For the purpose of this subchapter, the following definitions shall apply unless the context clearly indicates or requires a different meaning.
   BOAT. Every description of watercraft used or capable of being used as a means of transportation on water, including personal watercraft and non-motorized boats such as canoes, rowboats and sailboats. BOAT, however, does not include an air mattress, paddleboard, paddleboat, boogie board or similar device used by one or two persons for floating or paddling.
   BUILDING MATERIALS. Lumber, bricks, concrete or cinder blocks, plumbing or heating materials, electrical wiring or equipment, shingles, mortar, concrete or cement, nails, screws, windows and window frames, molding, insulation, tyvec or any other materials used in construction of any structure.
   DANGEROUS BUILDING ENFORCING AGENCY. The city, through the Zoning Administrator and/or such other official(s) or agency as may be designated by the City Council to enforce this subchapter. Such persons are authorized to seek advice from a person who has expertise in housing matters including, but not limited to, an engineer, architect, building contractor, Building Inspector or member of a community housing organization.
   DANGEROUS BUILDING HEARING OFFICER or HEARING OFFICER. A person appointed by and serving at the pleasure of the city’s Mayor. The DANGEROUS BUILDING HEARING OFFICER shall be a person who has expertise in housing matters including, but not limited to, an engineer, architect, building contractor, building inspector or member of a community housing organization. An employee of the Dangerous Building Enforcing Agency, or a person whose advice is sought by the Enforcing Agency, shall not be appointed as HEARING OFFICER.
   DANGEROUS SIGN OR ADVERTISING DEVICE. A sign or advertising device that is in such a state of disrepair or has such a design and/or construction flaw that it poses an imminent threat of total or partial collapse such that following the procedures of Chapter 153 of this code of ordinances would result in substantial likelihood of injury to persons or property.
   DISMANTLED. The state of having a part or parts removed or missing that are integral to the operation of or required by any law or regulation to be present on a motor vehicle, boat or other item to which it is normally attached.
   DOCK. A pier, platform or other structure which, if fully operational, is designed to be extended from the shore over water.
   GARBAGE. Rejected food wastes, including waste accumulation of animal, fruit or vegetable matter used or intended for food or that relate to the preparation, use, cooking, dealing in or storing of meat, fish, fowl, fruit or vegetables.
   HOIST. A mechanical device attached permanently or temporarily to the bottomland of a lake or river and used to raise or lift a boat out of the water for the purpose of preventing or restricting the motion of the boat.
   INOPERABLE. Incapable of being used for the purpose or purposes for which an item is designed or normally used, either physically or by operation of law, due to dismantling, disrepair or the lack of a currently valid Michigan license or registration. In addition, the following items shall be deemed INOPERABLE: any motor vehicle, trailer, recreational vehicle or snowmobile which lacks functioning tires or treads that permit motion or movement. In addition, a boat shall be deemed INOPERABLE if there are one or more holes in its hull, it lacks any parts necessary for normal use or the engine does not start when provided fuel.
   JUNK. Items or objects that are old, discarded or not currently being used for the purpose or purposes for which they are designed or normally used, including, but not limited to, used or salvaged metals and their compounds or combination; used or salvaged rope; rubber; rotting wood; scrap iron; tires and snowmobile treads; parts for motor vehicles, boats, all terrain vehicles, recreational vehicles, snowmobiles and/or trailers; inoperable or dismantled refrigerators, stoves, dishwashers, dryers, washing machines and furniture; and inoperable or dismantled lawn mowers, weed trimmers, snow blowers, snow plows, tractors and any other machinery used for excavation, maintenance or snow removal.
   LIQUID INDUSTRIAL WASTES. Any liquid brine, by-product, industrial wastewater, leachate, off-specification commercial product, sludge, grease-trap clean-out residue, used oil or other liquid waste produced by, incident to or resulting from industrial or commercial activity, except any liquid brine normally used in oil or gas extraction on a site permitted by the state’s Supervisor of Wells.
   MARINE EQUIPMENT. Any item used or intended for use in conjunction with boats or water related activities, including, but not limited to, swimming rafts, docks, hoists, dock supports, buoys, outboard motors, ores, boat trailers, sails, rope, masts, anchors and any other stationary or movable structure intended to support a boat.
   MOTOR VEHICLE. Any wheeled vehicle which is self-propelled or intended to be self-propelled regardless of whether the vehicle is designed for off-road use or use on public streets. A MOTOR VEHICLE includes, but is not limited to, cars, trucks, all terrain vehicles, mopeds, motorcycles, scooters, dune buggies and golf carts.
   PERSON. An individual, firm, corporation, association, partnership, limited liability company or other legal entity.
   RECREATIONAL VEHICLE. Any motor vehicle or trailer capable of being self-propelled or towed that is equipped with living space, sleeping quarters and associated amenities, including, but not limited to, motor homes, fifth-wheel trailers, pop-up campers, caravans, camper vans, travel trailers and truck campers.
   RUBBISH. Hazardous or non-hazardous, non-putrescible solid wastes, including, but not limited to, combustible waste such as paper, cardboard, brush, bags, rags and litter of any kind and non-combustible waste such as metal containers, glass, bedding, crockery and demolished items, objects or materials of any kind.
   SEALED CONTAINER. A covered, closable container which is fly-proof and water-tight such as garbage cans with properly fitting tops or plastic garbage bags which have been closed or twisted shut.
   SNOWMOBILE. Any motor-driven vehicle designed for travel primarily on snow or ice of a type that utilizes sled-type runners or skis, an endless belt tread, or any combination of these or other similar means of contact with the surface upon which it is operated, but is not a vehicle that must be registered under the state’s Vehicle Code, being Public Act 300 of 1949, being M.C.L.A. §§ 257.1 through 257.923.
   TOTALLY CLOSED STRUCTURE. A building capable of being sealed on all sides such as a house, garage or storage shed with a roof, floor and walls or closable doors around its perimeter.
   TRAILER. Any wheeled vehicle designed and normally towed behind a motor vehicle which is required to have a currently valid Michigan registration to be lawfully operated on a public highway.
   VERMIN. A noxious or objectionable animal, including, but not limited to, a mouse, rat, chipmunk, squirrel, skunk, raccoon or porcupine.
(Prior Code, § 6.2)  (Ord. 767, passed 9-15-2014; Ord. 790, passed 3-19-2018)