The City Council finds that and groups have a right to organize and participate in peaceful assemblies on the streets, sidewalks, walkways and parks in the city and to engage in assembly near the object of their protest so that they may be seen and heard, subject to reasonable restrictions designed to protect public safety, and property, and to accommodate the interests of not participating in the assembly to use the street, sidewalk or walkway to travel to their intended destinations and to use the parks for recreational purposes. Unregulated and , and on public grounds, including, but not limited to, outdoor concerts, rallies, festivals, demonstrations and ceremonies can potentially result in:
   (a)   A danger to the safety and welfare of using public rights-of-way, including, but not limited to, pedestrians, motorists, entering and leaving motor vehicles and buildings, and performing essential traffic control and emergency services;
   (b)   Excessive noise likely to distract motorists and disturb the public peace;
   (c)   A danger to the safety of the participants, as well as other in their vicinity;
   (d)   Territorial disputes between competing users of public property; and
   (e)   Damage to public parks, public grounds, streets, walkways, property and facilities.
   It is the purpose of this Division E to:
   (a)   Protect the safe movement of pedestrian and vehicular traffic contiguous to the site of the expressive activity by advance planning and appropriate staffing;
   (b)   Protect the rights of engaging in expressive activities in public areas to be free from danger, interruption or disruption;
   (c)   Protect the general public by adequate staffing of necessary police, fire and rescue resources so that the diversion of resources to a private event or does not impair the ability of emergency responders to provide adequate services throughout the city;
   (d)   Protect the quiet enjoyment of private property and the dedicated use of public property;
   (e)   Coordinate multiple, competing uses of limited public space;
   (f)   Prevent use of public property, public grounds or facilities in a manner that is potentially dangerous, unlawful or impermissible under city, county, state or federal rules of use;
   (g)   Provide a mechanism by which there is financial accountability for private use of city property or facilities so as to preserve that property for the benefit of the public; and
   (h)   Recover the costs to the city attributable to private use of public property and the public impact of certain .
(1958 Code, § 133.05) (Ord. 126, passed - -1948; Ord. 6, passed 5-26-1953; Ord. 163, passed 12-16-1958; Ord. 74-101, passed 11-18-1974; Ord. 75-62, passed 12-8-1975; Ord. 76-15, passed 4-5-1976; Ord. 76-59, passed 12-6-1976; Ord. 77-78, passed 10-17-1977; Ord. 81-58, passed 11-23-1981; Ord. 82-38, passed 9-27-1982; deleted by Ord. 87-77, passed 10-16-1987; Ord. 92-66, passed 12-21-1992; recodified by Ord. 95-13, passed 8-7-1995; Ord. 2008-17, passed 5-19-2008)