§ 13.4  OFF-STREET PARKING STANDARDS.
   13.4.1   Minimum number of spaces required. Unless otherwise expressly stated in this section, off-street parking spaces shall be provided in accordance with Table 13-1, Minimum Off-Street Parking Requirements. Unlisted uses shall conform to the requirements of the most similar use. The Ordinance Administrator may approve an alternative parking standard if an applicant submits an alternative parking standard with a parking study from a professional engineer which demonstrates the alternative design meets more current and accepted standards such as IT or ULI standards.
Table 13-1 Minimum Off-Street Parking Requirements
Use Category
Use Type
Parking Requirement
Table 13-1 Minimum Off-Street Parking Requirements
Use Category
Use Type
Parking Requirement
Residential Use Classification
Household Living
Dwelling, duplex
2 per DU
Dwelling, manufactured home
Dwelling, multi-family
1 per efficiency, 1.5 per 1-2 bedroom unit, 2 per 3 bedroom unit
Dwelling, single-family detached
2 per DU
Dwelling, townhouse
Group Living
Group home (1 to 6 persons)
 
Group home (more than 7 persons)
1 per employee + 1 per 3 adults or 5 children
Rooming house
1 + 1 per bedroom
Institutional Use Classification
Community Services
All (up to 10,000 square feet of gross floor area)
1 per 300 sf
All (more than 10,000 sf GFA)
Educational Facilities
College or university
1 per 600 sf of academic space + 1 per 5 seats in largest assembly hall
School, elementary
1 per every 2 classrooms + 1 per employee
School, middle
School, senior high
1 per classroom + 1 per every 4 students
School, trade or vocational
1 per every 2 students + 1 per employee on largest shift
Government Facilities
All (up to 10,000 sf GFA)
1 per 300 sf of space used by public + 1 per remaining 600 sf
All (more than 10,000 sf GFA)
Public parks or recreational facilities
Determined by Ord. Admin.
Healthcare Facilities
Hospital
2 per bed + 1 per 300 sf of administrative area
Medical treatment facility (up to 10,000 sf GFA)
1 per 300 sf
Medical treatment facility (more than 10,000 sf GFA)
Other Institutional Facilities
Assisted living/nursing facility
1 per 3 patient beds
Cemetery
1 per employee on largest shift
Halfway house
1 per employee + 1 per every 3 residents
Religious or civic institution (up to 10,000 sf GFA)
1 per 4 seats in main assembly rooms
Religious or civic institution (more than 10,000 sf GFA)
Utilities
Telecomm. facility, collocation on existing structure
1 per service provider with equipment on site
Telecommunications facility, freestanding
Utility, minor
Determined by Ord. Admin.
Utility, major
1 per employee on largest shift
Working Lands Use Classification
Working Lands
Agriculture
No minimum required
Horticulture/plant nursery
Silviculture
Commercial Use Classification
Adult Entertain.
All
1 per employee + 1 per 200 sf
Animal Care
Animal shelter
1 per 300 sf
Kennel, outdoor
Veterinary clinic/boarding
Daycare
Daycare facility, fewer than 30 attendees
1 per 200 sf
Daycare facility, 30 or more attendees
Hotels and Motels
Bed and breakfast inn
2 + 1 per guestroom
Hotels, motels, and similar uses
1 per guestroom + 1 per employee on largest shift + 75% of rate for accessory uses
Offices
Single tenant (up to 5,000 sf GFA)
1 per 300 sf
Single tenant (more than 5,000 sf GFA)
Multi-tenant (up to 15,000 sf GFA)
Multi-tenant (more than 15,000 sf GFA)
Recreation, Indoor
Commercial recreation, indoor (up to 5,000 sf GFA)
1 per 300 sf
Commercial recreation, indoor (more than 5,000 sf GFA)
Country club
1 per 300 sf + minimum number of spaces for accessory uses
Equine stable/riding academy
1 per employee + 1 per stall
Recreation, Outdoor
Arena, amphitheater, or stadium
1 per 4 seats
Commercial recreation, outdoor
1 per employee on largest shift + 1/2 space per maximum number of participants
Golf course, public or private
6 per hole
Golf driving range
1 per tee
Restaurant
Restaurant without drive through service
1 per 200 sf
Restaurant with drive through service
Retail Sales and Services
Bar, nightclub, or similar establishment
1 per 100 sf
Crematory
3 + 1 per employee
Retail/service use with gasoline sales
1 per 150 sf
Type I retail or service use
1 per 250 sf
Type II retail or service use (up to 15,000 sf GFA)
1 per 300 sf
Type II retail or service use (more than 15,000 sf GFA)
Type III retail or service use
1 per 400 sf
Industrial Use Classification
Extractive Industry
All
1 per employee on largest shift
Industrial Services
Building contractor and related specialties
Fuel oil/bottled gas distributor
Heavy equipment sales, rental, or repair
Research and development
Manufacturing, and Production
Manufacturing, heavy
Manufacturing, light
Self Storage
All
1 per employee + 1 per 50 units
Warehousing and Distribution
Parcel services
1 per employee on largest shift
Truck or freight terminal
Warehouse
Outdoor Storage
All
Wholesale Sales
All
1 per 1,000 sf
 
   13.4.2   Minimum separation. All parking areas shall be separated at least ten feet from buildings in order to allow room for sidewalks, landscaping, and other plantings between the building and the parking area. This separation may be eliminated in the rear of buildings in areas designed for loading and unloading materials.
   13.4.3   Cross access required.
   (A)   General. All development except for detached residential development and attached residential development with fewer than four dwelling units shall be designed to allow for cross access to adjacent compatible sites in accordance with the following standards.
      (1)   Limited to two parcels. Cross access ways shall be designed and located based on the standards of this section, but in no case shall a development be required to provide cross access to more than two adjacent parcels.
      (2)   Future stubs required. A stub for future cross access shall be provided to all adjacent vacant land designated as OI, NB, or HB.
      (3)   Placement and width. Cross access ways shall be located and configured in a manner to provide the most convenient access between adjacent parcels. No part of a cross access way shall be located within a street right-of-way. The minimum width of the cross access way shall be 22 feet.
   (B)   Waiver. The cross access standard shall be waived by the Planning Department if the applicant demonstrates it is impractical to provide cross access due to:
      (1)   Topography or natural features;
      (2)   The size and configuration of the site;
      (3)   Vehicular safety factors;
      (4)   The presence of incompatible uses; or
      (5)   Existing development patterns on adjacent developed sites that make cross access impossible.
      When cross access is waived in accordance with this section, pedestrian connections shall be provided between adjacent developments or uses, to the maximum extent practicable.
   (C)   Recording required. Where provided, cross access easements must be recorded by the owner/developer of the property prior to the issuance of a certificate of occupancy.
   13.4.4   Dimensional standards for parking spaces and drive aisles. The minimum dimensions for standard car parking spaces and parking lot aisles shall comply with Table 13-2, Dimensional Standards for Parking Spaces and Aisles.
 
Table 13-2 Dimensional Standards for Parking Spaces and Aisles
Stall Type
Stall Width (feet)
Stall Depth (feet)
Minimum Aisle Width for Two Way Traffic1
Parallel
8
22
22
45 Degrees
8.5
19
24
90 Degrees
9
19
24
1. The aisle width may be reduced by one-half for one way traffic.
 
   13.4.5   Accessible parking for disabled persons. Off-street parking for disabled persons shall be provided in accordance with Federal ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act) standards.