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SEC. 51A-4.209.   RESIDENTIAL USES.
   (a)   General provisions.  Notwithstanding any other provision in this chapter, a facility that meets all of the requirements of Article 1011n, V.T.C.A., may locate in any residential zone or district in the city as a matter of right.  Unless otherwise directed by the city attorney, the building official and any other city officer or employee charged with enforcement of this chapter shall construe Article 1011n by substituting Congress’ definition of a handicapped person in the Fair Housing Amendments Act of 1988, as amended, for the state's definition of “disabled person” in that article.
   (b)   Specific uses.
      (1)   College dormitory, fraternity, or sorority house.
         (A)   Definition:  A college resident hall or a facility for housing a social or service organization of college students.
         (B)   Districts permitted:  By right in A(A), multifamily, MH(A), LO(A), MO(A), GO(A), CR, RR, CS, central area, mixed use, and multiple commercial districts. By SUP only in NO(A), NS(A), and urban corridor districts.
         (C)   Required off-street parking:  One space for each sleeping room.
         (D)   Required off-street loading:  One space.
      (2)   Duplex.
         (A)   Definition:  Two dwelling units located on a lot.
         (B)   Districts permitted:  By right in duplex, townhouse, CH, MF-1(A), MF-1(SAH), MF-2(A), MF-2(SAH), central area, and mixed use districts.  By right as a restricted component of a building in the GO(A) district.  [See Section 51A-4.121(d).]
         (C)   Required off-street parking:  Two spaces per dwelling unit.
         (D)   Required off-street loading:  None.
         (E)   Additional provisions:
            (i)   Only one main building may be placed on a building site under this use.
            (ii)   In a duplex district, a lot for a duplex use may be supplied by not more than one electrical utility service and metered by not more than two electrical meters. The board of adjustment may grant a special exception to authorize more than one electrical utility service or more than two electrical meters on a lot for a duplex use in a duplex district when, in the opinion of the board, the special exception will:
               (aa)   not be contrary to the public interest;
               (bb)   not adversely affect neighboring properties; and
               (cc) not be used to conduct a use not permitted in the district where the building site is located.
            (iii)   In addition to any other applicable regulations, industrialized housing must comply with the following additional provisions.  For purposes of this subparagraph, “industrialized housing” means industrialized housing as defined by Section 1202.002 of the Texas Occupations Code, as amended.
               (aa)   Industrialized housing must have all local permits and licenses that are applicable to other single family or duplex dwellings.
               (bb)   Industrialized housing must have a value equal to or greater than the median taxable value of each single family dwelling located within 500 feet of the lot on which the industrialized housing is proposed to be located, as determined by the most recent certified tax appraisal roll of the appraisal district. For purposes of this subparagraph, the “value” of the industrialized housing means the taxable value of the industrialized housing and the lot after installation of the industrialized housing.
               (cc)   Industrialized housing must have exterior siding, roofing, roof pitch, foundation fascia, and fenestration compatible with the single family dwellings located within 500 feet of the lot on which the industrialized housing is proposed to be located. “Compatible” as used in this subparagraph means similar in application, color, materials, pattern, quality, shape, size, slope, and other characteristics; but does not necessarily mean identical. The burden is on the property owner or applicant to supply proof of compatibility. The property owner or applicant may appeal a decision of the building official to deny a permit due to lack of compatibility to the board of adjustment.
               (dd)   Industrialized housing must comply with municipal aesthetic standards; yard, lot, and space regulations; subdivision regulations; landscaping; and any other regulations applicable to single family dwellings.
               (ee)   Industrialized housing must be securely fixed to a permanent foundation.
               (ff)   Industrialized housing may not be constructed in a historic overlay district unless the industrialized housing conforms to the preservation criteria of the historic overlay district.
               (gg)   Industrialized housing may not be constructed in a conservation district unless the industrialized housing conforms to the conservation district regulations.
               (hh)   Industrialized housing may not be constructed unless it complies with public deed restrictions for the property.
      (3)   Group residential facility.
         (A)   Definition:  An interim or permanent residential facility (as opposed to a lodging or medical treatment facility) that provides room and board to a group of persons who are not a “family” as that term is defined in this chapter, whether or not the facility is operated for profit or charges for the services it offers. This use does not include:
            (i)   facilities that negotiate sleeping arrangements on a daily basis;
            (ii)   dwelling units occupied exclusively by families (Note: Dwelling units occupied exclusively by families are considered to be single family, duplex, or multifamily uses, as the case may be); or
            (iii)   any other use specifically defined in this chapter.
         (B)   Districts permitted:  When located at least 1,000 feet from all other group residential facilities and licensed handicapped group dwelling units (as defined in this chapter), by right in CH, multifamily, central area, and mixed use districts; otherwise, by SUP only in the same districts. For purposes of this provision, the term “licensed” means licensed by the Texas Department of Human Services, or its successor, and the distance between uses is measured in a straight line, without regard to intervening structures or objects, between the nearest boundaries of the building sites on which the uses are located. (Note:  The spacing component of these use regulations is based, not on the handicapped status of the residents, but on the non-family status of the groups. [See Section 51A-1.102(b)(2).]) By SUP only in urban corridor districts.
         (C)   Required off-street parking: 0.25 spaces per bed, plus one space per 200 square feet of office area; a minimum of four spaces is required. If an SUP is required for this use, the off-street parking requirement may be established in the ordinance granting the SUP.  In determining this requirement, the city council shall consider the nature of the proposed use and the degree to which the use would create traffic hazards or congestion given the capacity of nearby streets, the trip generation characteristics of the use, the availability of public transit and the likelihood of its use, and the feasibility of traffic mitigation measures.
         (D)   Required off-street loading:  None.
         (E)   Additional provisions:
            (i)   This use is subject to the following density restrictions:
 
ZONING DISTRICT CLASSIFICATION
MAXIMUM NO. OF DWELLING UNITS OR SUITES* PER NET ACRE
MAXIMUM NO. OF BEDS* PER NET ACRE
TH-1(A) and RTN
35
70
TH-2(A) and TH-3(A)
40
80
CH
45
90
MF-1(A) and MF-1(SAH)
50
100
MF-2(A) and MF-2(SAH)
60
120
MF-3(A)
90
180
MF-4(A)
160
320
*For purposes of this subparagraph, the term “suite” means one or more rooms designed to accommodate one family, containing living, sanitary, and sleeping facilities, but not containing a kitchen; and the term “bed” means a piece of furniture, mat, cushion, or other device on or in which one may lie and sleep.
 
            (ii)   This use must comply with statutory licensing requirements, if any.
            (iii)   This use may include dwelling units or suites that are exclusively restricted to visitors or members of the staff.
      (3.1)   Handicapped group dwelling unit.
         (A)   Definitions:
            (i)   DOMICILE means the legal, established, fixed, and permanent place of residence of a person, as distinguished from a temporary and transient, though actual, place of residence.
            (ii)   HANDICAPPED GROUP DWELLING UNIT means a single dwelling unit that is the domicile of not more than eight handicapped persons who are not a “family” as that term is defined in this chapter, and who are living together as a single housekeeping unit. Up to two supervisory personnel may reside on the premises, provided that the total number of residents, including supervisory personnel, does not exceed eight.
            (iii)   HANDICAPPED PERSON means a handicapped person as defined in the federal Fair Housing Amendments Act of 1988, as amended.
            (iv)   LICENSED means licensed by the Texas Department of Human Services, or its successor.
         (B)   Districts permitted:  When located at least 1,000 feet from group residential facilities and all other licensed handicapped group dwelling units (as defined in this chapter), by right in the following districts:  agricultural, single family, duplex, townhouse, CH, MF-1(A), MF-1(SAH), MF-2(A), MF-2(SAH), MH(A), GO(A), central area, MU-1, and MU-1(SAH) districts; otherwise, by SUP only in the same districts. In the GO(A) district, the total floor area of this use in combination with all single family, duplex, and multifamily uses may not exceed five percent of the total floor area of the building in which the use is located. For purposes of this provision, the distance between uses is measured in a straight line, without regard to intervening structures or objects, between the nearest boundaries of the building sites on which the uses are located. (Note:  The spacing component of these use regulations is based, not on the handicapped status of the residents, but on the non-family status of the groups.) By SUP only in urban corridor districts.
         (C)   Required off-street parking: One space in R-7.5(A), R-5(A), and TH districts; two spaces in all other districts. If an SUP is required for this use, the off-street parking requirement may be established in the ordinance granting the SUP.  In determining this requirement, the city council shall consider the nature of the proposed use and the degree to which the use would create traffic hazards or congestion given the capacity of nearby streets, the trip generation characteristics of the use, the availability of public transit and the likelihood of its use, and the feasibility of traffic mitigation measures.
         (D)   Required off-street loading:  None.
         (E)   Additional provisions:
            (i)   No certificate of occupancy is required for this use.
            (ii)   This use liberalizes current restrictions on the number of unrelated persons who may reside together in a dwelling unit in the city for the exclusive benefit of handicapped persons seeking to permanently reside together as a single housekeeping unit. Its purpose is to comply with the substance and spirit of the federal Fair Housing Amendments Act of 1988, as amended, which requires that reasonable accommodations be made in rules, policies, and practices to permit persons with handicaps equal opportunity to use and enjoy a dwelling.  [See Section 51A-1.102(b)(2).]
            (iii)   This use is exempt from payment of SUP application fees.
            (iv)   Any owner of property on which this use is located or proposed to be located may request a letter from the director confirming that no SUP is required for the use. No fee is required to apply for such a letter. Application must be on a form furnished by the director. The director shall issue the requested letter unless, within 30 days after submission of a complete application, the director gives written notice to the applicant that the use or proposed use will require an SUP. For purposes of this paragraph, notice is given to the applicant by depositing the same properly addressed and postage paid in the United States mail. The proper address for purposes of this notice requirement is the address provided by the applicant on the application. No SUP shall be required for uses that operate in justifiable reliance upon a valid confirmation letter issued by the director.
            (v)   Any aggrieved person may appeal a decision of the director that an SUP is required for this use. Such appeals shall be heard and decided by the board of adjustment.  An appeal to the board must be made within 15 days after the director gives written notice that the SUP is required. Appeal is made by filing a written notice of appeal on a form approved by the board. [See Section 51A-4.703.] No fee is required to appeal the decision of the director to the board.
            (vi)   If two or more facilities are within 1,000 feet of each other and otherwise in permissible locations, the first one lawfully established and continually operating thereafter is the conforming use. For purposes of this subparagraph, “continually operating” means that the use has not been discontinued for six months or more.
      (4)   Manufactured home park, manufactured home subdivision, or campground.
         (A)   Definition:
            (i)   A manufactured home park is a unified development of transient stands arranged on a lot under single ownership.
            (ii)   A manufactured home subdivision is a plat designed specifically for manufactured home development.
            (iii)   A campground is a lot used to accommodate recreation vehicles, tents, or manufactured homes on a rental basis for temporary camping purposes.
         (B)   Districts permitted:  By right in the MH(A) district.
         (C)   Required off-street parking: 1.5 spaces for each transient stand for a manufactured home park or campground; 1.5 spaces for each lot in a manufactured home subdivision.
         (D)   Required off-street loading:  None.
         (E)   Additional provisions:
            (i)   The owner of a manufactured home park must have a site plan approved by the commission before the building official may issue a building permit for the manufactured home park. The site plan must include the dimensions, bearings, and street frontage of the property; the location of buildings, structures, lots, stands, and uses; the method of ingress and egress; off-street parking and loading arrangements; screening, lighting, and landscaping, if appropriate; and any other information the director determines necessary for a complete review of the proposed development.
            (ii)   The owner of a manufactured home subdivision must have a plat approved by the commission and filed in the county records before the building official may issue a building permit for the manufactured home subdivision.
            (iii)   One caretaker’s dwelling unit and one office is permitted under this use.
            (iv)   Uses that are customarily incidental to this use, including an employee’s washroom, a manager’s office, laundry room, swimming pool, and game courts are permitted provided they are located no closer than 50 feet to an R, R(A), D, D(A), TH, or TH(A) district.  The game courts, laundry room, and swimming pool must be for the exclusive use of the residents and their guests.  No exterior advertising of the uses is permitted.
            (v)   The owner under this use must provide and maintain a permanent steel chain link fence or its equivalent. The fence must be at least five feet in height and must completely surround the rear and all sides of this use that are not exposed to a dedicated street.
            (vi)   Open playground space must be provided under this use at a ratio of 500 square feet of open space for each of the first 20 lots or transient stands provided, and at a ratio of 250 square feet for all additional lots or transient stands.
            (vii)   This use must comply with the requirements of Chapter 47 of this code.
      (5)   Multifamily.
         (A)   Definitions:  Three or more dwelling units located on a lot.
         (B)   Districts permitted:  By right in CH, multifamily, central area, mixed use, and urban corridor districts. By right as a restricted component of a building in the GO(A) district. [See Section 51A-4.121(d).]
         (C)   Off-street parking.
            (i)   Required off-street parking: One space per bedroom with a minimum of one space per dwelling unit.  An additional one-quarter space per dwelling unit must be provided for guest parking if the required parking is restricted to resident parking only.  No additional parking is required for accessory uses that are limited principally to residents.
            (ii)   The number of off-street parking spaces required under this subparagraph may be reduced to provide adequate area for the placement of recycling containers in accordance with Section 18-5.1(e) according to the following table:
 
No. of Dwelling Units
No. of Required Parking Spaces Reduced
8-100
3
101 - 400
3% or 6, whichever is less
401 +
9
 
This parking reduction only applies to structures built before August 12, 2020.
         (D)   Required off-street loading:  None.
         (E)   Additional provisions:
            (i)   Uses that are customarily incidental to the multifamily use and that include an employee’s washroom, a manager’s office, laundry room, swimming pool, and game courts are permitted provided they are located no closer than 50 feet to an R, R(A), D, D(A), TH, or TH(A) district. The game courts, laundry room, and swimming pool must be for the exclusive use of the residents and their guests. No exterior advertising of the uses is permitted.
            (ii)   The minimum space between exterior walls of a multifamily dwelling must be 10 feet between the walls if only one wall has an opening for light and air and 20 feet if both walls have an opening for light and air.  This provision applies to multifamily buildings with a common roof and free standing multifamily buildings.  This provision does not apply to walls located entirely within a dwelling unit.
            (iii)   This use does not include a hotel or motel.
      (5.1)   Residential hotel.
         (A)   Definition:  A facility that receives more than 50 percent of its rental income from occupancies of 30 consecutive days or more and contains:
            (i)   six or more guest rooms with living and sleeping accommodations, but no kitchen or kitchenette;
            (ii)   six or more guest rooms with living, sleeping, and kitchen or kitchenette facilities that are offered for rental on a daily basis; or
            (iii)   six or more guest rooms with living and sleeping accommodations, each of which is individually secured and rented separately to one or more individuals who have access to bathroom, kitchen, or dining facilities outside the guest room on a common basis with other occupants of the structure.
         (B)   Districts permitted:  By right in MF-2(A), MF-2(SAH), MF-3(A), MF-4(A), central area, and mixed use districts when located at least one mile, measured from property line to property line, from all other residential hotel uses.
         (C)   Required off-street parking:  0.5 spaces per guest room.
         (D)   Required off-street loading:  None.
         (E)   Additional provisions:
            (i)   This use is subject to the regulations in Article VII of Chapter 27 of the Dallas City Code, as amended.
            (ii)   For a use holding an occupancy record card pursuant to Chapter 27 on August 10, 1994, the nonconformity as to the minimum distance requirement set out in Subparagraph (B) does not render it subject to amortization by the board of adjustment.
            (iii)   The operator of this use shall maintain a registry showing the name, address, date of arrival, and date of departure of each guest. The operator of this use shall make the registry available to the building official.
      (5.2)   Retirement housing.
         (A)   Definition:  A residential facility principally designed for persons 55 years of age or older. This use does not include a “convalescent and nursing homes, hospice care, and related institutions” use, which is defined as a separate main use in Section 51A-4.204(8).
         (B)   Districts permitted:  By right in CH, multifamily, central area, and mixed use districts. By SUP only in townhouse and urban corridor districts.
         (C)   Required off-street parking:  One space per dwelling unit or suite.
         (D)   Required off-street loading:
 
SQUARE FEET OF FLOOR AREA IN STRUCTURE
TOTAL REQUIRED SPACES OR BERTHS
0 to 50,000
NONE
50,000 to 100,000
1
100,000 to 300,000
2
Each additional 200,000 or fraction thereof
1 additional
 
         (E)   Additional provisions:
            (i)   In these regulations:
               (aa)   ELDERLY RESIDENT means a resident that is 55 years of age or older.
               (bb)   SUITE means one or more rooms designed to accommodate one family containing living, sanitary, and sleeping facilities, but not containing a kitchen.
            (ii)   In townhouse, RTN, CH, and multifamily districts, this use is subject to the following density restrictions:
 
ZONING DISTRICT CLASSIFICATION
MAXIMUM NO. OF DWELLING UNITS OR SUITES* PER NET ACRE
TH-1(A) and RTN
25
TH-2(A) and TH-3(A)
35
CH
40
MF-1(A) and MF-1(SAH)
45
MF-2(A) and MF-2(SAH)
55
MF-3(A)
90
MF-4(A)
160
 
            (iii)   Except as otherwise provided in Subparagraphs (iv) and (v), each occupied dwelling unit or suite must have at least one elderly resident. Failure to comply with this provision shall result in the facility being reclassified as another residential or lodging use.
            (iv)   One dwelling unit or suite may be designated as a caretaker unit whose occupants are not subject to the age restriction in Subparagraph (iii).
            (v)   Those persons legally re-siding with an elderly resident at the facility may continue to reside at the facility for a period not to exceed one year if the elderly resident dies or moves out for medical reasons. The board may grant a special exception to authorize an extension of the length of time a person may continue to reside at the facility if the board finds, after a public hearing, that literal enforcement of this provision would result in an unnecessary personal hardship. In determining whether an unnecessary personal hardship would result, the board shall consider the following factors:
               (aa)   The physical limitations of the resident, if any.
               (bb)   Any economic constraints which would make it difficult for the resident to relocate.
               (cc)   Whether the resident is dependent on support services or special amenities provided by the retirement housing project.
               (dd)   Whether there are any alternative housing or market constraints which would impair the ability to relocate.
            (vi)   No use with exterior advertising or signs may be considered accessory to this use.
      (6)   Single family.
         (A)   Definition:  One dwelling unit located on a lot.
         (B)   Districts permitted:  By right in agricultural, single family, duplex, townhouse, CH, MF-1(A), MF-1(SAH), MF-2(A), MF-2(SAH), MH(A), central area, MU-1, and MU-1(SAH) districts. By right as a restricted component of a building in the GO(A) district. [See Section 51A-4.121(d).]
         (C)   Required off-street parking:  One space in R-7.5(A), R-5(A), and TH districts; two spaces in all other districts.
         (D)   Required off-street loading:  None.
         (E)   Additional provisions:
            (i)   Additional dwelling unit.  The board of adjustment may grant a special exception to authorize an additional dwelling unit in any district when, in the opinion of the board, the additional dwelling unit will not:
               (aa)   be used as rental accommodations; or
               (bb)   adversely affect neighbor ing properties.
            (ii)   In granting a special exception under Subparagraph (i), the board shall require the applicant to deed restrict the subject property to prevent use of the additional dwelling unit as rental accommodations.
            (iii)   Accessory dwelling unit
               (aa)   The board of adjustment may grant a special exception to authorize a rentable accessory dwelling unit in any district when, in the opinion of the board, the accessory dwelling unit will not adversely affect neighboring properties.
               (bb)   If a minimum of one additional off-street parking space is not provided, the board shall determine if that will create a traffic hazard.  The board may require an additional off-street parking space be provided as a condition of granting this special exception.
               (cc)   In granting a special exception under this subparagraph, the board shall require the applicant to:
                  (I)   deed restrict the subject property to require owner-occupancy on the premises; and
                  (II)   annually register the rental property with the city's single family non-owner occupied rental program.
            (iv)   Dwelling units in general
               (aa)   Except for the foundation, a dwelling unit must be physically separable from contiguous dwelling units in the event of removal of a dwelling unit. Each party wall must be governed by a set of deed restrictions, stipulating that if a dwelling unit is removed, the party wall stays with the remaining dwelling unit.
               (bb)   Each dwelling unit must have separate utility services; however, general utility services on land owned and maintained by a homeowner's association is allowed.
            (v)   Utility meters.  In a single family, duplex, or townhouse district, a lot for a single family use may be supplied by not more than one electrical utility service, and metered by not more than one electrical meter. The board of adjustment may grant a special exception to authorize more than one electrical  utility service or more than one electrical meter on a lot in a single family, duplex, or townhouse district when, in the opinion of the board, the special exception will:
               (aa)   not be contrary to the public interests;
               (bb)   not adversely affect neighboring properties; and
               (cc)   not be used to conduct a use not permitted in the district where the building site is located.
            (vi)   Industrialized housing.  In addition to any other applicable regulations, industrialized housing must comply with the following additional provisions. For purposes of this subparagraph, "industrialized housing" means industrialized housing as defined by Section 1202.002 of the Texas Occupations Code, as amended.
               (aa)   Industrialized housing must have all local permits and licenses that are applicable to other single family or duplex dwellings.
               (bb)   Industrialized housing must have a value equal to or greater than the median taxable value of each single family dwelling located within 500 feet of the lot on which the industrialized housing is proposed to be located, as determined by the most recent certified tax appraisal roll of the appraisal district. For purposes of this subparagraph, the "value" of the industrialized housing means the taxable value of the industrialized housing and the lot after installation of the industrialized housing.
               (cc)   Industrialized housing must have exterior siding, roofing, roof pitch, foundation fascia, and fenestration compatible with the single family dwellings located within 500 feet of the lot on which the industrialized housing is proposed to be located. "Compatible" as used in this subparagraph means similar in application, color, materials, pattern, quality, shape, size, slope, and other characteristics; but does not necessarily mean identical. The burden is on the property owner or applicant to supply proof of compatibility. The property owner or applicant may appeal a decision of the building official to deny a permit due to lack of compatibility to the board of adjustment.
               (dd)   Industrialized housing must comply with municipal aesthetic standards; yard, lot, and space regulations; subdivision regulations; landscaping; and any other regulations applicable to single family dwellings.
               (ee)   Industrialized housing must be securely fixed to a permanent foundation.
               (ff)   Industrialized housing may not be constructed in a historic overlay district unless the industrialized housing conforms to the preservation criteria of the historic overlay district.
               (gg)   Industrialized housing may not be constructed in a conservation district unless the industrialized housing conforms to the conservation district regulations.
               (hh)   Industrialized housing may not be constructed unless it complies with public deed restrictions for the property.
            (vii)   Accessory structures.  Except in the agricultural district, accessory structures are subject to the following regulations:
               (aa)   Except as provided in this section, no person shall rent an accessory structure. For purposes of this section, rent means the payment of any form of consideration for the use of the accessory structure.
               (bb)   Except for accessory dwelling units, no person shall use an advertisement, display, listing, or sign on or off the premises to advertise the rental of an accessory structure.
               (cc)   The height of an accessory structure may not exceed the height of the main building.
               (dd)   The floor area of any individual accessory structure on a lot, excluding floor area used for parking, may not exceed 25 percent of the floor area of the main building.
               (ee)   The total floor area of all accessory structures on a lot, excluding floor area used for parking, may not exceed 50 percent of the floor area of the main building.
               (ff)   Accessory structures must have a roof-pitch and fenestration compatible with the main building.  It is recommended that accessory structures have exterior siding, roofing, and foundation fascia compatible with the main building.  "Compatible" as used in this provision means similar in application, color, pattern, shape, size, slope, and other characteristics; but does not necessarily mean identical.  The burden is on the property owner or applicant to supply the proof of compatibility.  Use of similar materials or materials of similar quality to the main building serves as additional evidence that the property owner's burden of proof of compatibility has been met.  This provision does not apply to accessory structures with a floor area of 200 square feet or less.  (Ord. Nos. 19455; 19786; 19912; 20360; 20493; 20953; 21044; 21663; 22139; 22390; 23897; 24585; 24718; 24857; 25133; 25486; 25977; 27495; 28803; 29208; 30184; 30890; 30930; 31607; 31608)