§ 53.01  DEFINITIONS.
   For the purpose of this chapter, the following definitions shall apply unless the context clearly indicates or requires a different meaning.
   ASTM. American Society for Testing Materials.
   BOD (BIOCHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND). The quantity of oxygen utilized in the biochemical oxidation of organic matter under standard laboratory procedure in five days at 20°C, expressed in milligrams per liter.
   BUILDING DRAIN. The part of the lowest horizontal piping of a drainage system which receives the discharge from soil, waste and other drainage pipes inside the walls of the building and conveys it to the building sewer, beginning five feet outside the inner face of the building wall.
   BUILDING SEWER. The extension from the building drain to the public sewer or other place of disposal.
   CESSPOOL. An underground pit into which raw household sewage or other untreated liquid waste is discharged and from which the liquid seeps into the surrounding soil or is otherwise removed.
   COMBINED SEWER. A sewer receiving both surface runoff and sewage.
   COUNCIL. The City Council of the City of Charlevoix.
   GARBAGE. Solid wastes from the domestic and commercial preparation, cooking and dispensing of food, and from the handling, storage and sale of produce.
   GREASE INTERCEPTOR or GREASE TRAP. A tank of suitable size and material located in a sewer line and designed to remove grease and oily wastes from the sewer.
   HEALTH OFFICER. The legally designated health authority of the city or his or her authorized representative.
   INDUSTRIAL WASTES. The liquid wastes from industrial, manufacturing processes, trade or business as distinct from sanitary sewage.
   MAY. The act referred to is permissive.
   NATURAL OUTLET. Any outlet into a watercourse, pond, ditch, lake or other body of surface or ground water.
   NUISANCE. Any condition where sewage (or garbage) is exposed to the surface of the ground or is permitted to drain on or to the surface of the ground, into any ditch, storm sewer, lake or stream, or when the odor, appearance or presence of this material has an obnoxious or detrimental effect on or to the senses and/or health of persons, or when it shall obstruct the comfortable use or sale of adjacent property.
   PERSON. Any individual, firm, company, association, society, corporation or group.
   pH. The logarithm of the reciprocal of the weight of hydrogen ions in grams per liter of solution.
   PROPERLY SHREDDED GARBAGE. The wastes from the preparation, cooking and dispensing of food that have been shredded to such a degree that all particles will be carried freely under the flow conditions normally prevailing in public sewers, with no particle greater than one-half inch in any dimension.
   PUBLIC SEWER. A sewer in which all owners of abutting properties have equal rights and is controlled by public authority.
   SANITARY SEWER. A sewer which carries sewage and to which storm, surface and ground waters are not intentionally admitted.
   SEEPAGE PIT or DRY WELL. A cistern or underground enclosure constructed of concrete blocks, bricks or similar material loosely laid with open joints so as to allow the septic tank overflow or effluent to be absorbed directly into the surrounding soil.
   SEPTIC TANK. Water-tight receptacle receiving sewage and having an inlet and outlet designed to permit the separation of solids in suspension from such wastes and to permit such retained solids to undergo decomposition therein.
   SEWAGE. A combination of the water-carried wastes from residences, business buildings, institutions and industrial establishments, together with such ground, surface and storm waters as may be present.
   SEWAGE DISPOSAL FACILITIES. Privy, cesspool, seepage pit, septic tank, absorption field or other devices used in the disposal of sewage or human excreta.
   SEWAGE TREATMENT PLANT. Any arrangement of devices and structures used for treating sewage.
   SEWAGE WORKS. All facilities for collecting, pumping, treating and disposal of sewage and industrial wastes.
   SEWER. A pipe or conduit for carrying sewage.
   SHALL. The act referred to is mandatory.
   SLUG. Any discharge of water, sewage or industrial waste which in concentration of any given constituent or in quantity of flow exceeds for any period of duration longer than 15 minutes more than five times the average 24-hour concentration or flow during normal operations.
   STORM SEWER or STORM DRAIN. A sewer which carries storm and surface waters and drainage, but excludes sewage and polluted industrial wastes.
   SUB-SURFACE DISPOSAL FIELD. A facility for the distribution of septic tank overflow or effluent below the ground surface through a line, or a series of branch lines, of drain tile laid with open joints to allow the overflow or effluent to be absorbed by the surrounding soil throughout the entire field.
   SUPERINTENDENT. The City Manager for the City of Charlevoix or his or her authorized representative or agent.
   SUSPENDED SOLIDS. Solids that either float on the surface of, or are in suspension in, water, sewage or other liquids, and which are removable by laboratory filtering.
   UNCONTAMINATED INDUSTRIAL WASTE. Waste water which has not come into contact with any substance used in or incidental to industrial processing operation and to which no chemical or other substance has been added; and STORM WATER shall mean that part of precipitation which reaches the sewers as runoff from natural land surface, building roofs or pavements or as ground water infiltration.
   WATERCOURSE. A channel in which a flow of water occurs, either continuously or intermittently.
(Prior Code, § 2.81)