§ 19.104  DEFINITIONS.
   The following words and terms, when used in this Article X, shall have the following meanings, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise.
   ACCESS DOOR SIGN. A sign placed on an accessory door, which serves to identify a business access.
   ARTS-RELATED SIGN. A type of wall graphic that displays non-commercial images or text that are generally appreciated primarily for their imaginative, aesthetic or intellectual content.
   AWNING. A roof-like cover, often of fabric, plastic, metal or glass designed and intended for protection from the weather or as a decorative embellishment, and which projects from a wall or roof of a structure primarily over a window, walk or the like. Any part of an AWNING which also projects over a door shall be counted as an AWNING.
   AWNING SIGN. A building sign or graphic printed on or in some fashion attached directly to the awning material. See § 19.126.1 for graphic illustration.
   BALLOON SIGN. A temporary sign consisting of a bag made of lightweight material supported by helium, hot or pressurized air which is greater than 24 inches in diameter. Inflatables are considered BALLOON SIGNS.
   BANNER. Any temporary sign of lightweight fabric or similar material mounted to a pole or a building at one or more edges. Flags, as defined herein, shall not be considered BANNERS. See § 19.126.2 for graphic illustration.
   BOUTIQUE SALE. The sale of handmade items created by the person residing on the premises. May also include several persons, including the person residing on the premises, selling their handmade items. A BOUTIQUE SALE does not include the sale of commercial merchandise.
   BOUTIQUE SALE SIGN. Any temporary sign which identifies and announces a boutique sale.
   BUILDING. Any structure used or intended for supporting or sheltering any use or occupancy.
   BUILDING MARKER. Memorial signs or tablets, names of buildings and date of erection when cut into any masonry surface or inlaid so as to be part of the building or when constructed of bronze or other noncombustible material.
   BUILDING SIGN. Any sign attached or supported by any structure used or intended for supporting or sheltering any use or occupancy.
   CABINET SIGN. Any wall sign that is not of channel or individually mounted letter construction.
   CANOPY. A roof-like cover, often of fabric, plastic, metal or glass on a support, which provides shelter over a doorway.
   CANOPY, SERVICE AREA. See SERVICE AREA CANOPY.
   CANOPY SIGN. Any sign that is part of or attached to a canopy, made of fabric, plastic or structural protective cover over a door or entrance. A canopy sign is not a marquee and is different from service area canopy signs. See § 19.126.1 for graphic illustration.
   CANOPY SIGN, SERVICE AREA. See SERVICE AREA CANOPY SIGN.
   CHANGEABLE COPY SIGN. A sign or portion thereof which has a readerboard for the display of text information in which each alphanumeric character, graphic or symbol in defined by objects, not consisting of an illumination device and may be changed or re-arranged manually or mechanically with characters, letters or illustrations that can be changed or rearranged without altering the face or the surface of the sign .
   CHANGEABLE COPY SIGN, ELECTRONIC. A sign or portion thereof that displays electronic, non-pictorial, text information in which each alphanumeric character, graphic or symbol is defined by a small number of matrix elements using different combinations of light emitting diodes (LEDs), fiber optics, light bulbs or other illumination devices within the display area. ELECTRONIC CHANGEABLE COPY SIGNS include computer programmable, microprocessor controlled electronic displays. ELECTRONIC CHANGEABLE COPY SIGNS do not include official or time and temperature signs. ELECTRONIC CHANGEABLE COPY SIGNS include projected images or messages with these characteristics onto buildings or other objects.
   CHANNEL SIGN. Individually shaped three dimensional letters and symbols that can be mounted onto a building or raceway.
   CONSTRUCTION SIGN. A temporary sign erected on the premises on which construction is taking place, during the period of such construction, indicating the names of the architects, engineers, landscape architects, contractors or similar artisans, and/or the owners, financial supporters, sponsors and similar individuals or firms having a role or interest with respect to the structure or project.
   CONVENIENCE FACILITY WITH FUEL SALES. Any building, land area or other premises or portion thereof, used for the retail dispensing or sales of vehicular fuels, whether as the principal or accessory use.
   DIRECTIONAL SIGN. Any sign which serves solely to designate the direction of any place or area and, as such, shall be located on the same lot as said place or area. Examples include “entrance” and “exit” signs .
   DISCONTINUED SIGN. Any sign and/or its supporting sign structure which remains without a message or whose display surface remains blank for a period of one year or more, or any sign which pertains to a time, event or purpose which no longer applies, shall be deemed to have been discontinued. Permanent signs applicable to a business temporarily suspended because of a change in ownership or management of such business shall not be deemed discontinued unless the property remains vacant for a period of one year or more. Any sign remaining after demolition of a principal structure shall be deemed to be discontinued. Signs which are present because of being legally established nonconforming signs or signs which have required a conditional use permit or a variance shall also be subject to the definition of DISCONTINUED SIGN.
   ELECTRONIC GRAPHIC DISPLAY SIGN. A sign or portion thereof that displays electronic, static images, static graphics or static pictures, with or without information, defined by a small number of matrix elements using different combinations of light emitting diodes (LEDs), fiber optics, light bulbs or other illumination devices within the display area where the message change sequence is accomplished immediately or by means of fade, repixalization or dissolve modes. ELECTRONIC GRAPHIC DISPLAY SIGNS include computer programmable, microprocessor controlled electronic or digital displays. ELECTRONIC GRAPHIC DISPLAY SIGNS include projected images or messages with these characteristics onto buildings or other objects.
   ELEVATION. The view of the side, front or rear of a given structure(s).
   ELEVATION AREA. The area of all walls that face any lot line.
   ERECT. Activity of constructing, building , raising, assembling, placing, affixing, attaching, creating, painting, drawing or any other way of bringing into being or establishing.
   ESTATE SALE. See GARAGE SALE.
   EVENTS. Public or private social occasions for entertainment purposes, which attract gatherings of people such as parades, concerts, festivals, races, circuses, fairs, athletic events or celebrity appearances.
   FLAG. Any fabric or similar lightweight material attached at one end of the material, usually to a staff or pole, so as to allow movement of the material by atmospheric changes and which contains distinctive colors, patterns, symbols, emblems, insignia or other symbolic devices.
   FLAG, COMMERCIAL. Flags with graphic or text representations which display business names or logos, product logos and other promotional or commercial messages.
   FLAG, NONCOMMERCIAL. Flags which display the name, insignia, emblem of any nation, state, municipality or similar type of organization including civilian service, historical, international, military, religious, bona fide civic, fraternal or welfare organizations. NONCOMMERCIAL FLAGS are also flags with no graphic or text representations.
   FLASHING SIGN. A directly or indirectly illuminated sign or portion thereof that exhibits changing light or color effect by any means, so as to provide intermittent illumination that changes light intensity in sudden transitory bursts and creates the illusion of intermittent flashing light by streaming, graphic bursts showing movement or any mode of lighting which resembles zooming, twinkling or sparkling.
   FREESTANDING SIGN. Any sign which has supporting framework that is placed on, or anchored in, the ground and which is independent from any building or other structure.
   FRONTAGE. The line of contact of a property with the public right-of-way.
   GARAGE SALE. Sale of personal items no longer wanted by the persons residing on the premises of a sale. May also be several households selling their personal items. A GARAGE SALE does not include the sale of commercial merchandise.
   GARAGE SALE SIGN. Any temporary sign which identifies and announces a garage yard or estate sale.
   GRADE. The final ground elevation after construction. Earth mounding criteria for landscaping and screening is not part of the FINAL GRADE for sign height computation.
   GROUND SIGN. Any freestanding sign with its sign face mounted on the ground or mounted on a base at least as wide as the sign and which has a total height not exceeding eight feet. See § 19.126 for graphic illustration.
   HEIGHT OF SIGN. Computed as the vertical distance measured from the base of the sign at grade to the top of the highest attached component of the sign .
   HISTORIC OR COMMEMORATIVE PLAQUE. Any building sign indicating the name of a building , the date of erection and incidental information about its construction and which is cut into a masonry surface or made of bronze or other permanent material.
   HOME IMPROVEMENT SIGN. Any temporary sign which identifies and announces the construction company responsible for the home improvement of the property.
   HOTEL, MOTEL, MOTOR HOTEL. Any building or combination of buildings containing six or more rooms used for sleeping purposes by guest on a transient basis.
   IDENTIFICATION SIGN. Any sign which is used to distinguish a site as determined by the owner or agent of the site.
   ILLUMINATED SIGN. Any sign which contains an element designed to emanate artificial light internally or externally.
   INCIDENTAL SIGN. A sign that has a purpose secondary to the use of the lot on which it is located, such as “telephone,” “drive-up window,” “cash machine,” “air” and other similar directives. Also see DIRECTIONAL SIGN and TRAFFIC CONTROL SIGN.
   INTERIOR SIGN. A sign which is located more than six feet from a window or door (including a garage door) within the interior of any building, or within an enclosed lobby or court of any building, or within a parking ramp not visible from any existing or planned public or private street or a sign for and located within the inner or outer body, court or entrance of any theater. INTERIOR SIGNS differ from window signs in that their placement within the structure does not appear calculated to be visible from the exterior of a building.
   ISSUING AUTHORITY. The City of Bloomington Department of Community Development.
   LEGALLY ESTABLISHED NONCONFORMING SIGN. Any sign and its support structure lawfully erected prior to the effective date of this Article X which fails to conform to the requirements of this Article X. A sign which was erected in accordance with a variance granted prior to the adoption of this Article X and which does not comply with this Article X shall be deemed to be a legal nonconforming sign . A sign which was unlawfully erected shall be deemed to be an illegal sign .
   LOGO. A graphic depiction of any brand name, trademark, logo, distinctive symbol or other similar device or thing used to identify a particular business, institution, activity, place, person, product or service.
   MARQUEE. Any permanent roof-like structure projecting beyond a theater building or extending along and projecting beyond the wall of that building , generally designed and constructed to provide protection from the weather.
   MARQUEE SIGN. Any building sign painted, mounted, constructed or attached in any manner, on a marquee. See § 19.126.1 for graphic illustration.
   MESSAGE CENTER. See CHANGEABLE COPY SIGN.
   MONUMENT SIGN. Any freestanding sign with its sign face mounted on the ground or mounted on a base at least as wide as the sign and which has a height exceeding eight feet. See § 19.126 for graphic illustration.
   MULTIPLE TENANT SITE. Any site which has more than one tenant, and each tenant has a separate ground level exterior public entrance.
   MULTI-VISION SIGN. Any sign composed in whole or in part of a series of vertical or horizontal slats or cylinders that are capable of being rotated at intervals so that partial rotation of the group of slats or cylinders produces a different image and when properly functioning allows on a single sign structure the display at any given time one of two or more images.
   MURAL. A work of graphic art painted or applied to a building wall(s) which contains no advertising or logos, except where expressly permitted by City Code.
   NAME PLATE. Any sign which identifies the residential property.
   NEIGHBORHOOD SIGN. A permanent sign designed to identify a residential subdivision.
   OFFICIAL SIGNS AND NOTICES. Signs and notices erected and maintained by public officers or public agencies within their territorial jurisdiction and pursuant to and in accordance with direction or authorization contained in federal, state or local law for the purposes of carrying out an official duty or responsibility. Historical markers authorized by state law and erected by state or local governmental agencies or nonprofit historical societies and star city signs erected under § 173.025 may be considered official signs .
   OFF-SITE ADVERTISING SIGN. A graphic or message advertising or identifying a product, service, brand, business or activity not regularly sold, located or conducted on the site where the sign is located.
   ON-SITE ADVERTISING SIGN. A graphic and/or message advertising or identifying a product, service, brand, business or activity sold, located or conducted on the site where the sign is located.  A sponsorship agreement does not qualify a sign as an on-site sign .
   OPAQUE SIGN FACE. The nontransparent face for an internally illuminated sign. Illumination shall be emitted only for the name, trademark, logo, distinctive symbol or other similar device, thing or text used to identify a particular business, institution, activity, place, person, product or service.
   PARAPET (WALL). The portion of building wall that rises above the roof level.
   PERMANENT SIGN. A non-temporary sign designed and intended for long-term use.
   POLE SIGN. See PYLON SIGN.
   POLITICAL SIGN. Any sign posted by a person or group promoting a political issue or a candidate for political office or commenting on issues or promoting opinions.
   PORTABLE SIGN. Any sign which is manifestly designed to be transported, including by trailer or on its own wheels, even though the wheels of such sign may be removed and the remaining chassis or support is converted to another sign or attached temporarily or permanently to the ground since this characteristic is based on the design of such a sign . Banners attached to a building , to a permanent sign, to a permanent sign pole, or to a pole mounted in the ground are not PORTABLE SIGNS. Yard signs and A-frame or sandwich board signs are not PORTABLE SIGNS if anchored into the ground.
   PORTE COCHERE. A roofed structure or roof-like cover, extending from the entrance of a building and which provides shelter over a doorway.
   PRINCIPAL BUILDING. The building in which the principal primary use of the lot is conducted. Lots with multiple principal uses may have multiple principal buildings , but storage buildings , garages and other clearly accessory uses shall not be considered PRINCIPAL BUILDINGS.
   PROJECTING SIGN. Any sign which is affixed to a building or wall in such a manner that its leading edge extends more than two feet beyond the surface or such building or wall face. See § 19.126.1 for graphic illustrations.
   PROPERTY OWNER. Legal owner of property as officially recorded by the county.
   PUBLIC ART. Art in any media sited in the physical public domain outdoors and accessible to all members of the public primarily for its imaginative, aesthetic or intellectual value.
   PUBLIC ARTISTIC PERFORMANCE. Performances conducted primarily for its imaginative, aesthetic, cultural, or intellectual content on public rights-of-way, parks or plazas outside and accessible to all members of the public for their enjoyment.
   PUBLIC BUILDING. A nonresidential building , owned by any governmental agency, which is primarily used for governmental purposes.
   PUBLIC NOTICES. Official notices posted by public officers, employees or their agents in the performance of their duties, or as directed by such officers, employees or agents.
   PUBLIC SERVICE ANNOUNCEMENTS. Messages displayed or disseminated without charge, with the objective of raising awareness, or changing public attitudes and behavior on a matter concerning the public health, safety or welfare.
   PUBLIC STREET RIGHT-OF-WAY. The planned right-of-way for a public street in accordance with the most recently adopted Master Street Plan of the city.
   PUBLIC UTILITY SIGNS. Warning signs , notices or markers which are customarily erected and maintained by public or privately owned public utilities, as essential to their operations.
   PUMP ISLAND SIGN. Any sign either affixed directly to a gasoline pump or otherwise attached to the pump or pump island.
   PYLON SIGN. Any freestanding sign which has its supportive structure(s) anchored in the ground and which has a sign face elevated above ground level by pole(s) or beam(s) and with the area below the sign face open. See § 19.126 for graphic illustration.
   PYROTECHNICS. Fireworks or similar devices used to ignite a combustible substance or produce an explosion.
   REAL ESTATE SIGN. Any temporary sign which announces the sale, rental or lease of property by the owner or real estate company.
   RESIDENTIAL DISTRICT. Any district zoned for residential uses.
   RESIDENTIAL SIGN. Any sign located in a district zoned for residential uses.
   ROOF. The exterior surface and its supporting structure on the top of a building or structure. The structural make-up of which conforms to the roof structures, roof construction and roof covering sections of the Uniform Building Code.
   ROOF LINE. The upper-most edge of the roof or in the case of an extended facade or parapet, the upper-most height of said facade.
   ROOF SIGN. Any sign erected and constructed wholly on and above the roof of a building , supported by the roof structure, and extending vertically above the highest portion of the roof. See § 19.126.1 for graphic illustration. Individual letters mounted on canopies are considered ROOF SIGNS only if they extend above the uppermost roof of the principal building served by the canopy.
   ROOF SIGN, INTEGRAL. Any building sign erected or constructed as an integral or essentially integral part of a normal roof structure of any design, so that no part of the sign extends vertically above the highest portion of the roof and so that no part of the sign is separated from the rest of the roof by a space of more than six inches. See § 19.126.1 for graphic illustration.
   ROTATING SIGN. A sign or portion of a sign which in any physical part or in total turns about on an axis, rotates, revolves or is otherwise in motion, including without limitation a multi-vision sign.
   SERVICE AREA CANOPY. Any structural protective cover that is not enclosed on any of its four sides and is provided for the service area designated for the dispensing or installation of gasoline, oil, antifreeze, headlights, wiper blades and other similar products and the performance of minor services for customers as related to said dispensing or installation.
   SERVICE AREA CANOPY SIGN. Any sign that is part or attached to the service area canopy.
   SERVICE STATION. See CONVENIENCE FACILITY WITH FUEL SALES.
   SETBACK, FRONT. The minimum horizontal distance permitted between the public right-of-way and a structure on the premises. In instances in which a property fronts on more than one street, front setbacks are required on all street frontages.
   SETBACK, REAR. The minimum horizontal distance permitted between the property line opposite the principal street frontage and a structure on the premises.
   SETBACK, SIDE. The minimum horizontal distance permitted between the side lot line and a structure on the premises.
   SHIMMERING SIGNS. A sign which reflects an oscillating sometimes distorted visual image.
   SIGN. Any structure, fixture, placard, announcement, declaration, device, demonstration or insignia used for direction, information, identification or to advertise or promote any business, product, goods, activity, services or any interests.
   SIGN FACE. The surface of the sign upon, against or through which the message of the sign is exhibited.
   SIGN STRUCTURE. Any structure including the supports, uprights, bracing and framework which supports or is capable of supporting any sign .
   SITE. A plot or parcel of land, or combination of contiguous lots or parcels of land, which are intended, designated and/or approved to function as an integrated unit.
   SPANDREL. A roof-like structure that covers the gasoline pump dispenser below a service area canopy and which is a lighting source for the dispensing area, serves to identify the gasoline pumps by numerical designation, and may display signage.
   SPANDREL SIGN. Any sign that is a part of or attached to the spandrel.
   STREET FURNITURE. Fittings and fixtures installed in the public right-of-way, parks or plazas designed to be available outside and accessible to all members of the public for their convenient use and enjoyment or which contribute to creative public place-making, including without limitation public benches, bicycle racks, water fountains, drinking fountains, litter and recycling receptacles, public information kiosks, pedestrian-scaled lighting, and planters.
   STRINGER. A line of string, rope, cording or an equivalent to which is attached a number of pennants.
   SUSPENDED SIGN. Any building sign that is suspended from the underside of a horizontal plane surface and is connected to this surface. See § 19.126.1 for graphic illustration.
   TEMPORARY SIGN. Any sign or sign structure which is not permanently affixed or installed, and is intended to be displayed for a limited period only. Examples of such signs include, but are not limited to the following: real estate, construction, special event, political, garage sale, home improvement/ remodeling, model home and seasonal (holiday) signs .
   TIME AND TEMPERATURE SIGN. Any sign which displays exclusively current time and temperature information.
   TOMBSTONE. Any cemetery marker or grave indicator, including grave monuments.
   TOTAL SITE SIGNAGE. The maximum permitted combined area of all freestanding and wall identification signs allowed on a specific property.
   TRAFFIC CONTROL SIGN. See OFFICIAL SIGN.
   VEHICLE SIGN. Any sign painted, placed on, attached or affixed to a trailer, watercraft, truck, automobile or other form of motor vehicle so parked or placed so that the sign thereon is discernable from a public street or right-of-way as a means of communication and which by its location, size and manner of display is reasonably calculated to exhibit commercial advertising identifying an on-site business or supplying directional information to an off-site business. A VEHICLE SIGN may be so defined when on a vehicle that functions primarily as a sign rather than as a transportation device, as determined by consideration of any combination of the following factors:
   (A)   The absence of a current, lawful license plate affixed to the vehicle on which the sign is displayed;
   (B)   The vehicle on which the sign is displayed is inoperable as defined by this city code;
   (C)   The vehicle on which the sign is displayed is not parked in a lawful or authorized location or is on blocks or other supports or is parked in a manner that is not in conformity with the identified parking space on the lot;
   (D)   The vehicle on which the sign is displayed is not regularly used for transportation associated with the use it advertises;
   (E)   The vehicle remains parked on the premises after normal business hours when customers and employees are not normally present on the premises; or
   (F)   The vehicle remains parked in the same vicinity on the property in a location which maximizes its visibility from the public street or right-of-way on a regular basis.
   VIDEO DISPLAY SIGN. A sign that changes its message or background in a manner or method of display characterized by motion or pictorial imagery, which may or may not include text and depicts action or a special effect to imitate movement, the presentation of pictorials or graphics displayed in a progression of frames which give the illusion of motion, including, but not limited to, the illusion of moving objects, moving patterns or bands of light, or expanding or contracting shapes, not including electronic changeable copy signs. VIDEO DISPLAY SIGNS include projected images or messages with these characteristics onto buildings or other objects.
   VISIBLE. Capable of being seen by a person of normal visual acuity (whether legible or not) without visual aid.
   WALL. Any structure which defines the exterior boundaries or courts of a building or structure and which has a slope of 60 degrees or greater with the horizontal plane.
   WALL GRAPHIC. A graphic image attached to an exterior building wall or window that displays static images with no more than 25% of the graphic area comprised of text or logos. WALL GRAPHICS may be illuminated internally or externally but are not electronic signs .
   WALL SIGN. Any building sign attached parallel to, but within two feet of a wall, painted on the wall surface of, or erected and confined within the limits of an outside wall of any building or structure, which is supported by such wall or building , and which displays only one sign surface. See § 19.126.1 for graphic illustration.
   WINDOW DISPLAY. An arrangement of merchandise displayed in a building window and may include incidental graphics and text incorporated in the merchandise or display apparatus (e.g., mannequins). The area of a building facade designated for WINDOW DISPLAY will not be included in the computation of maximum total sign area permitted, but any permanent signs placed within a WINDOW DISPLAY are included in the total sign area computation and subject to all applicable sign design standards.
   WINDOW SIGN. Any building sign, pictures, symbol or combination thereof, designed to communicate information about an activity, business, commodity, event, sale or service, that is placed inside a window or upon the window glass or door (including garage doors), so as to be primarily visible from the exterior of the building or structure.
   YARD SALE. See GARAGE SALE.
(Ord. 96-40, passed 8-19-1996; Ord. 97-36, passed 8-18-1997; Ord. 2006-45, passed 10-9-2006; Ord. 2008-1, passed 1-14-2008; Ord. 2012-14, passed 6-25-2012; Ord. 2013-2, passed 2-25-2013; Ord. 2014-16, passed 11-17-2014; Ord. 2015-15, passed 5-18-2015; Ord. 2019-10, passed 1-7-2019; Ord. 2019-47, passed 12-2-2019; Ord. 2020-36, passed 11-9-2020)