§ 20.00.070  DEFINITIONS.
   This section provides definitions of terms and phrases used in this Zoning Code that are technical or specialized, or that may not reflect common usage. If any of the definitions in this Section conflict with definitions in other provisions of the Municipal Code, these definitions shall control for the purposes of this Zoning Code. If a word is not defined in this section, or other provisions of the Municipal Code, the most common dictionary definition is presumed to be correct.
   A.   General terminology.  When not inconsistent with the context, words used in the present tense include the future; words in the singular number include the plural, and those in the plural number include the singular.
   The word “building” includes the word “structure.”
   The word “shall” is mandatory and the word “may” is permissive.
   The word “used” includes the words, “arranged for, designed for, occupied or intended to be occupied for.”
   The word “Council” shall mean the City Council of the City of Brea.
   The word “Commission” shall mean the Planning Commission of the City of Brea.
   The word “city” shall mean the City of Brea.
   B.   Specific definitions.
   ABATEMENT. An action taken to reduce, relieve, or suppress another continuing action.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   ABUT or ABUTTING LAND. A parcel having a common boundary with another parcel, including parcels that have a common corner.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   ABUTTING.  Two (2) or more lots or parcels of land sharing a common boundary line, or two (2) or more objects in contact with each other.
   ACCESS or ACCESS WAY.  The place, means, or way by which pedestrians and vehicles shall have safe, adequate and usable ingress and egress to a property, parking space or use as required by this Zoning Code.
(Am. Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   ACCESSORY BUILDING. A detached subordinate building, the use of which is customarily incidental to that of the main building or to the main use of the land and which is located on the same lot with the main building or use.
   ACCESSORY DWELLING UNIT.  An attached or a detached residential dwelling unit that provides complete independent living facilities for one or more persons and is located on a lot with a proposed or existing primary residence. It shall include permanent provisions for living, sleeping, eating, cooking, and sanitation on the same parcel as the single-family or multifamily dwelling is or will be situated.
(Ord. 1203, passed 2-20-18; Am. Ord. 1220, passed 3-16-21)
   ACCESSORY LIVING QUARTERS.  Living quarters within an accessory building located on the same premises with the main building, for use by temporary guests of the occupant of the premises, such quarters having no kitchen facilities and not rented or otherwise used as a separate dwelling unit.
   ACCESSORY RETAIL USES. The retail sales of various products (including food) in a store or similar facility that is located within a health care, hotel, office, or industrial complex for the purpose of serving employees or customers, and is not visible from a public street. These uses include gift shops, pharmacies, and food service establishments within hospitals; convenience stores, and food service establishments within hotel, office, and industrial complexes.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   ACCESSORY STRUCTURE.  A structure that is clearly incidental to and detached from a principal building on the same lot and subordinate to the principal building.
   ACCESSORY USE.  A use incidental, related, appropriate, and clearly subordinate to the main use of the lot or building, which accessory use does not alter the principal use of the subject lot or affect other properties in the zone.
   ACCESSORY USES AND STRUCTURES (RESIDENTIAL LAND USE).  Includes any use that is customarily part of, and clearly incidental and secondary to a residence and does not change the character of the residential use. These uses include accessory structures (detached patio covers, garages, gazebos, greenhouses, hot tubs, spas, and swimming pools, studios, workshops, and similar structures). Includes home satellite dish antennas of eighteen (18) inches or less in diameter, and other receiving antennas for earth-based TV and radio broadcasts (larger satellite dish antennas, and broadcast and receiving antennas for ham radio and commercial applications, are included under the definition of WIRELESS TELECOMMUNICATIONS FACILITIES).
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   ACREAGE, GROSS. The total land area within the lot lines of a parcel of land before the deduction of areas for public rights-of-way, public parks, public school sites, and any easement(s) constituting a substantial impairment of the fee.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   ACREAGE, NET. The area within the lot lines of a parcel of land after all deductions are made. Deductions include public rights-of-way, public parks, public school sites, and any easement constituting a substantial impairment of the fee.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   ACUPUNCTURE CLINICS. Establishments of independent health practitioners (except audiologists; chiropractors; dentists; mental health specialists; physicians; physical, occupational, and speech therapists; podiatrists; and optometrists) who practice the physical act of acupuncture. These practitioners operate private or group practices in their own offices (e.g., centers, clinics) or in the facilities of others (e.g., hospitals or medical centers).
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   ADDITION. Any construction that is attached to an existing structure and that increases the size or capacity of a structure in terms of site coverage, height, length, width, or gross floor area.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   ADJACENT.  Two (2) or more lots or parcels of land separated only by an alley, street, highway or recorded easement, or two (2) or more subjects that lie near or close to each other.
   ADJOINING. Refers to a parcel that shares all or part of a common lot line with another parcel or that is directly across a street, private street or access easement, or right-of-way (other than a freeway or principal arterial) from a parcel.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06) 
   ADMISSION CHARGE.  A tangible benefit, monetary or otherwise, which is expressly or impliedly required as a condition of admittance to a party.  Customary courtesies and clearly non- commercial activity such as gifts by guests and voluntary sharing of expenses for meals shall not be considered to be an ADMISSION CHARGE.  ADMISSION CHARGE shall not include donations for political, community service, charitable or religious purposes.
(Ord. 926, passed 8-18-92)
   ADVISORY AGENCY.  The City Planning Commission which is herein designated as the advisory agency to the City Council on all matters related to zoning and use of land and structures.
   AFFORDABLE PERIOD.  The length of time a dwelling unit is required to remain within the price range of households in the low-to-moderate range as specified by § 20.40.050 of this title.
(Ord. 934, passed 3-2-93)
   AFFORDABLE UNITS.  Residential dwellings which are rented or sold at a price within the range of low-to-moderate income households as established by the City Council.
(Ord. 934, passed 3-2-93)
   ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGE SALES. The retail sale of beer, wine, and/or other alcoholic beverages for on- or off-premise consumption.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   ALLEY.  A narrow service way, either public or private, that provides a permanently reserved but secondary means of public access. Alleys are not intended for general traffic circulation, but for services and delivery access. Alleys typically are located along rear property lines.
(Am. Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   ALTERNATIVE FUELS AND RECHARGING FACILITIES. A commercial facility offering motor vehicle fuels not customarily offered by commercial refueling stations (e.g., LPG) as well as equipment to recharge electric powered vehicles.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   ALTERNATIVE TRANSPORTATION MODES.  Any mode of travel that serves as an alternative to the single occupant vehicle.  This can include all forms of ridesharing such as carpooling or vanpooling, as well as public transit, bicycling, or walking.
(Ord. 905, passed 5-21-91)
   AMENDMENT. A change in the wording, context, or substance of this Zoning Code, the General Plan, or specific plans or a change in the zoning district boundaries of the official zoning map. See Chapter 20.74 (Amendments).
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   AMUSEMENT CENTER.  Any place of amusement open to the public, operated predominantly within a building where four (4) or more of the following games and/or devices are located and maintained:  photography machines, talking machines, weighing machines, muscle testers, fortune telling machines, video games or other games of skill and science, but not including games of chance or devices of like character.
(Ord. 689, passed 1-15-80; Am. Ord. 751, passed 12-6-83)
   ANIMAL HOSPITAL.  A place where animals or pets are given medical or surgical treatment and are cared for during the time of such treatment.  The use of the premises as a kennel or a place where animals or pets are boarded for remuneration may be permitted only when incidental to the principal use.
   ANTENNA. Any system of poles, reflecting discs, rods, wires, or similar devices that is external to or attached to the exterior of any structure and that is used for the transmission, reception, or both of electromagnetic waves.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   ANTENNA, AMATEUR RADIO. Any antenna used to receive and/or transmit radio signals on the amateur radio bandwidth, as designated by the Federal Communications Commission.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   APARTMENT.  Two (2) or more rooms with private bath and kitchen facilities comprising an independent, self-contained dwelling unit in a structure containing three (3) or more dwelling units for rent.
(Am. Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   APPEAL. A process for the review of decisions rendered by the Director or the Planning Agency.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   APPLIANCE STORES. Retail establishments primarily engaged in selling an array of new household appliances (e.g., coffeemakers, dishwashers, electric razors, hair dryers, irons, microwave ovens, ovens, radios, refrigerators, room air-conditioners, sewing machines, televisions, and vacuum cleaners), in combination with appliance parts and repair services.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   APPLICABLE DEVELOPMENT PROJECT.  Any new development project that is determined to meet or exceed the employment threshold using the criteria contained in § 20.08.050.B. of this title.
(Ord. 905, passed 5-21-91)
   ARCADES. A location where four (4) or more mechanical or electronic amusement games are located, even if the games are provided in conjunction with or as an accessory use to another business.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   ART, ANTIQUES, COLLECTIBLES, AND GIFTS. Retail sales uses including art galleries, antique shops, curio, gift, and souvenir shops, and the sales of collectible items including sports cards and comic books. See RETAIL STORES, GENERAL MERCHANDISE.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   ARTIST LOFTS. A room or structure combining working and living space, in which original works of art are created, and where the area devoted to living quarters does not exceed fifty percent (50%) of the floor area of the total space.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   ASSISTED LIVING FACILITIES. A special combination of housing, supportive services, personalized assistance, and health care designed to respond to the individual needs of those who need help with activities of daily living. A facility with a central or private kitchen, dining, recreational, and other facilities, with separate bedrooms and/or living quarters, where the emphasis of the facility remains residential.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   ATTACHED BUILDING.  A building having at least five (5) lineal feet of wall serving as a common wall with the building to which it is attached, or connected thereto by a continuous roof at least eight (8) feet wide.
   ATTACHED UNIT.  A single dwelling unit attached to one (1) or more units by common vertical walls.
   AUTOMATED TELLER MACHINES (ATM'S). A pedestrian-oriented or vehicle-oriented machine used by bank and financial service patrons for conducting transactions including deposits, withdrawals, and fund transfers, without contact with financial institution personnel. The machines may be located at or within banks, or in other locations, in compliance with this Zoning Code.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   AUTOMOBILE REPAIR, MAJOR.  General repair, rebuilding or reconditioning of engines, motor vehicles or trailers; collision service, including body, frame, or fender repair; over-all painting.
   AUTOMOBILE REPAIR, MINOR.  Upholstering, replacement or parts and motor service to passenger cars and trucks not exceeding one and one-half (1½) tons of capacity but not including other operations named under AUTOMOBILE REPAIR, MAJOR.
   AUTOMOBILE WRECKING YARD.  See SALVAGE YARD.
   AVERAGE SLOPE. Average percent slope “S” is computed by the formula: S = (0.00229 I L)/A where S = average percent slope, I = contour interval, in feet*, L = summation of length of contours, in feet, and A = area in acres of parcel being considered.  *Calculations of average percent slope should be based upon accurate topographic surveys using a contour interval no greater than ten (10) feet and a horizontal map scale of one (1) inch to two hundred (200) feet or larger.
   BACHELOR APARTMENTS.  One (1) room and bath, with cooking facilities, in a multiple dwelling.
   BAKERIES. See RETAIL STORES, GENERAL MERCHANDISE.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   BALANCE.  The cutting and filling of a site which does not require the export or import of earth material.
(Ord. 948, passed 2-1-94)
   BANKS AND FINANCIAL SERVICES. Financial institutions including the following.  See also AUTOMATED TELLER MACHINES.
      1.   Banks, savings and loans, and trust companies.
      2.   Credit agencies.
      3.   Credit unions.
      4.   Holding (but not primarily operating) companies.
      5.   Lending and thrift institutions.
      6.   Other investment companies.
      7.   Securities/commodity contract brokers and dealers.
      8.   Security and commodity exchanges.
      9.   Vehicle finance (equity) leasing agencies.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   BAR. Any facility licensed by the State of California which restricts entry to persons of legal drinking age, as established by state law, at which the sale of alcoholic beverages, including beer, wine, and mixed drinks, is provided for consumption on the premises.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   BARBER or BEAUTY SHOPS.
      1.   BARBER SHOPS. Service establishments known as barber or men's hair stylist shops primarily engaged in cutting, styling, and trimming boy's and men's hair; and/or shaving and trimming men's beards.
      2.   BEAUTY SALONS/SHOPS.
         a.   Service establishments primarily engaged in one or more of the following:
            (1)   Coloring, cutting, shampooing, styling, trimming, waving, or weaving, or hair;
            (2)   Providing facials; and
            (3)   Applying makeup.
         b.   May also provide the following services: electrolysis (e.g., hair removal), massage, nail care, permanent makeup, or tanning services.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   BASEMENT. A portion of a structure that is partly or wholly below grade. A basement shall be counted as a story for the purpose of height measurement where more than one-half of its height is above grade.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   BEDROOM. Any separate room normally used for sleeping purposes, whether designated as a bedroom or as a den, study, library, bonus room, media room, or other similar term, specifically excluding dining room, living room, kitchen, hall, and bathroom.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   BEGINNING OF CONSTRUCTION.  The incorporation of labor and material within the foundation of the building or buildings.
   BERM or BERMING.  A mound of earth or series of connected mounds that are artificially graded and created to form a small topographic feature for purposes of aesthetic enhancement, sound attenuation, landscape interest, or any combination thereof.
   BEST MANAGEMENT PLAN (BMP).  Any program, technology, process, siting, criteria, operational methods, measures, or engineered systems, which when implemented prevent, control, remove or reduce pollution to the maximum extent practicable.
   BILLBOARD.  Any sign or advertising structure used as an outdoor display for advertising which does not principally pertain to the business or activity on the premises where said sign or advertising structure is located.
   BILLIARD HALL. Any place of business where any of several games are played on a table by driving small balls against one another or into pockets with a cue. Also known as a pool hall.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   BIOSWALES. Open channels possessing a dense cover of grasses and other herbaceous plants through which runoff is directed during storm events. Above ground plant parts (stems, leaves, and stolons) retard flow and thereby encourage particulates and their associated pollutants to settle.  The pollutants are then incorporated into the soil where they may be immobilized and/or decomposed.
   BLOCK (FRONTAGE).  The properties abutting on one (1) side of a street and lying between the nearest two (2) intersecting or intercepting streets, or nearest intersecting or intercepting street and railroad right-of-way, unsubdivided land or watercourse.
   BLUEPRINTING SHOPS. See BUSINESS SUPPORT SERVICES.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   BOARDING HOUSES.  A dwelling structure, or part thereof, that has no more than one (1) dining room and in which, for compensation, three (3) or more rooms are rented and meals are provided by the week or month.
(Am. Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   BOOK STORES. See RETAIL STORES, GENERAL MERCHANDISE.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   BORROW.  Earth material acquired from an off- site location for the use in grading on a site.
(Ord. 948, passed 2-1-94)
   BORROW PIT.  Any place or premises where dirt, soil, sand, gravel or other material is removed by excavation or otherwise below the grade of surrounding land for any purpose other than that necessary and incidental to grading or to building construction or operation on the premises.
   BUFFER. Open spaces, landscaped areas, fences, walls, berms, or a combination of these or similar elements, used to physically and visually separate a more intense use from a less intense use in order to mitigate the negative impacts of the more intense use (e.g., dust, glare, light, noise, odor, etc.). An appropriate buffer may vary depending on uses, districts, size, etc.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   BUILDING or PARCEL COVERAGE.  See SITE COVERAGE.  (Am. Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   BUILDING CODE, ELECTRICAL CODE, and FIRE CODE. The following documents are adopted by reference and as may be amended from time to time, as the building codes of the City of Brea, one (1)  copy of each which is on file in the office of the City Clerk:
      1.   Uniform Administrative Code, 1997 edition;
      2.   Uniform Building Code, 1997 edition, with appendices, part 2, volumes I, II, and Ill. (Also known as the 2001 California Building Code);
      3.   Uniform Building Code Standards, 1997 edition. (Also known as the 2001 California Building Standards Code);
      4.   Uniform Code for the Abatement of Dangerous Buildings, 1997 edition;
      5.   Uniform Housing Code, 1997 edition; and
      6.   Uniform Mechanical Code, 2000 edition, with appendices. (Also known as the 2001 California Mechanical Code).
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   BUILDING FRONTAGE. That side of a structure containing the main entrance for pedestrian entrance and exit. If more than one (1) main entrance exists, the entrance that more nearly faces, or is oriented to, the street of highest classification as portrayed in the Circulation Element of the General Plan, shall be considered the building frontage. If all streets are of the same classification, the side of the structure with the smallest horizontal lineal dimension containing a main entrance shall be considered the building frontage.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   BUILDING HEIGHT.  The vertical distance from the grade to the highest point of the coping of a flat roof or the deck line of a mansard roof or to the highest point of the highest gable of a pitch or hip roof, but exclusive of air conditioners, chimneys, vents, or other incidental appurtenances.
(Am. Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   BUILDING LINE.  A line on private property, established by ordinance which regulates the location of buildings and/or structures as they relate to the rights-of-way of alleys, streets, highways, railways and drainage channels.
   BUILDING, MAIN.  A building within which is conducted the principal use permitted on the lot, as provided by this title.
   BUILDING SITE.  The ground area of a building or buildings, together with all open spaces, as required by this title.
   BUS SHELTERS. Any structure located in the public right-of-way that covers or contains bus benches and is designed primarily for the protection and convenience of bus passengers.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   BUSINESS SUPPORT SERVICES. Establishments primarily within structures, providing other businesses with services including maintenance, repair, and service, testing, rental, etc., also includes:
      1.   Blueprinting services.
      2.   Business equipment repair services (except vehicle repair).
      3.   Commercial art and design (production).
      4.   Computer-related services (rental, repair).
      5.   Copying, quick printing, and blueprinting services.
      6.   Equipment rental businesses within structures.
      7.   Film processing laboratories.
      8.   Heavy equipment repair services where repair occurs on the client sitemail advertising services (reproduction and shipping).
      9.   Other "heavy service" business services.
      10.   Outdoor advertising services.
      11.   Photocopying/desktop facilities.
      12.   Photo developing/finishing/printing.
      13.   Protective services (other than office related).
      14.   Soils and materials testing laboratories.
      15.   Window cleaning.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   CALIFORNIA ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY ACT (CEQA).  Cal. Pub. Res. Code §§ 21000 et seq. requires that state, regional, county, and local agencies to conduct environmental review for any discretionary activity proposed to be carried out or approved by those agencies.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   CANDY SHOPS/CONFECTIONERS. A retail business where candy, and other similar sweets are offered for retail sale from the site, primarily for off-site consumption. See RETAIL STORES, GENERAL MERCHANDISE.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   CARETAKER/EMPLOYEE HOUSING. Living quarters, which shall not be rented, located on the same premises with the main use, and occupied for the sole use of caretakers/employees of the main use.
   CARPORT.  An accessory use consisting of an open-sided, roofed structure, whether attached to or detached from a structure, established for the parking of motor vehicles.
(Ord. 478, passed 12-14-70; Am. Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   CATERING SERVICES. An establishment that prepares and delivers food and beverages for off-site consumption. A catering service may contain kitchen facilities and may also provide dining supplies (e.g., beverage dispensers, place settings, and tablecloths).
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   CHECK CASHING. A business that serves only to exchange cash or money orders for checks from a third party.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   CHILD DAY CARE FACILITIES.  Facilities that provide care and supervision of minor children for periods of less than twenty-four (24) hours. These facilities include the following, all of which are required to be licensed by the California State Department of Social Services:
      1.   CHILD DAY CARE HOMES, LARGE. A day care facility located in a single-family residence where an occupant of the residence provides care and supervision for nine (9) to fourteen (14) children. Children under the age of ten (10) years who reside in the home count as children served by the day care facility.
      2.   CHILD DAY CARE HOMES, SMALL. A day care facility located in a single-family residence where an occupant of the residence provides care and supervision for eight (8) or fewer children. Children under the age of ten (10) years who reside in the home count as children served by the day care facility.
      3.   COMMERCIAL DAY CARE CENTERS. A commercial or non-profit child day care facility with a capacity of more than twelve (12) children (unless licensed as a large family day care home allowing up to fourteen (14)  children). Day care centers include day nurseries, extended day care facilities, infant centers, nursery schools, and preschools. This type of facility provides non-medical care, on a less than twenty-four (24)-hour basis, to persons under eighteen (18) years of age in need of personal services, supervision, or assistance essential for sustaining the activities of daily living or for the protection of the individual. These may be operated in conjunction with a business, school, or religious facility, or as an independent land use.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   CHURCH.  See PLACES OF WORSHIP.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   CITY. The City of Brea, referred to in this Zoning Code as the "City."
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   CITY COUNCIL. The Brea City Council, referred to in this Zoning Code as the "Council."
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   CLUBS OR LODGES. An association of people organized for some common, non-profit purpose to pursue common activities, goals, or interests and usually. characterized by certain membership qualifications, payment of dues, regular meetings, a constitution, and by-laws.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   COMMERCIAL KENNEL.  Any lot or premise in a commercial or industrial zone in which four (4) or more dogs, or four (4) or more cats, or six (6) other small household pets, or any combination thereof, at least four (4) months-of-age, are kept, boarded or trained, whether in special buildings or runaways.
(Ord. 920, passed 5-19-92)
   COMMERCIAL TRADE SCHOOLS.  Business, secretarial, and vocational schools offering specialized trade and commercial courses. Includes specialized non-degree granting schools offering subjects including: art, ballet and other dance, drama, driver education, language, and music. Also includes seminaries and other facilities exclusively engaged in training for religious ministries; and establishments furnishing educational courses by mail. Facilities, institutions, and conference centers are included that offer specialized programs in personal growth and development (including arts, communications, environmental awareness, fitness, and management, as examples).
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   COMMERCIAL VEHICLE. Any vehicle classified by the State of California as a commercial vehicle in compliance with Cal. Vehicle Code § 260 and vehicles that have a gross vehicle weight of more than twelve thousand (12,000) pounds. 
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06; Am. Ord. 1191, passed 3-21-17)
   COMMON PROPERTY.  A parcel or parcels of land, together with the improvements thereon, the use and enjoyment of which are shared by the owners and occupants of the individual building sites in a Planned Unit Development.
   COMMUNICATION ANTENNA.  Any type of apparatus or device that is designed for the purpose of receiving or transmitting radio waves, microwaves, and television signals.
(Ord. 955, passed 8-2-94)
   COMMUNITY/CULTURAL CENTERS. Multi-purpose meeting and recreational facilities typically consisting of one (1) or more meeting or multi-purpose rooms, kitchen, and/or outdoor barbecue facilities, that are available for use by various groups for activities including dances, meetings, parties, receptions, etc.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   COMMUNITY/RECREATIONAL CENTERS. See COMMUNITY/CULTURAL CENTERS.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   COMMUNITY CARE FACILITIES. Any facility or place which is maintained and operated to provide nonmedical adult day care, day treatment, foster family agency services for adults, and residential care, including, but not limited to, abused or neglected people, mentally impaired, mentally incompetent persons, physically handicapped, and substance abusers. This use includes adult day care facilities, community treatment facilities, day treatment facilities, residential facilities, social rehabilitation facilities, shelters for battered women, substance abuse treatment facilities and social day care facilities.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   COMPLETELY ENCLOSED STRUCTURE.  A building enclosed by a permanent roof and by solid exterior walls pierced only by windows and customary entrances and exit doors.
   CONDITIONAL USE. A use or occupancy of a structure, or a use of land, allowed within a zoning district subject to conditions and standards for the location or operation of the use as specified in this Zoning Code and authorized by the Council.
(Ord.1089, passed 3-7-06)
   CONDITIONAL USE PERMIT. A permit issued by the applicable review authority allowing a use to be carried out in a particular zoning district that is not a use permitted by right. See § 20.408.030 (Conditional Use Permits).
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   CONDOMINIUMS. As defined by Cal. Civ. Code § 951(f), a development where undivided interest in common in a portion of real property is coupled with a separate interest in space called a unit, the boundaries of which are described on a recorded final map or parcel map.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   CONDOMINIUM CONVERSION. The development of land and existing structures as a condominium, regardless of the present or prior use of the land or structures, and regardless of whether substantial improvements have been made to the structures.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   CONTAINER. A bin, used either for nonresidential or private residential purposes, provided by an approved solid waste collector for the accumulation and collection of solid waste, recyclable materials, and green waste from any premises in the city.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   CONTOUR.  A line drawn on a plan which connects all points of equal elevation.
(Ord. 948, passed 2-1-94)
   CONTOUR GRADING.  Similar to conventional grading except the slopes are curvilinear (in plan) rather than linear, the gradients are unvarying, and the profiles are planer.  Transition zones and slope intersections generally have some rounding applied resulting in pad configurations that are mildly curvilinear.  (Please see Illustration 1 in the Appendix following this chapter.)  (Ord. 948, passed 2-1-94)
   CONVALESCENT/REST HOMES. Also known as nursing homes, these are facilities licensed by the California State Department of Health Services. These facilities house one (1) or more individuals in a single room with bathroom facilities and provide intensive medical and nursing care, including twenty-four (24)-hour availability of licensed nursing personnel. Residents are often convalescing from serious illness or surgery and require continuous observation and medical supervision, or will reside in the facility as a long-term resident. Does not include residential care facilities.
(Ord. 581, passed 11-18-75; Am. Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   CONVENIENCE STORES. See MINI-MARKETS.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   CONVENTIONAL GRADING.  Grading characterized by essentially linear (in plan), planar slopes surfaces with unvarying gradients and angular-slope intersections resulting in pad configurations that are rectangular and uncommonly found in natural slopes.  (Please see Illustration 2 in the Appendix following this chapter.) (Ord. 948, passed 2-1-94)
   CORNER CUT-OFF.  The provision for maintenance of adequate and safe visibility for vehicular and pedestrian traffic at all intersections of streets, alleys, or private driveways.
   COUNTY MEDIAN INCOME.  The mid-point of all household incomes within Orange County as established yearly by the State Department of Housing and Community Development.
(Ord. 934, passed 3-2-93)
   COVERAGE. See BUILDING or PARCEL COVERAGE.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   COURT.  An open unoccupied space, other than a yard on the same lot with a building or buildings and bounded on three (3) or more sides by such building and/or buildings.
(Ord. 708, passed 1-20-81)
   CRIB WALL.  Soil retention wall system composed of concrete material in a cross-hatch pattern with rectangular openings for plants to grow.
   CUSTOM LOT.  A lot that contains at least ten thousand (10,000) square feet of pad and on which a custom-designed structure will be built.
   CUT.  A portion of land surface or areas from which the earth has been removed or will be removed by excavation; the depth below the original ground surface or excavating surface.
(Ord. 948, passed 2-1-94)
   CUT AND FILL.  The excavating of earth material in one (1) place and depositing of it as fill in an adjacent place.
(Ord. 948, passed 2-1-94)
   CYBER CAFES.  See ARCADES.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   DANCE STUDIOS. Any facility in which classes are offered and held on a regular basis that teach the techniques of any dance, aerobic routine, martial art, or other similar activity for compensation. The use may include facilities for the occasional recital performance of the classes for persons enrolled in the class.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   DANCING AND LIVE ENTERTAINMENT. A commercial facility where patrons come to dance to live or recorded music or simply enjoy entertainment performed by live entertainers.
   DAY CARE CENTERS. See CHILD DAY CARE FACILITIES.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   DAYLIGHT LINE.  The line between finished grade and natural terrain drawn by connecting points where proposed contours meet existing contours.
(Ord. 948, passed 2-1-94)
   DEDICATION. The turning over by an owner or developer of private land for public use, and the acceptance of land for the stated use by the governmental agency having jurisdiction over the public function for which it will be used. Dedications for roads, parks, school sites, or other public uses often are made conditions for approval of a development by the city.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   DEFENSIBLE SPACE. The area between a structure and a potential oncoming wildfire where the vegetation has been modified to reduce the wildfire threat and which provides an opportunity to effectively defend the structure.  This is also known as SURVIVABLE SPACE.
   DENSITY. The total number of permanent residential dwelling units for each acre of land, exclusive of all existing public streets and rights-of-way.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   DENSITY BONUSES.  As defined by Cal. Gov't Code §§ 65915 et seq., an increased residential density of at least twenty-five percent (25%) over the maximum authorized density which is granted to an owner/developer of a housing project agreeing to construct a prescribed percentage of very low and/or low income dwelling units. See Chapter 20.32 (Affordable Housing Requirements and Incentives).
(Ord. 934, passed 3-2-93; Am. Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   DEPARTMENT. The City of Brea Department of Development Services, referred to in this Zoning Code as the "Department."
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   DESIGNATED HISTORIC RESOURCES.  Resources within the city limits that have special historic, cultural, aesthetic, or architectural character, interest, or value as part of the development, heritage, or history of the city, region, state, or nation and that have been nominated and designated pursuant to Chapter 20.60 of this title, or listed in the California State Historic Landmarks, or in the National Register of Historic Places.
(Ord. 953, passed 6-21-94)
   DETACHED UNIT.  A dwelling that is not connected or any way attached to any other dwelling unit.
   DETENTION BASINS.  A basin for the temporary storage of stormwater in a best management practice, which is used to control the peak discharge rates, and which provides gravity settling of pollutants.
   DEVELOPER.  A person, firm, corporation, partnership, or association who proposed to develop or subdivide real property for oneself or others.
(Ord. 905, passed 5-21-91; Am. Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   DEVELOPMENT AGREEMENTS. An agreement duly entered into in compliance with state law (Cal. Gov't Code §§  65864 et seq.). See Chapter 20.66 (Development Agreements).
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   DEVELOPMENT PROJECT. A project in which one or more lots or parcels of land are to be developed or redeveloped as a coordinated site for a complex of uses, units, or structures including, planned development and/or cluster development for residential, commercial, institutional, recreational, open space, and/or mixed uses.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   DIRECTOR..  The Community Development Director.  Where this staff title is no longer used by the city, the staff position most closely associated with this position, as determined by the City Manager, shall be the designated authority. 
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06; Am. Ord. 1191, passed 3-21-17)
   DOMESTICATED ANIMAL. Any animal customarily kept by humans as household pets (e.g., dogs, cats, birds, rabbits, hamsters, mice, turtles, etc.). Does not include farm animal or wild animal.
   DRIP LINE.  Area around the tree trunk that generally includes the spread of the tree branches.  It also may refer to that area around a structure that is beneath the roof overhang.
   DRIVE-IN RESTAURANT or REFRESHMENT STAND.  Any place or premises used for sale, dispensing, or serving of food, refreshments or beverages which may be eaten in automobiles on the premises and including those establishments where customers may serve themselves and may eat or drink the food, refreshments or beverages on the premises.
   DRIVE-THROUGH RESTAURANT.  Any place or premises serving food, refreshments or beverages designed with a drive-up window such that customers do not have to exit their motor vehicles in order to purchase same.
(Ord. 635, passed 10-4-77)
   DRIVEWAY. A private roadway or access way providing direct vehicular access to an approved garage, parking lot, or parking space. A driveway shall not count as open space.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   DROUGHT-TOLERANT PLANT MATERIALS.  Those plants that tolerate heavy clay to sandy soil with the use of limited supplemental water. These plants are able to thrive with deep, infrequent watering once their root systems are established (three (3) to twelve (12) month average time period). These plants include those that naturally grow in areas of limited natural water supply (native and non-native plant species) and are adaptable to weather and soil conditions prevalent in the city.
(Am. Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   DRUG STORES. See PHARMACIES/DRUG STORES.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   DRY CLEANING SERVICE, DROP-OFF ONLY. A business which offers retail laundry service, at which garments are dropped-off for cleaning but no dry cleaning services are performed on the premises.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   DUPLEXES.  See DWELLING, TWO-FAMILY.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   DWELLING.  A building or portion thereof designed and used exclusively for residential occupancy including one (1) family, two (2) family, and multiple dwellings, but not including hotels, boarding and rooming houses.
   DWELLING, MULTI-FAMILY.  A structure, or portion of a structure, providing occupancy for three (3) or more families living independently of each other. Also includes: triplexes, fourplexes, townhouse developments (three (3) or more attached single-family dwellings where no unit is located over another unit), and senior citizen multi-family housing.
(Am. Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   DWELLING, SINGLE-FAMILY, ATTACHED.  A dwelling unit occupied or intended for occupancy by only one (1) household which is structurally connected with at least one (1) other dwelling unit. A single-family dwelling unit contains only one (1) kitchen.
(Am. Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   DWELLING, SINGLE-FAMILY DETACHED. A detached structure containing no more than one (1) dwelling unit which, regardless of form of ownership, is designed and/or used to house not more than one (1) household, including all domestic employees of the family. A single-family dwelling unit contains only one (1) kitchen.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   DWELLING, TWO-FAMILY.  A structure containing no more than two (2)  dwelling units.
(Am. Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   DWELLING UNIT.  A mobile home or structure or portion thereof, including a manufactured home or portion thereof, which contains eating and sleeping areas, sanitation as required by the Municipal Code, and one (1)  kitchen area, and which is designed or used for the shelter or housing of one (1) or more persons.
(Am. Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   EARTHWORK.  Excavation and embankment of earth.
   EDGE.  The perimeter areas of a development plan.
   EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS, PRIVATE OR PUBLIC. An institution (e.g., a private or public school, college, or university) accredited by the State Board of Education to give academic instruction.
      1.   SCHOOLS, SPECIALIZED EDUCATION AND TRAINING. See COMMERCIAL TRADE SCHOOLS.
      2.   SCHOOLS-K-12.  An institution which offers instructions in the several branches of learning and study required to be taught in the public schools by the State Education Code. Includes elementary, middle, junior high, and high schools serving kindergarten through 12th grade students. Pre-schools and child day care are included under the definitions of CHILD DAY CARE FACILITIES.
      3.   UNIVERSITIES/COLLEGES.  Includes community colleges, public colleges, universities, and technical schools granting associate arts degrees, certificates, undergraduate, and graduate degrees, and requiring for admission at least a high school diploma or equivalent general academic training.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   EFFECTIVE BULK.  The effective visual bulk of a structure when seen from a distance or from above or below.
(Ord. 948, passed 2-1-94)
   ELECTRICAL CODE.  See BUILDING CODE, ELECTRICAL CODE and FIRE CODE.  (Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   ELECTRONIC, RADIO, STEREO, TELEVISION, AND/OR VIDEO EQUIPMENT SALES. See RETAIL STORE, GENERAL MERCHANDISE.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   ELEVATION.  Vertical distance in feet above sea level.
(Ord. 948, passed 2-1-94)
   EMERGENCY SHELTER. A facility that provides immediate and short-term housing and may offer supplemental services to homeless persons or families on a first-come first-serve basis where people must vacate the facility each morning and have no guaranteed bed for the next night. Supplemental services may include counseling, food, and access to social programs. 
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06; Am. Ord. 1128, passed 10-20-09)
   EMPLOYEE.  Any person employed by a firm, person(s), business, educational institution, nonprofit agency or corporation, government agency, or other entity.
(Ord. 905, passed 5-21-91)
   EMPLOYER.  Any person(s), firm, business, educational institution, government agency, nonprofit agency or corporation, or other entity, and may either be a property owner or tenant of an applicable development project.
(Ord. 905, passed 5-21-91)
   EMPLOYMENT GENERATION FACTORS.  Refers to factors developed for use by the jurisdiction for projecting the potential employment of any proposed new development project.
(Ord. 905, passed 5-21-91)
   EQUIPMENT RENTAL ESTABLISHMENTS. Service establishments which offer a wide variety of materials and equipment for rent, including business equipment (e.g., computers, copiers, desks, projectors, etc.) and equipment and supplies for parties and other social events (e.g., chairs, fountains, glassware, linens, tables, etc.), all available within an enclosed structure.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   EROSION.  The process by which the soil and rock components of the earth’s crust are worn away and removed from one place to another by natural forces such as weathering, solution, and transportation.
(Ord. 948, passed 2-1-94)
   EXCAVATION.  The removal of earth material, including soil and rocks.
   EXPORT.  Excess earth material that is removed from a grading project and deposited off-site.
(Ord. 948, passed 2-1-94)
   FACE OF CURB.  The location at which the pavement section of a street ends and curb begins.
   FACILITY(IES).  The total of all buildings, structures, and grounds that encompass a worksite, at either single or multiple locations, that comprises or is associated with an applicable development project.
(Ord. 905, passed 5-21-91)
   FAMILY.  One (1) or more persons living together as a single housekeeping unit in a dwelling unit, or any residential care facility or group home, shall be permitted as allowed under state and federal law. See SINGLE HOUSEKEEPING UNIT.
(Ord. 1184, passed 9-20-16)
   FENCES. A solid or open barrier other than a wall above ground intended to enclose or mark a boundary, usually made of posts and wire or wood.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   FILL.  The depositing of soil, rock or other materials by other than natural means.
(Ord. 948, passed 2-1-94)
   FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS.  See BANKS AND FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   FINISH GRADE.  The final elevation of the ground surface after development, which is in conformance with the approved plans.
(Ord. 948, passed 2-1-94)
   FIRE CODE.  See BUILDING CODE, ELECTRICAL CODE and FIRE CODE.  (Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   FLOOR AREA, GROSS.  See GROSS FLOOR AREA.
   FLOOR AREA RATIO (FAR). The total gross area of all structures on a parcel divided by the parcel area (FAR). For the purpose of calculating floor area, floor area shall:
      1.   Not include carports, elevator shafts, exterior courts, and garages; and
      2.   Be calculated based on the exterior faces of walls.
(Am. Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   FLORIST SHOPS. Retail establishments primarily engaged in selling cut flowers, floral arrangements, and potted plants purchased from others. These establishments customarily prepare the arrangements they sell. See RETAIL STORES, GENERAL MERCHANDISE.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   FUEL MODIFICATION ZONE (FMZ).  A fuel modification zone is a wide strip of land where combustible vegetation has been removed and/or modified and partially or totally replaced with drought-tolerant, fire-resistive plants to provide an acceptable level of risk from wildland fires.
   FURNITURE/FURNISHINGS, RENTALS, REPAIR, SALES, AND SERVICE STORES. Retail stores primarily renting, repairing, and selling: home furnishings including draperies, floor coverings, furniture, glass and chinaware, refrigerators, stoves, other household electrical and gas appliances including televisions and home sound systems and outdoor furniture including lawn furniture, spas, and hot tubs. Also includes the retail sale of office furniture and pianos.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   GARAGE.  Any detached accessory building, or an accessory portion of a principal building enclosed on three (3) sides by permanent walls, having a roof and a vehicle entrance door, and designed to be used primarily for the shelter and storage of motor vehicles owned or operated by the occupants of the principal buildings.
   GARAGE, PRIVATE.  Any detached accessory building, or an accessory portion of a principal building enclosed on three (3) sides by permanent walls, having a roof and a vehicle entrance door, and designed to be used primarily for the shelter and storage of motor vehicles owned or operated by the occupants of the principal buildings.
(Ord. 478, passed 12-14-70)
   GARAGES, PUBLIC.  A structure other than a private garage where vehicles are parked or stored for hire or remuneration.
(Am. Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   GARDEN CENTERS. Commercial agricultural establishments engaged in the production of ornamental plants and other nursery products, grown under cover or outdoors. Includes stores selling these products, nursery stock, lawn and garden supplies, and commercial scale greenhouses. The sale of house plants or other nursery products entirely within a structure is also included as an accessory use under RETAIL STORES, GENERAL MERCHANDISE and HARDWARE STORES. Home greenhouses are included under ACCESSORY USES AND STRUCTURES.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-07-06)
   GENERAL PLAN.  The General Plan of the City of Brea adopted in compliance with Cal. Gov't Code §§ 65301 et seq. and adopted by the Council.
(Am. Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   GEOGRIDS. Net-shaped, synthetic, polymer-coated fibers that are used to reinforce earth-fill slope, wall, and base layer construction.  Incorporated in the base layers of paved or finished surfaces, or in surface layers of walls and slopes, they provide a stabilizing force within the soil structure itself.
   GOVERNMENT ENTERPRISES. Facilities owned or operated by a governmental entity (e.g., city, county, state, or federal government).
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   GOVERNOR’S APPEAL BOARD.  A board formed to review the appeal by an applicant, of an off- site hazardous waste facility land use decision disapproved by the city or one (1) or more conditions of approval placed on an approved off-site hazardous waste facility, or an appeal by an interested person, based solely on the ground that the conditions imposed do not adequately protect the public health, safety, or welfare.
(Ord. 924, passed 8-4-92)
   GRADE.  The average level of the finished ground surfaces surrounding a structure.
(Am. Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   GRADING.  To bring an existing surface to a designed form by excavating, filling, or landforming operations.
(Ord. 948, passed 2-1-94)
   GROCERY STORES.  See RETAIL STORES, GENERAL MERCHANDISE.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   GROSS ACREAGE.  See ACREAGE, GROSS.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   GROSS FLOOR AREA.  The area included within the surrounding exterior finish wall surface of a structure or portion thereof, exclusive of courtyards.
(Am. Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   GUEST HOUSE.  This term shall mean ACCESSORY LIVING QUARTERS.  Living quarters within a detached accessory building located on the same premises with the main building, for use by temporary guests of the occupant of the premises, such quarters having no kitchen facilities and not rented or otherwise used as a separate dwelling unit.
   GUEST ROOM.  A single room with or without bath and without kitchen or cooking facilities, of permanent type construction, and attached to the main dwelling or an accessory building, which room is intended and used primarily for temporary guests of the occupants of the main building on the building site on which such guest room is located, and not rented or otherwise used as a separate dwelling.
   HARDSCAPE. Decorative elements that may be combined with landscaping to satisfy the landscaping requirements of this Zoning Code. HARDSCAPE elements include, but are not necessarily limited to, natural features (e.g., rock and stone) and structural features (e.g., art works, benches, fences, fountains, reflecting pools, screens, swimming pools, and walls) and crushed granite.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   HARDWARE STORES. Retail establishments primarily engaged in selling a general line of new hardware items (e.g., builder's hardware and tools). May also offer a general line of new home repair and improvement materials and supplies (e.g., electrical goods, hardware, housewares, lawn and garden supplies, lumber, paint, and plumbing goods). The merchandise lines are normally arranged in separate departments.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   HAZARDOUS WASTE.  A waste, or combination of wastes, which because of its quantity, concentration, toxicity, corrosiveness, mutagenicity, or inflammability, or physical, chemical, or infectious characteristics may:
      1.   Cause, or significantly contribute to, an increase in mortality or an increase in serious irreversible, or incapacitating reversible illness; or
      2.   Pose a substantial present or potential hazard to human health or the environment when improperly treated, stored, transported, or disposed of, or otherwise managed.
(Ord. 924, passed 8-4-92)
   HAZARDOUS WASTE FACILITY.  A project undertaken for the purpose of siting and constructing a new off-site hazardous waste facility, or for the purpose of significantly expanding or modifying an existing hazardous waste facility that is being used or operated under a permit, or the granting of an interim status pursuant to the Cal. Health & Safety Code.
(Ord. 924, passed 8-4-92)
   HEALTH/FITNESS CENTERS. Fitness facilities, gymnasiums, health and athletic clubs including indoor sauna, spa, or hot tub facilities; handball, indoor tennis, racquetball, and other indoor sports activities.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   HEALTH AND SAFETY ASSESSMENT.  A technical and environmental evaluation of a proposed hazardous waste facility, site, and surrounding area prior to approval of a local permit.  The assessment will consider the qualities and the physical and chemical characteristics of the specific types of waste that would be handled.  The assessment will include a hydraulic evaluation as well as risks due to flooding, earthquakes, and potential water or air pollution.  It is not intended that the Health and Safety Assessment duplicate information developed for an environmental impact report or risk assessments required under local, state, and federal regulations.
(Ord. 924, passed 8-4-92)
   HILLSIDE AREA.  Any property containing slope areas of ten percent (10%) or greater.
(Ord. 948, passed 2-1-94)
   HISTORIC RESOURCE.  Any improvement listed in the Brea Historic Resources Register, as established in § 20.60.040.
(Ord. 953, passed 6-21-94)
   HOME OCCUPATIONS. A clearly accessory commercial activity or business service conducted in a residential dwelling unit, only by residents of the unit, in a manner clearly incidental to the residential character of the site and surrounding neighborhood.
(Ord. 516, passed 7-3-73; Am. Ord. 1025, passed 7-20-99; Am. Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   HORIZONTAL AND VERTICAL BUILDING ENVELOPES.  The maximum width and height of a structure based on minimum setback requirements and maximum building height limitations for the zone within which the project is located.  These envelopes may be utilized to evaluate visual impacts when specific architectural plans are not provided for subdivision review.
   HOSPITALS.  An institution, designed within an integrated campus setting for the diagnosis, care, and treatment of human illness, including surgery and primary treatment.
(Am. Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   HOTELS.  Guest rooms or suites, provided with or without meals or kitchen facilities, rented to the general public for overnight or other temporary lodging. Access to the individual guest rooms is generally from an interior hallway. Also includes incidental services that are customarily provided by a hotel, for the convenience of hotel guests (e.g., food service, recreational facilities, and retail services), public banquet, meeting, and reception rooms, and accessory guest facilities (e.g., elevators, indoor athletic facilities, swimming pools, and tennis courts).
(Ord. 776, passed 3-16-82; Am. Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   HOUSEHOLD. One (1) or more persons occupying a dwelling.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   HOUSEHOLD PET.  Any domesticated animal normally kept as a pet.
   HYDROZONES.  Areas in an irrigation system that necessitate specific watering requirements due to plant material type.
(Ord. 932, passed 1-19-93)
   IMMOBILE POPULATIONS.  Schools, hospitals, convalescent homes, prisons, facilities for the mentally ill, or other similar facilities.
(Ord. 932, passed 1-19-93)
   IMPACT AREA.  Area(s) where natural ground surface is impacted or disturbed by grading activities.
   IMPERVIOUS.  Land surfaces which do not allow, or minimally allow, the penetration of water.
   IMPROVEMENT.  Any construction, building, landscaping, or paving activity which materially adds to the value of a facility, substantially extends its useful life, or adapts it to new uses. Repairs performed for the purpose of maintaining a facility in good operating condition but which do not materially add to the value of a facility or substantially extend its useful life are not considered improvements.
(Ord. 953, passed 6-21-94; Am. Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   IN-LIEU FEE.  An amount of money paid to the city by a developer in place of construction of the required affordable unit(s).
(Ord. 934, passed 3-2-93)
   INDOOR AMUSEMENT/ ENTERTAINMENT/ RECREATION CENTERS. Indoor establishments providing amusement/entertainment/recreation services for a fee or admission charge, including: arcades emphasizing coin operated amusements and/or electronic games; bowling alleys; dance halls, clubs and ballrooms, and billiard parlors and pool halls, that are principal uses rather than being subordinate to a bar or restaurant; ice skating, and roller skating; skateboard ramps, and trampoline centers. Does not include ADULT BUSINESSES, which are separately defined.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   INSTITUTIONAL USES.  An organizational use of a public character including charitable, cultural, educational, government, medical, non-profit, religious, scientific research, social, and sometimes recreational or entertainment uses.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   INTERESTED PERSONS.  A person who participates in one (1) or more public meetings or hearings held to consider an application for a conditional use permit or any land use decision for a project.  Participation includes, but is not limited to, attendance, submission of questions, or giving oral and written testimony at a meeting or hearing.
(Ord. 932, passed 1-19-93)
   INTERIOR DECORATING, DRAPERY, DESIGN SHOPS.  Establishments primarily engaged in planning, designing, and administering projects in interior spaces to meet the aesthetic and physical needs of people using them, taking into consideration building codes, floor planning, health and safety regulations, traffic patterns, and mechanical and electrical needs. This industry also includes interior decorating consultants engaged exclusively in providing aesthetic services associated with interior spaces. May also include the sale of new sewing supplies, draperies, fabrics, patterns, yarns, and other related accessories.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   INTERMEDIATE SLOPES.  Two to one (2:1) slopes less than ten (10) vertical feet in height used chiefly for utilitarian purposes and are not readily visible such as side slopes and buried water tanks.
   INVASIVE SPECIES.  Non-native species whose introduction does or is likely to cause economic or environmental harm or harm to human health and which tend to disrupt natural ecosystems by displacing native species.
   JUNIOR ACCESSORY DWELLING UNIT. A unit that is no more than five hundred (500) square feet in size and contained entirely within a single-family residence. A JUNIOR ACCESSORY DWELLING UNIT may include separate sanitation facilities, or may share sanitation facilities with the existing structure.
(Ord. 1220, passed 3-16-21)
   JURISDICTIONAL WETLANDS.  Wetlands that fall under the authority of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers under § 404 of the U.S. Water Act.
   KITCHEN. Any room, all or part of which is designed and/or used for cooking, refrigeration, storage, and the preparation of food and which contains any combination of facilities of sufficient size for the preparation of meals:
      1.   A cooking appliance,
      2.   A refrigeration facility, and
      3.   One (1) or more sinks.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   KNOLL.  A small natural round hill or mound.
(Ord. 948, passed 2-1-94)
   LAND USE DECISION.  A discretionary decision by the city concerning a project, including, but not limited to, the issuance of a land use permit or a conditional use permit, the granting of a variance, the subdivision of property, and the modification of existing property lines.
(Ord. 924, passed 8-4-92)
   LANDFORM GRADING.  Characterized by a variety of shapes including convex and concave forms that mimic stable natural slopes.  They are non-linear in plan view, have varying slope gradients, and significant transition zones between human-made and natural slopes resulting in pad configurations that are irregular.  (Please see Illustration 3 in the Appendix following this chapter.)
(Ord. 948, passed 2-1-94)
   LANDFORM PLANTING.  A landscaping concept which replicates natural landscape patterns found in hillside conditions including irregular visual planes when viewed in cross section, propensity for plant groupings in valleys as opposed to ridges, etc.
(Ord. 948, passed 2-1-94)
   LANDSCAPE AREA.  Part of the property exclusively set aside for living plant materials and associated non-living ornamental materials such as mulch, fencing, walls or decorative rock.
(Ord. 932, passed 1-19-93)
   LANDSCAPING. Areas devoted to, or developed and maintained predominantly with, native or exotic plant materials including lawn, ground cover, trees, shrubs, and other plant materials. Landscaping may also include small amounts of accessory decorative outdoor landscape elements (e.g., hardscape) (e.g., fountains, paved or decorated surfaces, and pools), all of which are suitably designed, selected, installed, and maintained to enhance a site.
(Am. Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   LANDSCAPING SCREEN.  The planting and continued maintenance of a compact screen of evergreen shrubbery forming a physical barrier or enclosure not less than six (6) feet in height, composed of materials selected from the city’s list of acceptable screen landscaping plant materials.  Minimum size of materials planted shall be as specified on the city list.  An adequate irrigation system is required.
   LAUNDROMATS, SELF-SERVICE AND DRY CLEANING, DROP-OFF ONLY.  See DRY CLEANING SERVICE, DROP-OFF ONLY.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   LEVEL OF SERVICE (LOS).  A measure of the operational quality of a road or intersection ranging from LOS A (best) to LOS F (worst).
(Ord. 905, passed 5-21-91)
   LIBRARIES. Public or quasi-public facilities including arboretums, art exhibitions, botanical gardens, historic sites and exhibits, and libraries, which are generally non-commercial in nature.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   LIQUOR ESTABLISHMENTS. A retail activity that is primarily devoted to the selling of alcoholic beverages as a stand alone bar or tavern, or in conjunction with a restaurant or nightclub facility, for consumption on the premises.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   LIQUOR STORES. A retail activity that is primarily devoted to the selling of alcoholic beverages, including beer and wine, for consumption off the premises. A license is required from the California Department of Alcoholic Beverage Control (ABC).
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   LIVE/WORK FACILITIES. An integrated dwelling unit and working space (e.g., the creation and retail sales of arts and crafts), occupied and utilized by a single housekeeping unit in a structure that has been modified or designed to accommodate joint residential occupancy and work activity located in a commercial, industrial, or mixed-use zoning district, and which includes complete kitchen and sanitary facilities in compliance with applicable building standards and working space reserved for and regularly used by one or more occupants of the unit.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   LOADED STREET.  A street from which a private driveway or driveways takes direct access.
   LOADING SPACE.  An off-street space or berth that is on the same parcel as the structure(s) it services; abuts a street, alley, or other appropriate means of access; and is used for the temporary parking of a commercial vehicle that is being loaded or unloaded with merchandise, materials, or people.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   LOCAL ASSESSMENT COMMITTEE (LAC).  A state-required committee of locally appointed representatives, designed to negotiate with the proponents of a proposed hazardous waste facility.  The membership, duties, and mission of the Committee are defined by the California Health and Safety Code.
(Ord. 924, passed 8-4-92)
   LODGE. See CLUBS OR LODGES.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   LOFFELSTEIN WALLS.  Retaining wall system based on pre-cast concrete units that stack and interlock by friction to create a gravity style retaining wall.
   LOT.  A parcel of land, as shown on a subdivision map or Assessor’s Parcel Map, occupied or intended for occupancy by one (1) main building, together with any accessory buildings including the open spaces required of the hillside regulations and having adequate frontage on a public or private street.
   LOT, CORNER.  A lot located at the intersection of two (2) or more streets.  A lot abutting on a curved street or streets shall be considered a corner lot if straight lines drawn from the foremost points of the side lot lines to the foremost point of the lot meet at an interior angle of less than one hundred thirty-five degrees (135°).
   LOT, DEPTH.  The horizontal distance between the front and rear lot lines measured in the mean direction of the side lot lines.
   LOT, DOUBLE FRONTAGE.  A lot having frontage on two (2) streets.
   LOT, FRONTAGE.  That dimension of a lot or portion of a lot abutting on a street except the side dimension of a corner lot.
   LOT, INTERIOR.  A lot other than a corner or reversed corner lot.
   LOT, KEY.  The first lot to the rear of a reversed corner lot whether or not separated by an alley.
   LOT, REVERSED CORNER.  A corner lot, the side line of which is substantially a continuation of the front lot lines of the lots to its rear; whether across an alley or not.
   LOT, THROUGH.  A lot having a frontage on two (2) parallel or approximately parallel dedicated streets, not including a corner or reversed corner lot.
   LOT, WIDTH.  The horizontal distance between the side lot lines, measured at right angles to the lot depth at a point midway between the front and rear lot lines.
   LOT AREA.  The computed area contained within the lot lines.  If there is a recorded subdivision or parcel map, LOT LINES as defined herein shall be located as shown thereon.
(Ord. 494, passed 10-26-72)
   LOT LINE or PROPERTY LINE. Any recorded boundary of a parcel. Types of lot lines are as follows.
      1. FRONT LOT LINE. The line separating the narrowest street frontage of the parcel from the street right-of-way, except in those cases where the subdivision or parcel map specifies another line as the front lot line. On through lots or corner lots, the Director shall determine which property line is the front lot line.
      2.   INTERIOR OR SIDE LOT LINE. Any lot line other than the front or rear lot lines. 
      3.   REAR LOT LINE.  The lot line opposite and most distant from the front lot line; or in the case of an irregularly shaped parcel, a straight line not less than ten (10) feet long entirely within the parcel and most nearly parallel to, and at the maximum distance from, the front lot line.
(Am. Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   LOW-TO-MODERATE INCOME HOUSING.  A dwelling unit affordable to households whose gross income is less than one hundred twenty percent (120%) of the county median income adjusted for family size.
(Ord. 934, passed 3-2-93)
   LOW WATER FLOW IRRIGATION. A system of watering plant material using drip/trickle, reduced water emitting devices, low precipitation heads, soaker lines, or other similar mechanisms that restricts the amount of water in gallons per minute to allow for deep percolation into the soil. The low water flow irrigation system, combined with watering practices outlined in this Zoning Code, will reduce water loss through evaporation, wind drift, and overwatering.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   MAJOR ALTERATION TO HISTORIC STRUCTURE(S).  Any change or modification to the character-defining, significant physical feature, or visual quality of historic properties as established in § 20.60.040 of this title, such as changes to the exterior of historic structure(s) or changes to architectural details or visual characteristics of the historic structure(s), the cost of which is more than twenty-five percent (25%) of the building valuation prior to alteration as determined by the City Building and Safety Manager.
(Ord. 953, passed 6-21-94)
   MANUFACTURED SLOPE.  Human-made slope created by grading that consists wholly of cut or filled material.
   MASS GRADING.  The movement of large quantities of earth over large areas.  Disruption of the majority of the on-site surface terrain is common and often results in a successive pad/terrace configuration.  Modification or elimination of natural landforms may result.
(Ord. 948, passed 2-1-94)
   MASSAGE.  Any method of treating the external parts of the human body for remedial, health, or hygienic purposes by means of pressure on or friction against; or stroking, kneading, rubbing, tapping, pounding; or stimulating the external parts of the human body, with or without the aid of any mechanical or electrical apparatus or appliances; or with or without supplementary aids, such as rubbing alcohol, liniments, antiseptics, oils, powders, creams, lotions, ointments, or other similar preparations.
(Ord. 890, passed 6-19-90)
   MASSAGE THERAPY. Therapeutic (non-sexual) rubbing or kneading of parts of non-specified anatomical areas of the body to aid circulation or to relax muscles, provided by a licensed professional.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   MEAT MARKETS OR DELICATESSENS. See RETAIL STORES, GENERAL MERCHANDISE.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   MEDICALSERVICES, CLINICS/OFFICES.  Facilities primarily engaged in furnishing outpatient medical, mental health, surgical, and other personal health services. These include: medical, dental, optical, and psychiatric offices (counseling services by other than medical doctors or psychiatrists are included under OFFICES); out-patient care facilities; emergency room services; and allied health services. Associations or groups primarily engaged in providing medical or other health services to members are included.
(Ord. 689, passed 1-15-80; Am. Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   MEDICAL SERVICES, LABORATORIES. Facilities primarily engaged in furnishing medical and dental laboratory services.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   MEETING HALLS, PUBLIC OR PRIVATE. A facility for public or private meetings, not including sports or other commercial entertainment facilities, or convention centers. Includes clubs, lodges, and private meeting halls, community centers, and places of worship (e.g., churches, mosques, synagogues, etc.), civic and private auditoriums, grange halls, union halls, etc. Related accessory on-site facilities (e.g., day care centers and schools) are separately defined, and separately regulated by Article 2 (Zoning Districts, Allowable Land Uses, and Zoning District Standards).
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   MEMBERSHIP ORGANIZATION FACILITIES. Permanent, headquarters-type, and meeting facilities for organizations operating on a membership basis for the promotion of the interests of the members, including facilities for business associations; civic, social, and fraternal organizations; labor unions and similar organizations; political organizations; professional membership organizations; other membership organizations.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   MINI-MARKETS. A high-volume retail facility that sells a variety of products for consumption off-premises, including but not limited to alcoholic beverages, food and beverages, household goods, magazines, snacks, and accessory motor vehicle supplies. May include the incidental sale of food items on site. These stores may be part of a service station or an independent facility. See RETAIL STORES, GENERAL MERCHANDISE.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   MINIMAL GRADING.  Grading that is limited to the individual flat pad areas for residential building sites, with minimal cut and fill. Grading shall be limited to only the required building area and adjoining infrastructure.
(Ord. 948, passed 2-1-94)
   MINOR ALTERATION TO HISTORIC STRUCTURE(S).  Any change or modification to the character-defining, significant physical feature, or visual quality of historic properties as established in § 20.60.040 of this title, such as changes to the exterior of the historic structure(s) or changes to architectural details or visual characteristics of the historic structure(s), the cost of which does not exceed twenty-five percent (25%) of building valuation prior to alteration as determined by the City Building and Safety Manager.
(Ord. 953, passed 6-21-94)
   MIXED-USE DEVELOPMENTS.  A project that combines both commercial (e.g., retail, office, etc.) and residential uses, where the residential component is generally located either above or behind the commercial portion of the development.
(Ord. 905, passed 5-21-91; Am. Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   MOBILE HOME.  A structure transportable in one (1) or more sections, designed and equipped to contain not more than two (2) dwelling units to be used with or without a foundation system.  MOBILE HOME does not include a recreational vehicle, commercial coach, or factory-built housing.
(Ord. 699, passed 7-1-80)
   MORATORIUM. A temporary halting or severe restriction on specified development activities.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   MOTELS.  Guest rooms or suites, provided with or without meals or kitchen facilities, rented to the general public for overnight or other temporary lodging. Access to the individual guest rooms is generally from an exterior walkway. Also includes accessory guest facilities (including accessory retail uses, elevators, indoor athletic facilities, swimming pools, and tennis courts).
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   MOTOR VEHICLE PARTS AND SUPPLIES. Retail stores that sell new motor vehicle parts, tires, and accessories. Does not include minor vehicle maintenance or parts installation.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   MOTOR VEHICLES. A vehicle bearing a current license plate used primarily for transporting people on streets and highways. Does not include recreational vehicles or other equipment or vehicles used primarily for purposes other than transporting people on streets and highways.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   MULCH. Shredded or chipped wood from tree branches, tree trunks, uncontaminated wood products, or lumber. This material is often mixed with leaves and grass clippings for optimal effect.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06) 
   MULTI-FAMILY DWELLING UNITS. See DWELLING, MULTI-FAMILY.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   MULTI-TENANT. More than one (1) tenant occupying a site or structure where each tenant is operating under a separate lease agreement with the property owner.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   MUNICIPAL CODE. The City of Brea Municipal Code and all amendments.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   MUSEUMS. Public or semi-public facilities including aquariums, arboretums, art exhibitions, botanical gardens, historic sites and exhibits, museums, and planetariums, which are generally non-commercial in nature.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   MUSIC (RECORD) STORES.  See RETAIL STORES, GENERAL MERCHANDISE.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   NATIVE PLANTS.  Plant species occurring naturally and native to a given ecosystem or plant community.
   NATURAL SLOPE.  A slope that is not man-made.  A NATURAL SLOPE may retain the natural vegetation during adjacent grading operations or it may be partially or completely removed and replanted.  A NATURAL SLOPE is a slope that has not been graded nor the surface manufactured in any manner other than by natural forces.
(Ord. 948, passed 2-1-94)
   NATURAL VEGETATION.  Plant materials which are indigenous to the area and exist on a site prior to any construction or earth moving activity.
   NET ACREAGE.  See ACREAGE, NET.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   NIGHTCLUBS. Commercial establishments, with or without food service, providing opportunities for dancing, music, and other related forms of entertainment, including cabarets. These establishments may be part of a restaurant, where the food service is subordinate to the dancing and entertainment. Does not include adult entertainment.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   NONCOMMERCIAL KENNEL.  Any lot or premise in a residential zone in which four (4) or more dogs, or four (4) or more cats, or six (6) other small household pets, or any combination thereof, at least four (4) months of age, are kept, boarded or trained, within or without special buildings or runaways.
(Ord. 920, passed 5-19-92)
   NONCONFORMING BUILDING.  A building or structure or portion thereof which was designed, and erected or structurally altered prior to the effective date of these regulations or any subsequent amendments thereto, for a use which does not conform to the use regulations of the district in which it is located but which was a legally permitted use at the time of initial construction.
   NONCONFORMING LOT.  A legal parcel of land having less area, frontage, or dimensions than required in the zone in which it is located.
   NONCONFORMING PARCEL. Any subdivision of land that was lawfully established and in compliance with all applicable ordinances and laws at the time the parcel was subdivided, but which, due to a subsequently enacted ordinance or law, no longer complies with all the applicable regulations and standards of the zoning district in which the property is located. See Chapter 20.72 (Nonconforming Uses, Structures, and Parcels).
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   NONCONFORMING STRUCTURE. Any structure or improvement that was lawfully established and in compliance with all applicable ordinances and laws at the time it was erected, but which, due to a subsequently enacted ordinance or law, no longer complies with all the applicable regulations and standards of the zoning district in which it is located. See Chapter 20.72 (Nonconforming Uses, Structures, and Parcels).
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   NONCONFORMING USE.  A use or activity that was lawfully established and in compliance with all applicable ordinances and laws at the time it was undertaken, but which, due to a subsequently enacted ordinance or law, no longer complies with all the applicable regulations and standards of the zoning district in which the use is located. See Chapter 20.72 (Nonconforming Uses, Structures, and Parcels).
(Am. Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   NOXIOUS WEEDS.  Plant species designated as such by the Secretary of Agriculture, Secretary of the Interior, or by state law or regulation.  Generally, NOXIOUS WEEDS will possess one (1) or more of the characteristics of being aggressive and difficult to manage, parasitic, a carrier or host of serious insects or disease.  Other characteristics of NOXIOUS WEEDS are plants that are non-native, or new, to or not common to the United States or parts thereof.  NOXIOUS WEED species have extensive and costly impacts on human health, safety, commerce, recreation, and general well-being.  NOXIOUS WEEDS can adversely affect food production, wilderness values, wildlife habitat, visual quality, forage production, reforestation, recreational opportunities, natural wildfire regimes, and land values.
   NURSERY SCHOOL.  A school providing instruction and/or day care for pre-elementary school age children.
   NURSING HOME.  See RESIDENTIAL CARE FACILITY.
   OCCUPANCY, CHANGE OF.  A discontinuance of an existing use and the substitution therefor of a use of a different kind or class.
   OFF-SITE HAZARDOUS WASTE FACILITY.  Any structures, other appurtenances and improvements on the land, and all contiguous land serving more than one (1) producer of hazardous waste and used for treatment, transfer, storage, resource recovery, disposal, or recycling of hazardous waste including, but not limited to:
      1.   Incineration facility (i.e., rotary kiln, fluid bed, etc.);
      2.   Residual repository (receives only residuals from hazardous waste treatment facilities);
      3.   Stabilization/solidification facilities;
      4.   Chemical oxidation facilities;
      5.   Neutralization/precipitation facilities; or
      6.   Transfer/storage facilities.
(Ord. 924, passed 8-4-92)
   OFFICES, ADMINISTRATIVE OR EXECUTIVE. Offices of a business or industrial establishment, including a corporate headquarters.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   OFFICES, PROFESSIONAL.
      1.   Professional or government offices including:
         a.   Accounting, auditing and bookkeeping services.
         b.   Advertising agencies.
         c.   Architectural, engineering, planning, and surveying services.
         d.   Attorneys/law offices.
         e.   Clerical, secretarial, stenographic, and word processing services.
         f.   Counseling services.
         g.   Court reporting services.
         h.   Data processing and computer services.
         i.   Detective agencies and similar services.
         j.   Educational, scientific, and research organizations.
         k.   Employment.
         l.   Escrow.
         m.   Insurance agencies.
         n.   Governmental offices including agency and administrative office facilities.
         o.   Management, public relations, and consulting services philanthropic enterprises.
         p.   Philanthropic enterprises.
         q.   Photography and commercial art studios.
         r.   Political or philanthropic headquarters.
         s.   Public services/utilities.
         t.   Real estate agent/broker services.
         u.   Travel agencies.
         v.   Writers and artists offices outside the home.
         w.   Similar use as determined by the Director.
      2.   Does not include: medical offices, which are allowed under MEDICAL SERVICES,  CLINICS/ OFFICES that are incidental and accessory to another business or sales activity that is the principal use. Incidental offices that are customarily accessory to another use are allowed in any non-residential zoning district as part of an approved principal use.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   OPEN SPACE.  The area of a lot which is not occupied by building coverage, parking lot or driveway.
   OPEN SPACE, COMMON.  An outdoor area (does not include driveways/storage areas/walkways) within a development project that is not individually owned or dedicated for public use, but is designed and intended for the common use or enjoyment of all residents/tenants of the development project.
(Am. Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   OPEN SPACE, IMPROVED.  Open space that is developed for active recreational use with improvements such as, but not limited to, sports fields or turf area, sports courts, concrete or other decking area, playgrounds, and enclosed recreation buildings, all either for general public use or as common open space for a development project.
   OPEN SPACE, NATURAL.  Open space or area that is permanently set aside for public or private use and is not nor will be developed or improved in any manner beyond the establishment of trails and viewing areas.  The space may be used for passive recreation or may be reserved to protect or buffer natural areas.
   OPEN SPACE, PRIVATE. An outdoor area (does not include driveways/storage areas/walkways) within a development project that is reserved for use by the residents/tenants of a specific unit or portion of the site.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   OPEN SPACE, PUBLIC. Any parcel or area of land or water set aside, dedicated, designated, or reserved for public use or enjoyment.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   OUTDOOR LIVING SPACE.  An area on the lot that is kept free and clear of all buildings and is intended for outdoor activities.
   OUTDOOR RETAIL SALES AND ACTIVITIES. Permanent outdoor sales and rental establishments including auction yards, flea markets, lumber and other material sales yards, newsstands, outdoor facilities for the sale or rental of vehicles/equipments, and other uses where the business is not conducted entirely within an enclosed structure.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   OVERLAY ZONING DISTRICT, OR OVERLAY ZONE. A supplementary zoning designation that is applied to property in addition to a primary or base zoning district to highlight special regulations applicable to properties within the overlay district.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   OWNER/DEVELOPER/BUILDER. An individual, firm, association, syndicate, partnership or corporation having sufficient proprietary interest to seek development of land.
   PAD.  The flat buildable area of a lot that does not exceed two percent (2%) crossfall in any direction and does not include any slopes on which a building will be sited.
(Ord. 948, passed 2-1-94)
   PAD EDGE.  That component of a graded pad area defined by either the toe or top of a slope, whether artificially created or existing as a natural slope.
   PARCEL.
      1.   A recorded lot or parcel of land under single ownership, that:
         a.   Abuts at least one public street (with a minimum of twenty (20) feet of frontage) or any numbered or otherwise designated parcel of land; and
         b.   Was lawfully created as required by the Subdivision Map Act and city ordinances, including this Zoning Code, and is shown on:
            (1)    A recorded tract map,
            (2)   A record of survey map recorded in compliance with an approved division of land, or
            (3)   A parcel map.
      2.   Types of parcels include the following.
         a.   CORNER PARCEL. A lot or parcel of land abutting upon two (2) or more streets at their intersection, or upon two (2) parts of the same street forming an interior angle of not more than one hundred thirty-five (135) degrees. If the intersection angle is more than one hundred thirty-five (135) degrees, the parcel is considered an interior parcel.
         b.   CUL-DE-SAC PARCEL. A parcel located at any position on the circular portion of a cul-de-sac street, which is a street with a single common ingress and egress and with a vehicular turnaround.
         c.   FLAG PARCEL. A parcel having access from the building site to a public street by means of a narrow private right-of-way strip that is owned in fee.
         d.   INTERIOR PARCEL. A parcel other than a corner parcel or a reverse corner parcel. Also a parcel abutting only one street.
         e.   KEY PARCEL. An interior parcel, the front of which adjoins the side property line of a corner parcel.
         f.   REVERSE CORNER PARCEL. A corner parcel in which the rear lot line abuts the side lot line of the nearest parcel to its rear.
         g.   THROUGH PARCEL. A parcel that fronts upon two (2) streets that do not intersect at the boundaries of the parcel.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   PARCEL, SUBSTANDARD. Any parcel that does not meet the minimum dimensions required by the Municipal Code.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   PARCEL AREA. See ACREAGE, GROSS and ACREAGE, NET.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   PARCEL COVERAGE.  See SITE COVERAGE.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   PARCEL DEPTH. The average distance between the front and rear lot lines measured in the mean direction of the side lot lines.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   PARCEL FRONTAGE. The length of the defined front lot line measured at the street right-of-way line.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   PARCEL MAP. The subdivision map described by the Subdivision Map Act, Article 3, Chapter 2, which is required to complete a subdivision of four or fewer parcels. See also Chapters 18.04 et seq.
(Subdivisions) of the Municipal Code.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   PARCEL WIDTH. The average linear distance between the side lot lines measured at right angles to the line measuring parcel depth. The width should be measured at a point midway between the front and rear lot lines.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   PARKING LOTS/STRUCTURES. Service establishments, either publicly or privately owned, used for: the storage of operative cars, buses, recreational vehicles, trucks, vans, and other motor vehicles for clients. Includes day use commercial garages, parking lots and structures, except when accessory to a primary use.  (All principal uses are considered to include any customer or public use off-street parking required by the Zoning Code.) Also includes sites where vehicles are stored for rental or leasing.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   PARKING SPACE.  A permanent area for the parking of one (1) motor vehicle designed to meet the minimum dimensions and access requirements established by the city.
(Am. Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   PARKING SPACE, COVERED. A parking space located within a carport, parking structure, or similar structure that provides protection from the elements in the form of a roof but that does not provide full enclosure or a closing and locking door.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   PARKING SPACE, GARAGE. A parking space provided within an enclosed structure, with a closing and locking door, whose primary use is the storage of motor vehicles.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   PARKING SPACE, OFF-STREET. A permanent parking space designed to city standards and not located on a dedicated street right-of-way.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   PARKING SPACE, ON-STREET. A parking space designed to city standards and located on a dedicated street right-of-way.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   PARKING SPACE, OPEN. A parking space, designed to city standards and located in a designated area , that does not provide any protection from the elements in the form of a carport, parking structure, garage, or other structure.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   PARKS, PUBLIC.  Includes public parks, play lots, playgrounds, and non-professional/ non- commercial athletic fields, including park and playground equipment, accessory structures, and facilities.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   PARTY.  Twelve (12) or more persons meeting together for social, recreational or amusement purposes.
(Ord. 926, passed 8-18-92)
   PEAK PERIOD.  Those hours of the business day between 6:00 a.m. and 10:00 a.m. inclusive, Monday through Friday, which is the priority period for reducing work-related vehicle trips.
(Ord. 905, passed 5-21-91)
   PERMIT.  A ministerial or discretionary permit, license, certificate, or other use entitlement of the city or other permits required by enforcement agencies that may be affected by a particular project, i.e., South Coast Air Quality Management District, Regional Water Quality Control Board, the State of California Office of Permit Assistance.
(Ord. 924, passed 8-4-92)
   PERMITTED USE. Any use of land identified by Division 2 (Zoning Districts, Allowable Land Uses, and Zoning District Standards) as being allowed in a particular zoning district and subject to the restrictions applicable to that zoning district.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   PERSONAL SERVICES, GENERAL.
      1.   Establishments providing non-medical services as a primary use, including:
         a.   Consumer products repair.
         b.   Home electronics and small appliance repair.
         c.   Laundromats (self-service laundries).
         d.   Nail salons.
         e.   Shoe repair shops, spas and hot tubs.
         f.   Tailor shops.
         g.   Tanning salons.
         h.   Ticket agencies.
         i.   Similar use as determined by the Director.
      2.   These uses may also include accessory retail sales of products related to the services provided. These uses do not include body piercing, psychic readers, tattoo parlors, or any of the other uses listed under PERSONAL SERVICES, LIMITED.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   PERSONAL SERVICES, LIMITED. Establishments providing non-medical services of a very limited and restricted nature as a primary use, including body piercing/tattoo and massage parlors.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   PET STORES. See RETAIL STORE, GENERAL MERCHANDISE.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   PHARMACIES/DRUG STORES. A retail store where the primary business is the filling of medical prescriptions by a licensed pharmacist. Also includes the sale of over-the-counter medicines, medical devices, and supplies, but where non-medical products (e.g., candy, cards, cosmetics, and other miscellaneous products) are also sold.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   PHILANTHROPIC ENTERPRISES. See  OFFICES, PROFESSIONAL.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   PHOTOCOPYING/DESKTOP FACILITIES. See BUSINESS SUPPORT SERVICES.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   PHOTO DEVELOPING/PRINTING SHOPS. See BUSINESS SUPPORT SERVICES.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   PHOTOGRAPHY STUDIO/SUPPLY SHOPS. See RETAIL STORE, GENERAL MERCHANDISE.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   PLACES OF WORSHIP.  Facilities operated by religious organizations for worship, or the promotion of religious activities, including churches, mosques, synagogues, temples, etc., and religious schools; and accessory uses (e.g., convent, monastery, nursery, and parsonage) on the same site, including living quarters for ministers and staff, and child day care facilities where authorized by the same type of land use permit required for the religious facility itself. Other establishments maintained by religious organizations, including full-time educational institutions, hospitals, and other potentially related operations (e.g., a recreational camp) are classified according to their respective land use activities.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   PLAN REVIEW.  The procedure by which responsible city departments review development proposals for conformity with applicable provisions of the city code, and all requirements of law.
(Ord. 963, passed 1-17-95)
   PLANNED RESIDENTIAL DEVELOPMENTS. Two (2) or more dwelling units, including dwelling units in developments commonly known as town or row-housing, condominiums and cluster housing, together with related land and structures, planned and developed as a whole single development operation or a programmed series of operations in compliance with detailed, comprehensive plans encompassing a circulation pattern and parking facilities, open space, recreational areas, utilities, and building sites, together with a program for provisions, operation, and maintenance of all areas, facilities, improvements, and services provided for common use of the residents within the development.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   PLANNED UNIT DEVELOPMENT.  A real estate development which has both individual building sites and common property and is designed, organized and maintained in a manner which is acceptable to the Commission and the Council of the city.
   PLANNING COMMISSION. The Brea Planning Commission, referred to in this Zoning Code as the "Commission."
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   PLANT PALETTE.  A list of plants or vegetation that is recommended to be planted in the Hillside Residential Zone.
   PLAYLAND. A designated area associated with and incidental to a fast-food, drive-through, or sit-down restaurant that contains climbing bars, slides, swings, or other similar structures for the primary purpose of providing entertainment to children under the care of on-premise customers.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   POOL HALL.  See BILLIARD HALL.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   PORTE COCHERE.  An accessory structure open on three (3) sides and attached to the side or front of a dwelling through which cars pass and is established for the convenient loading and unloading of passengers from an automobile.
   POTENTIAL HISTORIC RESOURCE.  An improvement, building, structure, feature, site, or other object of aesthetic, educational, cultural, architectural, or historic significance to Brea residents, the Southern California Region, the state, or nation which may have the potential for designation in the Brea Historic Resources Register, a State Historic Landmark, and/or National Register of Historic Places.
(Ord. 953, passed 6-21-94)
   PRESCHOOL.  See CHILD DAY CARE FACILITIES.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   PRESERVATION.  The identification, study, protection, restoration, rehabilitation, or if practicable, acquisition of historic resources.
(Ord. 953, passed 6-21-94)
   PRINCIPAL BUILDING/STRUCTURE. The primary or predominant structure on a parcel.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   PRINCIPAL USE.  The main purpose for which a site is developed and/or used, including the activities that are conducted on the site a majority of the hours during which activities occur. A site may have more than one primary use.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   PRINTING AND PUBLISHING.  Establishments engaged in printing by gravure, letterpress, lithography, offset, screen, or other common process, including electrostatic (xerographic) copying and other "quick printing" services, and blueprinting; and establishments serving the printing trade including bookbinding, electrotyping, engraving, photoengraving, silk screening, and typesetting. This use also includes establishments that publish books, newspapers, and periodicals; and establishments manufacturing business forms and binding devices.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   PRIVACY WALL.  Any wall other than a retaining wall that serves to separate private property from public or common areas.
   PRIVATE CLUBS. See MEMBERSHIP ORGANIZATION FACILITIES.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   PRIVATE GARAGE/YARD SALES. The offering for sale, or the actual sale of goods, merchandise, or wares from residential property where the public is invited on to the property to purchase the items. A garage sale may also include "estate," "moving," "rummage," "yard," or similarly described sales.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   PROJECT. An activity involving the issuance to a person of a certificate, license, permit, or other entitlement.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   PROMINENT RIDGE.  A ridge location which is visible from a major arterial, secondary or collector street, which is seen as a distinct edge against a backdrop of land.  Said ridge locations are designated on the City Map of Prominent Ridges, contained in Exhibit “A” of Ordinance 948.
(Ord. 948, passed 2-1-94)
   PROPERTY OWNER.  The legal owner of the applicable development project who serves as the lessor to an employer or tenant.  The property owner shall be responsible for complying with the provisions of § 20.08.050 of this title either directly or by delegating such responsibility as appropriate to an employer or tenant.
(Ord. 905, passed 5-21-91)
   PUDDLING.  The formation of small pools of water or any other liquid due to depressions on the surface that have no outlet.
   QUASI-PUBLIC.  See SEMI-PUBLIC.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   RADIO OR TELEVISION TRANSMITTERS. See WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS FACILITIES.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   RE-CREATED RIDGELINE. In cases when a ridgeline, due to past activities, has been eliminated, a RE-CREATED RIDGELINE is the replacement of the eliminated ridgeline through landform grading and berming practices.
   RECEPTION WINDOW.  The area within the direct line of connection between the device that transmits radio waves (such as orbiting satellites and radio towers) and the apparatus designed to receive the transmitting signals.
(Ord. 955, passed 8-2-94)
   RECREATIONAL VEHICLE. A motorized vehicular portable structure without a permanent foundation that can be towed, hauled, or driven; that is primarily designed as a temporary living accommodation for recreational, camping, and travel use; and that may include, but is not limited to, boats, camping trailers, travel trailers, truck campers, and self-propelled motor homes.
(Ord. 699, passed 7-1-80; Am. Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   RECYCLING FACILITIES.
      1.   This land use type includes a variety of facilities involved with the collection, sorting, and processing of recyclable materials.
      2.   REVERSE VENDING MACHINES. An automated mechanical device which accepts at least one (1) or more types of empty beverage containers and issues a cash refund or a redeemable credit slip with a value not less than the containers redemption value, as determined by state law. A bulk reverse vending machine is a reverse vending machine that is larger than fifty (50) square feet, is designed to accept more than one (1) container at a time, and issues a cash refund based on total weight instead of by container. These vending machines may accept aluminum cans, glass and plastic bottles, and other containers.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   REGISTERED HISTORICAL SITE.  A site or area, including structures, objects, and landmarks, that is either listed on the National Register of Historic Places, the State Historic Landmarks, the County Historic Register, or the local historic register.
(Ord. 932, passed 1-19-93)
   REPAIR/MAINTENANCE, CONSUMER PRODUCTS.  Service establishments where repair of consumer products is the principal business activity, including: electrical repair shops; furniture repair; television and radio and other appliance repair; re-upholstery; and watch, clock and jewelry repair. Does not include shoe repair (included under PERSONAL SERVICES, GENERAL). Does not include heavy equipment repair businesses, which are included under BUSINESS SUPPORT SERVICES.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   RESIDENTIAL CARE HOMES. Facilities where twenty-four (24)-hour a day non-medical care is provided to persons residing on the premises, in need of assistance, guidance, personal services, protection, supervision, and training essential for sustaining the activities of daily living or for the protection of the individual. The establishments shall be licensed by the State of California Department of Social Services for non-medical care in compliance with the provisions of the State Community Care Facilities Act or other applicable state law; and no medical care shall be provided at the establishments ept incidental medical service as may be allowed, without additional authorization, certification, or licensing for non-medical care in compliance with state law. Also includes: children's homes; orphanages; rehabilitation centers; self-help group homes; and transitional houses. Convalescent homes, nursing homes and similar facilities providing medical care are included under the definition of MEDICAL SERVICES,  EXTENDED CARE.
(Ord. 581, passed 11-18-75; Am. Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   RESIDENTIAL RECREATIONAL FACILITIES, PRIVATE. Playground equipment, swimming pools and spas, tennis and other sport courts, and similar facilities and accessory structures that are operated for the residents of a specific residential development and their invited guests, and are not open to the general public. Does not include these facilities for individual homes, which are defined as ACCESSORY USES AND STRUCTURES.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   RESIDUALS REPOSITORY.  A waste disposal facility specifically restricted to receive only remains from hazardous waste facilities.
   RESTAURANT.
      1.   RESTAURANTS, FAST FOOD. Establishments whose primary business is the sale of food and beverages to customers for consumption on-site or off-site. Customarily less than fifty  percent (50%) of the total gross floor area is used for customer seating. Interior furnishings include standardized floor plans, stationary seats, and tables. Food is primarily prepackaged rather than made to order. Condiment bars and trash disposal are self-service. Fast food restaurants have a higher turnover rate than standard restaurants.
      2.   RESTAURANT, OUTDOOR DINING. Establishments where tables and seating are provided and food and/or beverages are served in outdoor areas, which front a street, and have at least one side open.
      3.   RESTAURANTS, SIT DOWN. Establishments whose primary business is the sale of food and beverages to customers for their consumption within the restaurant or restaurant patio area. Customarily at least fifty percent (50%) of the total gross floor area is used for the seating of customers. The restaurant may be open for breakfast, lunch, and/or dinner. Alcoholic beverages and carry-out food service are allowed if they are incidental to the primary purpose of consumption of food and beverages in the restaurant.
      4.   RESTAURANTS, SPECIALTY. Establishments whose primary business is the sale of a single specialty type of food or beverage that is not considered a complete meal (e.g., candy, coffee, ice cream, or yogurt). The sale of other food, beverages, or merchandise is incidental to the sale of the specialty food or beverage, Food and beverages are for customer consumption within the restaurant or restaurant patio area.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   RETAIL STORES, GENERAL MERCHANDISE.  Retail trade establishments selling many lines of merchandise. These stores and lines of merchandise include:
      1.   Apparel shops.
      2.   Appliance stores.
      3.   Artists' supplies.
      4.   Arts, antiques, and collectibles stores.
      5.   Bakeries (retail only).
      6.   Beauty supply shops.
      7.   Bicycle shops.
      8.   Book stores.
      9.   Boutiques.
      10.   Cameras and photographic supplies.
      11.   Candy shops/confectioners.
      12.   Clothing shops (sales and rentals).
      13.   Coin shops.
      14.   Drug and discount stores.
      15.   Dry goods.
      16.   Electronic, radio, stereo, television, and/or video equipment sales.
      17.   Fabrics and sewing supplies.
      18.   Florists.
      19.   General stores.
      20.   Gifts, novelties, and souvenirs shops.
      21.   Grocery stores (including meat markets and delicatessens).
      22.   Handcrafted items (stores may include crafting preparations subordinate to retail sales).
      23.   Hardware stores.
      24.   Health food stores.
      25.   Hobby shops.
      26.   Jewelry stores.
      27.   Liquor stores, off-site consumption.
      28.   Luggage and leather good stores.
      29.   Music stores (cd's, instruments, and records).
      30.   Newsstands.
      31.   Orthopedic supplies.
      32.   Pet shops.
      33.   Photography studio/supply shops.
      34.   Religious goods.
      35.   Shoe stores.
      36.   Small wares.
      37.   smoke/tobacco shops.
      38.   Specialty shops (stamps).
      39.   sporting goods and equipment stores.
      40.   Stationery stores.
      41.   Toys and games stores.
      42.   Variety stores.
      43.   Video stores (rentals and sales).
      44.   Yardage stores.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   RETAINING WALL.  A wall or terraced combination of walls used solely to retain material or water but not to support or to provide a foundation or wall for a building.
   REVIEW AUTHORITY. The person, committee, or Council responsible for the review and final determination on a land use entitlement, map, or amendment.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   RIDGE.  A long, narrow, conspicuous elevation of land.
(Ord. 948, passed 2-1-94)
   RIGHT-OF-WAY.  A defined area of land, either public or private, on which a right of passage has been recorded.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   ROCK OUTCROPPING.  Any surface rock or group formation of rocks that are part of and connected to a bedrock formation.
   RUNNING OF ANIMALS AT LARGE.  Any animals, except for carrier or homing pigeons, not kept continuously under restraint and/or controlled by leash, in pens, corrals, or buildings.
(Ord. 920, passed 5-19-92)
   SALVAGE YARD.  A place where waste, discarded or salvage materials are bought, sold, exchanged, baled, packed, disassembled or handled or stored, including auto wrecking yards, house wrecking yards, used lumber yards and places or yards for storage of salvaged house wrecking and structural steel materials and equipment.  SALVAGE YARD does not include pawn shops and establishments for the sale, purchase or storage of second hand books, clothing, furniture and household equipment provided that these establishments are conducted within a completely enclosed structure.
   SANITARIUMS.  See HOSPITAL.
   SATELLITE DISHES/ANTENNA. See WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS FACILITIES; however these facilities shall be less than three (3) feet or two (2) meters in diameter.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   SCHOOL, PRIVATE.  An institution conducting regular academic instruction at kindergarten, elementary, secondary or higher levels operated by a nongovernmental organization and which is not a trade school.
   SCHOOL, TRADE.  Private schools offering preponderant instruction in the technical, commercial and/or trade skills, such as real estate schools, business colleges, electronic schools, automotive and aircraft technicians schools, and similar commercial establishments.
   SCREENING. A method of visually shielding or obscuring one abutting or nearby structure or use from another by fencing, walls, berms, or densely planted vegetation.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR’S STANDARDS FOR REHABILITATION.  The guidelines prepared by the National Park Service of the U.S. Department of the Interior for applying standards for rehabilitation of historic buildings and historic preservation projects.
(Ord. 953, passed 6-21-94)
   SEMI-PUBLIC. A use owned or operated by a nonprofit, religious, or charitable institution and providing educational, cultural, recreational, religious, or similar types of public programs.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   SENSITIVE AREA.  That area of land within two thousand (2,000) feet of the exterior boundaries of a specific off-site hazardous waste facility, unless otherwise specified as being larger.
(Ord. 924, passed 8-4-92)
   SENSITIVE POPULATION.  Residential populations and immobile populations and similar facilities one thousand (1,000) feet of the exterior boundaries of a hazardous waste site.  The one thousand (1,000) feet shall be measured from subject property lines.
(Ord. 924, passed 8-4-92)
   SENSITIVE SPECIES.  Plant or animal species which are susceptible to habitat changes or impacts from activities.  The official designation is made by the USDA Forest Service at the regional level and is not part of the designation of threatened or endangered species made by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
   SENSITIVE HABITAT. The environment in which sensitive species lives or grows.
   SERVICE STATION.  An area which may provide for the servicing of motor vehicles, including tube and tire repairs, battery charging, storage of merchandise, and supplies, sale of gasoline and lubricants, automobile washing (not including mechanical car wash) and grease racks, but excluding automobile repairs, body and fender works, engine over-hauling or other similar activities of a major source.
   SETBACK. The minimum distance by which structures, parking, or uses on a parcel shall be separated from a street right-of-way or lot line. Setbacks from private streets are measured from the edge of the easement. See also YARD.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   SETBACK LINE.  A line within a parcel, parallel to and measured from a corresponding lot line, forming the boundary of a required yard and governing the placement of structures, parking, or uses on a parcel.
(Am. Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   SETBACK LINE, FRONT YARD.  The line which defines the depth of the required front yard.  Said setback line is parallel with the street line or, when established by the General Plan, with the highway right-of-way line, removed therefrom by the perpendicular distance prescribed for the front yard in the zone.
   SETBACK LINE, REAR AND SIDE YARD.  The line which defines the width or depth of the required rear or side yard.  Said setback line is parallel with the property line, removed therefrom by the perpendicular distance prescribed for the yard in the district.
   SHARED PARKING. The approved use of the same off-street parking spaces for two (2) or more distinguishable uses where peak parking demand of the different uses occurs at different times of the day, or, where various uses are visited without moving the motor vehicle, where the division of parking spaces is a net decrease from the combined total of each use's individual off-street parking requirements if required separately.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   SHOPPING CENTER.  A group of not less than fifteen (15) contiguous commercial stores originally planned and developed as a single project.
(Ord. 689, passed 1-15-80)
   SIGN.  See Chapter 20.42 (Sign Standards) for definitions and standards governing signs.
(Am. Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   SIGN AREA.  The area in square feet of the smallest rectangle enclosing the total exterior surface of a sign having but one (1) exposed exterior surface; should the sign have more than one (1) surface, the sign area shall be the aggregate area of all sign surfaces measured as above.
   SIGN BUSINESS.  Any sign or structure designed, intended or used for advertising the particular business, product or service located or sold on the same premises as that on which the sign or structure is located.
   SIGNIFICANT FEATURE.  The man-made elements embodying style or type of historic resource, design, or general arrangement and components of an improvement, including but not limited to color, texture of building materials, and the type and style of all windows, doors, light, signs, and other fixtures appurtenant to such improvement.
(Ord. 953, passed 6-21-94)
   SIGNIFICANT RIDGELINE.  A long, conspicuous, continuous elevated landform that forms a part of the natural backdrop and skyline to the city.  Said landform may consist of one (1) or more ridge features each of varying elevations dependent on the characteristics of the ridgeline being evaluated.
   SINGLE-FAMILY DWELLINGS. See DWELLING, SINGLE-FAMILY ATTACHED and DWELLING, SINGLE-FAMILY DETACHED.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   SINGLE HOUSEKEEPING UNIT. The functional equivalent of a traditional family, whose members are an interactive group of persons jointly occupying a single dwelling unit, including the joint use of and responsibility for common areas, and sharing household activities and responsibilities (e.g., meals, chores, household maintenance, expense, etc.) and where, if the unit is rented, all adult residents have chosen to jointly occupy the entire premise of the dwelling unit, under a single written lease with joint use and responsibility for the premises, and the makeup of the household occupying the unit is determined by the residents of the unit rather than the landlord or property manager. 
(Ord. 1184, passed 9-20-16)
   SITE. A parcel or adjoining parcels under single ownership or single control, considered a unit for the purposes of development or other use.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   SITE COVERAGE. The percentage of total site area occupied by structures. Site coverage includes the primary structure, all accessory structures (e.g., carports, garages, patio covers, storage sheds, trash dumpster enclosures, etc.) and architectural features (e.g., balconies, chimneys, decks above the first floor, porches, stairs, etc.). Site coverage is measured from exterior wall to exterior wall.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   SITE PLAN. A plan drawn to scale, showing uses and structures proposed for a property as required by the applicable regulations, including lot lines, streets, grades, building sites, reserved open space, and other specific development proposals.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   SLOPE.  An inclined ground surface, the angle of which is expressed as a ratio of horizontal distance to vertical distance.  (Please see Illustration 4 in the Appendix following this chapter.) 
(Ord. 948, passed 2-1-94)
   SLOPE FACE.  The slopes located directly below, and leading up to, the crest of a significant ridgeline or prominent landform.
   SLOPE GRADE.  The relationship (ratio) between the change in elevation (rise) and the horizontal distance (run) over which that change in elevation occurs.  The percent of steepness of any given slope is determined by dividing the rise by the run on the natural slope of land, multiplied by one hundred (100).
   SLOPE, MAN-MADE.  A manufactured slope consisting wholly or partially of either cut or filled material.
(Ord. 948, passed 2-1-94)
   SLOPE TRANSITION ZONE.  The area where a slope bank meets the natural terrain or a level graded area either vertically or horizontally.
(Ord. 948, passed 2-1-94)
   SMOKE/TOBACCO SHOPS. A tobacco retailer whose business exclusively or primarily involves the sale of tobacco products arid related goods. See RETAIL STORE, GENERAL MERCHANDISE.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   SPECIFIC PLAN. Under Cal. Gov't Code, Article 8, §§  65450 et seq., a legal tool for detailed design and implementation of a defined portion of the area covered by a General Plan. A specific plan may include all detailed conditions, programs, regulations, and/or proposed legislation that may be necessary or convenient for the systematic implementation of any General Plan element(s).
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   SPLIT LEVEL CONSTRUCTION.  An approach to grading and development of a structure whereby the foundation of the structure is placed on more than one (1) graded pad area.
   SPLIT LEVEL ROADS. Roads which are constructed so as to have two (2) traffic ways, each at a different level within the same right-of-way.
   SPORTING GOODS AND EQUIPMENT STORES. Establishments primarily engaged in retailing new sporting goods (e.g., athletic uniforms; bicycles and bicycle parts; camping equipment; exercise and fitness equipment; specialty sports footwear) and sporting goods, equipment, and accessories. See RETAIL STORE, GENERAL MERCHANDISE.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   STANDARDS, DEVELOPMENT. Standards in this Zoning Code that govern the size of structures and the relationships of structures and uses to each other and to open areas and lot lines. Development standards include regulations controlling minimum parcel area, maximum height, minimum parcel frontage, minimum size of yards and setbacks, maximum parcel coverage, and maximum floor area ratio.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   STANDARDS, PERFORMANCE. Standards in this Zoning Code that govern the operation and maintenance of uses in a particular zoning district Performance standards include regulations controlling fire and explosive hazards, glare and light, noise, odor, toxic or noxious matter, vibration, and other potential nuisance elements generated by or inherent in uses of land or structures.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   STORAGE, OUTDOOR.  The storage of various materials outside of a structure other than fencing, either as an accessory or principal use.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   STORY. That portion of a structure included between the upper surface of any floor and the upper surface of the floor next above, except that the topmost story shall be that portion of a structure included between the upper surface of the topmost floor and the ceiling.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   STREET. A public thoroughfare or right-of-way, or approved private thoroughfare or right-of-way determined by the city to be adequate for the purpose of access, which affords the principal means of access for abutting property including avenue, place, way, drive, land, boulevard, highway, road, or any other thoroughfare. The word "street" shall include all major and secondary highways, traffic collector streets, and local streets.
(Am. Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   STRUCTURE.  As defined in the Uniform Building Code.
(Am. Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   STUDIOS - ART, DANCE, MARTIAL ARTS, MUSIC, PHOTOGRAPHY, ETC. Small scale facilities, typically accommodating one (1) group of students at a time, in no more than one instructional space. These include facilities for: individual and group instruction and training in the arts; karate/martial arts training studios; photography, and the processing of photographs produced only by users of the studio facilities; production rehearsal; gymnastics instruction, and aerobics and gymnastics studios with no other fitness facilities or equipment.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   SUBDIVIDER. An association, corporation, firm, partnership, or person who proposes to divide or causes to be divided real property into a subdivision for oneself or for others; except that employees and consultants of persons or entities, acting in this capacity, are not subdividers. See DEVELOPER.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   SUBDIVISION.  The division, by any subdivider, of any unit or portion of land shown on the latest equalized county assessment roll as a unit or contiguous units, for the purpose of sale, lease, or financing, whether immediate or future. Property shall be considered as contiguous units, even if it is separated by roads, streets, utility easement, or railroad rights-of-way. SUBDIVISION includes the following, as defined in Cal. Civil Code § 1351, a condominium project; a community apartment project; or the conversion of five (5) or more existing dwelling units to a stock cooperative.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   SUBDIVISION DEVELOPMENT PLAN.  Specific development plans for an approved tentative map, including plot plans, building elevations, grading plans and landscape plans applicable to individual lots within said tentative map.
   SUBDIVISION MAP ACT, OR MAP ACT.  Cal. Gov't Code, Division 2, Title 7, commencing with § 66410 as presently constituted, and any amendments to those provisions regarding the subdivision of real property.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   SUPER SLOPES.  Manufactured slopes that exceed forty-five (45) vertical feet in height.  SUPER SLOPES serve three (3) beneficial purposes:
      1.   Allow for landscaping opportunities in hillsides while preserving off-site views within a hillside community;
      2.   Create a visual break between terraced rows of housing units; and
      3.   Help conform to natural topography by blending manufactured slopes with the height of adjacent natural slopes.
   SWALE.  Open channels possessing a dense cover of grasses and other herbaceous plants through which runoff is directed during storm events.  Above ground plant parts (stems, leaves, and stolons) retard flow and thereby encourage particulates and their associated pollutants to settle.  The pollutants are then incorporated into the soil where they may be immobilized and/or decomposed.
   SWIMMING POOLS. See ACCESSORY USES AND STRUCTURES.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   SWIMMING POOLS, PRIVATE. A water-filled enclosure, permanently constructed or portable, having a depth of more than twenty-four (24) inches below the level of the surrounding land, or an above-surface pool, having a depth of more than twenty-four (24) inches, designed, used, and maintained as an accessory use for swimming and bathing by not more than three (3) owner families and their guests and intended for non-commercial use.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   TANNING STUDIOS. See PERSONAL SERVICES, GENERAL.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   TEMPORARY STRUCTURE. A structure without any foundation or footings that will be removed when the permit for the activity, or use for which the temporary structure was erected, has expired.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   TEMPORARY USES/ACTIVITIES. See § 20.62.060 (Temporary Use Permits).
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   TENANT.  Any person who occupies a site or structure for a fixed period of time, usually through a lease agreement with the property owner.
(Ord. 905, passed 5-21-91; Am. Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   TENNIS COURTS, PRIVATE. One (1)  or more tennis courts designed and maintained for the sole and exclusive use of the residents/tenants of a specific unit or portion of the site and their invited guests.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   TERRACING.  The method separating and elevating one (1) development area above another development area by a slope.
   THEATERS, AUDITORIUMS, AND MEETING HALLS. Indoor facilities for public assembly and group entertainment, other than sporting events, including: public and quasi-public auditoriums; exhibition and convention halls; civic theaters, meeting halls and facilities for live theater and concerts; meeting halls for rent; motion picture theaters; and similar public assembly uses.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   TICKET AGENCIES. See PERSONAL SERVICES, GENERAL.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   TOE OF SLOPE.  That portion of intersection created by the bisection of a horizontal plane by a transverse plane with a deflection angle less than ninety (90) degrees.
   TOP OF SLOPE.  That portion of intersection created by the bisection of a horizontal plane by a transverse plane with an angle of impose greater than ninety (90) degrees.
   TOPOGRAPHY.  The surface relief of slope of any given area of land.
   TOWNHOUSES. A group of attached single-family dwelling units in a row of at least four (4) units, in which each unit has its own front and rear access to the outside, no unit is located over another unit, and each unit is separated from any other unit by one or more vertical common fire-resistant walls.
(Am. Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   TRAFFIC SAFETY VISIBILITY AREAS. A triangular area on a corner parcel formed by measuring thirty-five (35) feet from the intersection of the front and street side property lines, and connecting the lines across the property.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06) 
   TRAILER.  A vehicle without motive power, designed so that it can be drawn by an automotive vehicle, for the transporting of personal property, not including trailers used for human habitation, such as recreational vehicles.
(Ord. 873, passed 9-5-89)
   TRAMPOLINE CENTERS. See INDOOR AMUSEMENT/ENTERTAINMENT/RECREATION CENTERS.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   TRANSPORTATION DEMAND MANAGEMENT (TDM).  The implementation of programs, plans, or policies designed to encourage changes in individual travel behavior.  TDM can include an emphasis on alternative travel modes to the single occupant vehicle (SOV) such as carpools, vanpools, and transit, reduction or elimination of the number of vehicle trips, or shifts in the time of vehicle commutes to other than the peak period.
(Ord. 905, passed 5-21-91)
   TRAVEL AGENCIES. See OFFICES, PROFESSIONAL.
(Ord. 1089, passed 3-7-06)
   TRIP REDUCTION.  Reducing the number of work-related trips taken between 6:00 a.m. and 10:00 a.m. inclusive, Monday through Friday in single- occupancy vehicles.
(Ord. 905, passed 5-21-91)
   UNLOADED STREET.  A street on which no front entrance or driveway of a home is located.