Unless the context specifically indicates otherwise, the meaning of terms used in this chapter shall be as follows:
   (1)    "Act" means the Clean Water Act (33 U.S.C. 1251 et seq.), as amended. Public Law 92-500, and any amendments thereto; as well as any guidelines, limitations and standards promulgated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency pursuant to the Act.
   (2)    "Best Management Practices" (BMPs) means schedules of activities, prohibitions of practices, maintenance procedures, and other management practices to implement the prohibitions listed in OAC 3745-3-04. BMPs also include treatment requirements, operating procedures, and practices to control plant site runoff, spillage or leaks, sludge or waste disposal, or drainage from raw materials storage.
   (3)    "Biochemical Oxygen Demand" (BOD) means the quantity of oxygen utilized in the biochemical oxidation of organic matter under standard laboratory procedure in five days at twenty degrees C, expressed in milligrams per liter.
   (4)    "Building Drain" means that part of the lowest horizontal piping of a drainage system which receives the discharge from soil, waste, and other drainage pipes inside the walls of the building and conveys it to the building sewer.
   (5)    "Building sewer" means the extension of the building drain from five feet (1.5 meters) outside the inner face of the building wall to the public sewer or other place of disposal, such building sewer also being called house connection.
   (6)    "Bypass" means the intentional diversion of a waste stream(s) from any portion of an industrial user's treatment facility. The conditions of a bypass shall be as stated in 40 CFR Part 403.17 of the General Pretreatment Regulations.
   (7)    "Categorical Pretreatment Standards" means the National Pretreatment Standards specifying quantities or concentrations of pollutants or pollutant properties which may be discharged or introduced into the sewage disposal system by specific industrial users.
   (8)    "Chemical Oxygen Demand" (COD) means the quantity of oxygen utilized in the chemical oxidation of organic matter under standard laboratory procedures expressed in milligrams per liter.
   (9)    "City" means the City of Circleville, Ohio.
   (10)    "Code of Federal Regulations" (CFR) means the codification of the general and permanent rules published in the Federal Register by the executive departments and agencies of the Federal Government. It is divided into 50 titles that represent broad areas subject to Federal Regulations. Each volume of the CFR is updated once each calendar year and is issued on a quarterly bases.
   (11)    “Combined Sewer" means a sewer intended to receive both wastewater and storm or surface water.
   (12)    "Compatible Pollutant" means BOD, suspended solids, pH, and fecal coliform bacteria, plus additional pollutants identified in the NPDES permit if the publicly owned treatment works was designed to treat such pollutants, and in fact does remove such pollutants to a substantial degree. Examples of such additional pollutants may include:
      A.    COD;
      B.    Total organic carbon;
      C.    Phosphorus and phosphorus compounds;
      D.    Nitrogen and nitrogen compounds;
      E.    Fats, oils and greases of animal or vegetable origin except as prohibited under Section 925.18.
   (13)    "Cooling Water" or "Industrial Cooling Water" means the unpolluted water discharged from any system of condensation, air conditioning, cooling, refrigeration or other similar use which meets the criteria established by the OEPA for effluents discharged to watercourses at Circleville.
   (14)    "Director" means the Director of Public Service/Utilities of the City of Circleville, Ohio, or his duly authorized deputy, agent or representative.
   (15)    "Floatable Oil" is oil, fat, or grease in a physical state such that it will separate by gravity from wastewater by treatment in an approved pretreatment facility.
   (16)    "Garbage” means the animal and vegetable waste resulting from the handling, preparation, cooking and serving of food.
   (17)    "Ground Garbage" means the residue from the preparation, cooking and dispensing of food that has been shredded to such a degree that all particles will be carried freely in suspension under the flow conditions normally prevailing in public sewers with no particle greater than one-half inch in any dimension.
   (18)    "Incompatible Pollutant" means any pollutant which is not a compatible pollutant as defined in subsection (12) hereof.
   (19)    "Indirect Discharge" means the discharge or the introduction of non-domestic pollutants from a source regulated under the Act into the sewage disposal system.
   (20)    "Industrial Wastes" means the wastewater from industrial processes, trade or business as distinct from domestic or sanitary wastes.
   (21)    "Industrial User" means any nonresidential user who discharges industrial wastewater either directly or indirectly to the City's sewage disposal system.
   (22)    "Interceptor" means a device designed and installed so as to separate and/or retain deleterious, hazardous or undesirable matter from normal wastes, and permits normal wastewater to discharge into the disposal terminal by gravity.
   (23)    "Interference" means discharge which alone or in conjunction with a discharge or discharges from other sources, both:
      A.    Inhibits or disrupts the POTW, its treatment processes or operations, or its sludge processes, use or disposal; and
      B.    Therefore is a cause of a violation of any requirement of the POTW's NPDES permit (including an increase in the magnitude or duration of a violation) or of the prevention of sewage sludge use or disposal in compliance with the statutory provisions and regulations or permits issued thereunder (or more stringent State or local regulations) as defined in 40 CFR, Part 403.3(i) of the General Pretreatment Regulations.
   (24)    "May" is pennissive; "shall" is mandatory.
   (25)    "Natural Outlet" means any outlet, including storm drains and combined sewer overflows, into a watercourse, pond, ditch, lake or other body of surface or groundwater.
   (26)    "New Source" means any building, structure, facility or installation from which there is or may be a discharge of pollutants, the construction of which commenced after the publication of proposed Pretreatment Standards under Section 307(c) of the Act which will be applicable to such source if such Standards are thereafter promulgated in accordance with that section.
   (27)    "Normal strength sewage or wastes" as defined for the purpose of determining surcharge means sewage having an average daily suspended solids concentration of not more than 300 milligrams per liter, an average daily BOD concentration of not more than 300 milligrams per liter, an average daily PO concentration of not more than 25.0 milligrams per liter, an average daily NH concentration of not more than 15.0 milligrams per liter or containing any of the characteristics prohibited by Section 925.18.
   (28)    "NPDES" permit means the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System permit.
   (29)    "OEPA" means the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency.
   (30)    "Pass Through" means a discharge which exits the POTW into waters of the United States in quantities or concentrations which, alone or in conjunction with a discharge or discharges from other sources, is a cause of a violation of any requirement of the POTW's NPDES permit (including an increase in the magnitude or duration of a violation).
   (31)    "Person" means any individual, firm, company, association, society, corporation or group.
   (32)    "pH" means the reciprocal of the logarithm of the hydrogen concentration. The concentration is the weight of hydrogen in grams per liter of solution.
   (33)    "POTW" means Publicly Owned Treatment Works.
   (34)    "Pollutant" means dredged spoil, solid waste, incinerator residue, wastewater, garbage, wastewater sludge, munition, wrecked or discarded equipment, rock, sand, cellar dirt, and industrial, municipal and agricultural waste discharged into water.
   (35)    "Pretreatment" means the treatment of wastewaters from sources before introduction into publicly owned sewage disposal systems.
   (36)    "Public Service Director" means the Director of Public Service at the City of Circleville, Ohio, or his duly authorized deputy, agent or representative.
   (37)    "Public sewer" means a sewer provided by or subject to the jurisdiction of the City of Circleville. It shall also include sewers within or outside the City boundaries that serve one or more persons and ultimately discharge into the City sewer system, even though those sewers may not have been constructed with City funds.
   (38)    "Sanitary sewage" means the waste from water closets, urinals, lavatories, sinks, bathtubs, showers, household laundries, cellar floor drains, garage floor drains, bars, soda fountains, refrigerator drips, drinking fountains, storerooms and stable floor drains.
   (39)    "Sanitary sewer" means a sewer that carries liquid and water-carried wastes from residences, commercial buildings, industrial plants, and institutions together with minor quantities of ground, storm, and surface waters that are not admitted intentionally.
   (40)    "Service charge" means the basic fee levied on all users of the public sewer system whose wastes do not exceed in strength the concentration values established as representative of normal sewage.
   (41)    "Sewage" means the water-carried human, animal and household wastes in a public or private sewer, and may include groundwater infiltration, surface drainage and industrial wastes.
   (42)    "Sewage disposal" means all facilities for collecting, pumping, treating and disposing of sewage and industrial waste, and it includes sewers as well as the sewage treatment facilities.
   (43)    “Sewer" means a pipe or conduit for conveying sewage or any other waste liquids, including storm, surface and groundwater drainage.
   (44)    "Sewerage" means the system of sewers and appurtenances for the collection, transportation and pumping of sewage and industrial wastes.
   (45)    "Shall" is mandatory; "may" is permissive.
   (46)    "SIC Manual" means the Standard Industrial Classification Manual, 1972, Office of Management and Budget, as amended and supplemented.
   (47)    "Slug" means any pollutant, including oxygen demanding pollutants (BOD, etc.) released in a discharge at a flow rate and/or pollutant concentration which will cause interference with the wastewater treatment plant.
   (48)    "Storm drain" synonymous with "storm sewer" means a drain or sewer for conveying water, groundwater, subsurface water or unpolluted water from any source, but excludes sewage.
   (49)    "Storm water runoff” means that portion of the rainfall that is drained into the sewers.
   (50)    "Superintendent" means the Superintendent of the Wastewater Treatment Plant of Circleville, or his authorized deputy, agent or representative.
   (51)    "Surcharge" means the fee in addition to the service charge which is levied on those persons whose wastes are greater in strength than the concentration values established as representative of normal sewage.
   (52)    "Suspended solids" means total suspended matter that either floats on the surface of or is in suspension in, water. wastewater or other liquids, and that is removable by laboratory filtering as prescribed in "Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater" and referred to as non-filterable residue.
   (53)    "Toxic pollutants" shall include but not necessarily be limited to aldrin-dieldrin, benzidine, cadmium, cyanide, DDT-endrin, mercury, polychlorinated byphenyls (PCB's) and toxaphene. Pollutants included as "toxic" shall be those promulgated as such by the United States Environmental Protection Agency.
   (54)    "Unpolluted water" means water of quality equal to or better than the effluent criteria in effect or water that would not cause violation of receiving water quality standards and would not be benefited by discharge to the sanitary sewers and wastewater treatment facilities provided.
   (55)    "Upset" means an exceptional incident in which a user unintentionally and temporarily is in a state of noncompliance with the standards set forth in this chapter due to factors beyond the reasonable control of the user and excluding noncompliance to the extent caused by operational error, improperly designed treatment facilities, inadequate treatment facilities, lack of preventive maintenance or careless or improper operation thereof.
   (56)    "USEPA" means the United States Environmental Protection Agency.
   (57)    "Wastewater" means the spent water of a community. From the standpoint of source, it may be a combination of the liquid and water-carried wastes from residences, commercial buildings, industrial plants and institutions, together with any groundwater, surface water and storm water that may be present.
   (58)    "Wastewater treatment works" means an arrangement of devices and structures for treating wastewater, industrial wastes, and sludge. Sometimes used as synonymous with "waste treatment plant" or "wastewater treatment plant" or "water pollution control plant."
   (59)    "Watercourse" means a channel in which a flow of water occurs, either continuously or intermittently.
      (Ord. 09-62-12. Passed 9-4-12.)