§ 54.004  DEFINITIONS.
   For the purpose of this chapter, the following definitions shall apply unless the context clearly indicates or requires a different meaning.
   ACCIDENTAL DISCHARGE.  A discharge of spills and dumping or any disposal of materials other than stormwater into the system.
   BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES (BMP) PLAN.  A plan required by stormwater regulations or permits that includes site maps, an identification of construction/contractor activities that could cause pollutants to be carried away from the site by stormwater, and a description of measures or practices to control those pollutants.
   BLUE LINE STREAMS.  Streams that are represented on the United States Department of the Interior Geological Survey 1:24,000 quadrangle maps.
   CHANNEL.  A natural or constructed/manmade watercourse with definite bed and banks to confine and conduct continuously or periodically flowing water. Channel flow is that water which is flowing within the limits of the defined CHANNEL.
   CITY.  The City of Campbellsville Government.
   CLEAN WATER ACT (CWA).  The federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. § 1251 et seq.) and any subsequent amendments thereto.
   CLEARING.  Any activity that removes the vegetative surface cover.
   CRITICAL AREA.  A site that is difficult to stabilize due to exposed topsoil, steep slope, extent of exposure, or other conditions.
   DETENTION.  The temporary delay of storm runoff prior to discharge into receiving waters.
   DETENTION BASIN.  A drainage facility constructed to restrict the runoff of stormwater to a prescribed maximum rate and to detain for a specific period of time the excess waters which accumulate upstream from the outlet structure.
   DEVELOPER.  Any individual, firm, corporation, association, partnership, or trust involved in commencing proceedings to affect development of land for themselves or others.
   DISCHARGE.  Unless indicated otherwise, refers to discharges from the MS4, subject to Section 402 of the CWA.
   DRAINAGE BASIN.  Land that provides surface water runoff into a stormwater management system, which consists of a surface stream or a body of impounded surface water together with all tributary surface streams and bodies of impounded surface water.
   DRAINAGE WAY.  Any channel that conveys surface runoff throughout the site.
   DRAINAGE/DRY WELL.  A bored, drilled, driven, dug, or naturally occurring shaft or hole with a depth greater than the largest surface dimension; used to drain surface fluid, primarily stormwater runoff, into a subsurface formation.
   ENGINEER.  A person licensed as a professional engineer in the Commonwealth of Kentucky in accordance with KRS Chapter 322.
   EPHEMERAL STREAM.  A stream or part of a stream that flows only in direct response to precipitation or snowmelt. Its channel is above the water table at all times.
   EROSION.  The wearing away of land surface by the action of wind, water, gravity, ice, or any combination of those forces.
   EROSION PREVENTION AND SEDIMENT CONTROL (EPSC) PLAN.  A set of plans prepared by or under the direction of a qualified professional in the State of Kentucky indicating the specific measures and sequencing to be used to control sediment and erosion on a development site during and after construction.
   EXCAVATION.  Any portion of land surface or area from which earth has been removed or will be removed; the depth below original ground surface to remaining surface.
   EXISTING GRADE.  The slope or elevation of existing ground surface prior to cutting or filling.
   FILL.  A portion of land surface or area to which soil, rock, or other materials have been or will be added; height above original ground surface after the material has been or will be added.
   FINISHED GRADE.  The final slope or elevation of the ground surface after cutting or filling.
   FLOODPLAIN.  The relatively flat or lowland area adjoining a river, stream, watercourse, lake, or other body of standing water which has been or may be covered temporarily by floodwater. For purposes of this chapter, the floodplain is defined as the 100-year floodplain having a 1% chance of being equaled or exceeded in any given year.
   GENERAL PERMIT FOR CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITIES (KYR10 PERMIT).  An agreement between the regulating authority (Kentucky Division of Water (KYDOW)) and the permittee which specifies conservation practices that shall be implemented in the construction of activities specified in the terms and conditions of the general permit.
   GRADING.  Any stripping, cutting, filling, or stockpiling of earth or land, including the land in its cut or filled condition, to establish new grades.
   GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE.  An adaptable term used to describe an array of products, technologies, and practices that use natural systems - or engineered systems that mimic natural processes - to enhance overall environmental quality and provide utility services. As a general principal, GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE techniques use soils and vegetation to infiltrate, evapotranspirate, and/or recycle stormwater runoff. When used as components of a stormwater management system, GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE practices such as green roofs, porous pavement, rain gardens, and vegetated swales can produce a variety of environmental benefits. In addition to effectively retaining and infiltrating rainfall, these technologies can simultaneously help filter air pollutants, reduce energy demands, mitigate urban heat islands, and sequester carbon while also providing communities with aesthetic and natural resource benefits.
   ILLEGAL DISCHARGE.  Any direct or indirect non-stormwater discharge to the storm drain system, except as exempted in this chapter.
   ILLICIT CONNECTION.  Any discharge to the storm drain system that is not composed entirely of stormwater except discharges pursuant to a KPDES permit (other than the KPDES permit for discharges from the municipal separate storm sewer and discharges resulting from fire fighting activities or other de minimis activities allowable under the MS4 regulations) and other discharges referenced in 40 C.F.R. 122.26(d)(2)( iv)(B)(l).
   IMPERVIOUS SURFACE.  A term applied to any ground or structural surface that water cannot penetrate, or through which water penetrates with great difficulty.
   INDUSTRIAL ACTIVITY.  Activities subject to KPDES Industrial Permits as defined in 40 C.F.R. § 122.26(b)(14).
   LAND DISTURBANCE.  The purposeful act of clearing, grubbing, excavating, or grading; disrupting ground surface by or for construction activities, including construction/access roads, staging, and storage sites producing significant areas of exposed soil and soil piles.
   MUNICIPAL SEPARATE STORM SEWER SYSTEM (MS4).  A conveyance, or system of conveyances (including roads with drainage systems, municipal streets, catch basins, curbs, gutters, ditches, man-made channels, and storm drains) owned or operated by a state, city, town, county, district, association, or other public body (created by or pursuant to state law) having jurisdiction over disposal of sewage, industrial wastes, stormwater or other wastes, including special districts under state law such as a sewer district, flood control district or drainage district, or similar entity that discharges to the waters of the Commonwealth; designed or used for collecting or conveying stormwater; which is not a combined sewer; and which is not part of Publicly Owned Treatment Works (POTW) as defined in 40 C.F.R. § 122.2
   MS4 REPRESENTATIVE OR THEIR DESIGNEE.  A person designated by the City of Campbellsville to implement provisions of this chapter, as well as other applicable permits issued by the KYDOW or the City of Campbellsville for the control of stormwater.
   NATIONAL POLLUTANT DISCHARGE ELIMINATION SYSTEM (NPDES) PERMITS.  Part of EPA’s program to control the discharge of pollutants to waters of the United States. NPDES is a part of the Federal Clean Water Act (CWA), which requires point and non-point source dischargers to obtain NPDES permits.
   NON-POINT SOURCE.  Diffuse pollution sources (i.e. without a single point of origin or not introduced into a receiving stream from a specific outlet). The pollutants are generally carried off the land by stormwater.
   NOTICE OF INTENT (NOI).  A formal application of notice to the KYDOW that a construction project seeking coverage under a KYR10 General Permit is about to begin.
   NOTICE OF TERMINATION.  A formal notice to KYDOW that a construction project is complete and seeking release for the EPSC Plan and the KYR10 General Permit.
   PERIMETER CONTROL.  A barrier that prevents sediment from leaving a site by filtering sediment-laden runoff or diverting it to a sediment trap or basin.
   PERMIT PHASING.  The practice of clearing a parcel of land in distinct phases, with the stabilization of each phase completed before the clearing of the next.
   PERMITTEE.  The person who is responsible for the land disturbing activity, i.e. the permit holder.
   PERMITTING AGENCY.  Issues permits in conformance with this chapter. The City of Campbellsville will issue site development permits, level 1-3 as set forth herein.
   PERSON.  Except to the extent exempted by this chapter, refers to any individual, partnership, firm, association, joint venture, public or private corporation, trust, estate, commission, board, public or private institution, utility, cooperative, city, county, or other political subdivision of the state, any interstate body, or any other legal body.
   POINT SOURCE.  A stationary location or fixed facility such as an industry or municipality that discharges pollutants directly into the waters of the Commonwealth.
   POLLUTANT.  Anything which causes or contributes to pollution. Pollutants may include, but are not limited to: paints, varnishes, and solvents; oil and other automotive fluids; non-hazardous liquid and solid wastes and yard wastes; discarded or abandoned objects; floatables; pesticides, herbicides, and fertilizers; hazardous substances and wastes; sewage, fecal coliform, and pathogens; dissolved and particulate metals; animal wastes; wastes and residues that result from constructing a building or structure; and noxious or offensive matter of any kind.
   PUBLIC STORM DRAIN.  The drainage system provided and maintained by the City of Campbellsville, designed to help maintain stormwater runoff and inlets for water to travel to holding areas installed to remove excessive water from streets and other areas.
   QUALIFIED PROFESSIONAL.  An individual who is trained and experienced in stormwater treatment techniques and related fields as may be demonstrated by state registration, professional certification, experience, or completion of coursework, as accepted according to this chapter which enables the individual to make sound professional judgments regarding stormwater control or treatment and monitoring, pollution fate and transport, and drainage planning.
   RETENTION BASIN.  A drainage facility constructed to contain the runoff of stormwater to a prescribed maximum rate/volume to pass into the groundwater system without discharging the retained volume to surface waters except through an emergency bypass under conditions beyond the designed capacity.
   SEDIMENT.  Solid material, both mineral and organic, that is in suspension, is being transported, or has been moved from its site of origin by air, water or gravity as a product of erosion.
   SEDIMENT CONTROL.  Measures that prevent eroded sediment from leaving the site.
   SITE.  A parcel of land or a contiguous combination thereof; where grading work is performed as a single unified operation subject to erosion or sedimentation as a result of cutting, filling, grading, or other disturbance of the soil.
   SITE DEVELOPMENT PERMIT.  A permit issued by the City of Campbellsville for the construction or alteration of ground improvements and structures required for the control of erosion and runoff as defined by this chapter.
   SITE INSPECTOR.  A person who has received specialized training in measures and sequencing to be used to control sediment and erosion on a development site and is qualified to inspect, document and maintain erosion and sediment control practices. The MS4 coordinator or their designee shall be the City of Campbellsville’s site inspector.
   SITE WASTE CONTROL.  Refers to requirements set forth in this chapter to control or eliminate wastes from the construction site that may cause adverse impacts to water quality.
   STABILIZATION.  The use of practices that prevent exposed soil from eroding.
   START OF CONSTRUCTION.  The first land-disturbing activity associated with a development, including land preparation such as clearing, grading, and filling.
   STOP WORK ORDER.  An order by the city directing a permittee to suspend all construction and/or operations except for work related to remediation of the violation.
   STORMWATER POLLUTANT PREVENTION PLAN (SWPPP).  A site-specific, written document that identifies potential sources of stormwater pollution at the construction site; describes practices to reduce pollutants in stormwater discharges from the construction site; and identifies procedures the operator will implement to comply with the terms and conditions of a construction general permit (KYR10).
   STORMWATER QUALITY MANAGEMENT PLAN.  The written plan that details the Stormwater Quality Management Program. The Plan is considered a single document, even though it actually consists of separate programs. Programs include but are not limited to: EPSC, P-SWPPP.
   STORMWATER QUALITY MANAGEMENT PROGRAM (SWQMP).  A comprehensive program to manage the quality of stormwater discharged from the municipal separate storm sewer system.
   TEMPORARY PROTECTION.  Short-term stabilization of erosive or sediment producing areas.
   TOTAL MAXIMUM DAILY LOAD (TMDL).  The sum of the individual wasteload allocations for point sources and load allocations for nonpoint sources and natural background. If a receiving water has only one point source discharger, the TMDL is the sum of that point source wasteload allocation plus the load allocations for any nonpoint source pollution and natural background sources, tributaries, or adjacent segments. TMDLs can be expressed in terms of mass per time, toxicity, or other appropriate measure.
   VEGETATIVE PROTECTION.  The stabilization of erosive or sediment producing areas by covering the soil with appropriate plant materials, including permanent seeding for long-term vegetative cover, short-term seeding for temporary vegetative cover, sodding, producing areas covered with a turf of perennial sod-forming grass, tree planting, or other planting.
   WATER or WATERS OF THE COMMONWEALTH.  As defined in KRS 224.1-010(33) means and includes any and all rivers, streams, creeks, lakes, ponds, impounding reservoirs, springs, wells, marshes, and all other bodies of surface or underground water, natural or artificial, situated wholly or partly within or bordering upon the Commonwealth or within its jurisdiction.
   WATERCOURSE.  Any body of water, including, but not limited to, lakes, ponds, rivers, and streams designated as part of the stormwater conveyance system.
   WATERWAY.  A channel that directs surface runoff to a watercourse or to the public storm drain.
(Ord. 14-08, passed 9-3-2014)