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1256.02  DEFINITIONS.
   As used in this chapter:
   (a)   "Antenna" means any system of wires, poles, rods, reflecting discs or similar devices used for the transmission or reception of electromagnetic waves when such system is either external to or attached to the exterior of a structure.  "Antenna" also includes the following:
      (1)   "Antenna, building mounted".  Any antenna, other than one with its supports resting on the ground, directly attached or affixed to a building, tank, tower, building-mounted mast or similar structure used for providing telecommunications services, other than towers or antennas as defined by this chapter.
      (2)   "Antenna, directional".  (Also known as a "panel antenna") A device which transmits and/or receives radio frequency signals in a directional pattern of less than 360 degrees.
      (3)   "Antenna, ground mounted".  Any antenna with its base, single or multiple posts, placed directly on the ground.
      (4)   "Antenna, omni-directional".  Any antenna which transmits and/or receives radio frequency signals in a 360-degree radial pattern.
      (5)   "Antenna, parabolic".  (Also known as a "satellite dish antenna") A device which incorporates a reflective surface that is solid, open mesh or bar configured that is a shallow dish, cone, horn, or bowl or saucer-shaped, and is used to transmit and/or receive electromagnetic or radio frequency communication signals in a specific directional pattern.
      (6)   "Antenna, portable".  Any device used to transmit and/or receive electromagnetic  or radio frequency communications signals in a specific pattern, located on a portable or moveable base, to be placed for either temporary or long-term use at a given site.
      (7)   "Antenna, wireless telecommunications".  Any antenna system designed to transmit and/or receive communications as authorized by Federal Communications Commission (FCC), including amateur radio operators' antennas.
   (b)   "Camouflage" means art and science of concealing wireless telecommunications antennas and towers by means of mimicking other objects; to disguise with colors, foliage, etc., including the placement of such devices.
   (c)   "Cellular" means wireless transmission technology which uses a grid of antennas (cell sites) to send and receive signals from mobile telephones.  The antennas "hand-off" signals as the user travels between cell sites, enabling the same frequency, or channel, to be used by many callers simultaneously.
   (d)   "Cellular telecommunications service"  means personal communicating accessed by means of cellular equipment and services.
   (e)   "Collocation" means the use of a wireless telecommunications facility, comprising a single wireless telecommunications tower, building or other structure permanently affixed to real property, supporting two or more antennas, disks, pods or other similar devices used for telecommunications by more than one telecommunications provider, whether public or private.  Co-location shall apply to such devices whether readily discernible to the naked eye or camouflaged (see definition).
   (f)   "Commercial wireless telecommunications services"  means wireless telecommunications services by private providers licensed by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), including cellular, personal communications services (PCS), specialized mobilized radio (SMR), enhanced specialized mobile radio (ESMR), paging and similar services that are marketed to the general public.
   (g)   "District"  means a "zoning district," as defined in this Code.  "District" also means a zoning classification.
   (h)   "FAA" means the Federal Aeronautics Administration.
   (i)   "Facilities" or "facility" means any entire wireless telecommunications facility, including a tower, equipment building, parking area and other structures and signs, or one of the same, or a combination of these objects and devices.
   (j)   "FCC" means the Federal Communications Commission, which is primarily responsible for the administration of the Telecommunications Act of 1996.
   (k)   "Locate" or "location" means to place (or the placement of) a tower or related wireless telecommunications facility and incidental structures on a zoning lot within the corporate boundaries of the City pursuant to securing the required permits through ordinary due process.
   (l)   "Lot" means "zoning lot".
   (m)   "NIER" or "Non-ionizing electromagnetic radiation" means electromagnetic radiation primarily in the visible, infrared and radio frequency portions of the electromagnetic spectrum.
   (n)   "PCS" means personal communication services, including digital transmission, typically wireless or cellular telecommunications generally.
   (o)   "Personal wireless telecommunications service" means communications services provided by a commercial mobile service provider.  It includes a common carrier wireless exchange access service, cellular services, and unlicensed wireless services.
   (p)   "Place" or "placement" means to locate (a tower or related wireless telecommunications facility and incidental structures) on a zoning lot.
   (q)   "Premises" means a zoning lot, or the immediate vicinity (of a tower and related wireless telecommunications facility), consisting of land and structures and appurtenances thereof.
   (r)   "Provider" means a private or public (including governmental and quasi-governmental) entity, licensed by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), which provides wireless telecommunications services.
   (s)   "Public utility" means persons, corporations or governments supplying gas, electric, cable television, transportation, water, sewer or land line telephone service to the general public.  For purposes of this chapter, telecommunications facilities of any kind shall not be considered public utilities.
   (t)   "Quasi-public" means real property owned or controlled at least in part by a governmental entity, or a public non-profit agency or organization duly authorized by law.
   (u)   "Radio frequency" (RF) means any of the electromagnetic wave frequencies that lie in the range extending from below 3 kilohertz to about 300 gigahertz and that include frequencies for radio, television and wireless telecommunications.
   (v)   "Residential District" means all land within the corporate boundaries of the City currently zoned, or as might become zoned, any residential zoning classification pursuant to the City Charter and/or its duly adopted zoning regulations through ordinary due process.
   (w)   "Structure" means any man-made building or object affixed to a zoning lot on which is located a wireless telecommunications tower and related facility, and is incidental, ancillary or otherwise supportive to that facility.
   (x)   "Telecommunications" means all communications services and the use thereof, whether by means of public or private providers, and includes cellular telecommunications, personal wireless services and amateur radio broadcasting, by any transmission, emission or reception of signals, writing, images and sounds, or information of any nature by wire, radio, visual or the electromagnetic system.
   (y)   "Telecommunications Act of 1996" means Public Law 104-104, as adopted by the Congress of the United States, February 8, 1996, as may from time to time be amended.  This law is the basic law governing wireless telecommunications.
   (z)   "Towers" means any ground or above-ground mounted pole, spire, structure or combination thereof, taller than fifteen feet, including supporting lines, cables, wires, braces or masts, and including smoke stacks, water towers and other similar structures which can accommodate the mounting of an antenna, meteorological or telecommunications device, or similar apparatus above-grade.  "Tower" also includes the following:
      (1)   "Cellular or wireless communications".  Any tower, as defined in this chapter, used to support a cellular or wireless telecommunications antenna.  Such tower may be a mast, pole, monopole, guyed tower, lattice tower, freestanding tower or other structure designed and primarily used to support antennas.  A building permanently affixed to real property which supports a device as defined in this section as a tower, when that device extends above the highest point on such building by more than fifteen feet, and used for telecommunications purposes, the device so extending shall be considered a tower under this chapter.
      (2)   "Lattice".  A support structure constructed of vertical metal struts and cross braces forming a triangular or rectangular structure which often tapers from the foundation to the top.
      (3)   "Monopole".  A support structure constructed of a single, self-supporting pole or similar device securely anchored to a foundation, not necessarily the ground.
      (4)   "Multi-user".  A tower to which is attached the antennas of more than one wireless telecommunications service provider, including a governmental entity or other similar provider.
      (5)   "Single-user".  A tower to which is attached only the antenna(s) of a single provider, although such tower may be designed to accommodate the antennas of multiple uses.
   (aa)   "Wireless telecommunications" means the same as "telecommunications", "personal communication system(s)", "PCS", or "communications".
   (bb)   "Wireless telecommunications equipment building" or "equipment building" means the structure in which the electromagnetic receiving and relay equipment for a wireless telecommunications facility is housed.
   (cc)   "Wireless telecommunications facility" or "facility" or "facilities" means the facility consisting of the equipment and structures involved in receiving telecommunications or radio signals from a mobile radio communications source and transmitting those signals to a central switching computer which connects the mobile unit with the land-based telephone lines.
   (dd)   "Zoning district" means a zoning district as established by the City Charter and/or any duly adopted zoning regulations.  For purposes of this chapter "zoning district" is synonymous with "zoning classification".
(Ord. 90-98.  Passed 5-18-98.)