§ 151.01  DEFINITIONS.
   For purposes of this chapter the following definitions shall apply unless the context clearly indicates or requires a different meaning.
   DEVELOPMENT. Any man-made change to real estate, including but not limited to construction or reconstruction of buildings, installing manufactured homes or travel trailers, installing utilities, construction of roads or bridges, erection of levees, walls, or fences, drilling mining, filling, dredging, and storage of materials.
   FLOOD. A general and temporary condition of partial or complete inundation of normally dry land area from overflow of inland or tidal waves, or the unusual and rapid accumulation or runoff of surface waters from any source.
   FLOOD PLAIN or FLOOD PRONE AREA. Any land area susceptible to being inundated by water from any source. (See FLOOD)
   FLOODPROOFING. Any combination of structural and nonstructural additions, changes or adjustments to structures which reduce or eliminate flood damage to real estate or improved real property, water and sanitary facilities, structures and their contents.
   MANUFACTURED HOME. A structure, transportable in one or more sections, which is built on permanent chasses and is designated of ruse with or without a permanent foundation when attached to the required utilities.
   NEW CONSTRUCTION. For the purposes of determining insurance rates, structures for which the start of construction commenced on or after the effective date of an initial FIRM or after December 31 1974, whichever is later, and includes any subsequent improvements to such structures.  For flood plain management purposes, new construction means structures for which the start of construction commenced on or after the effective date of a flood plain management regulation adopted by a community and includes any subsequent improvements to such structures.
   PERSON. Includes any individuals, corporation, partnership, association, or any other entity, including state and local governments and agencies
   SPECIAL FLOOD HAZARD AREA. The land in the flood plain within a community subject to a 1% or great chance of flooding in any given year.  The area may be designated as Zone A on the FHBM.  After detailed ratemaking has been completed in preparation for publication of the flood insurance rate map, Zone A usually is refined into Zones A, AO, AH, A1-30, AE, A99, AR/A1-30, AR/AE, AR/AO, AR/AH, AR/A, VO, or V1-30, VE, or V.  For purposes of these regulations, the term SPECIAL FLOOD HAZARD AREA is synonymous in meaning the phrase AREA OF SPECIAL FLOOD HAZARD.
   STRUCTURE.  For flood plain management purposes, a walled and roofed building, including gas or liquid storage tanks, that is principally above ground.  The term includes recreational vehicles and travel trailers on a site for more than 180 days.
   SUBSTANTIAL IMPROVEMENT.
      (1)   Any repair, reconstruction or improvement of a structure, the cost of which equals or exceeds 50% of the market value of the structure either:
         (a)   Before the improvement or repair is started; or
         (b)   If the structure has been damaged, and is being restored before the damage occurred. 
      (2)   For the purposes of this definition SUBSTANTIAL IMPROVEMENT is considered to occur when the first alteration of any wall, ceiling, floor, or other structural part of the building commences, whether or not that alteration affects the external dimensions of the structure regardless of the actual work performed.  The term does not, however, include either:
         (a)   Any project for improvement of a structure to comply with existing state or local health, sanitary, or safety code specifications which are solely necessary to assure safe living conditions; or
         (b)   Any alteration of an historic structure, provided that the alteration will not preclude the structure's continued designation as an historic structure
(Ord. 143, passed 1-6-2020)