§ 11.03  GENERAL PROVISIONS.
   11.03.01   Lands to Which This Article Applies.  This article shall apply to all special flood hazard areas (SFHA), areas applicable to KRS 151.250 and, as determined by the Floodplain Administrator or other delegated, designated, or qualified community official as determined by the City Commission of Covington from available technical studies, historical information, and other available and reliable sources, areas within the jurisdiction of the City Commission of Covington which may be subject to periodic inundation by flood waters that can adversely affect the public health, safety, and general welfare of the citizens of the City of Covington.
   11.03.02   Basis for Establishing the Special Flood Hazard Areas.   The areas of special flood hazard identified by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) in the Flood Insurance Study (FIS) for Kenton County, dated May 16, 2013, with the accompanying Flood Insurance Rate Maps (FIRMS), other supporting data and any subsequent amendments thereto, are hereby adopted by reference and declared to be a part of these regulations by the city, and for those land areas acquired by the city through annexation.  This FIS and attendant mapping is the minimum area of applicability of this article and may be supplemented by studies for other areas which allow implementation of this article and which are recommended to the City Council by the Floodplain Administrator and are enacted by City Council pursuant to statutes governing land use management regulations.  The FIS and/or FIRM are permanent records of the city and are on file and available for review by the public during regular business hours at Covington City Hall at 638 Madison Avenue, Covington, KY 41011.
   11.03.03   Establishment of Development Permit.
   (A)   A development permit shall be required in conformance with the provision of this article prior to the commencement of any development activities in the special flood hazard areas (SFHA).  See § 11.04.02 for instructions and explanation.
   (B)   Application for a development permit shall be made on forms furnished by the Floodplain Administrator.
   11.03.04   Compliance.  No structure or land shall hereafter be constructed, located, extended, converted or structurally altered without full compliance with the terms of this article and other applicable state regulations.  Violation of the requirements (including violations of conditions and safeguards established in connection with conditions) shall constitute a misdemeanor.  Nothing herein shall prevent the City Commission from taking such lawful action as is necessary to prevent or remedy any violation.
   11.03.05   Abrogation and Greater Restrictions.  This article is not intended to repeal, abrogate, or impair any existing easements, covenants, or deed restrictions.  However, where this article and another ordinance, easement, covenant or deed restriction conflict or overlap, whichever imposes the more stringent restrictions shall prevail.
   11.03.06   Interpretation.  In the interpretation and application of this article, all provisions shall be:
      (1)   Considered minimum requirements;
      (2)   Liberally construed in favor of the governing body; and
      (3)   Deemed neither to limit nor repeal any other powers granted under state statutes.
   11.03.07   Warning and Disclaimer of Liability.  The degree of flood protection required by this article is considered reasonable for regulatory purposes and is based on scientific and engineering considerations.  Larger floods can and will occur on rare occasions.  Flood heights may be increased by man-made or natural causes.  This article does not imply that land outside the areas of special flood hazard or uses permitted within such areas will be free from flooding or flood damage.  This article shall not create liability on the part of the City Commission of Covington, any officer or employee thereof, for any flood damages that result from reliance on this article or any administrative decision lawfully made hereunder.
   11.03.08   Enforcement, Violation Notice and Penalties.
   (A)   Civil offense:  If, at any time, development occurs which is not in accordance with the provisions of this article including obtaining or complying with the terms and conditions of a floodplain development permit and any approved modifications, such development shall constitute a civil offense.
   (B)   Notice of violation:  If, at any time, a duly authorized employee or agent of the Floodplain Administrator has reasonable cause to believe that a person has caused development to occur which is not in accordance with the provisions of this article including obtaining or complying with the terms and conditions of a floodplain development permit and any approved modifications thereof, a duly authorized employee of the Floodplain Administrator shall issue a notice to the person responsible for the violation and/or the property owner, stating the facts of the offense or violation, the section of this ordinance and/or of the permit violated, when it occurred, how the violation is to be remedied to bring the development into conformity with this article or with the approved permit, and within what period of time the remedy is to occur, which period of time shall be reasonable and shall be determined by the nature of the violation and whether or not it creates a nuisance or hazard.  The remedy may include an order to stop work on the development.  The notice shall also state that a citation may be forthcoming in the event that the requested remedies and corrective actions are not taken, which citation will request a civil monetary fine and shall state the maximum fine which could be imposed.  See below.
   (C)   Notice of citation:  If, at any time, a duly authorized employee or agent of the Floodplain Administrator has reasonable cause to believe that a person has caused development to occur which is not in accordance with the provisions of this article including obtaining or complying with the terms and conditions of a floodplain development permit and any approved modifications thereof, a duly authorized employee of the Floodplain Administrator may issue a citation to the offender stating the violation, prior notices of violation issued, how the violation is to be remedied to bring the development into conformity with this article or with the approved permit, and within what period of time the remedy is to occur, and what penalty or penalties are recommended.  When a citation is issued, the person to whom the citation is issued shall respond to the citation within seven days of the date the citation is issued by either carrying out the remedies and corrections set forth in the citation, paying the civil fine set forth in the citation or requesting a hearing before the governing body.  If the person to whom the citation is issued does not respond to the citation within seven days, that person shall be deemed to have waived the right to a hearing and the determination that a violation occurred shall be considered final.
   (D)   Penalties:  Violation of the provisions of this article or failure to comply with any of its requirements, including violation of conditions and safeguards established in connection with granting of a variance or special exceptions, shall constitute a misdemeanor civil offense.  Any person who violates this article or fails to comply with any of its requirements shall, upon conviction thereof, be fined no less than $100 or imprisoned for not more than ten days, or both, and in addition, shall pay all costs and expenses involved in the case.  Each day such violation continues shall be considered a separate offense.  Nothing herein contained shall prevent the Floodplain Administrator from taking such other lawful action as is necessary to prevent or remedy any violation.
(Ord. O-16-12, passed 8-7-12; Am. Ord. O-3-13, passed 2-12-13)