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SEC. 7A-2.   DEFINITIONS.
   For the purposes of this chapter, the following terms, phrases, words and their derivations shall have the meaning given herein.  When not inconsistent with the context, words used in the present tense include the future, words used in the plural number include the singular number and words used in the singular number include the plural number.  The word “shall” is always mandatory and not merely directory.
      (1)   AIRCRAFT.  Any contrivance now known or hereafter invented, used or designated for navigation or for flight in the air.  The word “aircraft” shall include helicopters and lighter-than-air dirigibles and balloons.
      (2)   AUTHORIZED PRIVATE RECEPTACLE.  A litter storage and collection receptacle as required and authorized in Chapter 18.
      (3)   CITY.  The city of Dallas, Texas.
      (4)   COMMERCIAL HANDBILL.  Any printed or written matter, any sample or device, dodger, circular, leaflet, pamphlet, paper, booklet or any other printed or otherwise reproduced original or copies of any matter of literature:
         (A)   which advertises for sale any merchandise, product, commodity or thing; or
         (B)   which directs attention to any business or mercantile or commercial establishment, or other activity, for the purpose of either directly or indirectly promoting the interest thereof by sales; or
         (C)   which directs attention to or advertises any meeting, theatrical performance, exhibition or event of any kind, for which an admission fee is charged for the purpose of private gain or profit; but the terms of this clause shall not apply where an admission fee is charged or a collection is taken up for the purpose of defraying the expenses incident to such meeting, theatrical performance, exhibition or event of any kind, when either of the same is held, given or takes place in connection with the dissemination of information which is not restricted under the ordinary rules of decency, good morals, public peace, safety and good order.  Nothing contained in this clause shall be deemed to authorize the holding, giving or taking place of any meeting, theatrical performance, exhibition or event of any kind without a license, where such license is or may be required by any law of this state, or under any ordinance of this city; or
         (D)   Which, while containing reading matter other than advertising matter, is predominantly and essentially an advertisement, and is distributed or circulated for advertising purposes, or for the private benefit and gain of any person so engaged as advertiser or distributor.
      (5)   GARBAGE.  Putrescible animal and vegetable wastes resulting from the handling, preparation, cooking and consumption of food.
      (6)   LITTER.  “Garbage”, “refuse” and “rubbish” as defined herein and all other waste material which, if thrown or deposited as herein prohibited, tends to create a danger to public health, safety and welfare.
      (7)   NEWSPAPER.  Any newspaper of general circulation as defined by general law, any newspaper duly entered with the Post Office Department of the United States, in accordance with federal statute or regulation and any newspaper filed and recorded with any recording officer as provided by general law; and, in addition thereto, any periodical or current magazine regularly published with not less than four issues per year, and sold to the public.
      (8)   NONCOMMERCIAL HANDBILL.  Any printed or written matter, any sample or device, dodger, circular, leaflet, pamphlet, newspaper, magazine, paper, booklet or any other printed or otherwise reproduced original or copies of any matter of literature not included in the aforesaid definitions of a commercial handbill or newspaper.
      (9)   PARK.  A park, reservation, playground, beach, recreation center or any other public area in the city, owned or used by the city and devoted to active or passive recreation.
      (10)   PERSON.  Any person, firm, partnership, association, corporation, company or organization of any kind.
      (11)   PRIVATE PREMISES.  Any dwelling, house, building or other structure designed or used either wholly or in part for private residential purposes, whether inhabited or temporarily or continuously uninhabited or vacant, including any yard, grounds, walk, driveway, porch, steps, vestibule or mailbox belonging or appurtenant to such dwelling, house, building or other structure.
      (12)   PUBLIC PLACE.  Any and all streets, sidewalks, boulevards, alleys, or other public ways and any and all public parks, squares, spaces, grounds and buildings.
      (13)   REFUSE.  All putrescible and nonputrescible solid wastes (except body wastes), including garbage, rubbish, ashes, street cleaning, dead animals, abandoned automobiles, and solid market and industrial wastes.
      (14)   RUBBISH.  Nonputrescible solid wastes consisting of both combustible and noncombustible wastes, such as paper, wrappings, cigarettes, cardboard, tin cans, yard clippings, leaves, wood, glass, bedding, crockery and similar materials.
      (14.1)   SHOPPING CART. An object that has the same meaning as in Chapter 17 of the Texas Business and Commerce Code, as amended.
      (15)   VEHICLE.  Every device in, upon or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, including devices used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks.  (Ord. Nos. 10371; 25371; 30136)