12-819: DEFINITIONS - S:
SANITARY LANDFILL: A method of disposing of solid wastes on land without creating a nuisance or hazard to public health or safety, by utilizing the principles of engineering to confine the solid waste to the smallest practical area, to reduce it to the smallest practical volume, and to cover it with a layer of earth at the conclusion of each day's operation, or at such more frequent intervals as may be necessary.
SCHOOLS, PUBLIC OR PRIVATE: An institution of learning, public or private, which offers instruction in the several branches of learning and study.
SEASONAL HARVEST FESTIVITIES: Those temporary and accessory activities associated with the sale of annual harvest crops. These accessory activities may include live music, temporary food service establishments, vendors other than the owners or operators of the farm, commercial farm rides on the premises and recreational activities (e.g., corn mazes, craft booths, etc.).
SEDIMENT: Fragmented material that originates from weathering and erosion of rocks or unconsolidated deposits, and is transported by, suspended in or deposited by waters.
SETBACK: The minimum distance by which a building or structure must be separated from a street right of way, easement or property line.
SHORE LAND: Those lands extending landward for two hundred feet (200') in all directions as measured on a horizontal plane of any applicable natural or ordinary water mark, or the applicable "artificial high water mark", as defined in this chapter, of any lake, river, stream, channel or other body of public water.
SHORELINE: The applicable natural or ordinary water mark, or the applicable "artificial high water mark", as defined in this chapter, of any lake, river, stream, channel or other body of public water.
SIDE YARD: See definition of Yard, Side.
SIGN: A device, descriptive display or illustration generally relating in its subject matter to products, persons, accommodations, services or activities on the premises. However, a "sign" shall not include legal notices or informational or directional media erected or required by governmental bodies, nor shall it include residential location indicators.
SIGN AREA: Shall consist of the smallest rectangle that can contain the sign script, logos, symbols and other graphic elements. Only one side of a double sided sign shall be used to calculate sign area. The area shall not include any structural elements lying outside the limits of such sign and not forming an integral part of the display.
SINGLE-FAMILY DWELLING: See definition of Dwelling, Single- Family.
SITE: The land area subject to a land disturbing activity associated with any construction to which this title is applicable. The site shall be deemed to include actual areas of land disturbance and areas designated for stockpiling or storage of excavated earthen materials.
STATE HIGHWAY: See definition of Street.
STOCK COOPERATIVE: A land development where title is held in common, when individuals or bodies corporate receive a right of exclusive occupancy for building construction in a portion of the real property.
STORAGE STRUCTURE: Any structure that is used for storage and does not have a door or other entranceway into a dwelling unit and that does not have water fixtures within its confines, the use of which is limited solely to storage of inanimate objects.
STORMWATER: That portion of precipitation that does not naturally percolate into the ground or evaporate, but flows via overland flow into channels or pipes into a defined watercourse, stream or constructed conveyance, detention or retention facility.
STORMWATER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM: A system of collection, detention, retention and/or infiltration areas and/or treatment devices designed to prevent stormwater from entering a natural body of surface water.
STORY: That portion of a building included between the surface of any floor and the surface of the floor next above, or if there is one floor above, the space between the floor and the ceiling next above. A basement shall be counted as a story for the purpose of this title, when more than one-half (1/2) of such basement height is above the established curb level or above the finished lot grade where curb level has not been established.
STREAM: A natural watercourse of perceptible extent, with definite bed and banks, which confines and conducts intermittent or continuously flowing water, and as shown on national hydrography dataset published by the United States geological survey.
STREET: A travelway - excepting driveways and trails (as defined in BCRC 12-820) - which provides vehicular access to adjacent properties, including the following:
   A.   Legal Access: A public or recorded thoroughfare which affords a primary means of access to adjoining properties. A recorded thoroughfare may be a recorded easement for ingress or egress or a platted street right of way used as a thoroughfare for access to abutting property, but for which the county assume no responsibility for maintenance. A thoroughfare not recorded with the county recorder shall not be considered legal access.
   B.   Local Roads: A public or recorded thoroughfare which affords primary access to adjoining property. A local road may be a recorded easement for ingress and egress or a platted street which provides access to abutting property.
   C.   Major Collector: A public thoroughfare that links minor collectors and local access routes with routes of higher classification. Frontage and access is limited.
   D.   Minor Arterial: A public thoroughfare that serves less dense population concentrations. Minor arterials may connect to principal arterials or provide intermediate routes. Frontage and access is limited.
   E.   Minor Collector: A public or recorded private thoroughfare which affords access to adjoining property and connects local access roads to roads of higher classification.
   F.   Principal Arterial: A public thoroughfare that connects a network of continuous routes. Serves large intercounty population concentrations and is designed to carry heavy traffic loads. Frontage and access is limited.
   G.   State Highway: A public thoroughfare that serves interstate and intrastate populations. These highways are designed to carry maximum traffic loads. Frontage and access is restricted to Idaho department of transportation standards.
The term "street" shall not mean a private easement or travelway that provides access to two (2) or fewer single-family residential lots or parcels beyond the subject lot or parcel.
STRUCTURAL ALTERATION: Any change in the supporting members of a building such as foundations, bearing walls, columns, beams or girders, or a structural change in the roof.
STRUCTURE: Any object constructed or erected which requires location on ground or is attached to something having a location on the ground, including towers, smokestacks, overhead transmission lines, but not including fences or walls used as fences, less than eight feet (8') in height.
SUBDIVISION: Any division of land as set forth in the definition of "subdivision" in section 12-611 of this title.
SUBMERGED LANDS: All lands below the applicable natural or ordinary water mark, or the applicable artificial high water mark of any lake, river, stream, channel or other body of public water.
SUNDRIES: Articles too small or numerous to be specified; miscellaneous items. This can include items sold in antique, pawn and gift shops.
SURFACE WATER: All waters which collect, flow or accumulate on or above the ground surface.
SWALE: A shallow depression in the ground surface with relatively gentle side slopes, which is designed or used to retain stormwaters for sufficient time to allow the stormwater to percolate into the soil. (Ord. 558, 12-14-2016; amd. Ord. 606, 7-14-2020)