TITLE 1
GENERAL PROVISIONS
   Ch. 1-4   Code Adoption – Organization
   Ch. 1-8   Corporate Seal and Emblems
   Ch. 1-12   Official City Time
   Ch. 1-14   Official Neighborhoods and Community Areas
   Ch. 1-16   Nuclear Weapon Free Zone
   Ch. 1-19   Debt Due and Owing to the City
   Ch. 1-20   Cost Recovery – Liability for Costs of Providing Services
   Ch. 1-21   False Statements
   Ch. 1-22   False Claims
   Ch. 1-23   Qualifications Relating to City Business or City Benefits
   Ch. 1-24   The Chicago Minimum Wage and Paid Sick Leave Ordinance
CHAPTER 1-4
CODE ADOPTION – ORGANIZATION*
* Editor's note – Prior history for Chapter 1-4 includes Sections 1-1 through 1-21; Ordinance passed on 4-6-90, Coun. J. p. 13720; Ordinance passed on 6-27-90, Coun. J. p. 17764.
1-4-010   Municipal Code of Chicago adopted.
1-4-020   Adoption of chapter and section numbers.
1-4-030   Effective date.
1-4-040   Administrative copies – City clerk powers and duties.
1-4-050   Code revisions – Publication.
1-4-060   Publication of Code – Conditions.
1-4-070   Distribution of Code.
1-4-080   Numbering of Code sections – References to former Code provisions.
1-4-090   Definitions for Code provisions.
1-4-100   Interpretation of language.
1-4-110   References to sections include penalty references – Exceptions.
1-4-120   Penalty for violation of Code.
1-4-125   Restitution – License or permit violations.
1-4-130   Maximum fine or penalty.
1-4-140   Offenses having two penalties.
1-4-145   Reserved.
1-4-150   Zoning ordinance adopted.
1-4-160   Scope of repeal.
1-4-170   Reference to statutes.
1-4-180   Repeal shall not revive any ordinance.
1-4-190   Liberal construction of provisions.
1-4-200   Severability.
1-4-010  Municipal Code of Chicago adopted.
   This ordinance, consisting of Titles 1 through 18, inclusive, shall be known as the “Municipal Code of Chicago” and shall be treated as a new and original comprehensive ordinance, completely superseding the Municipal Code of Chicago adopted August 30, 1939, and subsequent code amendments adopted prior to February 28, 1990, with the exception of the Chicago Zoning Ordinance and amendments thereto.
(Added Coun. J. 6-27-90, p. 17764; Amend Coun. J. 3-31-04, p. 20916, § 3.1)
1-4-020  Adoption of chapter and section numbers.
   The corporation counsel shall advise and assist the city clerk in renumbering chapters and sections described in ordinances passed after February 7, 1990, amending the Municipal Code as then in effect, in order to assure that they comport with the numbering system of this Code. The revised numbers of those chapters and sections as determined by the city clerk and the corporation counsel are hereby adopted for general use.
(Added Coun. J. 6-27-90, p. 17764)
1-4-030  Effective date.
   The Municipal Code of Chicago shall take effect and be in force from and after its passage.
(Added Coun. J. 6-27-90, p. 17764)
1-4-040  Administrative copies – City clerk powers and duties.
   The city clerk shall keep at least one current printed copy of this Code and shall maintain at least one location at City Hall where the public may access the Code.
   In determining whether any ordinance hereafter passed, or any part thereof, shall be inserted into the Code, and in determining the form, title, chapter and section in which it shall be inserted, the city clerk shall be guided by the advice of the corporation counsel.
(Added Coun. J. 6-27-90, p. 17764; Amend Coun. J. 11-19-14, p. 98037, § 1)
1-4-050  Code revisions – Publication.
   Revisions of this Code shall be prepared and published at intervals not exceeding six months to reflect any changes in the Municipal Code during such period.
(Added Coun. J. 6-27-90, p. 17764)
1-4-060  Publication of Code – Conditions.
   All printed material issued or distributed as a publication of the city that includes an excerpt or quotation from this Code shall be published subject to the understanding that the Municipal Code of Chicago is subject to change without notice.
(Added Coun. J. 6-27-90, p. 17764; Amend Coun. J. 11-19-14, p. 98037, § 1)
1-4-070  Distribution of Code.
   Sufficient copies of this Code shall be deposited with the Chicago Public Library for general public reference and use. Sufficient copies shall be distributed to the mayor, the aldermen, the city clerk, the city treasurer and the heads of the various agencies and departments of city government for their respective use.
   The mayor may reciprocate courtesies of other cities and governments by presenting to them a copy of this Code bound at city expense in such form as the mayor deems suitable.
(Added Coun. J. 6-27-90, p. 17764; Amend Coun. J. 12-13-00, p. 48076, § 1; Amend Coun. J. 11-8-12, p. 38872, § 1)
1-4-080  Numbering of Code sections – References to former Code provisions.
   Each section number of this Code shall consist of three component parts separated by dashes. The figure before the first dash shall refer to the title number; the figure following the first dash shall refer to the position of the chapter within a title; and the figure following the second dash shall refer to the position of the section within its chapter.
   No officer or employee except aldermen of the city shall issue any written material containing any section of the municipal code numbered differently than as numbered herein; and no section number shall be changed by any such officer or employee in drafting any amendment to this Code. Notwithstanding the foregoing provision, the various departments and agencies of the city government may continue to use notices, citations and other documents containing references to chapter and section numbers of the municipal code as in effect prior to passage of this Code until December 31, 1990.
(Added Coun. J. 6-27-90, p. 17764)
1-4-090  Definitions for Code provisions.
   Unless the context requires other interpretations, the following words and terms are defined for purposes of this code as follows:
   (a)   “City” means City of Chicago;
   (b)   “State” means State of Illinois;
   (c)   “County” means County of Cook;
   (d)   “City council” means the city council of the City of Chicago;
   (e)   “Person” means any natural individual, firm, trust, partnership, association, joint venture, corporation or other legal entity, in his or its own capacity or as administrator, conservator, guardian, executor, trustee, receiver or other representative appointed by the court. Whenever the word “person” is used in any section of this code prescribing a penalty, fine, or cost recovery action as applied to partnerships, associations or joint ventures, the word shall include the members thereof, and as applied to corporations shall include the officers, agents or employees thereof who intentionally, recklessly or negligently cause or allow any violation of the section;
   (f)   “Public way” means any sidewalk, street, alley, highway or other public thoroughfare;
   (g)   “Code” means the Municipal Code of Chicago as amended from time to time, except as otherwise explicitly provided in Titles 14A, 14B, 14C, 14E, 14F, 14G, 14M, 14N, 14P, 14R, and 14X in connection with the adoption by reference of a model building code;
   (h)   “Building code” or “building provisions of this Code” means: Titles 13 (excepting Chapter 13-72), 14A, 14B, 14C, 14E, 14F, 14G, 14M, 14N, 14P, 14R, 14X and 18 (excepting Chapter 18-14); Chapters 2-22, 7-4, 7-28; Article III of Chapter 11-4; Article I of Chapter 11-16; Chapter 11-18; Chapters 15-8, 15-12 and 15-16, Section 8-4-090; and all other provisions of this Code establishing or relating to construction, plumbing, heating, electrical, fire prevention, sanitation, zoning, or other health and safety standards relating to structures, except to the extent authority for enforcement and administration is conferred exclusively on a department or agency other than the department of buildings or on an officer other than the building commissioner and except as specifically provided in Titles 14A, 14B, 14C, 14E, 14F, 14G, 14M, 14N, 14P, 14R, and 14X;
   (h-1)   “Conveyance Device Code” or “conveyance device regulations of this Code” means Title 14C;
   (i)   “Electrical Code” or “electrical regulations of this Code” means Article II of Chapter 13-12 and Title 14E;
   (j)   “Fire Code” or “fire regulations of this Code” means Title 14F, Chapter 2-36, Chapter 15-4, Chapter 15-8, Chapter 15-16, Chapter 15-20, Chapter 15-24, Chapter 15-26, and Chapter 15-28 of this Code;
   (k)   “Chief financial officer” means the chief financial officer of the City appointed by the mayor or, if there is no such officer then holding that office, the city comptroller.
   (l)   "Rule" means the whole or part of any statement, communication, standard, procedure or requirement of general applicability, having the force of law, issued by a department or department head pursuant to authority delegated by law to such department or department head that (1) implements or applies law or policy, or (2) prescribes the procedural requirements of a department including an amendment, modification, suspension or repeal of any such statement, communication, standard, procedure or requirement. The term "rule" encompasses any and all references to "rules and regulations" set forth in this Code.
(Added Coun. J. 6-27-90, p. 17764; Amend Coun. J. 10-2-95, p. 8019; Amend Coun. J. 3-28-01, p. 55444, § 2; Amend Coun. J. 12-4-02, p. 99026, § 2.1; Amend Coun. J. 7-21-04, p. 28443, § 1; Amend Coun. J. 11-13-07, p. 14999, Art. II, § 1; Amend Coun. J. 1-13-10, p. 83085, § 3; Amend Coun. J. 6-30-10, p. 95086, § 3; Amend Coun. J. 11-8-12, p. 38872, § 2; Amend Coun. J. 12-12-12, p. 44485, § 9; Amend Coun. J. 10-28-15, p. 11951, Art. X, § 1; Amend Coun. J. 5-18-16, p. 24131, § 1; Amend Coun. J. 9-6-17, p. 55278, Art. II, § 1; Amend Coun. J. 3-28-18, p. 74459, Art. II, § 1 & Art. V, § 1; Amend Coun. J. 4-10-19, p. 100029, Art. II, § 1)
1-4-100  Interpretation of language.
   Whenever any words in any section of this Code import the plural number, the singular shall be deemed to be included, and whenever the singular shall be used, it shall be deemed to include the plural.
   Whenever the masculine gender is used in this Code, females as well as males shall be deemed to be included.
   Words in the present tense shall be deemed to include the future tense.
   The words “written” and “in writing” may include printing.
   Except as otherwise explicitly provided in this Code, the word “shall” as used in this Code is mandatory.
   Headings provided in the various sections of this Code are for convenience and reference only and should not be considered part of the text of any section.
   References in this Code to wards by number, without an accompanying boundary or other geographic description, shall be deemed to refer to the geographic configuration of the referenced ward at the time the ordinance containing that ward reference was enacted into law.
   References in this Code to the power to close a business, establishment or premises, in whole or in part, for engaging in unlicensed business activity in violation of this Code, including but not limited to violation of Title 4 or Title 9 of this Code, shall include, without limitation, the power to issue a cease and desist order or any other lawful order necessary or appropriate to accomplish the closure.
(Added Coun. J. 6-27-90, p. 17764; Amend Coun. J. 5-9-12, p. 27485, § 1; Amend Coun. J. 11-16-16, p. 37901, Art. VIII, § 1; Amend Coun. J. 11-21-17, p. 61755, Art. XIII, § 1)
1-4-110  References to sections include penalty references – Exceptions.
   Reference to any section of this Code shall be understood to refer to and include the penalty provision relating thereto, unless otherwise expressly provided. In case of the amendment of any section of this Code containing provisions for which a penalty is provided in another section, the penalty so provided in such other section shall be held to relate to the section so amended, whether reenacted in the amendatory ordinance or not, unless such penalty is specifically repealed therein.
(Added Coun. J. 6-27-90, p. 17764)
1-4-120  Penalty for violation of Code.
   Whenever in any section of this Code the doing of any act or the omission to do any act or duty is declared to be a violation thereof, and there shall be no fine or penalty declared for such violation, any person who shall be convicted or found liable of any such violation shall be fined not less than $25.00 nor more than $500.00 for each such violation.
   A penalty imposed for the violation of any provision of this Code may include or consist of a requirement that the defendant perform reasonable community service. Such community service may include, but shall not be limited to, the removal of litter on public property or the maintenance of public facilities. In every case brought under this Code, where community service is part of a disposition, the corporation counsel shall request that the service be performed in the same community where illegal conduct giving rise to the case occurred.
   A penalty imposed for the violation of any provision of this Code may include an assessment of costs reasonably related to instituting the judicial or administrative proceeding resulting in the imposition of the penalty.
   In any case that this Code specifies a mandatory fine, mandatory period of incarceration or other mandatory penalty for a code violation, any requirement of community service or assessment of costs imposed for the Code violation pursuant to this section shall be in addition to the mandatory penalty.
   Whenever this Code refers to an offense, violation or conviction for purposes of establishing a penalty for a violation of this Code, the offense, violation or conviction may either be the result of an administrative hearing or a court proceeding.
(Added Coun. J. 6-27-90, p. 17764; Amend Coun. J. 6-10-96, p. 23797; Amend Coun. J. 7-10-96, p. 24987; Amend Coun. J. 4-29-98, p. 66566; Amend Coun. J. 6-9-99, p. 5102)
1-4-125  Restitution – License or permit violations.
   (a)   Any person who violates any provision of this Code by failing to obtain a license or permit when required by the Code, or by failing to obtain any insurance required under any permit or license issued to such person, shall in addition to any fine or penalty specified by this Code, be required to make restitution to the city in the full amount of all liabilities, judgments, settlements, costs, damages and expenses which may in any way come against the city, in whole or in part as a result of any act, omission or thing done by said person, for which the license or permit was required.
   (b)   The restitution requirement of this section shall apply whether or not any negligence on the part of the city or its officers or employees also contributed in part to any such liabilities, judgments, settlements, costs, damages and expenses.
(Added Coun. J. 1-14-04, p. 17349, § 1)
1-4-130  Maximum fine or penalty.
   Whenever in this Code a minimum but no maximum fine or penalty is imposed, the court may in its discretion fine the offender any sum of money exceeding the minimum fine or penalty so fixed, but not exceeding the sum of $500.00.
(Added Coun. J. 6-27-90, p. 17764)
1-4-140  Offenses having two penalties.
   In all cases where the same offense is made punishable or is created by different clauses or sections of this Code, the corporation counsel may elect under which to proceed; but not more than one recovery shall be had against the same person for the same offense.
(Added Coun. J. 6-27-90, p. 17764)
1-4-145  Reserved.
Editor’s note – Coun. J. 11-26-19, p. 11547, § 1, repealed § 1-4-145, which pertained to failure to appear at a hearing.
1-4-150  Zoning ordinance adopted.
   The comprehensive zoning amendment passed by the city council on March 31, 2004, as amended (Chicago Zoning Ordinance) is hereby incorporated into this Code and designated Title 17.
(Added Coun. J. 6-27-90, p. 17764; Amend Coun. J. 11-19-14, p. 98037, § 1)
1-4-160  Scope of repeal.
   Unless it expressly provides otherwise, no new ordinance that amends or repeals a prior ordinance shall be construed to affect any offense or act committed, or action, penalty or claim arising under the prior ordinance, except that any proceedings after the effective date of any such new ordinance shall conform, insofar as practicable, to the ordinance in effect at the time of the proceedings. If any penalty, forfeiture or punishment is mitigated by any provision of a new ordinance, such provision may, by the consent of the party affected, be applied to any judgment entered after the new ordinance takes effect.
   This section shall extend to all repeals, whether express or by implication, and regardless of whether contained in an ordinance making any new provision upon the same subject or in any other ordinance.
(Added Coun. J. 6-27-90, p. 17764)
1-4-170  Reference to statutes.
   Whenever any section of this Code makes reference to the Illinois Complied Statutes such reference shall be deemed to include the current statute in effect, or as thereafter amended, unless the context indicates otherwise.
(Added Coun. J. 4-18-12, p. 23762, § 5)
Editor's note – Coun. J. 3-31-04, p. 20916, § 1.1, repealed a former § 1-4-170, which pertained to pending actions.
1-4-180  Repeal shall not revive any ordinance.
   No ordinance that repeals an ordinance repealing a former ordinance, clause or provision shall be construed to revive the original ordinance, clause or provision.
(Added Coun. J. 6-27-90, p. 17764)
1-4-190  Liberal construction of provisions.
   All general provisions, terms, phrases and expressions contained in this Code shall be liberally construed in order that the true intent and meaning of the city council may be fully carried out.
(Added Coun. J. 6-27-90, p. 17764)
1-4-200  Severability.
   If any part, section, sentence, clause or application of this Code shall be adjudged invalid, void and of no effect for any reason, such decision shall not affect the validity of the remaining portions of the titles, chapters, sections or other provisions of this Code, or their application to other circumstances.
(Added Coun. J. 6-27-90, p. 17764)