§ 19.02.010  FIRE CODE ADMINISTRATION.
   SECTION 101 GENERAL
   101.1- Title. Title XIX of the City of Alhambra Municipal Code shall be known as the Fire Code of the City of Alhambra, may be cited as such, and will be referred to herein as “these regulations” or “these building standards” or “this Code.”
   101.2 Scope. This code establishes regulations affecting or relating to structures, processes, premises and safeguards regarding:
   1.   The hazard of fire and explosion arising from the storage, handling or use of structures, materials or devices;
   2.   Conditions hazardous to life, property or public welfare in the occupancy of structures or premises;
   3.   Fire hazards in the structure or on the premises from occupancy or operation;
   4.   Matters related to the construction, extension, repair, alteration or removal of fire suppression or alarm systems; and
   5.   Conditions affecting the safety of firefighters and emergency responders during emergency operations.
      101.2.1 Appendices. Provisions in the appendices shall not apply unless specifically adopted.
   101.3 Intent. The purpose of this code is to establish the minimum requirements consistent with nationally recognized good practice for providing a reasonable level of life safety and property protection from the hazards of fire, explosion or dangerous conditions in new and existing buildings, structures and premises, and to provide safety to fire fighters and emergency responders during emergency operations.
   101.4 Severability. If a section, subsection, sentence, clause or phrase of this code is, for any reason, held to be unconstitutional, such decision shall not affect the validity of the remaining portions of this code.
   101.5 Validity. In the event any part or provision of this code is held to be illegal or void, this shall not have the effect of making void or illegal any of the other parts or provisions hereof, which are determined to be legal; and it shall be presumed that this code would have been adopted without such illegal or invalid parts or provisions.
   SECTION 102 APPLICABILITY
   102.1 Construction and design provisions. The construction and design provisions of this code shall apply to:
   1.   Structures, facilities and conditions arising after the adoption of this code.
   2.   Existing structures, facilities and conditions not legally in existence at the time of adoption of this code.
   3.   Existing structures, facilities and conditions when required in Chapter 11.
   4.   Existing structures, facilities and conditions that, in the opinion of the fire code official, constitute a distinct hazard to life or property.
   102.2 Administrative, operational and maintenance provisions. The administrative, operational and maintenance provisions of this code shall apply to:
   1.   Conditions and operations arising after the adoption of this code.
   2.   Existing conditions and operations.
   102.3 Change of use or occupancy. Changes shall not be made in the use or occupancy of any structure that would place the structure in a different division of the same group or occupancy or in a different group of occupancies, unless such structure is made to comply with the requirements of this code and the Building Code. Subject to the approval of the fire code official, the use or occupancy of an existing structure shall be allowed to be changed and the structure is allowed to be occupied for purposes in other groups without conforming to all of the requirements of this code and the Building Code for those groups, provided the new or proposed use is less hazardous, based on life and fire risk, than the existing use.
   102.4 Application of building code. The design and construction of new structures shall comply with the Building Code, and any alterations, additions, changes in use or changes in structures required by this code, which are within the scope of the Building Code, shall be made in accordance therewith.
   102.5 Application of residential code. Where structures are designed and constructed in accordance with the Residential Code, the provisions of this code shall apply as follows:
   1.   Construction and design provisions of this code pertaining to the exterior of the structure shall apply including, but not limited to, premises identification, fire apparatus access and water supplies. Where interior or exterior systems or devices are installed, construction permits required by Section 105.7 of this code shall also apply.
   2.   Administrative, operational and maintenance provisions of this code shall apply.
   102.6 Reserved.
   102.7 Referenced codes and standards. The codes and standards referenced in this code shall be those that are listed in Chapter 80, and such codes and standards shall be considered part of the requirements of this code to the prescribed extent of each such reference and as further regulated in Sections 102.7.1 and 102.7.2.
      102.7.1 Conflicts. Where conflicts occur between provisions of this code and referenced codes and standards, the provisions of this code shall apply.
      102.7.2 Provisions in referenced codes and standards. Where the extent of the reference to a referenced code or standard includes subject matter that is within the scope of this code, the provisions of this code, as applicable, shall take precedence over the provisions in the referenced code or standard.
   102.8 Subjects not regulated by this code. Where no applicable standards or requirements are set forth in this code, or are contained within other laws, codes, regulations, ordinances or bylaws adopted by the jurisdiction, compliance with applicable standards of the National Fire Protection Association or other nationally recognized fire safety standards, as approved, shall be deemed as prima facie evidence of compliance with the intent of this code. Nothing herein shall derogate from the authority of the fire code official to determine compliance with codes or standards for those activities or installations within the fire code official’s jurisdiction or responsibility.
   102.9 Matters not provided for. Requirements that are essential for the public safety of an existing or proposed activity, building or structure, or for the safety of the occupants thereof, that are not specifically provided for by this code, shall be determined by the fire code official.
   102.10 Conflicting provisions. Where there is a conflict between a general requirement and a specific requirement, the specific shall be applicable. Where, in a specific case, different sections of this code specify different materials, methods of construction or other requirements, the most restrictive shall govern.
   102.11 Other laws. The provisions of this code shall not be deemed to nullify any provisions of local, state or federal law.
   102.12 Application of references. References to chapter or section numbers, or to provisions not specifically identified by number, shall be construed to refer to such chapter, section or provision of this code.
   SECTION 103 FIRE DEPARTMENT
   103.1 General. The department of fire is established within the jurisdiction under the direction of the fire code official. The function of the department shall be the implementation, administration and enforcement of the provisions of this code.
   103.2 Appointment. The fire code official shall be appointed by the chief appointing authority of the jurisdiction.
   103.3 Deputies. In accordance with the prescribed procedures of this jurisdiction and with the concurrence of the appointing authority, the fire code official shall have the authority to appoint a deputy fire code official, other related technical officers, inspectors and other employees.
   103.4 Liability. The fire code official, member of the board of appeals, officer or employee charged with the enforcement of this code, while acting for the jurisdiction, in good faith and without malice in the discharge of the duties required by this code or other pertinent law or ordinance, shall not thereby be rendered liable personally, and is hereby relieved from all personal liability for any damage accruing to persons or property as a result of an act or by reason of an act or omission in the discharge of official duties.
      103.4.1 Reserved.
   SECTION 104 GENERAL AUTHORITY AND RESPONSIBILITIES
   104.1 General. The fire code official is hereby authorized to enforce the provisions of this code and shall have the authority to render interpretations of this code, and to adopt policies, procedures, rules and regulations in order to clarify the application of its provisions. Such interpretations, policies, procedures, rules and regulations shall be in compliance with the intent and purpose of this code and shall not have the effect of waiving requirements specifically provided for in this code.
   104.2 Applications and permits. The fire code official is authorized to receive applications, review construction documents and issue permits for construction regulated by this code, issue permits for operations regulated by this code, inspect the premises for which such permits have been issued and enforce compliance with the provisions of this code.
   104.3 Right of entry. Whenever it is necessary to make an inspection to enforce the provisions of this code, or whenever the fire code official has reasonable cause to believe that there exists in a building or upon any premises any conditions or violations of this code which make the building or premises unsafe, dangerous or hazardous, the fire code official shall have the authority to enter the building or premises at all reasonable times to inspect or to perform the duties imposed upon the fire code official by this code. If such building or premises is occupied, the fire code official shall present credentials to the occupant and request entry. If such building or premises is unoccupied, the fire code official shall first make a reasonable effort to locate the owner or other person having charge or control of the building or premises and request entry. If entry is refused, the fire code official has recourse to every remedy provided by law to secure entry.
      104.3.1 Warrant. When the fire code official has first obtained a proper inspection warrant or other remedy provided by law to secure entry, an owner or occupant or person having charge, care or control of the building or premises shall not fail or neglect, after proper request is made as herein provided, to permit entry therein by the fire code official for the purpose of inspection and examination pursuant to this code.
   104.4 Reserved.
   104.5 Notices and orders. The fire code official is authorized to issue such notices or orders as are required to affect compliance with this code in accordance with Sections 109.1, 109.2 and 109.3.
   104.6 Reserved.
   104.7 Approved materials and equipment. All materials, equipment and devices approved by the fire code official shall be constructed and installed in accordance with such approval.
      104.7.1 Material and equipment reuse. Materials, equipment and devices shall not be reused or reinstalled unless such elements have been reconditioned, tested and placed in good and proper working condition and approved.
      104.7.2 Technical assistance. To determine the acceptability of technologies, processes, products, facilities, materials and uses attending the design, operation or use of a building or premises subject to inspection by the fire code official, the fire code official is authorized to require the owner or agent to provide, without charge to the jurisdiction, a technical opinion and report. The opinion and report shall be prepared by a qualified engineer, specialist, laboratory or fire safety specialty organization acceptable to the fire code official and shall analyze the fire safety properties of the design, operation or use of the building or premises and the facilities and appurtenances situated thereon, to recommend necessary changes. The fire code official is authorized to require design submittals to be prepared by, and bear the stamp of, a registered design professional.
   104.8 Modifications. Whenever there are practical difficulties involved in carrying out the provisions of this code, the fire code official shall have the authority to grant modifications for individual cases, provided the fire code official shall first find that special individual reason makes the strict letter of this code impractical and the modification is in compliance with the intent and purpose of this code and that such modification does not lessen health, life and fire safety requirements. The details of action granting modifications shall be recorded and entered in the files of the fire department.
   104.9 Alternative materials and methods. The provisions of this code are not intended to prevent the installation of any material or to prohibit any method of construction not specifically prescribed by this code, provided that any such alternative has been approved. The fire code official is authorized to approve an alternative material or method of construction where the fire code official finds that the proposed design is satisfactory and complies with the intent of the provisions of this code, and that the material, method or work offered is, for the purpose intended, at least the equivalent of that prescribed in this code in quality, strength, effectiveness, fire resistance, durability and safety.
      104.9.1 Research reports. Supporting data, when necessary to assist in the approval of materials or assemblies not specifically provided for in this code, shall consist of valid research reports from approved sources.
      104.9.2 Tests. Whenever there is insufficient evidence of compliance with the provisions of this code, or evidence that a material or method does not conform to the requirements of this code, or in order to substantiate claims for alternative materials or methods, the fire code official shall have the authority to require tests as evidence of compliance to be made at no expense to the jurisdiction. Test methods shall be as specified in this code or by other recognized test standards. In the absence of recognized and accepted test methods, the fire code official shall approve the testing procedures. Tests shall be performed by an approved agency. Reports of such tests shall be retained by the fire code official for the period required for retention of public records.
   104.10 Fire investigations. The fire code official, the fire department or other responsible authority shall have the authority to investigate the cause, origin and circumstances of any fire, explosion or other hazardous condition. Information that could be related to trade secrets or processes shall not be made part of the public record, except as directed by a court of law.
      104.10.1 Assistance from other agencies. Police and other enforcement agencies shall have authority to render necessary assistance in the investigation of fires when requested to do so.
      104.10.2 Police powers. The fire code official shall have the powers of police officers in performing their duties under this Code, in accord with California Penal Code Section 832. When requested to do so by the fire code official, the chief of police of the jurisdiction is authorized to assign such available police officers as necessary to assist the fire code official in enforcing the provisions of this code.
   104.11 Authority at fires and other emergencies. The fire chief or officer of the fire department in charge at the scene of a fire or other emergency involving the protection of life or property, or any part thereof, shall have the authority to direct such operation as necessary to extinguish or control any fire, perform any rescue operation, investigate the existence of suspected or reported fires, gas leaks or other hazardous conditions or situations, or take any other action necessary in the reasonable performance of duty. In the exercise of such power, the fire chief is authorized to prohibit any person, vehicle, vessel or thing from approaching the scene, and is authorized to remove, or cause to be removed or kept away from the scene, any vehicle, vessel or thing which could impede or interfere with the operations of the fire department and, in the judgment of the fire chief, any person not actually and usefully employed in the extinguishing of such fire or in the preservation of property in the vicinity thereof.
      104.11.1 Barricades. The fire chief or officer of the fire department in charge at the scene of an emergency is authorized to place ropes, guards, barricades or other obstructions across any street, alley, place or private property in the vicinity of such operation so as to prevent accidents or interference with the lawful efforts of the fire department to manage and control the situation and to handle fire apparatus.
      104.11.2 Obstructing operations. No person shall obstruct the operations of the fire department in connection with extinguishment or control of any fire, or actions relative to other emergencies, or disobey any lawful command of the fire chief or officer of the fire department in charge of the emergency, or any part thereof, or any lawful order of a police officer assisting the fire department.
      104.11.3 Systems and devices. No person shall render a system or device inoperative during an emergency unless by direction of the fire chief or fire department official in charge of the incident.
   SECTION 105 PERMITS
   105.1 General. Permits shall be in accordance with Sections 105.1.1 through 105.7.16.
      105.1.1 Permits required. Any property owner or authorized agent who intends to conduct an operation or business, or install or modify systems and equipment which is regulated by this code, or to cause any such work to be done, shall first make application to the fire code official and obtain the required permit.
      105.1.2 Types of permits. There shall be two types of permits as follows:
      1.   Operational permit. An operational permit allows the applicant to conduct an operation or a business for which a permit is required by Section 105.6 for either:
         1.1.   A prescribed period.
         1.2.   Until renewed or revoked.
      2.   Construction permit. A construction permit allows the applicant to install or modify systems and equipment for which a permit is required by Section 105.7.
      105.1.3. All plan review and permit fees shall be as adopted by separate resolution and/or ordinance. Plan checking fees shall be paid at the time of plan review submittal. Permit fees shall be paid at the time of permit issuance.
      105.1.4 Emergency repairs. Where equipment replacement and repairs must be performed in an emergency situation, the permit application shall be submitted within the next working business day to the fire code official.
      105.1.5 Repairs. Application or notice to the fire code official is not required for ordinary repairs to structures, equipment or systems. Such repairs shall not include the cutting away of any wall, partition or portion thereof, the removal or change of any required means of egress, or rearrangement of parts of a structure affecting the egress requirement; nor shall any repairs include addition to, alteration of, replacement or relocation of any standpipe, fire protection water supply, automatic sprinkler system, fire alarm system or other work affecting fire protection or life safety.
   105.2 Application. Application for a permit required by this code shall be made to the fire code official in such form and detail as prescribed by the fire code official. Applications for permits shall be accompanied by such plans as prescribed by the fire code official.
      105.2.1 Refusal to issue permit. If the application for a permit describes a use that does not conform to the requirements of this code and other pertinent laws and ordinances, the fire code official shall not issue a permit, but shall return the application to the applicant with the refusal to issue such permit. Such refusal shall, when requested, be in writing and shall contain the reasons for refusal.
      105.2.2 Inspection authorized. Before a new operational permit is approved, the fire code official is authorized to inspect the receptacles, vehicles, buildings, devices, premises, storage spaces or areas to be used to determine compliance with this code or any operational constraints required.
      105.2.3 Time limitation of application. An application for a permit for any proposed work or operation shall be deemed to have been abandoned one year after the date of filing, unless such application has been diligently prosecuted or a permit shall have been issued. When requested in writing by the applicant prior to or not more than 90 days after the expiration of application, the fire official may extend the time for action by the applicant. The time for action by the applicant shall not be extended beyond the effective date of a more current Code. Additional hourly fees for plan review shall also be paid to the fire official for enforcement of any requirements which were subsequently amended to the Code in effect at the time the plan check extension is requested. Once an application and any extension thereof has expired, the applicant shall submit a new application and pay a new application fee.
   105.3 Conditions of a permit. A permit shall constitute permission to maintain, store or handle materials; or to conduct processes which produce conditions hazardous to life or property; or to install equipment utilized in connection with such activities; or to install or modify any fire protection system or equipment or any other construction, equipment installation or modification in accordance with the provisions of this code where a permit is required by Section 105.6 or 105.7. Such permission shall not be construed as authority to violate, cancel or set aside any of the provisions of this code or other applicable regulations or laws of the jurisdiction.
      105.3.1 Expiration of Permit. An operational permit shall remain in effect until reissued, renewed, or revoked or for such a period of time as specified in the permit. Construction permits issued by the fire official under the provisions of this Code shall expire automatically by limitation and become null and void one year after the date of the last required inspection approval by the fire official, or if work authorized by such permit is not commenced within one year from the issuance date of such permit. Before such work can be commenced or recommenced, a new permit shall be first obtained.
      Supplementary permit(s) shall not expire so long as the associated building permit remains active.
      All work to be performed under the new permit must be done in accordance with the Code in effect on the date of issuance of the new permit.
      105.3.2 Reserved.
      105.3.3 Occupancy prohibited before approval. The building or structure shall not be occupied prior to the fire code official conducting associated inspections indicating the applicable provisions of this code have been met.
      105.3.4 Conditional permits. Where permits are required and upon the request of a permit applicant, the fire code official is authorized to issue a conditional permit to occupy the premises or portion thereof before the entire work or operations on the premises is completed, provided that such portion or portions will be occupied safely prior to full completion or installation of equipment and operations without endangering life or public welfare. The fire code official shall notify the permit applicant in writing of any limitations or restrictions necessary to keep the permit area safe. The holder of a conditional permit shall proceed only to the point for which approval has been given, at the permit holder's own risk and without assurance that approval for the occupancy or the utilization of the entire premises, equipment or operations will be granted.
      105.3.5 Posting the permit. Issued permits shall be kept on the premises designated therein at all times and shall be readily available for inspection by the fire code official.
      105.3.6 Compliance with code. The issuance or granting of a permit shall not be construed to be a permit for, or an approval of, any violation of any of the provisions of this code or of any other ordinance of the jurisdiction. Permits presuming to give authority to violate or cancel the provisions of this code or other ordinances of the jurisdiction shall not be valid. The issuance of a permit based on construction documents and other data shall not prevent the fire code official from requiring the correction of errors in the construction documents and other data. Any addition to or alteration of approved construction documents shall be approved in advance by the fire code official, as evidenced by the issuance of a new or amended permit.
      105.3.7 Information on the permit. The fire code official shall issue all permits required by this code on an approved form furnished for that purpose. The permit shall contain a general description of the operation or occupancy and its location and any other information required by the fire code official. Issued permits shall bear the signature of the fire code official or other approved legal authorization.
      105.3.8 Validity of permit. The issuance or granting of a permit shall not be construed to be a permit for, or an approval of, any violation of any of the provisions of this code or of any other ordinances of the jurisdiction. Permits presuming to give authority to violate or cancel the provisions of this code or other ordinances of the jurisdiction shall not be valid. The issuance of a permit based on construction documents, operational documents and other data shall not prevent the fire code official from requiring correction of errors in the documents or other data.
   105.4 Construction documents. Construction documents shall be in accordance with this section.
      105.4.1 Submittals. Construction documents and supporting data shall be submitted with each application for a permit and in such form and detail as required by the fire code official. The construction documents shall be prepared by a registered or certified professional when required by the California Business and Professions Code.
         Exception: The fire code official is authorized to waive the submission of construction documents and supporting data not required to be prepared by a registered design professional if it is found that the nature of the work applied for is such that review of construction documents is not necessary to obtain compliance with this code.
         105.4.1.1 Examination of documents. The fire code official shall examine or cause to be examined the accompanying construction documents and shall ascertain by such examinations whether the work indicated and described is in accordance with the requirements of this code.
      105.4.2 Information on construction documents. Construction documents shall be drawn to scale upon suitable material. Electronic media documents are allowed to be submitted when approved by the fire code official. Construction documents shall be of sufficient clarity to indicate the location, nature and extent of the work proposed and show in detail that it will conform to the provisions of this code and relevant laws, ordinances, rules and regulations as determined by the fire code official.
         105.4.2.1 Fire protection system shop drawings. Shop drawings for the fire protection system(s) shall be submitted to indicate compliance with this code and the construction documents, and shall be approved prior to the start of installation. Shop drawings shall contain all information as required by the referenced installation standards in Chapter 9.
      105.4.3 Applicant responsibility. It shall be the responsibility of the applicant to ensure that the construction documents include all of the fire protection requirements and the shop drawings are complete and in compliance with the applicable codes and standards.
      105.4.4 Approved documents. Construction documents approved by the fire code official are approved with the intent that such construction documents comply in all respects with this code. Review and approval by the fire code official shall not relieve the applicant of the responsibility of compliance with this code.
         105.4.4.1 Phased approval. The fire code official is authorized to issue a permit for the construction of part of a structure, system or operation before the construction documents for the whole structure, system or operation have been submitted, provided that adequate information and detailed statements have been filed complying with pertinent requirements of this code. The holder of such permit for parts of a structure, system or operation shall proceed at the holder’s own risk with the building operation and without assurance that a permit for the entire structure, system or operation will be granted.
      105.4.5 Corrected documents. Where field conditions necessitate any substantial change from the approved construction documents, the fire code official shall have the authority to require the corrected construction documents to be submitted for approval.
      105.4.6 Retention of construction documents. One set of approved plans, calculations and reports shall be retained by the fire code official. Except as required by Section 19850 of the Health and Safety Code, the fire code official shall retain such set of the approved plans, calculations and reports for a period of not less than 90 days from date of completion of the work covered therein.
   105.5 Revocation. The fire code official is authorized to revoke a permit issued under the provisions of this code when it is found by inspection or otherwise that there has been a false statement or misrepresentation as to the material facts in the application or construction documents on which the permit or approval was based including, but not limited to, any one of the following:
   1.   The permit is used for a location or establishment other than that for which it was issued.
   2.   The permit is used for a condition or activity other than that listed in the permit.
   3.   Conditions and limitations set forth in the permit have been violated.
   4.   There have been any false statements or misrepresentations as to the material fact in the application for permit or plans submitted or a condition of the permit.
   5.   The permit is used by a different person or firm than the name for which it was issued.
   6.   The permittee failed, refused or neglected to comply with orders or notices duly served in accordance with the provisions of this code within the time provided therein.
   7.   The permit was issued in error or in violation of an ordinance, regulation or this code.
   105.6 Required operational permits. The fire code official is authorized to issue operational permits for the operations set forth in Sections 105.6.1 through 105.6.49.
      105.6.1 Aerosol products. An operational permit is required to manufacture, store or handle an aggregate quantity of Level 2 or Level 3 aerosol products in excess of 500 pounds (227 kg) net weight.
      105.6.2 Amusement buildings. An operational permit is required to operate a special amusement building.
      105.6.3 Reserved.
      105.6.4 Carbon dioxide systems used in beverage dispensing applications. An operational permit is required for carbon dioxide systems used in beverage dispensing applications having more than 100 pounds of carbon dioxide.
      105.6.5 Carnivals and fairs. An operational permit is required to conduct a carnival or fair.
      105.6.6 Cellulose nitrate film. An operational permit is required to store, handle or use cellulose nitrate film in a Group A occupancy.
      105.6.7 Combustible dust-producing operations. An operational permit is required to operate a grain elevator, flour starch mill, feed mill, or a plant pulverizing aluminum, coal, cocoa, magnesium, spices or sugar, or other operations producing combustible dusts as defined in Chapter 2.
      105.6.8 Combustible fibers. An operational permit is required for the storage and handling of combustible fibers in quantities greater than 100 cubic feet (2.8 m3).
         Exception: A permit is not required for agricultural storage.
      105.6.9 Compressed gases. An operational permit is required for the storage, use or handling at normal temperature and pressure (NTP) of compressed gases in excess of the amounts listed in Table 105.6.8.
         Exception: Vehicles equipped for and using compressed gas as a fuel for propelling the vehicle.
TABLE 105.6.9
PERMIT AMOUNTS FOR COMPRESSED GASES
 
TYPE OF GAS AMOUNT
AMOUNT (cubic feet at NTP)
Corrosive
200
Flammable (except cryogenic fluids and liquefied petroleum gases
200
Highly toxic
Any Amount
Inert and simple asphyxianta
6,000
Oxidizing (including oxygen)
504
Pyrophoric
Any Amount
Toxic
Any Amount
 
For SI: 1 cubic foot = 0.02832 m3
a.   For carbon dioxide used in beverage dispensing applications, see Section 105.6.4.
      105.6.10 Covered and open mall buildings. An operational permit is required for:
      1.   The placement of retail fixtures and displays, concession equipment, displays of highly combustible goods and similar items in the mall.
      2.   The display of liquid- or gas-fired equipment in the mall.
      3.   The use of open-flame or flame-producing equipment in the mall.
      105.6.11 Cryogenic fluids. An operational permit is required to produce, store, transport on site, use, handle or dispense cryogenic fluids in excess of the amounts listed in Table 105.6.11.
         Exception: Permits are not required for vehicles equipped for and using cryogenic fluids as a fuel for propelling the vehicle or for refrigerating the lading.
   TABLE 105.6.11
   PERMIT AMOUNTS FOR CRYOGENIC FLUIDS
 
TYPE OF CRYOGENIC FLUID
INSIDE BUILDING (gallons)
OUTSIDE BUILDING (gallons)
Flammable
More than 1
60
Inert
60
500
Oxidizing (includes oxygen)
10
50
Physical or health hazard not indicated above
Any Amount
Any Amount
 
For SI: 1 gallon = 3.785 L.
      105.6.12 Cutting and welding. An operational permit is required to conduct cutting or welding operations within the jurisdiction.
      105.6.13 Dry cleaning. An operational permit is required to engage in the business of dry cleaning or to change to a more hazardous cleaning solvent used in existing dry cleaning equipment.
      105.6.14 Exhibits and trade shows. An operational permit is required to operate exhibits and trade shows.
      105.6.15 Explosives. An operational permit is required for the manufacture, storage, handling, sale or use of any quantity of explosives, explosive materials, fireworks or pyrotechnic special effects within the scope of Chapter 56. See Health and Safety Code Division 11, Part 1, Sections 12000 et seq. for additional requirements.
         Exception: Storage in Group R-3 occupancies of smokeless propellant, black powder and small arms primers for personal use, not for resale and in accordance with Section 5606.
      105.6.16 Reserved.
      105.6.17 Flammable and combustible liquids. An operational permit is required:
      1.   To use or operate a pipeline for the transportation within facilities of flammable or combustible liquids. This requirement shall not apply to the offsite transportation in pipelines regulated by the Department of Transportation (DOTn) nor does it apply to piping systems.
      2.   To store, handle or use Class I liquids in excess of 5 gallons (19 L) in a
building or in excess of 10 gallons (37.9 L) outside of a building, except that a permit is not required for the following:
         2.1.   The storage or use of Class I liquids in the fuel tank of a motor vehicle, aircraft, motorboat, mobile power plant or mobile heating plant, unless such storage, in the opinion of the fire code official, would cause an unsafe condition.
         2.2.   The storage or use of paints, oils, varnishes or similar flammable mixtures when such liquids are stored for maintenance, painting or similar purposes for a period of not more than 30 days.
      3.   To store, handle or use Class II or Class IMA liquids in excess of 25 gallons (95 L) in a building or in excess of 60 gallons (227 L) outside a building, except for fuel oil used in connection with oil burning equipment.
      4.   To store, handle or use Class 1MB liquids in tanks or portable tanks for fueling motor vehicles at motor fuel-dispensing facilities or where connected to fuel-burning equipment.
         Exception: Fuel oil and used motor oil used for space heating or water heating.
      5.   To remove Class I or II liquids from an underground storage tank used for fueling motor vehicles by any means other than the approved, stationary on-site pumps normally used for dispensing purposes.
      6.   To operate tank vehicles, equipment, tanks, plants, terminals, wells, fuel-dispensing stations, refineries, distilleries and similar facilities where flammable and combustible liquids are produced, processed, transported, stored, dispensed or used.
      7.   To place temporarily out of service (for more than 90 days) an underground, protected above-ground or above-ground flammable or combustible liquid tank.
      8.   To change the type of contents stored in a flammable or combustible liquid tank to a material that poses a greater hazard than that for which the tank was designed and constructed.
      9.   To manufacture, process, blend or refine flammable or combustible liquids.
      10.   To engage in the dispensing of liquid fuels into the fuel tanks of motor vehicles at commercial, industrial, governmental or manufacturing establishments.
      11.   To utilize a site for the dispensing of liquid fuels from tank vehicles into the fuel tanks of motor vehicles, marine craft and other special equipment at commercial, industrial, governmental or manufacturing establishments.
      105.6.18 Floor finishing. An operational permit is required for floor finishing or surfacing operations exceeding 350 square feet (33 m2) using Class I or Class II liquids.
      105.6.19 Fruit and crop ripening. An operational permit is required to operate a fruit-or crop-ripening facility or conduct a fruit-ripening process using ethylene gas.
      105.6.20 Fumigation and insecticidal fogging. An operational permit is required to operate a business of fumigation or insecticidal fogging, and to maintain a room, vault or chamber in which a toxic or flammable fumigant is used.
      105.6.21 Hazardous materials. An operational permit is required to store, transport on site, dispense, use or handle hazardous materials in excess of the amounts listed in Table 105.6.21.
      105.6.22 HPM facilities. An operational permit is required to store, handle or use hazardous production materials.
      105.6.23 High-piled storage. An operational permit is required to use a building or portion thereof as a high-piled storage area exceeding 500 square feet (46 m2).
      105.6.24 Hot work operations. An operational permit is required for hot work including, but not limited to:
      1.   Public exhibitions and demonstrations where hot work is conducted.
      2.   Use of portable hot work equipment inside a structure.
         Exception: Work that is conducted under a construction permit.
      3.   Fixed-site hot work equipment, such as welding booths.
      4.   Hot work conducted within a wildfire risk area.
      5.   Application of roof coverings with the use of an open-flame device.
      6.   When approved, the fire code official shall issue a permit to carry out a hot work program. This program allows approved personnel to regulate their facility's hot work operations. The approved personnel shall be trained in the fire safety aspects denoted in this chapter and shall be responsible for issuing permits requiring compliance with the requirements found in this Code. These permits shall be issued only to their employees or hot work operations under their supervision.
      105.6.25 Industrial ovens. An operational permit is required for operation of industrial ovens regulated by this Code.
      105.6.26 Lumber yards and woodworking plants. An operational permit is required for the storage or processing of lumber exceeding 100,000 board feet (8,333 ft3) (236 m3).
      105.6.27 Liquid- or gas-fueled vehicles or equipment in assembly buildings. An operational permit is required to display, operate or demonstrate liquid- or gas fueled vehicles or equipment in assembly buildings.
      105.6.28 LP-gas. An operational permit is required for:
      1.   Storage and use of LP-gas.
         Exception: A permit is not required for individual containers with a 500-gallon (1893 L) water capacity or less or multiple container systems having an aggregate quantity not exceeding 500 gallons (1893 L), serving occupancies in Group R-3.
      2.   Operation of cargo tankers that transport LP-gas.
   TABLE 105.6.21
   PERMIT AMOUNTS FOR HAZARDOUS MATERIALS
 
TYPE OF MATERIAL
AMOUNT
Combustible liquids
See Section 105.6.17
Corrosive materials
   Gases
   Liquids
   Solids
See Section 105.6.9
55 gallons
500 pounds
Explosive materials
See Section 105.6.15
Flammable materials
   Gases
   Liquids
   Solids
Sec Section 105.6.9
Any Amount
Any Amount
Highly toxic materials
   Gases
   Liquids
   Solids
See Section 105.6.9
Any Amount
Any Amount
Oxidizing materials
   Gases
   Liquids
      Class 4
      Class 3
      Class 2
      Class 1
   Solids
      Class 4
      Class 3
      Class 2
      Class 1
See Section 105.6.9
 
Any Amount
1 gallon a
10 gallons
55 gallons
 
Any Amount
10 pounds b
100 pounds
500 pounds
Organic peroxides
   Liquids
      Class 1
      Class 2
      Class 3
      Class 4
      Class 5
   Solids
      Class 1
      Class 2
      Class 3
      Class 4
      Class 5
 
Any Amount
Any Amount
1 gallon
2 gallons
No Permit Required
 
Any Amount
Any Amount
10 pounds
20 pounds
No Permit Required
Pyrophoric materials
   Gases
   Liquids
   Solids
Any Amount
Any Amount
Any Amount
Toxic materials
   Gases
   Liquids
   Solids
See Section 105.6.9
10 pounds
100 pounds
Unstable (reactive) materials
   Liquids
      Class 4
      Class 3
      Class 2
      Class 1
   Solids
      Class 4
      Class 3
      Class 2
      Class 1
 
Any Amount
Any Amount
5 gallons
10 gallons
 
Any Amount
Any Amount
50 pounds
100 pounds
Water reactive materials
   Liquids
      Class 3
      Class 2
      Class 1
   Solids
      Class 3
      Class 2
      Class 1
 
Any Amount
5 gallons
55 gallons
 
Any Amount
50 pounds
500 pounds
 
   For SI: 1 gallon = 3.785 L, 1 pound = 0.454 kg.
   a.   20 gallons when Table 5003.1.1(1) Note k applies and hazard identification signs in accordance with Section 5003.5 are provided for quantities of 20 gallons or less.
   b.   200 pounds when Table 5003.1.1(1) Note k applies and hazard identification signs in accordance with Section 5003.5 are provided for quantities of 200 pounds or less.
      105.6.29 Magnesium. An operational permit is required to melt, cast, heat treat or grind more than 10 pounds (4.54 kg) of magnesium.
      105.6.30 Miscellaneous combustible storage. An operational permit is required to store in any building or upon any premises in excess of 2,500 cubic feet (71 m3) gross volume of combustible empty packing cases, boxes, barrels or similar containers, rubber tires, rubber, cork or similar combustible material.
      105.6.31 Motor fuel-dispensing facilities. An operational permit is required for the operation of automotive, marine and fleet motor fuel-dispensing facilities.
      105.6.32 Open burning. An operational permit is required for the kindling or maintaining of an open fire or a fire on any public street, alley, road, or other public or private ground. Instructions and stipulations of the permit shall be adhered to.
         Exception: Recreational fires.
      105.6.33 Open flames and torches. An operational permit is required to remove paint with a torch; or to use a torch or open-flame device in a wildfire risk area.
      105.6.34 Open flames and candles. An operational permit is required to use open flames or candles in connection with assembly areas, dining areas of restaurants or drinking establishments.
      105.6.35 Organic coatings. An operational permit is required for any organic-coating manufacturing operation producing more than 1 gallon (4 L) of an organic coating in one day.
      105.6.36 Places of assembly. An operational permit is required to operate a place of assembly.
      105.6.37 Private fire hydrants. An operational permit is required for the removal from service, use or operation of private fire hydrants.
         Exception: A permit is not required for private industry with trained maintenance personnel, private fire brigade or fire departments to maintain, test and use private hydrants.
      105.6.38 Pyrotechnic special effects material. An operational permit is required for use and handling of pyrotechnic special effects material.
      105.6.39 Pyroxylin plastics. An operational permit is required for storage or handling of more than 25 pounds (11 kg) of cellulose
      nitrate (pyroxylin) plastics, and for the assembly or manufacture of articles involving pyroxylin plastics.
      105.6.40 Refrigeration equipment. An operational permit is required to operate a mechanical refrigeration unit or system regulated by Chapter 6.
      105.6.41 Repair garages and motor fuel-dispensing facilities. An operational permit is required for operation of repair garages, and automotive, marine and fleet motor fuel-dispensing facilities.
      105.6.42 Rooftop heliports. An operational permit is required for the operation of a rooftop heliport.
      105.6.43 Spraying or dipping. An operational permit is required to conduct a spraying or dipping operation utilizing flammable or combustible liquids, or the application of combustible powders regulated by Chapter 24.
      105.6.44 Storage of scrap tires and tire byproducts. An operational permit is required to establish, conduct or maintain storage of scrap tires and tire byproducts that exceeds 2,500 cubic feet (71 m3) of total volume of scrap tires, and for indoor storage of tires and tire byproducts.
      105.6.45 Temporary membrane structures and tents. An operational permit is required to operate an air supported temporary membrane structure or a tent having an area in excess of 400 square feet (37 m2).
         Exceptions:
         1.   Tents used exclusively for recreational camping purposes.
         2.   Tents open on all sides, which comply with all of the following:
            2.1.   Individual tents having a maximum size of 700 square feet (65 m2).
            2.2.   The aggregate area of multiple tents placed side by side without a fire break clearance of not less than 12 feet (3658 mm) shall not exceed 700 square feet (65 m2) total.
            2.3.   A minimum clearance of 12 feet (3658 mm) to structures and other tents shall be provided.
      105.6.46 Tire-rebuilding plants. An operational permit is required for the operation and maintenance of a tire rebuilding plant.
      105.6.47 Waste handling. An operational permit is required for the operation of wrecking yards, junk yards and waste material-handling facilities.
      105.6.48 Wood products. An operational permit is required to store chips, hogged material, lumber or ply- wood in excess of 200 cubic feet
      105.6.49 Additional permits. In addition to the permits required by Section 105.6, the following permits shall be obtained from Fire Department prior to engaging in the following activities, operations, practices or functions:
      1.   Production facilities. To change use or occupancy, or allow the attendance of a live audience, or for wrap parties.
      2.   Pyrotechnics and special effects. To use pyrotechnic special effects, open flame, use of flammable or combustible liquids and gases, welding, and the parking of motor vehicles in any building or location used for the purpose of motion picture, television and commercial production.
      3.   Live audiences. To install seating arrangements for live audiences in approved production facilities, production studios and sound stages.
   105.7 Required construction permits. The fire code official is authorized to issue construction permits for work as set forth in Sections 105.7.1 through 105.7.18.
      105.7.1 Automatic fire-extinguishing systems. A construction permit is required for installation of or modification to an automatic fire-extinguishing system. Maintenance performed in accordance with this code is not considered a modification and does not require a permit.
      105.7.2 Battery systems. A permit is required to install stationary storage battery systems having a liquid capacity of more than 50 gallons (189 L).
      105.7.3 Compressed gases. When the compressed gases in use or storage exceed the amounts listed in Table 105.6.9, a construction permit is required to install, repair damage to, abandon, remove, place temporarily out of service, or close or substantially modify a compressed gas system.
         Exceptions:
         1.   Routine maintenance.
         2.   For emergency repair work performed on an emergency basis, application for permit shall be made within the next working days of commencement of work.
      105.7.4 Cryogenic fluids. A construction permit is required for installation of or alteration to outdoor stationary cryogenic fluid storage systems where the system capacity exceeds the amounts listed in Table 105.6.11. Maintenance performed in accordance with this code is not considered an alteration and does not require a construction permit.
      105.7.5 Emergency responder radio coverage system. A construction permit is required for installation of or modification to emergency responder radio coverage systems and related equipment. Maintenance performed in accordance with this code is not considered a modification and does not require a permit.
      105.7.6 Fire alarm and detection systems and related equipment. A construction permit is required for installation of or modification to fire alarm and detection systems and related equipment. Maintenance performed in accordance with this code is not considered a modification and does not require a permit.
      105.7.7 Fire pumps and related equipment. A construction permit is required for installation of or modification to fire pumps and related fuel tanks, jockey pumps, controllers and generators. Maintenance performed in accordance with this code is not considered a modification and does not require a permit.
      105.7.8 Flammable and combustible liquids. A construction permit is required:
      1.   To install, repair or modify a pipeline for the transportation of flammable or combustible liquids.
      2.   To install, construct or alter tank vehicles, equipment, tanks, plants, terminals, wells, fuel-dispensing stations, refineries, distilleries and similar facilities where flammable and combustible liquids are produced, processed, transported, stored, dispensed or used.
      3.   To install, alter, remove, abandon or otherwise dispose of a flammable or combustible liquid tank.
      105.7.9 Gates and barricades across fire apparatus access roads. A construction permit is required for the installation of or modification to a gate or barricade across a fire apparatus access road.
      105.7.10 Hazardous materials. A construction permit is required to install, repair damage to, abandon, remove, place temporarily out of service, or close or substantially modify a storage facility or other area regulated by Chapter 50 when the hazardous materials in use or storage exceed the amounts listed in Table 105.6.21.
         Exceptions:
         1.   Routine maintenance.
         2.   For emergency repair work performed on an emergency basis, application for permit shall be made within two working days of commencement of work.
      105.7.11 Industrial ovens. A construction permit is required for installation of industrial ovens covered by Chapter 30.
         Exceptions:
         1.   Routine maintenance.
            2.   For repair work performed on an emergency basis, application for permit shall be made within the next business day of commencement of work.
      105.7.12 LP-gas. A construction permit is required for installation of or modification to an LP-gas system.
      105.7.13 Private fire hydrants. A construction permit is required for the installation or modification of private fire hydrants.
      105.7.14 Smoke control or smoke exhaust systems. Construction permits are required for installation of or alteration to smoke control or smoke exhaust systems. Maintenance performed in accordance with this code is not considered to be an alteration and does not require a permit.
      105.7.15 Reserved.
      105.7.16 Spraying or dipping. A construction permit is required to install or modify a spray room, dip tank or booth.
      105.7.17 Standpipe systems. A construction permit is required for the installation, modification or removal from service of a standpipe system. Maintenance performed in accordance with this code is not considered a modification and does not require a permit.
      105.7.18 Temporary membrane structures and tents. A construction permit is required to erect an air-supported temporary membrane structure or a tent having an area in excess of 400 square feet (37 m2).
         Exceptions:
         1.   Tents used exclusively for recreational camping purposes.
         2.   Funeral tents and curtains, or extensions attached thereto, when used for funeral services.
         3.   Tents and awnings open on all sides, which comply with all of the following:
            3.1.   Individual tents shall have a maximum size of 700 square feet (65 m2).
            3.2.   The aggregate area of multiple tents placed side by side without a fire break clearance of not less than 12 feet (3658 mm) shall not exceed 700 square feet (65 m2) total.
   
            3.3.   A minimum clearance of 12 feet (3658 mm) to structures and other tents shall be maintained.
   SECTION 106 INSPECTIONS
   106.1 Inspection authority. The fire code official is authorized to enter and examine any building, structure, marine vessel, vehicle or premises in accordance with Section 104.3 for the purpose of enforcing this code.
   106.2 Inspections. The fire code official is authorized to conduct such inspections as are deemed necessary to determine the extent of compliance with the provisions of this code and to approve reports of inspection by approved agencies or individuals. All reports of such inspections shall be prepared and submitted in writing for review and approval. Inspection reports shall be certified by a responsible officer of such approved agency or by the responsible individual. The fire code official is authorized to engage such expert opinion as deemed necessary to report upon unusual, detailed or complex technical issues subject to the approval of the governing body.
      106.2.1 Inspection requests. It shall be the duty of the holder of the permit or their duly authorized agent to notify the fire code official when work is ready for inspection. It shall be the duty of the permit holder to provide access to and means for inspections of such work that are required by this code.
      106.2.2 Approval required. Work shall not be done beyond the point indicated in each successive inspection without first obtaining the approval of the fire code official. The fire code official, upon notification, shall make the requested inspections and shall either indicate the portion of the construction that is satisfactory as completed, or notify the permit holder or his or her agent wherein the same fails to comply with this code. Any portions that do not comply shall be corrected, and such portion shall not be covered or concealed until authorized by the fire code official.
   106.3 Concealed work. It shall be the duty of the permit applicant to cause the work to remain accessible and exposed for inspection purposes. Whenever any installation subject to inspection prior to use is covered or concealed without having first been inspected, the fire code official shall have the authority to require that such work be exposed for inspection. Neither the fire code official nor the jurisdiction shall be liable for expense entailed in the removal or replacement of any material required to allow inspection.
   106.4 Approvals. Approval as the result of an inspection shall not be construed to be an approval of a violation of the provisions of this code or of other ordinances of the jurisdiction. Inspections presuming to give authority to violate or cancel provisions of this code or of other ordinances of the jurisdiction shall not be valid.
   SECTION 107 MAINTENANCE
   107.1 Maintenance of safeguards. Whenever or wherever any device, equipment, system, condition, arrangement, level of protection, or any other feature is required for compliance with the provisions of this code, or otherwise installed, such device, equipment, system, condition, arrangement, level of protection, or other feature shall thereafter be continuously maintained in accordance with this code and applicable referenced standards.
   107.2 Testing and operation. Equipment requiring periodic testing or operation to ensure maintenance shall be tested or operated as specified in this code.
      107.2.1 Test and inspection records. Required test and inspection records shall be available to the fire code official at all times or such records as the fire code official designates shall be filed with the fire code official.
      107.2.2 Reinspection and testing. Where any work or installation does not pass an initial test or inspection, the necessary corrections shall be made so as to achieve compliance with this code. The work or installation shall then be resubmitted to the fire code official for inspection and testing.
      107.2.3 Recordkeeping. A record of periodic inspections, tests, servicing and other operations and maintenance shall be maintained on the premises or other approved location for not less than five years, or a different period of time where specified in this code or reference standards. Records shall be made available for inspection by the fire code official, and a copy of the records shall be provided to the fire code official upon request.
      The fire code official is authorized to prescribe the form and format of such recordkeeping. The fire code official is authorized to require that certain required records be filed with the fire code official.
   107.3 Supervision. Maintenance and testing shall be under the supervision of a responsible person who shall ensure that such maintenance and testing are conducted at specified intervals in accordance with this code.
   107.4 Rendering equipment inoperable. Portable or fixed fire-extinguishing systems or devices, and fire-warning systems, shall not be rendered inoperative or inaccessible, except as necessary during emergencies, maintenance, repairs, alterations, drills or prescribed testing.
   107.5 Overcrowding. Overcrowding or admittance of any person beyond the approved capacity of a building or a portion thereof shall not be allowed. The fire code official, upon finding any overcrowding conditions or obstructions in aisles, passageways or other means of egress, or upon finding any condition which constitutes a life safety hazard, shall be authorized to cause the event to be stopped until such condition or obstruction is corrected.
   SECTION 108 BOARD OF APPEALS
   108.1 Technical Interpretations Appeal Board. An applicant may appeal to the Technical Interpretations Appeal Board, the orders, decisions or determinations made by the fire code official for the matters described in section 108.4 of this no later than 60 calendar days from the date of the action being appealed.
   The board shall consist of five members who are qualified by experience and training to pass upon matters pertaining to fire protection. One member shall be a practicing architect, one a competent builder, one fire protection engineering professional, one industrial safety professional and a lawyer each of whom shall have had at least ten years experience as an architect, builder, lawyer, fire protection engineering professional or industrial safety professional. The fire official shall be an ex officio member and shall act as secretary to the board. The members of the board of appeals shall be appointed by the City Council and shall hold office at its pleasure. The board shall adopt reasonable rules and regulations for conducting its business. The board shall establish findings and the modifications granted for individual cases are in conformity with the intent and purpose of this Code, relevant laws, ordinances, rules and regulations, and that such alternate material, modification or method of work offered is at least the equivalent of that prescribed in this Code, relevant laws, ordinances, rules and regulations in quality, strength, effectiveness, fire resistance, durability, safety and sanitation and does not lessen any fire-protection requirements or any degree of structural integrity. The board shall document all decisions and findings in writing to the fire official with a duplicate copy to the applicant, and the board may recommend to the City Council such new legislation as is consistent therewith.
   108.2 Limitations of Authority. The Technical Interpretations Appeals Board shall have no authority relative to interpretation of the administrative portions of this Code, other than Section 110 (Unsafe Buildings), nor shall the board be empowered to waive requirements of this Code.
   108.3 Technical Interpretations Appeals Board Fees. A filing fee established by separate fee resolution or ordinance shall be paid to the fire official whenever a person requests a hearing or a rehearing before the appeals boards provided for in this section. All requests to appeal determinations, orders or actions of the fire official or to seek modifications of previous orders of the appeals boards shall be presented in writing.
   108.4. Any aggrieved party may appeal any of the following decisions of the fire code official:
   1.   Disapproval of any application.
   2.   Refusal to grant any permit applied for when it is claimed that the provisions of this code do not apply.
   3.   Interpretation of this code.
   4.   Determination of suitability of alternate materials or types of construction or methods.
   SECTION 109 VIOLATIONS
   109.1 Unlawful acts. It shall be unlawful for a person, firm or corporation to erect, construct, alter, repair, remove, demolish or utilize a building, occupancy, premises or system regulated by this code, or cause same to be done, in conflict with or in violation of any of the provisions of this code.
   109.2 Owner/occupant responsibility. Correction and abatement of violations of this code shall be the responsibility of the owner. If an occupant creates, or allows to be created, hazardous conditions in violation of this code, the occupant shall be held responsible for the abatement of such hazardous conditions.
   109.3 Violation penalties. Any person who shall violate any of the provisions of the California Fire Code hereby adopted or fail to comply therewith, or who shall violate or fail to comply with any order made there under, or who shall build in violation of any detailed statement of specifications or plans submitted and approved there under, or any certificate or permit issued hereunder, and from which no appeal has been taken, or who shall fail to comply with such an order as affirmed or modified by the Technical Interpretations Appeals Board or by a court of competent jurisdiction within the time fixed herein, shall severely for each and every violation and noncompliance, respectively, be guilty of a misdemeanor, punishable by a fine not to exceed $500 or by imprisonment in the city or county jail for not more than six months, or by both such fine and imprisonment. The imposition of one penalty for any violation shall not excuse the violation or permit it to continue, and all such persons shall be required to correct or remedy such violations or defects within a reasonable time; and, when not otherwise specified, each ten days that prohibited conditions are maintained shall constitute a separate offense.
   The application of the above penalty shall not be held to prevent the enforced removal or prohibited conditions.
      109.3.1 Abatement of violation. In addition to the imposition of the penalties herein prescribed, the fire code official is authorized to institute appropriate action to prevent unlawful construction or to restrain, correct or abate a violation; or to prevent illegal occupancy of a structure or premise; or to stop an illegal act, conduct of business or occupancy of a structure on or about any premises.
   SECTION 110 UNSAFE BUILDINGS
   110.1 General. If during the inspection of a premises, a building or structure, or any building system, in whole or in part, constitutes a clear and inimical threat to human life, safety or health, the fire code official shall issue such notice or orders to remove or remedy the conditions as shall be deemed necessary in accordance with this section, and shall refer the building to the building department for any repairs, alterations, remodeling, removing or demolition required.
      110.1.1 Unsafe conditions. Structures or existing equipment that are or hereafter become unsafe or deficient because of inadequate means of egress or which constitute a fire hazard, or are otherwise dangerous to human life or the public welfare, or which involve illegal or improper occupancy or inadequate maintenance, shall be deemed an unsafe condition. A vacant structure which is not secured against unauthorized entry as required by Section 311 shall be deemed unsafe.
      110.1.2 Structural hazards. When an apparent structural hazard is caused by the faulty installation, operation or malfunction of any of the items or devices governed by this code, the fire code official shall immediately notify the building code official in accordance with Section 110.1.
   110.2 Evacuation. The fire code official or the fire department official in charge of an incident shall be authorized to order the immediate evacuation of any occupied building deemed unsafe when such building has hazardous conditions that present imminent danger to building occupants. Persons so notified shall immediately leave the structure or premises and shall not enter or re-enter until authorized to do so by the fire code official or the fire department official in charge of the incident.
   110.3 Summary abatement. Where conditions exist that are deemed hazardous to life and property, the fire code official or fire department official in charge of the incident is authorized to abate summarily such hazardous conditions that are in violation of this code.
   110.4 Abatement. The owner, operator or occupant of a building or premises deemed unsafe by the fire code official shall abate or cause to be abated or corrected such unsafe conditions either by repair, rehabilitation, demolition or other approved corrective action.
   SECTION 111 STOP WORK ORDER
   111.1 Order. Whenever the fire code official finds any work regulated by this code being performed in a manner contrary to the provisions of this code, or in a dangerous or unsafe manner, the fire code official is authorized to issue a stop work order.
   111.2 Issuance. A stop work order shall be in writing and shall be given to the owner of the property, or to the owner's agent, or to the person doing the work. Upon issuance of a stop work order, the cited work shall immediately cease. The stop work order shall state the reason for the order, and the conditions under which the cited work is authorized to resume.
   111.3 Emergencies. Where an emergency exists, the fire code official shall not be required to give a written notice prior to stopping the work.
   111.4 Failure to Comply. Any person who shall continue any work after having been served with a stop work order, except such work as that person is directed to perform to remove a violation or unsafe condition, shall be liable to a fine as of not less than $100 or more than $500. Or as per fee schedule as adopted by separate resolution and/or ordinance, whichever is higher.
   SECTION 112 SERVICE UTILITIES
   112.1 Authority to disconnect service utilities. The fire code official shall have the authority to authorize disconnection of utility service to the building, structure or system in order to safely execute emergency operations or to eliminate an immediate hazard. The fire code official shall notify the serving utility and, whenever possible, the owner and occupant of the building, structure or service system of the decision to disconnect prior to taking such action. If not notified prior to disconnection, the owner or occupant of the building, structure or service system shall be notified in writing as soon as practical thereafter.
   SECTION 113 FEES
   113.1 Fees. A permit shall not be issued until the fees have been paid, nor shall an amendment to a permit be released until the additional fee, if any, has been paid.
   113.2 Schedule of fees. Plan review, permit or any other applicable fees shall be as adopted by separate resolution and/or ordinance.
   SECTION 114 DEFINITIONS
   114 Definitions. In additions to the definitions specified in Chapter 2 of this Code, the following certain terms, phrases, words and their derivatives shall be construed as specified in this section. Terms, phrases and words used in the masculine gender include the feminine and the feminine the masculine. In the event of conflicts between these definitions and definitions that appear elsewhere in this Code, these definitions shall govern and be applicable.
   BUILDING CODE shall mean the City of Alhambra Building Code.
   ELECTRICAL CODE shall mean the City of Alhambra Electrical Code.
   FIRE CHIEF shall mean the Chief Officer of the City of Alhambra Fire Department.
   FIRE CODE shall mean the California Code of Regulations Title 24, Part 9, as adopted and amended by the City of Alhambra and International Fire Code, as adopted and amended by the City of Alhambra depending on the context.
   FIRE CODE OFFICIAL shall mean the Fire Chief or other member of the fire service appointed by the Fire Chief, charged with the administration and enforcement of this Code.
   MECHANICAL CODE shall mean the City of Alhambra Mechanical Code.
   PLUMBING CODE shall mean the City of Alhambra Plumbing Code.
   RESIDENTIAL CODE shall mean the City of Alhambra Residential Code.
   UNPERMITTED STRUCTURES shall be defined as any structure, or portion thereof, that was erected, constructed, enlarged, altered, repaired, moved, improved, removed, connected, converted, demolished or equipped, at any point in time, without the required permit(s) having first been obtained from the Fire Chief and/or Building Official or any unfinished work for which a permit has expired.
(Ord. 4640, passed 12-9-13; Am. Ord. 4641, passed 12-9-13; Am. Ord. 4700, passed 11-14-16)