7-1-13: BUILDING SEWERS, CONNECTIONS, EXTENSIONS, AND ASSOCIATED FEES:
   (A)   Application: Service shall be furnished only upon the filing of an application with the Clerk of the City upon a form to be supplied by the City. This application shall state the name of the applicant, the premises to be served, the size of the service desired, and date service is desired and include a record of service installation, inspection and approval by the City, and a record of water meter or sewer meter reading upon commencement of service to the applicant.
   (B)   Permit Required: No unauthorized person shall uncover, make any connections with or opening into, use, alter, or disturb any public sewer or appurtenances thereof without first obtaining a written permit from the Clerk of the City.
   (C)   Types Of Permits: There shall be the following types of building sewer permits:
      1.   For single-family residential dwelling units and commercial service;
      2.   For multi-family residential dwelling units;
      3.   For service to establishments producing industrial wastes;
      4.   For the institutional/governmental class of users;
   In any case, the owner or his agent shall make application on a special form furnished by the City. The permit applications shall be supplemented by any plans, specifications or other information considered pertinent in the judgment of the City.
   Any industry, as a condition of permit authorization, must provide information describing its wastewater constituents, characteristics, and type of activity.
   (D)   Reserve Capacity: A building sewer permit will only be issued and a sewer connection shall only be allowed if it can be demonstrated that the downstream sewerage facilities, including sewers, pump stations and wastewater treatment facilities, have sufficient reserve capacity to adequately and efficiently handle the additional anticipated waste load. (Ord. 14/88, 3-20-1989)
   (E)   Permit And Inspection Fee: At the time of filing a building sewer permit application, a permit and inspection fee shall be paid to the City pursuant to title 13, "Schedule Of Fees", of this Code. (Ord. 15/2017, 6-5-2017)
   (F)   Costs: The applicant for sewer service shall pay all costs and expenses incidental to the installation and connection of the building sewer, and the maintenance thereof, from the point of connection to the public sewer of the City, or to the collector sewer of the City if located within a right-of-way of the City, to the premises of the applicant. The owner or the person installing the building sewer for said owner shall indemnify the City from any loss or damage that may directly or indirectly be occasioned by said installation. (Ord. 14/88, 3-20-1989)
   (G)   Building Sewer: A separate and independent building sewer shall be provided for every building; except where one building stands at the rear of another on an interior lot and no private sewer is available or can be constructed to the rear building through an adjoining alley, courtyard or driveway, the building sewer from the front building may be extended to the rear building and the whole considered as one building sewer; and except that multi-family dwelling units, including apartments and mobile home trailer parks, may use a single common building sewer for drainage of individual dwelling units unless required otherwise by the City. However, notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this sewerage ordinance, when in the opinion of the City, and based upon sound engineering reasons, the City believes that it is in the best interest of the City to permit more than one hookup to a lateral to a sewage main owned and maintained by the City, then upon the request of any property owner or owners or at the direction of the said City, it shall be lawful for such property owner or owners to connect more than one building or buildings to one sewer lateral installed by said property owners at their expense, subject to those terms and conditions as hereinafter set forth. In those cases where the City approves more than one building or buildings, whether owned by one property owner or other owners to connect to one sewer lateral, said owner or owners shall pay the sole cost of installing same unless otherwise agreed to in writing between the City and the said owner or owners. Furthermore, said owner or owners installing said lateral to which more than one building is connected shall own and have the responsibility of maintaining said sewer lateral unless the owner or owners in question agree in writing with the City that a contrary agreement shall control and upon payment of the application fee and monthly fee pursuant to title 13, "Schedule Of Fees", of this Code. Also, under such circumstances, if the said sewer lateral which is serving more than one building, whether one owner or multiple owners are involved, breaks or malfunctions, and said owner or owners refuse to take the necessary steps to repair same, then the City shall have the right to take whatever action may be necessary, including the termination of water and sewage services by terminating same at the point where said laterals may be tapped into City mains, in order to avoid any damage or harm to the water mains and/or sewage mains owned and maintained by the City. (Ord. 15/2017, 6-5-2017)
   (H)   Old Building Sewers: Old building sewers or any portion thereof may be used in connection with new buildings only when they are found, on examination and test by the inspector, to meet all requirements of this chapter.
   (I)   Acceptable Sewer Pipe: The building sewers and/or public sewers shall be constructed of extra strength vitrified clay sewer pipe and fittings meeting the current ASTM "specification for extra strength clay sewer pipe", or service weight (SV) cast iron soil pipe and fittings meeting the current ASTM "specifications for service weight cast iron soil pipe", or ductile iron sewer pipe and fittings meeting the current ASTM "specification for ductile iron fittings"; or PVC sewer pipe or PVC composite sewer pipe and fittings meeting the current ASTM "specifications for polyvinyl chloride (PVC) plastic pipe and fittings (minimum Schedule 40 or SDR 21)", and ASTM "specifications for PVC composite sewer piping"; or reinforced concrete pipe (RCP) meeting the current ASTM "specification for reinforced concrete sewer pipe". If installed in filled or unstable ground, the building sewers and/or public sewers shall be of cast iron soil pipe, ductile iron sewer pipe or reinforced concrete pipe, except that vitrified clay pipe or PVC sewer pipe meeting the above specification requirements may be accepted if laid on a suitable improved bed or cradle as approved by the inspector.
   (J)   Joints And Connections: All joints and connections shall be made gastight and watertight. Vitrified clay sewer pipe shall be fitted with factory made resilient compression joints meeting the current ASTM "specification for compression joints for vitrified clay pipe and fittings".
   Before joining the pipe in the trench, the bell and spigot surfaces shall be wiped free of dirt or other foreign matter. A lubricant or sealer as recommended by the pipe manufacturer shall be applied to the bell and spigot mating surfaces just before they are joined together. The spigot end shall be positioned into the bell end of the pipe previously laid and shall then be shoved home to compress the joint and to assure a tight fit between the interfaces.
   Joints for SV cast iron soil pipe shall be as described below for ductile iron sewer pipe.
   Joints for ductile iron sewer pipe shall be "mechanical joint" or "push on joint". To assemble a push on joint the following method is to be used unless the manufacturer specifically recommends another method. After placing a length of pipe in the trench, the spigot end shall be centered in the bell and the pipe forced home and brought to correct line and grade. The pipe shall be secured in place with approved backfill material tamped under it except at the bells.
   To assemble a mechanical joint, the following method is to be used, unless the manufacturer specifically recommends another method. Wash thoroughly with soapy water the pipe socket (or bell) plain end (or spigot) and the rubber gasket. Place gland followed by gasket over the plain end of the pipe. Insert in socket. Push the gasket into position, making sure that it is evenly seated in the socket of the pipe bell. Move the gland into position against the face of the rubber gasket, insert bolts and make fingertight. Tighten bolts alternately, that is, tighten a bottom bolt, then a top bolt and so on all around the joint until tight.
   Joints for PVC sewer pipe shall be "elastomeric gasket joints" or "solvent cement joints". A solvent cemented joint is one in which pipe solvent cements into a coupling to form the joint closure. Ensure that surfaces to be jointed are clean and dry. Liberally apply solvent to pipe end and inside of coupling. Shove pipe home, set pipe to line and grade.
   The elastomeric gasket joint is a sliding assembly in which the lubricated pipe spigot end slides under the rubber ring and into the bell. Make certain the bell and rubber ring area are clean. Make sure the pipe spigot end is clean.
   Lubricate the spigot end of the pipe. Be sure to cover the entire spigot and circumference. Insert the spigot end into the bell so that it is in contact with the rubber ring. Keep the pipe lengths in proper alignment. Brace the bell while the spigot end is pushed in under the rubber ring, so that previously completed joints will not be closed up. Push the spigot into the bell until the reference mark on the pipe barrel is flush with the end of the bell.
   Joints for RCP sewer shall be "rubber gasket joint" construction. Immediately before making joint, lubricate entire gasket and inside of bell of last pipe and spigot end of pipe with an approved vegetable lubricant. Take care that gasket and ends of pipe are clean and free of sand or gravel. Introduce spigot of pipe being laid with gasket in place, into bell end of previously laid pipe. Set pipe to line and grade and then jack or push completely home.
   (K)   The size and slope of building sewers shall be subject to the approval of the inspector, but in no event shall the diameter be less than four inches (4"). The slope of such four inch (4") pipe shall not be less than one-eighth inch (1/8") per foot. A slope of one-fourth inch (1/4") per foot shall be used wherever practical.
   (L)   Whenever possible the building sewer shall be brought to the building at an elevation below the basement floor. No building sewer shall be laid parallel to or within three feet (3') of any bearing wall, which might thereby weaken. The depth shall be sufficient to afford protection from frost. The building sewer shall be laid at uniform grade and in straight alignment in so far as possible. Changes in direction shall be made only with properly curved pipe and fittings.
   (M)   In all buildings in which any building drain is too low to permit gravity flow to the public sewer, sanitary sewage carried by such drain shall be lifted by approved artificial means and discharged to the building sewer. No water operated sewage ejector shall be used.
   (N)   All excavations required for the installation of a building sewer shall be open trench work unless otherwise approved by the inspector. Pipe laying and backfill shall be performed in accordance with current ASTM specification designation C-12 except that no backfill shall be placed until the work has been inspected by the inspector or his representative.
   (O)   No person shall make connection of roof downspouts, exterior foundation drains, areaway drains, or other sources of surface runoff or ground water to a building sewer or building drain which in turn is connected directly or indirectly to a public sanitary sewer.
   (P)   The connection of the building sewer into the public sewer shall be made at the "Y" or "T" branch, if such branch is available at a suitable location. If no branch is available on sewers twelve inches (12") in diameter or less, a connection may be made, at the owner's expense, using a manufactured saddle type connection at the location and of the type specified by the inspector. Where the public sewer is greater than twelve inches (12") in diameter, and no properly located "Y" or "T" branch is available, a neat hole may be cut into the public sewer to receive the building sewer, with entry in the downstream direction at an angle of about forty five degrees (45°). A forty five degree (45°) ell may be used to make such connection, with the spigot end cut so as not to extend past the inner surface of the public sewer. Under no circumstances will the sewer service protrude into the sewer main to which the connection is made. The invert of the building sewer at the point of connection shall be at the same or at a higher elevation than the invert of the public sewer. A smooth, neat joint shall be made, and the connection made secure and watertight by encasement in concrete. Special fittings may be used for the connection only when approved by the inspector. Manholes shall be constructed at any junction of an eight inch (8") diameter line or larger into a public sewer.
   (Q)   The applicant for the building sewer shall notify the inspector when the building sewer is ready for inspection and connection to the public sewer. The connection shall be made under the supervision of the inspector or his representative.
   (R)   All excavations for building sewer installation shall be adequately guarded with barricades and lights so as to protect the public from hazard. Streets, sidewalks, parkways and other public property disturbed in the course of such work shall be restored in a manner satisfactory to the city.
   (S)   The city shall be responsible for determining whether or not an extension of a public sewer is economically feasible based on the estimated cost of the extension and the number of existing potential users that will use said sewer line. If the extension is economically feasible, then the city may install and pay the cost of the extension at the discretion of the city. If the city elects not to pay the costs of extending the public sewer, then the person or persons desiring sewer service shall install the extension at their own personal expense upon written consent of the city. The city shall not pay for any extensions to an undeveloped area, such as a subdivision being developed, unless there are sufficient existing residents or businesses to make the extension economically feasible.
   (T)   Sewer Expansion And Extension Connection Fee: The sewer expansion and extension connection fee is hereby established to reimburse the city for its costs in extending sewer lines to serve new and additional users and to increase its capacity to transport and treat sewage. Such fee shall be based upon the pro rata share of the cost of said exploration, construction and extension which cost was required to provide the sewer services being made available to the new or additional user. The sewer expansion and extension connection fee shall be based upon all such costs including, but not limited to, engineering fees, supervision, legal fees, land costs and construction.
   When a new or additional user of the system wishes to connect into the sewerage system of the city, he shall request from the director an estimate of the sum of the sewer expansion and extension connection fee attributable to the property which he wishes to serve with the municipal sewerage system. Within ten (10) days after such application, the director shall certify to such applicant the then current amount of the sewer expansion and extension connection fee attributable to the property sought to be served. In arriving at the sewer expansion and extension connection fee, the director may request such information from the applicant and shall be reasonably necessary in order that he may compute the amount of the fee. He shall, for example, be allowed to inquire as to the use which the applicant desires to make of the land. Any sewer expansion and extension connection fee so certified by the city shall remain in effect for a period of sixty (60) days and may, at the option of the city, be further extended. After such sixty (60) day period, if the connection fee has not been paid, the city may recompute the amount of such connection fee. In arriving at a recomputed figure, the director shall consider any additional costs incurred by the city in providing the sewer services desired by the applicant. If an applicant should disagree with or dispute the amount of the sewer expansion and extension connection fee, in whole or in part, as determined by the director, he shall be allowed to appeal such decision to the city. The city shall allow the applicant to appear before it, either at a regular or special city council meeting or otherwise, to present his objections to the estimate of costs. The city may require the director to appear before it to explain the manner in which said connection fee has been computed. The decision of the city regarding this matter shall be final.
   (U)   The city must approve all plans and specifications for any extensions. Before any extensions are installed, the plans and specifications must be reviewed and approved by the state of Illinois environmental protection agency.
   (V)   Ownership rights of way, and title must be conveyed to the city for all extensions installed by anyone other than the city. The city shall maintain the extended public sewers thereafter.
   (W)   No extension of the public sewer will be permitted if, in the opinion of the city, the system does not have the necessary capacity to serve the proposed extension. (Ord. 14/88, 3-20-1989)