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For the purpose of this chapter, the following definitions apply unless the context clearly indicates or requires a different meaning.
ACT 451. Public Act 451 of 1994, being M.C.L.A. §§ 324.101 et seq.
BULK ITEM. Large solid waste items, including furniture, appliances, washers, dryers, heaters, carpet, wood, metal, construction and demolition debris not in excess of one cubic yard, and other items with a weight and volume greater than allowed for container collection.
COMMINGLED. Recyclable materials that have been mixed at the site of generation and placed in the same container for curbside pickup.
COMPOST. The humus-like product of the composting process.
COMPOSTABLES. Yard clippings and residential compostables.
CONSTRUCTION AND DEMOLITION DEBRIS. Waste building materials, packaging and rubble resulting from construction, remodeling, repair and demolition of buildings and roads.
CONTAINER. A vermin-proof, water-tight, wooden, metallic, plastic or masonry receptacle for the storage and placement of solid waste.
CURBSIDE. A location near the traveled portion of the roadway or alley used for the collection of solid waste, recyclable materials or yard clippings.
DESIGNATED FACILITY. A facility that the county has identified as an approved location for the disposal of solid waste or the collection process and marketing of yard waste or recyclable material.
DESIGNATED WASTE HAULER. Any person awarded a contract by the city to engage in the business of collecting of solid waste, recyclable materials, yard clippings and bulk items from residential generation sites within the city and hauling, transporting or disposing of such materials.
GARBAGE. Animal, fruit and vegetable waste materials resulting from the handling, preparation, cooking and consumption of foods in kitchens, stores, markets, hotels, restaurants and other places where food is stored, cooked or consumed.
GENERATOR OF WASTE. Any person who has acquired or stored any waste at a site of generation.
HAZARDOUS WASTE. Waste or a combination of waste and other discarded material, including solid, liquid, semisolid or contained gaseous material, that because of its quantity, quality, concentration or physical, chemical or infectious characteristics may cause or significantly contribute to an increase in mortality or an increase in serious irreversible illness or serious incapacitating, but reversible illness, or may pose a substantial present or potential hazard to human health or the environment if improperly treated, stored, transported, disposed of or otherwise managed. HAZARDOUS WASTE does not include material that is solid or dissolved material in domestic sewage discharge, solid or dissolved material in an irrigation return flow discharge, industrial discharge that is a point source subject to permits under § 402 of Title IV of the Federal Waste Pollution Control Act, Ch. 758, 86 Stat. 880, 33 U.S.C. § 1342, or is a source, special nuclear or byproduct material as defined by the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, being 42 U.S.C. §§ 2011 et seq. HAZARDOUS REFUSE shall include explosives, chemicals, radioactive material, highly inflammable material and any other material that is dangerous and would result in serious hazards.
LITTER. All rubbish, refuse, waste material, garbage, offal, paper, glass, cans, bottles, trash, debris or other foreign substances of every kind and description.
NEWSPAPER. All newsprint and materials which are part of a newspaper, except the glossy inserts placed in the newspaper.
PREMISES. Any area of land used for residential, commercial, industrial or governmental purposes, separately or in combination, to which a separate street address, postal address or box number, tax roll description or other similar identification has been assigned or is in use by a person having control of such area.
RECYCLABLE MATERIALS. Source-separated materials, site-separated materials, high-grade paper, glass, metal, plastic, aluminum, newspaper, corrugated paper, yard clippings and other material deemed to be recyclable materials by the designated waste hauler unless the waste hauler is capable of sorting recyclable materials at a designated facility.
RESIDENTIAL COMPOSTABLES. Fruit and vegetable material which is produced incidental to the preparation of food for human consumption in residential structures.
RESIDENTIAL GENERATION SITE. All single-family residential structures and multi-family residential structures with four or less residential units per parcel located within the city.
RUBBISH. All waste material such as:
(1) Which can be economically processed or disposed of and shall include all ordinary wastes such as paper cartons, rags, boxes, wood, excelsior, leather, rubber, tree limbs not to exceed three inches in diameter and other miscellaneous materials. Said listing is by way of inclusion and not by exclusion. Material shall not exceed four feet in maximum dimension; and
(2) Which, due to its nature or size, cannot be economically processed or disposed of and shall include ashes, cinders, debris from building construction, metal, barrels, glass containers, broken dishes, crockery and tree limbs greater than three inches in diameter or four feet in length.
SITE OF GENERATION. Any premises in or on which litter is generated by any person.
SITE-SEPARATED MATERIAL. Glass, metal, wood, paper products, plastics, rubber, textiles, garbage, yard clippings or other material that may be recycled that is separated from solid waste for the purpose of conversion into raw material or new products. SITE-SEPARATED MATERIAL does not include the residue remaining after glass, metal, wood, paper products, plastics, rubber, textiles or other recyclable materials is separated from solid waste.
SITE SEPARATION. The act of removing site-separated material from rubbish.
SOLID WASTE. Solid waste as the term is defined in Public Act 451 of 1994, being M.C.L.A. §§ 324.101 et seq.
SPECIALTY WASTE HAULER. A waste hauler that accepts specialty recyclable or other waste materials in a truck weighing one ton or less.
WASTE. Solid waste, litter, garbage, recyclable materials, yard clippings, hazardous waste and all other waste regulated by Public Act 451 of 1994, being M.C.L.A. §§ 324.101 et seq.
WASTE HAULER. Any person engaged in the business of collecting waste within the city and hauling, transporting or disposing of such materials.
YARD CLIPPINGS. Leaves, grass clippings, vegetables or other garden debris, shrubbery, brush or tree trimmings less than four feet in length and two inches in diameter, that can be converted to compost humus. This term does not include stumps, agricultural wastes, animal waste, roots, sewage, sludge or garbage. YARD WASTE consists of grass clippings, yard trimmings, leaves and general yard and garden waste materials.
(Prior Code, § 2.1) (Ord. 792, passed 3-19-2018)