1127.02  DEFINITIONS.
   (1)    "Accessory building". See Building, accessory.
      (Ord. 1985-40. Passed 8-6-85.)
   (1.5)   "Accessory structures" includes such things as satellite dishes, gazebos and patio decks.
      (Ord. 1987-36. Passed 9-1-87.)
   (2)    "Accessory use". See Use, accessory.
   (3)    "Administrative appeal" means an appeal to the Board of Zoning Appeals alleging that the City Manager or the authorized representative has erred in the administration or enforcement of the Zoning Ordinance. An appeal may be filed by any person or any official of the City aggrieved by the decision of the City Manager or the authorized representative in order to determine if the decision was in conformance with the Zoning Ordinance.
   (4)    "Agricultural livestock" means domestic farm animals including horses, cattle, goats, sheep, hogs and chickens raised for use or profit.
   (5)    "Agriculture" means commercial agriculture, animal husbandry or poultry husbandry; the production for commercial purpose of field crops, tobacco, fruits, vegetables, timber, nursery stock, ornamental shrubs, ornamental trees, flowers, or sod; or any combination of such husbandry or production.
   (6)    "Alley". See Street, alley.
   (7)    "Alterations". See Structure, structural alterations.
   (8)    "Animal hospital" means a business conducted for the treatment and medical care of either agricultural livestock and/or other domestic animals.
   (9)    "Apartment" means a building comprised of individual dwelling units. See also dwelling.
   (10)    "Automatic car wash" means an structure or part thereof used for the washing of cars either by manual or assembly line techniques, utilizing employees or the car owner or a combination of both.
   (11)    "Automobile service station" means a place where gasoline, kerosene or any other motor fuel or lubricating oil or grease for operating motor vehicles is offered for sale to the public and deliveries are made directly into motor vehicles, and may include greasing and oiling on the premises and replacement or installation of minor parts and accessories, but not including major repair work, such as motor replacement, body and fender repair, spray painting, upholstery work, auto glasswork, welding, tire recapping, auto dismantling or major mechanical repair.
   (12)    "Automotive repair" means the repair, rebuilding, or reconditioning of motor vehicles or parts thereof, including collision service, painting and steam cleaning of vehicles.
   (13)    "Back yard". See Yard, rear.
   (14)    "Barber shop/beauty salon" means a business for the purpose of cutting or styling of human hair and involving in excess of one chair for such purpose.
   (15)    "Basement" means the portion of a building which is partly underground and which has one-half or more of its ceiling height below the average finished grade of the ground adjoining the building in which it is located.
   (15.5)   “Bed and Breakfast Homestay” means a private owner-occupied residence with one to three guest rooms. The bed and breakfast homestay shall be subordinate  the main residential use of the building. The maximum stay allowable is fourteen consecutive days.  (Ord. 2002-061.  Passed 7-2-02.)
   (16)    "Boarding house/tourist home" means a dwelling or part thereof, other than a hotel, motel, or restaurant where meals and/or lodging are provided for compensation, for three or more unrelated persons where no cooking or dining facilities are provided in the individual rooms.
   (17)    "Board of Zoning Appeals" means the Board of Zoning Appeals of the City of Clyde, Ohio.
   (18)    "Breezeway" means a roofed, open passage connecting two buildings.
   (19)    "Building" means any permanent, stationary, or temporary structure having a roof supported by columns or walls for the housing or enclosure of persons, animals or property.
A.   "Accessory building" means a subordinate building which is customarily incidental to and located on the same lot as the main or principal building, such as a detached garage or utility building within a residential zoning district.
B.    "Attached" means a building that is structurally connected to the principal building, including connections by a roofed, enclosed passageway.
C.    "Building area" means the portion of a lot that can be used for the erection of buildings excluding easements and setbacks.
D.    "Building height" means the vertical distance from the average contact ground level at the front of the building to the highest point of the coping of a flat roof or to the deck line of a mansard roof or to the ridge for gable, hip or gambrel roofs.
E.    "Building setback line" means a line established by this Zoning Ordinance, generally parallel with and measured from the lot line, defining the limits of a yard in which no building may be located.
F.    "Detached" means a building that is not structurally connected to the principal building or is connected by a roofed, open passage such as a breezeway.
G.   "Front line of building" means the line of the face or front of the building nearest the front line of the lot. This face includes sun parlors and covered porches whether enclosed or unenclosed, but does not include steps.
H.    "Principal building" means a building, including an attached garage, in which is conducted the main or principal use of the lot on which said building is situated.
I.    "Utility building" means a detached accessory building used for the purpose of storing equipment and materials and/or for housing parts of electrical, plumbing and heating systems for the main building.
(20)    "Business" means an occupation, enterprise, undertaking or employment which engages in the purchase, sale, barter, or exchange of goods, wares, merchandise, or services or where there is the maintenance or operation of an office or offices for the exhibition, sale or offering of merchandise or service.
   (21)    "Business school" means a school conducted for profit and for the purpose of business education.
   (22)    "Campground" means any tract of land upon which two or more portable camping units are placed, and includes any roadway, building, structure, vehicle or enclosure used or intended for use as a part of the facilities of such camp. A tract of land which is subdivided for lease or other contract of the individual lots is a campground if two or more portable camping units are placed thereon for temporary habitation. "Campground" does not include any tract of land used solely for the storage or display for sale of portable camping units.
   (23)    "Carry-out". See Restaurant, carry-out.
   (24)    "Cellar". See Basement.
   (25)    "Cemetery" means land used or intended to be used for the burial of the human or animal dead and dedicated for cemetery purposes.
   (26)    "Clinic". See Professional offices.
   (27)    "City Manager" means the City Manager of the City of Clyde or the authorized representative.
   (28)    "Collector street". See Street, collector.
   (29)    "Commercial entertainment facilities" means any profit-making activity which is generally related to the entertainment field such as motion picture theaters, carnivals, nightclubs, cocktail lounges and other similar activities.
   (30)    "Comprehensive Plan" means a plan, or any portion thereof, adopted by the Planning Commission and Council showing the general locations and extent of present and proposed residential development and housing, commercial and industrial development, thoroughfares, and community facilities. This plan establishes the goals, objectives, and policies of the community and includes the official land use plan, the official thoroughfare plan, the community facilities plan, the open space plan for the City.
   (31)    "Conditional use" means a use permitted within a district other than a principally permitted use, requiring a conditional use permit and approval of the Board of Zoning Appeals that all prior conditions for approval have been met. A.    "Conditional use permit" means a permit issued by the City Manager upon approval by the Board of Zoning Appeals to allow a use other than a principally permitted use to be established within the district.
(Ord. 85-40. Passed 8-6-85.)
   (32)    Condominium means:
A.    Property in which two or more individually owned dwelling units are contained within a single building; and, the units are offered together with undivided interest in the common areas and facilities of the property. For purposes of determining lot and building requirements and the approval process for the building containing dwelling units, refer to Chapter 1165, Procedure for Multiple Family Residential Development. A condominium, as defined within these regulations, shall also comply with the declaration and other requirements of Ohio R.C. Chapter 5311.
B.    Property on which are located two or more single residential dwelling units having all features associated with single residence ownership and complying with all zoning requirements appertaining thereto but located on real property owned in common with other owners in an association and which may be located on private streets or drives. As far as applicable, for purposes of determining lot and building requirements and the approval process, refer to Chapter 1165, Procedure for Multiple Family Residential Development. A condominium, as defined within these regulations, shall also comply insofar as applicable with the declaration and other requirements of Ohio R.C. Chapter 5311.
(Ord. 1991-46. Passed 6-11-91.)
   (33)    "Convenience commercial" means a type of retail sales and service use involving local neighborhood-oriented businesses which meets the day-to-day needs of families in an area. Such businesses would include a small grocery store, drug store, barber shop, beauty shop/beauty salon, laundromat, and similar uses.
   (34)    "Council" means the City Council of the City of Clyde, Ohio.
   (35)    "Cul-de-sac". See Street, cul-de-sac.
   (36)    "Dancing school" means a school conducted for profit and for the purpose of teaching dancing to in excess of three students at any one time.
   (37)   “Day-care center” means any place in which child day-care is provided for five or more infants, toddlers, pre-school children or school-age children outside of school hours in average daily attendance, other than the children of the owner or administrator of the center, with or without compensation.
   (38)   “Dead-end street”.  See Street, dead-end.
   (39)   “Density” means a unit of measurement, the number of dwelling units per acre of land.
      A.   “Gross density” means the number of dwelling units per acre of the total land to be developed.
      B.   “Net density” means the number of dwelling units per acre of land when the acreage involved includes only the land devoted to residential uses, i.e., street right of way and other publicly or community dedicated lands should be excluded from the calculation.
   (40)   “District” or “zoning district” means a section or sections of the Municipality for which the zoning regulations governing the use of buildings and premises, the height of buildings, the size of yards, the requirements for off-street parking and the intensity of use are uniform.  Boundaries of the district are shown on the Zoning District Map which is a part of this Zoning Ordinance.
   (41)   “Drainageway” means a watercourse, gully, dry stream, creek or ditch which carries storm water runoff, which is subject to flooding or ponding, which is fed by street or building gutters or by storm water sewers, or which serves the purpose of draining water from the lands adjacent to such watercourse, gully dry stream, creek or ditch.
   (42)   “Drive-through commercial use” mean a specific form of “commercial use” characterized by business transactions from a stopped, but not parked, vehicle within a structure or its extension.
   (43)   “Drive-in restaurant”.  See Restaurant, drive-in.
   (44)   “Duplex”.  See Dwelling, two family. 
(Ord. 1985-40.  Passed 8-6-85.)
   (45)   “Dwelling” means any building or portion thereof designed or used as the residence of one or more persons, but not including a tent, cabin, travel trailer, tree house, or a room in a hotel or motel.  The front of all dwellings, except in R-3 Mobile Home Parks, shall face a dedicated street or street right of way.
      A.   “Dwelling unit” means a prescribed area within a building, comprising living, dining, sleeping room or rooms, storage closets, as well as space and equipment for cooking, bathing and toilet facilities, all used by only one family and its household employees.
      B.   “Mobile home or manufactured home” means a nonself-propelled vehicle transportable in one or more sections, which in the traveling mode, is eight to fourteen feet in width and up to seventy feet in length.  The permanent chassis or frame is constructed entirely of metal framework and designed to be a dwelling unit.
      C.   “A manufactured home park or mobile home park” means an area of land within the R-3 Zoning District divided into three or more platted sites with concrete slab foundations with piers or permanent foundations with masonry block, designed specifically for manufactured homes.  Manufactured homes may be placed with the front of the home perpendicular to a street.
      D.   “Industrialized unit” means the off site assembly of one or more units, comprising all or part of a structure, which once constructed and placed constitutes a dwelling unit.  The industrialized unit shall be constructed entirely of wood and have the same or similar appearance to traditionally constructed housing within the zoning district.  All industrialized units shall have permanent foundations with either a basement or crawl space.
         (Ord. 1998-68.  Passed 6-2-98.)
      E.   “Multiple family dwelling” means a dwelling consisting of four or more dwelling units with varying arrangement of entrances and party walls, and designed for occupancy by families or unrelated individuals.
      F.   “Single-family dwelling” means a dwelling consisting of a single dwelling unit only, separated from other dwelling units by open space, and designed for occupancy exclusively by one family.
      G.   “Townhouse/rowhouse” means an individual dwelling on an individual lot of record with two sides attached, by a party wall, to similar dwellings on adjacent lots.  If the dwelling is the outermost of the row then only one party wall is necessary.  The lot and building requirements and approval process of Chapter 1165, Procedure for Multiple-Family Residential Development, applies for buildings containing four or more individual dwelling units.  Otherwise the conditional use requirements of Chapter 1169, Conditionally Permitted Uses, applies.
      H.   “Two-family dwelling” means a dwelling consisting of two dwelling units which may be either attached side by side or one above the other, and each unit having a separate or combined entrance or entrances, and designed for occupancy exclusively by one family per dwelling unit.
      I.   “Zero lot line dwelling”.  See Townhouse/rowhouse.
   (46)   “Easement” means authorization by a property owner for the use of by another, and for a specified purpose, of any designated part of his property.
   (47)   “Establishment” means a building or structure used for commercial or industrial purposes including stores, shops, plants, factories, warehouses, wholesale houses and the like.
   (48)   “Expressway”. See Street, expressway.
   (49)   “Family” means one or more persons occupying a dwelling or housekeeping unit, provided that, unless all members are related by blood, adoption or marriage, no such family shall contain more than four persons.
   (50)   “Fence” means an enclosure, barrier or screen whose purpose is to physically and/or visually contain certain uses and activities which are carried out on a particular zoning lot.
   (51)   “Food processing” means the preparation, storage or processing of food products.  Examples of this activity include bakeries, dairies, canneries and other similar businesses.
   (52)   “Flood Hazard Boundary Map” means a map prepared by the Federal Emergency Management Agency identifying areas subject to the 100 year flood and used for obtaining flood insurance in the preliminary or emergency phase of the program.
   (53)   “Flood Insurance Rate Map” means a map prepared by the Federal Emergency Management Agency providing a more precise description of the flooding associated with the 100 year flood and is used for obtaining flood insurance in the regular phase of the program.
   (54)   “Floor area” means the total horizontal area of all floors finished as usable area including roofed porches and roofed terraces.  Measurement of floor area shall be taken to the outside of the exterior walls.
A.    "Floor area/lot area ratio" means the total floor area of all floors, excluding basements, of the building on a lot, divided by the area of the lot.
   (55)    "Freeway". See Street, freeway.
   (56)    "Front yard". See Yard, front.
   (57)    "Garages, private" means a detached, fully enclosed building or portion of a principal building for the parking or temporary storage of vehicles, travel trailers, and/or boats of the occupants of the premises.
   (58)    "Garages, public" means a principal or accessory building other than a private garage, used for parking or temporary storage of passenger automobiles, and in which no servicing of the automobiles shall occur.
   (59)    "Garage sale" means a sale of household equipment, utensils, appliances, personal clothing or effects, or other similar personal property. Garage sales include yard sales, porch sales or other commonly used terms.
   (60)    "Greenhouse". See Nursery.
   (61)    "Group home". See Residential social service facility.
   (62)    "Halfway house". See Residential social service facility.
   (63)    "Health Department" means the Sandusky County General Health District.
   (64)    "Health oriented retirement community" means a multiple-family dwelling for elderly residents who desire limited medical and other support services which can be furnished by an intermediate care facility.
   (65)    "Home occupation" means an occupation conducted in a dwelling unit; providing that only one member other than the family residing on the premises shall be engaged in such occupation. The use of the dwelling unit for home occupation shall be clearly incidental and subordinate to its use for residential purposes by its occupants.
   (66)    "Hotel" means a building in which lodging or boarding are provided and offered to the public for compensation and in which ingress and egress to and from all rooms is made through an inside lobby or office supervised by a person in charge at all hours. As such, it is open to the public in contradistinction to a boarding house or an apartment house which are herein separately defined.
   (67)    "Housing for the elderly" means a multiple-family dwelling, designed to accommodate the living style of elderly, particularly the self-sufficient or those being provided assistance such as congregate meals or cleaning. Unless specified by the approval process, housing for the elderly may not be utilized as housing for the non-elderly or for other uses not relating to housing for the elderly.
   (68)    "Industrial use" means any use involving manufacturing, processing, testing, and similar uses; which may generate some objectionable characteristics, such as noise, smoke, dust or pollution.
   (69)    "Intermediate care home". See Residential social service facility, intermediate care home.
   (70)    "Junk" means old or scrap copper, brass, rope, rags, trash, batteries, paper, rubber; junked, dismantled, or wrecked automobiles or parts thereof, iron, steel and other old or scrap ferrous or nonferrous materials.
      A.    "Junkyard" means an establishment or place of business, which is maintained or operated for the purpose of storing, keeping, buying or selling junk, or for the maintenance or operation of an automobile graveyard. "Junkyard" shall also include scrap metal processing facilities and any site, location or premises on which are kept two or more junk motor vehicles, whether or not for a commercial purpose.
   (71)    "Kennel" means any lot or premises on which four or more domesticated animals more than four months of age are housed, groomed, bred, boarded, trained or sold and which may offer provision of minor medical treatment.
   (72)    "Loading space, off-street" means space logically and conveniently located for bulk pickups and deliveries, scaled to delivery vehicles expected to be used, and accessible to such vehicles when required off-street parking spaces are filled.
   (73)    "Local access street". See Street, local access street.
   (74)    "Lodge". See Private club.
   (75)    "Lot" means a parcel of land defined by metes and bounds or boundary lines in a recorded deed or on a recorded plat, fronting on a legally dedicated public thoroughfare. In determining lot area, no part thereof within the limits of the proposed thoroughfare right of way shall be included.
A.    "Lot area" means the computed area contained within the lot lines, except rights of way.
B.    "Lot, corner" means a lot located at the intersection of two or more streets. A lot abutting on a curved street or streets shall be considered a corner lot if straight lines drawn from the foremost points of the side lot lines to the foremost point of the lot meet on an interior angle of less than 135 degrees.
C.    "Lot coverage" means the percentage of the lot area covered by principal or accessory buildings or completely enclosed by the buildings.
D.    "Lot depth" means the horizontal distance between the front and the rear lot lines.
E.    "Lot frontage" means the distance along the front lot line.
F.    "Lot, interior" means a lot other than a corner let with only one frontage on a street.
G.    "Lot lines" means the property lines bounding the lot.
H.    "Lot line, front" means the line separating the lot from a street right of way.
I.    "Lot line, rear" means the lot line opposite and most distant from the front.
J.    "Lot line, side" means any lot line other than front or rear lot lines. A side lot line separating a lot from a street is called a side street lot line. A side lot line separating a lot from another lot or lots is called an interior side lot line.
K.    "Lot of record" means a lot which is part of a subdivision recorded in the office of the County Recorder, or a lot or parcel described by metes and bounds, the description of which is recorded.
L.    "Lot reverse" means a lot on which frontage is at right angles to the general pattern in the area. A reversed frontage lot may also be a corner lot.
M.    "Lot, through" means a lot other than a corner lot with frontage on more than one street. Through lots abutting two streets may be referred to as a double frontage lot.
N.    "Lot width" means the width of the lot measured at the building setback line.
   (76)    "Manufactured home. " See Dwelling, manufactured home.
   (77)    "Mobile home": See Dwelling, manufactured home.
      A.    "Manufactured home park" means an area of land divided into three or more platted sites with foundations for manufactured homes.
   (78)    "Modular housing". See Dwelling, industrialized unit.
   (79)    "Motel" means a building or group of buildings having units containing sleeping accommodations which are available for temporary occupancy by motor vehicle transients.
   (80)    "Multiple-family dwelling". See Dwelling, multiple-family.
   (81)    "Music school" means a school conducted for profit and for the purpose of musical instruction for in excess of three students at any one time.
   (82)    "Nonconformities" means a legally existing use, lot, or building which fails to comply with the standards set forth in the Zoning Ordinance applicable to the district in which it is located.
   (83)    "Nursery school". See Day care center.
   (84)    "Nursery/greenhouse" means land, buildings, structure, or combinations thereof for the storage, cultivation, or transplanting of live trees, shrubs or plants, including products used for gardening or landscaping, offered for sale on the premises.
   (85)    "Nursing home" means a home used for the reception and care of individuals who by reason of illness or physical or mental impairment require skilled nursing care and personal assistance. A nursing home is licensed to provide personal assistance and skilled nursing care.
   (86)    "Official Thoroughfare Plan" means the Official Thoroughfare Plan of, and as adopted by Council, establishing the location and official right-of-way width of principal highways and streets in the City and within the City's three-mile jurisdictional area on file as part of the Comprehensive Plan, Ordinance 74-12 and 75-86 in the Office of the City Clerk and the County Recorder, together with all amendments thereto subsequently adopted.
   (87)    "Parking lot" means a paved area used for storage of motor vehicles whether for free, for compensation or as an accommodation.
   (88)    "Parking space" means a paved area within a garage, main building, or accessory building, a covered paved area such as a carport, or a dust-free surfaced area having the prescribed area, exclusive of ramps and driveways, permanently reserved for the parking or storage of one motor vehicle and connected with a street or alley by a dust-free surfaced driveway which affords satisfactory ingress and egress for motor vehicles.
   (89)    "Permanent foundation" means any structural system for transposing loads from a structure to the earth at depths below the established frost line without exceeding the safe bearing capacity of the supporting soil.
   (90)    "Permanent perimeter enclosure" means a foundation which forms a complete enclosure under exterior walls and includes a skirting, constructed of fire and weather-resistant materials, enclosing the entire undercarriage of the manufactured or mobile home.
   (91)    "Personal service" means any enterprise conducted for gain which primarily offers services to the general public such as shoe repair, barber shops, beauty parlors and similar activities.
   (92)    "Personal storage" means a business use utilizing a building or buildings to rent storage space to private individuals.
   (93)    "Planned Unit Development" means a tract of land in which a variety of dwelling densities and residential types are designed in a pre-planned environment under more flexible standards. The procedures for approval of such a development contain a two-step procedure in addition to requirements of the standard subdivision. Review and approval of the concept plan and the detailed site development plan are required.
   (94)    "Planning Commission" means the Planning Commission of the City of Clyde.
   (95)    "Pool". See Swimming pool.
   (96)    "Porch sale". See Garage sale.
   (97)    "Primary thoroughfares". See Street, primary thoroughfare.
   (98)    "Principal building". See Building, principal.
   (99)    "Private club" means an association organized and operated not for profit for persons who are bona fide members paying annual dues; which own, hire or lease premises, the use of which premises is restricted to such members and their guests. The affairs and management of such association are conducted by a board of directors, executive committee or similar body chosen by members at their annual meeting. Food, meals and beverages may be served on the premises, provided adequate dining room space and kitchen facilities are available. Alcoholic beverages may be sold or served to members and their guests, provided such service is secondary and incidental to the promotion of some other common objective of the organization, and further provided that the sale of alcoholic beverages is in compliance with all applicable Federal, State, County and local laws.
   (100)    "Private street" means a street not dedicated to the City.
   (101)    "Professional office" means any building or structure, the use of which is limited to providing professional services such as doctors, dentists, lawyers, accountants, architects, engineers and similar professions.
   (102)   "Public facility" means the erection, construction, alteration, operation or maintenance of buildings, power plants, or substations, water treatment plants, or pumping stations, sewage disposal or pumping plants and other similar public service structures by a public utility, whether publicly or privately owned, or by a municipal or other governmental agency, including the furnishing of electric, gas, transportation, communication, public water and sewerage services.
   (103)    "Rear yard". See Yard, rear.
   (104)    "Recreational vehicle". As used in the Zoning Ordinance, recreational vehicle shall include the following:
A.    Boats and boat trailers. Boats, floats and rafts, plus the normal equipment to transport the same on the highways.
B.    Fold-tent trailer. A canvas folding structure, mounted on wheels and designed for travel and vacation use.
C.    Motorized home. A portable dwelling designed and constructed as an integral part of a self-propelled vehicle.
D.    Pick-up camper. A structure designed primarily to be mounted on a pick-up truck chassis and with sufficient equipment to render it suitable for use as a temporary dwelling for travel, recreational and vacation use.
E.    Travel trailer. A non-selfpropelled recreational vehicle not exceeding an overall length of thirty-five (35) feet, exclusive of bumper, tongue or coupling.
   (105)    "Regional Planning Commission" means the Sandusky County Regional Planning Commission.
   (106)    "Residential social service facility" means a facility which provides residential services to a group of individuals, not exceeding eight, of whom one or more are unrelated. This category includes uses licensed, supervised or under contract by any Federal, State, County or other political subdivision. The term "residential social service facility" includes, but is not limited to the following listed categories:
A.    Halfway houses. Residential homes for adolescents or adults who have been institutionalized and released or who have had alcohol or drug problems which make operation in society difficult and who require the protection of a group setting.
B.    Intermediate care homes. Residential homes for children or adolescents who have been judged delinquent and have been assigned by a court to a residential home in lieu of placement in a correctional institution.
C.    Social care homes. Residential homes for children or adolescents who lack social maturity or have emotional problems and who have not been judged delinquent. These individuals may be physically handicapped, disabled, or undergoing rehabilitation and are provided services to meet their needs.
   (107)    "Restaurant" means an establishment providing for the sale of prepared food products to the general public. Alcoholic beverages may be sold on the premises.
      A.    "Restaurant, carry-out" means an establishment whose primary function is the offering of food and beverages which are sold only inside the building, and are usually packaged to be carried and consumed off of the premises, but may be consumed within the restaurant building or on the premises.
      B.    "Restaurant, drive-in" means an establishment offering food and beverages which are sold within the building, or to persons while in motor vehicles in an area designated for drive-in service, and may be consumed on or off the premises.
      C.    "Restaurant, sit down" means an establishment whose primary function is the offering of food and beverages which are sold and normally consumed within the restaurant building. Entertainment may be provided on the premises.
   (108)    "Retail sales and service" means an establishment which not only sells merchandise but provides service for the repair or replacement of that or other merchandise purchased or previously owned by consumers.
   (109)    "Screening" means any deciduous or evergreen planting that at maturity will provide a continuous or nearly continuous physical or visual barrier between three and six feet in height.
   (110)    "Secondary thoroughfare ". See Street, secondary thoroughfare.
   (111)    "Service Director" means the person designated by Council to fulfill the requirements of these regulations where reference is made to the "Service Director".
   (112)    "Setback line". See Building, setback line.
   (113)    "Sewers, central or group" means an approved sewage disposal system which provides a collection network and disposal system and central sewage treatment facility for a single development, community or region.
   (114)    "Sewers, on-site" means an on-site septic or other approved process to provide collection and disposal of sewage for the individual lot. On-site sewers are subject to the approval of the Sandusky County Health Department or other authorized agencies.
   (115)    "Side yard". See Yard, side.
   (116)    "Sign" means any device designed to inform or attract the attention of persons not on the premises on which the sign is located.
   (117)    "Single-family dwelling". See Dwelling, single-family.
   (118)    "Social care homes". See Residential social service facility, social care home.
   (119)    "Story" means the portion of a building included between the upper surface of  any floor and upper surface of the next floor above, or if there is no floor above, the portion between floor and ceiling above and also any portion of a building used for human occupancy between the topmost floor and the roof. A basement shall not be counted as a story unless more than one-half of the basement is above grade level at the front of the building.
   (120)    "Street, thoroughfare or road" means the full width between property lines bounding every public way with a part thereof to be used for vehicular traffic and designated as follows:
A.    "Alley" means a minor street used primarily for vehicular service access to the back or side of properties which otherwise abut on streets.
B.    "Collector streets" means streets, collecting traffic from various local access streets and distributing this longer-distance traffic to the primary and secondary thoroughfares over which this traffic can move to its destination. A collector serves a residential neighborhood or large subdivision while its primary function is to "collect" local traffic and deliver it to the next higher order street; the secondary function of collector streets is to provide direct access to abutting properties.
C.    "Cul-de-sac" means a local street of relatively short length with one end open to traffic and the other end terminating in a vehicular turnaround.
D.    "Dead-end street" means a street temporarily having one outlet for vehicular traffic and intended to be extended or continued in the future.
E.    "Expressway" means a divided arterial highway for long-distance through traffic with full or partial control of access and a limited number of cross-traffic intersections. The main purpose of an expressway is to move traffic rather than to serve as access to individual properties. Expressways may be a facility entirely at grade, may have frontage roads, with controlled access features and terminated crossroads, or may be distinguished from a freeway only by an occasional grade intersection.
F.   "Freeway" means a divided facility for through traffic with full control of access and no traffic crossing at grade. The freeway is designed to provide regional and metropolitan continuity and unity in the traffic system, solely for the purpose of moving high-speed traffic without service or access to abutting property.
G.    "Local access streets" means streets providing direct access to individual properties abutting the street and designed to discourage through traffic between residential neighborhoods. Local access streets comprise a large percentage of total street mileage in the City street network. In addition to providing direct access to property, local access streets also provide right of way beneath them for placement of utility lines and drainage and sewer facilities.
H.    "Primary thoroughfares" means thoroughfares that are intended to move medium-distance through traffic across town; to and from such major traffic generators as industrial employment centers and central business district; and the expressways and other State highways in the vicinity of the City. Traffic control devices may be utilized to facilitate this traffic flow.
I.    "Secondary thoroughfares" means thoroughfares intended to collect and distribute traffic in a manner similar to the primary thoroughfare, except that they serve lesser traffic generator resources such as local commercial areas, primary and secondary schools, parks and recreation areas, churches and the like. These streets provide service to specific traffic destinations and provide for easy movement from one residential neighborhood to another and for cross-town traffic in general.
   (121)    "Structure" means an assembly of materials which form a construction for occupancy or use, including, but not limited to: buildings, tents, patios, and parking pads, platforms, stages, observation towers, radio, television and telephone towers, water storage tanks, trestles, open sheds, shelters, fences, display signs, and the like, which shall be construed to mean the whole or parts thereof.
      A.    "Structural alterations" means any change in the supporting members of a building such as a bearing wall, column, beam or girder.
      B.    "Temporary structure" means structures of a temporary nature, erected for a period not to exceed twelve months for such uses as construction offices or storage buildings at a construction site.
   (122)    "Studio" means a commercial operation which includes the sale of and/or instruction, in the use of: arts and crafts, dance, music lessons and instruments, commercial photography and other similar commercially-oriented operations.
      (Ord. 1985-40.  Passed 8-6-85.)
   (123)    “Swimming Pool” means a pool or open tank, either in ground or above ground and not located within a completely enclosed building and has the capacity to hold 1.5 feet or more of water at any point within the pool or tank.
      A.   “Private Pool” means a swimming pool exclusively used without paying an additional charge for admission by the residents and guests of a single household, a multifamily development or a community, the members and guests of a club, or patrons of a motel or hotel; an accessory use.
      B.   “Community Pool” means a swimming pool operated with a charge for admission; a principle use.
      C.   “Portable Pool” means a pool that may be readily disassembled for storage and reassembled to its original integrity and is not permanently affixed to plumbing or electrical service; no zoning certificate required.
      D.   “Spa or Hot Tub” means a pool of water that is either heated or not heated and is used for therapeutic and relaxation purposes; no zoning certificate required.  (Ord. 2003-82.  Passed 10-21-03.)
   (124)    "Temporary building or structure". See Structure, temporary structure.
   (125)    "Use" means the employment or occupation of a building, structure or land for a person's service, benefit or enjoyment.
A.    "Accessory use" means a subordinate use which is customarily incidental to, and located on the same lot as the principal or primary building, such as a private pool within a residential zoning district.
B.    "Use-by-right" means a principally permitted use in a particular zoning district which is permitted in that district as a legal right under the terms of the Zoning Ordinance.
   (126)    "Transportation facility" means a regionally-oriented business that entails the use, storage, servicing, routing, fueling and minor repair of vehicles utilized in commercial transportation.
   (127)    "Variance" means a variation from a strict interpretation of the terms of the Zoning Ordinance owing to peculiar conditions or circumstances which apply only to the property in question, and no other. As used in the Zoning Ordinance, a variation is authorized only for height, area, yard or setback requirements.
   (128)    "Warehouse" means any building or structure which use is limited to the storage of equipment or material.
   (129)    "Wholesale establishment" means an establishment that engages in the sale of goods, merchandise and commodities for resale by the purchaser.
   (130)    "Yard" means an open space at grade between a building and the adjoining lot lines, unoccupied and unobstructed by any portion of a structure from the ground upward, except as otherwise provided herein. In measuring a yard for purposes of determining the width of a side yard, the depth of a front yard or rear yard, the minimum horizontal distance between the lot lines and the principal building shall be used.
A.    "Front yard" means a yard extending across the front of a lot between the side lot lines and being the minimum horizontal distance between the street or place line and principal building, or any projections thereof other than the projections of permitted uncovered steps, uncovered balconies or unenclosed and uncovered porches.
B.    "Rear yard" means a yard extending across the rear of a lot between the side lot lines and being the required minimum horizontal distance between the rear lot line and the rear of the principal building and/or accessory building or any projections thereof other than the projections of uncovered steps, unenclosed balconies or unenclosed porches.
C.    "Side yard" means a yard between the principal building and/or accessory buildings and the side line of the lot and extending from the required front yard to the required rear yard, being the minimum horizontal distance between a side lot line and the side of the principal building and/or accessory building.
   (131)    "Yard sale". See Garage sale.
   (132)    "Zoning certificate" means the document issued by the City Manager authorizing buildings, structures or uses consistent with the terms of the Zoning Ordinance and for the purpose of carrying out and enforcing its provisions.
   (133)    "Zoning district". See District.
(Ord. 1985-40. Passed 8-6-85.)