§ 155.010  OFF-STREET AUTOMOBILE PARKING AND STORAGE.
   (A)   Permanent off-street automobile storage, parking or standing space shall be provided as set forth below at the time of the erection of any building or structure, at the time any principal building or structure is enlarged or increased in capacity by adding dwelling units, guest rooms, seats or floor area, or before conversion from one zoning use or occupancy to another. The space shall be provided with vehicular access to a street or alley. This space shall be deemed to be required open space associated with the permitted use and shall not thereafter be reduced or encroached upon in any manner. No required front yard or portion thereof in any residential district shall be utilized to provide parking space required in this chapter. These parking space requirements shall not apply in the Central Business District (B-3). At least the following minimum parking space requirements for specific uses shall be provided.
      (1)   Bowling alleys, recreation centers, swimming pools, skating rinks and other recreation and amusement facilities: one parking space for every five customers computed on the basis of maximum servicing capacity at any one time plus one additional space for every two persons regularly employed on the premises.
      (2)   Clubhouses and permanent meeting places of veterans, business, civic, fraternal, labor and similar organizations: one parking space for every 50 square feet of aggregate floor area in the auditorium, assembly hall and dining room of the building plus one additional space for every two persons regularly employed on the premises.
      (3)   Dormitories, fraternity houses and sorority houses: one parking space for every two beds occupied at maximum capacity. This requirement is in addition to the parking space requirements for educational establishments set forth in division (A)(27) below.
      (4)   Funeral homes and undertaking establishments: parking or storage space for all vehicles used directly in the conduct of the business plus one parking space for every two persons regularly employed on the premises and one space for every six seats in the auditorium or chapel of the establishment. If the establishment does not have a chapel or auditorium, the additional parking to be required for funeral visitors shall be determined by the Board based on the number of funerals that can be handled at one time, the size of the facilities and other relevant factors.
      (5)   Hospitals: one parking space for every two beds intended for patients, excluding bassinets.
      (6)   House trailers: one parking space for each trailer used for dwelling or sleeping purposes.
      (7)   Indoor retail businesses: parking or storage space for all vehicles used directly in the conduct of the business plus four parking spaces for the each 1,000 square feet of total floor area.
      (8)   Industrial plants and facilities: parking or storage space for all vehicles used directly in the conduct of the industrial use plus one parking space for every three employees on the premises at maximum employment on a single shift.
      (9)   Junior and senior high schools: one parking space for every five seats occupied at maximum capacity in the assembly hall, auditorium, stadium or gymnasium of greatest capacity on the school grounds of campus. If the school has no assembly hall, auditorium, stadium or gymnasium, one parking space shall be provided for each person regularly employed at the school plus two additional spaces for each classroom.
      (10)   Libraries, museums, post offices, civic centers and similar establishments: parking or storage space for all vehicles used directly in the operation of the establishments plus four parking spaces for the first 1,000 square feet of total floor area and one additional space for every additional 150 square feet of floor area.
      (11)   Medical and dental clinics: three parking spaces for each doctor plus one additional space for every two regular employees.
      (12)   Nurses homes: one parking space for every two beds occupied at maximum capacity. This requirement is in addition to the parking space requirements of hospitals set forth in division (A)(5) above.
      (13)   Offices: one parking space for every 200 square feet of office space.
      (14)   Outdoor retail businesses: parking or storage space for all vehicles used directly in the conduct of the business plus two parking spaces for each person employed on the premises based on maximum seasonal employment, and additional space as may be required by the Board of Zoning Adjustment based on the nature of the business and other relevant factors.
      (15)   Public and private elementary schools: one parking space for each person regularly employed at the school, plus one additional space for each classroom.
      (16)   Public garages: indoor or outdoor parking or storage space for all vehicles used directly in the conduct of the business plus three parking spaces for each person regularly employed on the premises.
      (17)   Repair shops, plumbing shops, electrical shops, roofing shops and other service establishments: parking or storage space for all vehicles used directly in the conduct of the business plus two parking spaces for each person regularly employed on the premises.
      (18)   Residences and apartment houses: one parking space for each dwelling unit or apartment.
      (19)   Restaurants and other eating and drinking establishments: one parking space for every 100 square feet of total floor area.
      (20)   Rooming and boarding houses: one parking space for each sleeping room occupied by roomers or boarders plus one space for each dwelling unit on the premises, and plus one additional space for every two persons regularly employed on the premises.
      (21)   Self-service laundries: one parking space for every two washing machines.
      (22)   Service stations: parking or storage space for all vehicles used directly in the conduct of the business plus one parking space for each gas pump, three spaces for each grease rack or similar facility, and one space for every two persons employed on the premises at maximum employment on a single shift.
      (23)   Theaters, auditoriums, churches, stadiums, and other places of public assembly: one parking space for every five seats occupied at maximum capacity.
      (24)   Tourist homes, tourist courts, motels and hotels: one parking space for each sleeping room offered for tourist accommodation plus one space for each dwelling unit on the premises and plus one additional space for every two persons regularly employed on the premises.
      (25)   Trailer parks: one parking space for each trailer space plus one additional space for every two persons regularly employed on the premises.
      (26)   Transportation terminals: one parking space for every 100 square feet of waiting room space plus one additional space for every two persons regularly employed on the premises.
      (27)   Universities, colleges, academies and similar institutions of higher learning: one parking space for every five seats occupied at maximum capacity in the assembly hall, auditorium, stadium or gymnasium of greatest capacity on the campus. If the institution has no assembly hall, auditorium, stadium or gymnasium, one parking space shall be provided for each person regularly employed at the institution plus five additional spaces for each classroom.
      (28)   Warehouses, freight terminals and trucking terminals: parking or storage space for all vehicles used directly in the conduct of the business plus two parking spaces for each person regularly employed on the premises.
      (29)   Wholesale businesses: parking or storage space for all vehicles used directly in the conduct of the business plus two parking spaces for each person employed on the premises based on maximum seasonal employment.
   (B)   If the vehicle storage space or standing space required above cannot be reasonably provided on the same lot on which the principal use is conducted, the Board of Zoning Adjustment may permit the space to be provided on other off-street property provided the space lies within 400 feet of the main entrance to the principal use. The vehicle parking space shall be deemed to be required open space associated with the permitted use and shall not thereafter be reduced or encroached upon in any manner.
   (C)   Vehicle parking or storage space maintained in connection with an existing and continuing principal building, structure or land use on the effective date of this chapter or amendment thereto up to the number required by this chapter shall be continued and may not be counted as serving a new building, structure, addition or land use; nor shall any required parking space be substituted for an off-street loading and unloading space, nor any required loading and unloading space substituted for a parking space.
   (D)   The required parking space for any number of separate uses may be combined in one lot, but the required space assigned to one use may not be assigned to another use at the same time, except that one-half of the parking space required for churches, theaters or assembly halls whose peak attendance will be at night or on Sunday may be assigned to a use which will be closed at night or on Sunday.
   (E)   No off-street automobile parking or storage area shall be used or designed, arranged or constructed to be used in a manner that will obstruct or interfere with the free use of any street, alley or adjoining property.
   (F)   The parking spaces provided along with their necessary driveways and passageways shall be paved in a manner adequate to eliminate dust and mud problems. Plans for the parking spaces are to be included with the plans for construction of buildings and other structures and are to be presented to the Building Inspector at the time applications for building permits are filed. The parking areas are to be kept free of obstructions and unsightly objects. Intersections of parking areas with sidewalks or street pavements must be made in an approved manner. Provision must be made for the adequate drainage of parking areas.
   (G)   No commercial motor vehicle of more than one ton capacity shall be parked or stored overnight either on or off the street in any residential district.
(2000 Code, App. B, § 38)