§ 1.06  RULES OF CONSTRUCTION/ INTERPRETATION.
   1.06.01   Numbering Style.
   (A)   The provisions of this zoning ordinance are organized into the following hierarchical structure:
   •   Articles
      •   Sections
         •   Subsections
            •   Paragraphs
               •   Subparagraphs
   (B)   The word "Article" precedes all article numbers.
   (C)   The word "Section" precedes all section numbers. The first numerals in a section number, before the first period, identify the article in which the section is located. The second two numerals, following the article number and first period, identify the section number. Thus, "§ 1.06," indicates section 6 of Article 1.
   (D)   The two numerals following the section number, after the second period, identify the subsection number. Thus, "1.06.01" identifies subsection 1 of section 6 of article 1.
   (E)   Paragraphs within subsections are identified by capital letters.
   (F)   Arabic numerals are used to identify subparagraphs.
   (G)   Small letters in parenthesis identify sub-subparagraphs.
   1.06.02   Meanings and Intent.  The language of the zoning ordinance must be read literally. Regulations are no more or less strict than stated.
   1.06.03   Tenses and Usage.
   (A)   Words used in the singular include the plural. The reverse is also true.
   (B)   Words used in the present tense include the future tense. The reverse is also true.
   (C)   The words "must," "will," "shall" and "may not" are mandatory.
   (D)   The word "may" is permissive.
   (E)   The word "should" is advisory, not mandatory or required.
   (F)   When used with numbers, "up to X," "not more than X" and "a maximum of X" all include "X."
   1.06.04   Conjunctions. Unless the context otherwise clearly indicates, conjunctions have the following meanings:
   (A)   "And" indicates that all connected items or provisions apply; and
   (B)   "Or" indicates that the connected items or provisions may apply singularly or in combination.
   1.06.05   Fractions.
   (A)   Minimum Requirements.  When a regulation is expressed in terms of a minimum requirement, any fractional result of 0.5 or more will be rounded up to the next consecutive whole number. For example, if a minimum requirement of one tree for every 30 linear feet is applied to a 50-foot dimension, the resulting fraction of 1.67 is rounded up to two required trees.
   (B)   Maximum Limits.  When a regulation is expressed in terms of maximum limits, any fractional result will be rounded down to the next lower whole number. For example, if a maximum limit of one dwelling unit for every 1,000 square feet is applied to a 3,750 square foot lot, the resulting fraction of 3.75 is rounded down to three (dwelling units).
   1.06.06   Headings and Illustrations.  Headings and illustrations are provided for convenience and reference only and do not define or limit the scope of any provision of this zoning ordinance. In case of any difference of meaning or implication between the text of this zoning ordinance and any heading, drawing, table, figure, or illustration, the text controls.
   1.06.07   References to Other Regulations.  All references in the zoning ordinance to other city, county, state, or federal regulations are for informational purposes only and do not constitute a complete list of such regulations. These references do not imply that the city is or will be responsible for enforcing county, state, or federal regulations.
   1.06.08   Current Versions and Citations. All references to documents or to other city, county, state, or federal regulations must be interpreted as references to the most current version of such documents or regulations, unless otherwise expressly indicated. If referenced regulations have been repealed and not replaced by other regulations, zoning ordinance requirements for compliance are no longer in effect.
   1.06.09   Lists and Examples.  Unless otherwise expressly indicated, lists of items or examples that use "including," "such as," or similar terms are intended to provide examples only. They are not to be construed as exhaustive lists of all possibilities.
   1.06.10   Delegation of Authority.  Whenever a provision appears requiring an officer, employee, board or commission to perform an act or duty, that provision will be construed as authorizing the referenced officer, employee, board or commission to delegate that responsibility to others over whom they have authority. Delegation of authority is not allowed when the provisions of this zoning ordinance expressly prohibit such a delegation or when such delegation is prohibited by law.
   1.06.11   Public Officials and Agencies.  All employees, public officials, bodies, and agencies to which references are made are those of the City of Covington unless otherwise expressly stated.
(Ord. O-37-06, passed 8-15-06)