupied by the proposed use; and
         (c)   The number of employees and patrons that are anticipated for the proposed use.
      (2)   Parking space requirements based on the number of employees and users shall be based on the maximum number of employees or users on the premises at any one time.
   (C)   Exemptions. Nonresidential uses in buildings less than 1,000 square feet and located on a lot in the commercial districts or the downtown districts shall be exempt from the requirements of providing off-street parking. The exemption shall be applied to the least generating use on the lot. Only one exemption shall be allowed per lot.
   (D)   Residential.
      (1)   Single-family dwelling: two off-street parking spaces shall be provided for each dwelling unit.
      (2)   Two-family dwellings: two off-street parking spaces for each dwelling unit.
      (3)   Home occupation: one additional off-street parking space.
      (4)   Bed and breakfast establishment: one parking space per room.
      (5)   Congregate care facility: one parking space for each living unit.
      (6)   Group home: one parking space per home, and one parking space for each support staff present during the busiest shift.
      (7)   Hotel or motel: one parking space for each separate room.
      (8)   Multiple family dwellings:
         (a)   Two parking spaces for each dwelling unit containing two or more bedrooms.
         (b)   One parking space for one-bedroom and efficiency dwellings.
         (c)   One parking space for every single room occupancy dwelling.
      (9)   Rooming house: one parking space for each two persons for whom rooming accommodations are provided.
      (10)   Transitional treatment home/halfway house: one parking space for each four residents, and one parking space for each support staff present during the busiest shift.
      (11)   Homeless shelter: one parking space for each employee.
   (E)   Institutional.
      (1)   Assisted living facility:
         (a)   One parking space for each four employees, plus
         (b)   One parking space for each six infirmary or nursing home beds, plus
         (c)   One parking space for each four rooming units, plus
         (d)   One parking space for each three dwelling units.
      (2)   Auditorium, accessory to a church, school, university, or other institution: One parking space for each five seats in the main auditorium or assembly hall.
      (3)   Daycare, child and adult: Two parking spaces per 1,000 square feet of gross floor area.
      (4)   Funeral services:
         (a)   One parking space per four seats in parlor, plus
         (b)   One parking space per two employees, plus
         (c)   One parking space per vehicle used in connection with the business.
      (5)   Hospital: Two parking spaces per one hospital bed.
      (6)   Places of worship: One parking space per five seats in the main auditorium or assembly hall.
      (7)   Nursing care facility:
         (a)   One parking space for each six beds for which accommodations are offered, plus
         (b)   One parking space for each four employees other than doctors, plus
         (c)   One parking space for each three dwelling units.
   (F)   Schools.
      (1)   K - 8th grades: One parking space for each faculty member and other full-time employees.
      (2)   Senior high school:
         (a)   One parking space for each faculty member, plus
         (b)   One parking space for each full-time employee, plus
         (c)   One parking space for each four students.
      (3)   College/university:
         (a)   One parking space for each faculty member, plus
         (b)   One parking space for each full-time employee, plus
         (c)   One parking space for each four students.
      (4)   Vocational/trade school:
         (a)   One parking space per one employee, plus
         (b)   One parking space for each three students based on the maximum number of students attending classes on the premises at any time.
   (G)   Recreation, cultural, entertainment.
      (1)   Art gallery, museum, house museum: One parking space per 1,000 square feet of gross floor area.
      (2)   Bowling alley: Two parking spaces per lane.
      (3)   Club/lodge: Six parking spaces per 1,000 square feet of gross floor area.
      (4)   Dance/music studio: One parking space for every one employee, plus one space for each three students, based on the maximum number of students attending classes on the premises at any time.
      (5)   Library: One parking space per 1,000 square feet of gross floor area.
      (6)   Sports arena/stadium: One parking space per ten seats.
      (7)   Swimming pool, skating rink: One parking space per five seats, plus three spaces per 1,000 square feet of gross floor area.
      (8)   Tennis court: Two parking spaces per court.
      (9)   Theater, movie and live: One parking space per four seats.
   (H)   Commercial/manufacturing.
      (1)   Durable goods, furniture, appliances, etc: One parking space per 500 square feet of gross floor area.
      (2)   General manufacturing: One parking space per three employees, plus one space per company vehicle.
      (3)   Radio/TV station: Three parking spaces per 1,000 square feet.
      (4)   Warehouse:
         (a)   Two spaces per 1,000 square feet of gross floor area for the first 10,000, plus
         (b)   One space per 4,000 square feet for the remaining space.
         (c)   Office area parking requirements shall be calculated separately based on office parking rates.
      (5)   Wholesale distribution.
         (a)   One space per 1,000 square feet of gross floor area for the first 10,000 square feet, plus
         (b)   One parking space per 4,000 square feet floor area for the remaining space.
         (c)   Office area parking requirements shall be calculated separately based on office parking rates.
   (I)   Retail goods and services.
      (1)   Auto repair: One parking space per service bay, plus three stalls per 1,000 square feet for office and retail areas.
      (2)   Car wash: Three stacked spaces per bay or stall, plus five stacking spaces for automated facility.
      (3)   Drive-through facility: Five stacking spaces on site per cashier, teller or similar employee transacting business directly with drive through customers at any given time, in addition to the parking required for that specific land use.
      (4)   Outdoor display of live plant materials: One parking space per 1,000 square feet of display area.
      (5)   Outdoor display of merchandise for sale (other than live plant materials): Two parking spaces per 1,000 square feet of display area.
      (6)   Restaurants, taverns, private clubs: Six parking spaces per 1,000 square feet of gross floor area.
      (7)   Retail goods establishment: Three parking spaces per 1,000 square feet gross floor area.
      (8)   Retail service establishment: Two parking spaces per 1,000 square feet gross floor area.
      (9)   Retail shopping center over 5,000 square feet gross floor area: Two parking spaces per 1,000 square feet gross floor area.
   (J)   Office and related uses.
      (1)   Financial establishments: Two parking spaces per 1,000 square feet.
      (2)   General office, including government, public utility:
         (a)   Three parking spaces per 1,000 square feet gross floor area for the main floor, plus
         (b)   Five parking spaces per 4,000 square feet gross floor area for each additional level, including the basement.
      (3)   Medical/dental offices: Five parking spaces per 1,000 square feet gross floor area.
      (4)   Offices, research related: Three parking spaces per 1,000 square feet gross floor area.
   (K)   Miscellaneous.
      (1)   Public kennels or stables: One parking space per two employees, plus one space for each three animals to be confined.
      (2)   Bus facility: One parking space per two employees, plus one space per bus.
      (3)   All other uses: Three parking spaces per 1,000 square feet gross floor area.
(Prior Code, §150.232)  (Ord. 1978-4, passed 3-21-1978; Ord. 2018-14, passed 6-19-2018)