§ 158.071  C CONSERVATION DISTRICT.
   (A)   Purpose.  The purpose of the C District is to prescribe a zoning category for those areas where, because of natural geographic factors and existing land uses, it is considered feasible and desirable to conserve open spaces, water supply sources, woodland areas, wildlife, and other natural resources. This district may include extensive steeply sloped areas, stream valleys, water supply sources, and wooded areas adjacent thereto.
   (B)   Applicability.  The following regulations and the applicable regulations contained in other sections shall apply in the C District.
   (C)   Principal permitted uses.
      (1)   Agriculture, as defined in § 158.002, provided that any greenhouse heating plant or any building or feeding pens in which farm animals are kept shall comply with the distance requirements specified in § 158.040;
      (2)   Forests and forestation and wildlife preserves;
      (3)   Publicly owned or private parks of a nonprofit nature, including campgrounds, riding trails, summer or winter resort areas, hunting, fishing, or country clubs, game preserves and similar uses for the purpose of preserving and enjoying the natural resources of the property;
      (4)   Water supply works, flood control or watershed protection works, and fish and game hatcheries;
      (5)   Single-family dwellings;
      (6)   Schools and colleges, subject to the approval of a site development plan by the County Planning Commission;
      (7)   Conversion of buildings, existing prior to August 17, 1965, to accommodate not more than two families;
      (8)   Public buildings, structures, and properties of the recreational, cultural, or administrative type; or public service-type buildings or properties, including fire, ambulance, or rescue services;
      (9)   Cable television (CATV) facilities of any person, firm, or corporation which is franchised by the County Commissioners to provide cable television services within the county subject to site plan approval by the Planning Commission; and
      (10)   Golf courses subject to site plan review under § 155.059 and the filing of a professionally prepared environmental impact plan demonstrating how use, maintenance, and activities will be conducted and operated so as to not adversely affect the natural resources and comply with water resources protection standards as may be adopted by the county.
   (D)   Conditional uses requiring BZA authorization.
      (1)   Trap, skeet, rifle, or archery range, including gun clubs, provided that such use shall be five times the distance requirement specified in § 158.040;
      (2)   Veterinary clinics, animal hospitals, or kennels with or without runways, provided that the minimum area is ten acres for any of the aforesaid uses, and provided that any structure or area used for such purposes shall be subject to twice the distance requirement as specified in § 158.040, except that a kennel for ten dogs or less shall require a minimum of five acres and shall be subject to the distance requirements of § 158.040;
      (3)   Cemeteries, mausoleums, and memorial gardens;
      (4)   Religious establishments;
      (5)   Landscaping service (and the storage of vehicles in connection therewith) in conjunction with a nursery operation on the same premises, provided that:
         (a)   The minimum tract size shall be 20 acres;
         (b)   The storage of vehicles and other equipment shall be subject to two times the distance requirements of § 158.040, and the maximum size of such storage yard shall not exceed three acres; and
         (c)   A site plan shall be required and subject to § 155.059;
      (6)   Bed-and-breakfast inn, subject to the following minimum conditions:
         (a)   The primary use of the structure and property shall be residential;
         (b)   Interior residential features shall be retained in a manner which allow reconversion to a residential use;
         (c)   The dwelling shall be owner-occupied and managed;
         (d)   Parking shall be provided on site with one additional space required for each room that is available to be rented;
         (e)   Other than an authorized sign, the bed-and-breakfast use shall be shown to be compatible with the neighborhood and shall be maintained and landscaped to eliminate outward signs of transient use;
         (f)   Meals shall be served only to customers who are actually using the bed-and-breakfast accommodations overnight, nonpaying residents, or their bona fide guests;
         (g)   No more than one nonresident person may be employed on the premises; and
         (h)   A bed-and-breakfast shall not have any sign or other evidence of its use except one sign not exceeding two feet by three feet in area, which may be double-faced and illuminated;
      (7)   Country inn, subject to the following conditions:
         (a)   Individual rooms which are rented by paying occupants shall not contain cooking facilities;
         (b)   Unless owner-occupied, the manager must reside on the premises;
         (c)   Parking shall be provided on site and screened by natural vegetation from public streets and adjoining properties. The BZA may require additional screening in its discretion in such form as it deems appropriate considering the proximity of the site to adjoining properties or the public street. In addition to any requirements otherwise contained in this chapter, one parking space shall be provided for each room that is available to be rented;
         (d)   Except as provided for by division (D)(7)(g) below, meals shall be served only to customers who are actually using the country inn accommodations overnight, nonpaying residents, or their bona fide guests;
         (e)   In addition to providing meals as allowed hereunder, the BZA may authorize a country inn to provide facilities and catering for banquets, weddings, receptions, reunions, and similar one-day events. These events shall not be open to the public;
         (f)   A country inn shall not be authorized on any lot of less than three acres; and
         (g)   A country inn shall not have a sign in excess of two feet by three feet in area, which may be double-faced and illuminated;
      (8)   Retreat or conference centers as defined in § 158.002, provided that a site development plan shall be approved by the Planning Commission, and subject to the following:
         (a)   The use shall be located on a property of not less than five acres;
         (b)   All buildings and housing shall be located not less than 100 feet from adjoining property; and
         (c)   The BZA may limit the maximum occupancy of the site based on such factors as its proximity to a public water supply and adequacy of the access to the site;
      (9)   Dance studios, when conducted within a dwelling by a resident thereof;
      (10)   Blacksmith shops and shops for the service and repair of and sale of farm machinery and farm equipment, subject to the following conditions and limitations:
         (a)   The use is limited to the sale, service, and repair of farm machinery and farm equipment, including welding;
         (b)   The use shall not occupy more than one acre;
         (c)   The use shall comply with twice the distance requirements of § 158.040; and
         (d)   The person using the property shall obtain prior to filing an application for this use a certification from the appropriate county agency, as determined by the Zoning Administrator, that the use will have no detrimental effect on an existing or proposed water supply;
      (11)   Nursing homes, continuing care retirement communities, and assisted-living facilities, all subject to prior concept site development plan and traffic study review and determination of density, exterior design, and site layout by the Planning Commission; and
      (12)   Farm alcohol producers, provided that such use shall be subject to a front, rear, and side yard setback of 200 feet. Farm alcohol producer shall be subject to the same conditions and requirements outlined under § 158.070(E)(1)(aa), Agricultural District, conditional uses requiring BZA authorization.
   (E)   Accessory uses.  Accessory uses shall be as follows:
      (1)   Accessory buildings and uses customarily incidental to any principal permitted use or authorized conditional use, including mobile homes subject to the applicable provisions of § 158.150;
      (2)   One private stable as defined in § 158.002 in a rear yard on a lot or tract of three acres or more. A private stable shall be located a minimum of 75 feet from all property lines;
      (3)   Saddlery and tack shop on the premises of any riding academy, boarding stable, or horse farm;
      (4)   Storage modules may be used in conjunction with an approved business use of the property, provided that:
         (a)   On property of less than ten acres, the storage module shall be subject to the following standards:
            1.   The maximum size shall be eight feet by 24 feet;
            2.   The exterior surface shall be painted and kept in good repair;
            3.   The storage module shall be vented where needed for safety purposes; and
            4.   The storage module shall be screened from any adjacent roadway and from residences on adjoining properties.
         (b)   On property of ten acres or more, the storage module shall be subject to the following standards:
            1.   The exterior surface shall be painted and kept in good repair;
            2.   The storage module shall be vented where needed for safety purposes; and
            3.   The storage module shall be screened from any adjacent roadway and from residences on adjoining properties;
      (5)   Outdoor parking of commercial vehicles and outdoor storage of unlicensed vehicles as accessory use to residential use as defined and provided in §§ 158.056 and 158.057;
      (6)   Attached accessory dwelling units which are subject to the following:
         (a)   An attached accessory dwelling must have direct access from the outside;
         (b)   Only one attached accessory dwelling is permitted on any principal dwelling unit;
         (c)   The property owner must occupy either the principal dwelling unit or the attached accessory dwelling unit on the property;
         (d)   The maximum size of an attached accessory dwelling shall be 800 square feet of the livable floor area or one-third of the total livable floor area of the principal dwelling unit, whichever is greater;
         (e)   The attached accessory dwelling unit shall have no more than two bedrooms;
         (f)   The attached accessory dwelling unit must meet all applicable building construction and Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene and MDE Codes;
         (g)   Two additional off street parking spaces must be provided for the attached accessory dwelling unit; and
         (h)   Only one accessory dwelling unit (attached or detached) shall be permitted on a lot;
      (7)   Detached accessory dwelling units, provided that the lot or parcel is eligible to be subdivided to separate the detached accessory dwelling and which are subject to the following:
         (a)   Only one attached or detached accessory dwelling unit is permitted on any lot or parcel. Buildings converted in accordance with § 158.071(C)(7) shall be considered detached accessory dwelling units;
         (b)   The property owner must occupy either the principal dwelling unit or the detached dwelling unit on the lot or parcel;
         (c)   The detached accessory dwelling unit must meet all applicable building construction and Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene and MDE Codes;
         (d)   Two off street parking spaces must be provided for the detached accessory dwelling unit; and
         (e)   Detached accessory dwelling units shall not be subject to any size limits;
      (8)   Home occupation, subject to Zoning Administrator approval after a public hearing in accordance with § 158.130(G);
      (9)   Family day care, subject to Zoning Administrator approval after a public hearing in accordance with § 158.130(G);
      (10)   Antique shops, barbershops, or beauty parlors, in conjunction with a residence or farm, subject to Zoning Administrator approval after a public hearing in accordance with § 158.130(G);
      (11)   Within a dwelling, the professional office of a physician, insurance agent, realtor, or other profession determined by the Zoning Administrator to be similar in use and characteristics, subject to Zoning Administrator approval after a public hearing in accordance with § 158.130(G);
      (12)   Lawn care and maintenance service, subject to Zoning Administrator approval after a public hearing in accordance with § 158.130(G);
      (13)   The above or below ground storage of not greater than 2,000 gallons, in aggregate capacity of petroleum products which is not sold at retail or wholesale, and subject to Chapter 170 of the Carroll County Code and all applicable MDE and NFPA regulations;
      (14)   When associated with a farm alcohol producer:
         (a)   Tasting rooms;
         (b)   Accessory food sales to accompany the beverage tasting;
         (c)   Retail sales facility for the sale of novelty and gift items related to the beverage;
         (d)   Sales of beverages produced on-site;
         (e)   Guided tours; and
         (f)   Promotional activities.
   (F)   Height regulations.  Except on farms and except as provided in § 158.130(E), no building or structure shall exceed two and one-half stories or 35 feet.
   (G)   Bulk requirements.
      (1)   Dimensions.  The following minimum requirements shall apply as hereinafter modified in § 158.130:
 
Use
Lot Area
Lot Width (feet)
Front Yard (feet)
Side Yard (feet)
Rear Yard (feet)
CATV facilities
3 acres
200
50
50
50
Dwellings*
3 acres
300
50
50
50
Other uses
5 acres
300
50
100
50
*Requirements only apply to off conveyances and nonclustered subdivisions.
 
      (2)   Nursing homes and assisted living facilities.
 
Use
Lot Area
Lot Width (feet)
Density
Front Yard Depth (feet)
Side Yard Width (Each Side yard)
(feet)
Rear Yard Depth (feet)
Nursing homes, assisted living facilities
5 acres
150
1 bed/
3,000 sq. ft.
1
50 min.2
40 min.2
50 min.2
1    For those areas in excess of 180,000 square feet, the determination of the density factor will be made by the Planning Commission and the Carroll County Health Department upon the review and approval of the site development plan.
2    As lot area increases above minimum of 45,000 square feet, increased provision for front, side, and rear yards shall be determined by the Planning Commission and the Carroll County Health Department based on the site development plan.
 
(Ord. 2019-06, passed 12-12-2019)