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For the purpose of this title, the following definitions shall apply unless the context clearly indicates or requires a different meaning.
AUTHORIZED EMERGENCY VEHICLE. Vehicles of the Fire Department, police vehicles and ambulances and emergency vehicles of municipal departments, or public service corporations, as are designated by the governing body of the City of Canton.
BICYCLE. A device that a person may ride and that is propelled by human power and has two tandem wheels at least one of which is more than 14 inches in diameter.
CROSSWALK. That part of a roadway at an intersection included within the connections of the lateral lines of the sidewalks on opposite sides of the highway measured from the curbs, or in the absence of curbs from the edges of the traversable roadway.
DRIVER. Every person who drives or is in actual, physical control of a vehicle.
(1) INTERSECTION means the common area at the junction of two highways, other than the junction of an alley and a highway.
(2) The dimension of an intersection include only the common area:
(a) Within the connection of the lateral curb lines or, in the absence of curb lines, the lateral boundary lines of the roadways of intersection highways that join at approximate right angles; or
(b) At the place where vehicles could collide if traveling on roadways of intersection highways that join at any angle other than an approximate right angle.
(3) Each junction of each roadway of a highway that includes two roadways at least 30 feet apart with the roadway of an intersecting highway, including each roadway of an intersecting highway that includes two roadways at least 30 feet apart, is a separate INTERSECTION.
LOADING ZONE. A space adjacent to a curb reserved for the exclusive use of vehicles doing the loading or unloading of passengers or materials.
MOTOR VEHICLE. Every vehicle which is self-propelled and every vehicle which is propelled by electric power obtained from overhead trolley wires, but not operated upon rails.
MOTORCYCLE. Every motor vehicle having a saddle for the use of the rider and designed to travel on not more than three wheels in contact with the ground, but excluding a tractor.
OFFICIAL TIME STANDARD. Whenever certain hours are named herein they shall mean standard time, or daylight saving time as may be in current use in this city.
OFFICIAL TRAFFIC-CONTROL DEVICES. All signs, signals, markings and devices not inconsistent with this chapter placed or erected by authority of a public body or official having jurisdiction, for the purpose of regulating, warning or guiding traffic.
PARK. When prohibited means the standing of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, otherwise than temporarily for the purpose of and while actually engaged in loading or unloading.
PASSENGER LOADING ZONE. A space adjacent to a curb reserved for the exclusive use of vehicles doing the loading or unloading of passengers.
PEDESTRIAN. Any person afoot.
PERSONS. Every natural person, firm, copartnership, association or corporation.
POLICE OFFICER. Every officer of the municipal department or any other officer authorized to direct or regulate traffic or to make arrests for violations of traffic regulations.
PRIVATE ROAD OR DRIVEWAY. Every way or place in private ownership and used for vehicular travel by the owner and those having express or implied permission from the owner, but not by other persons.
RIGHT-OF-WAY. The right of one vehicle or pedestrian to proceed in a lawful manner in preference to another vehicle or pedestrian that is approaching from a direction, at a speed, and within a proximity that could cause a collision unless on grants precedence to another.
ROADWAY. That portion of a street or highway improved, designed or ordinarily used for vehicular travel. In the event a highway includes two or more separate roadways the term ROADWAY as used herein shall refer to any such roadway separately but not to all the roadways collectively.
SAFETY ZONE. The area or space officially set apart within a roadway for the exclusive use of pedestrians and which is protected or is so marked or indicated by adequate signs as to be plainly visible at all times while set apart as a safety zone.
SIDEWALK. That portion of a street between the curb lines, or the lateral lines of a roadway, and the adjacent property lines intended for the use of pedestrians.
STOP. When required, complete cessation of movement.
STOP, STOPPING or STANDING. When prohibited means any stopping or standing of a vehicle whether occupied or not, except when necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic or in compliance with the directions of a police officer or traffic-control sign or signal.
STREET or HIGHWAY. The entire width between the boundary lines of every way publicly maintained when any part thereof is open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel.
TRAFFIC. Pedestrian, ridden or herded animals, vehicles and other conveyances either singly or together while using any street for purpose of travel.
TRAFFIC-CONTROL SIGNAL. Any device, whether manually, electrically or mechanically operated, by which traffic is alternately directed to stop and to proceed.
TRAFFIC-CONTROL SIGN OR DEVICE. All signs, signals, marking and devices, not inconsistent with this chapter placed or erected by authority of the City Council of the City of Canton for the purpose of regulating, warning or guiding traffic.
VEHICLE. Every device in, upon or by which any person or property is or, may be transported or drawn upon a highway, except devices moved by human power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks.
(Ord. 64-12, passed 12-21-1964)