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1. No portion of an off-street parking facility shall be located in a public street, sidewalk, alley, or other public right-of-way.
2. If the total required parking exceeds 20 spaces, 25 percent of the total required parking may be designed as compact parking spaces.
3. Where shopping carts are offered to customers, shopping cart corrals, or similar cart storage facilities shall be provided and identified and cannot occupy required parking spaces.
4. Except in the NR-LM and NR-GM zone districts, no required parking area shall be used for the storage, repair, dismantling, or servicing of any vehicles, equipment, materials, or supplies unless specified otherwise in this IDO. The prohibition on vehicle storage does not apply to approved outdoor storage and display related to light vehicle sales and rental or for heavy vehicle and equipment sales, rental, fueling, and repair uses in the zone districts where those uses are allowed.
5. Mixed-use and non-residential developments on lots with at least 200 feet of frontage on a public street may be designed with a small parking court located between the front façade of the primary building and the front lot line provided that:
a. No more than 30 percent of the total parking requirement is provided in a parking court.
b. The parking court is surrounded on 2 sides by the development.
c. Parking courts accessed from a local street shall be no greater than 110 feet wide and 150 feet deep.
6. Parking in any Residential zone district or for low-density residential development is prohibited on any portion of the front yard setback other than on a driveway or drive aisle meeting the standards of this IDO and the DPM.
7. Required parking spaces for single-family and two-family detached dwellings, and cluster development shall be located on the same lot as the residential use they serve. On-street parking spaces abutting the subject property shall be considered as located on the same lot for the purposes of Subsection 5-5(C)(6)(d) (On-street Parking Credit).
8. Required parking spaces for townhouse or cottage development, in a designated communal or shared parking area shall be located on a lot abutting at least 1 of the lots served by such parking. On-street parking spaces abutting the subject property shall be considered as located on the same lot for the purposes of Subsection 5-5(C)(6)(d) (On-street Parking Credit).
9. Required parking spaces for any residential use other than those listed in Subsections 7 and 8 above may be located in a designated communal or shared parking area located on a lot adjacent to at least 1 of the lots served by such parking. Shared parking is subject to requirements in Subsection 14-16-5-5(C)(5)(b) (Shared Parking Reduction). On-street parking spaces abutting the subject property shall be considered as located on the same lot for the purposes of Subsection 5-5(C)(6)(d) (On-street Parking Credit).
10. Required parking spaces for uses in the Civic and Institutional, Commercial, and Industrial use categories may be located in a designated parking area on a lot within 330 feet in any direction of the premises served by such parking if they meet the standards in Subsection 14-16-5-5(C)(5)(b) (Shared Parking Reduction) or Subsection 14-16-5-5(C)(6)(e) (Off-site Parking ). (See figure below). On-street parking spaces abutting the subject property shall be considered as located on the same lot for the purposes of Subsection 14-16-5-5(C)(6)(d) (On-street Parking Credit).
In addition to the provisions in Subsection (a) above, the following standards apply in DT-UC-MS-PT areas.
1. Off-street parking and loading areas shall not be located between the front façade of the primary building and the street unless allowed by another provision of this IDO.
2. Required off-street parking spaces that are not required to comply with the federal Americans with Disabilities Act may be located off-site in any Mixed-use or Non-residential zone district provided that the property containing the off-site parking is located within 660 feet in any direction of the use for which the parking is provided (measured from the nearest points on their lot lines), and the applicant provides documentation that the off-site spaces will remain available to supply the required parking for the applicant's property for a period of not less than 2 years. Off-site parking for a non-residential use may not be provided in any Residential zone district.
3. Parking in the rear of a site may be accessed by alleys or by shared access drives or easements along abutting side yards where alley access is not feasible or alleys do not exist. Shared access easements shall not be more than 20 feet wide.
4. Parking shall be landscaped following the requirements in Subsection 14-16-5-6(F).
The following standards apply to driveways, drive aisles, carports, parking lots, and parking structures unless specified otherwise in this IDO.
The following standards apply to all low-density residential development in any zone district except R-MC:
1. Driveways, parking areas, and curb cuts shall meet any applicable requirements in Subsection 14-16-5-3(C)(3)(b) (Driveways, Drive Aisles, and Access) and the DPM.
2. The combined area of the front yard or street side yard that can be improved for driveways and parking areas in the R-1, R-T, R-ML, and R-MH zone districts shall be limited pursuant to Table 5-5-6.
a. Where carports are allowed pursuant to this Subsection 3, they shall not extend into any required clear sight triangle.
b. In the R-A, R-1, R-T, R-ML, R-MH, and MX-T zone districts, no carport wall may be built within the required front or side setback area unless a Permit - Carport is approved pursuant to Subsection 14-16-6-6(G).
c. In the R-A, R-1, R-T, R-ML, R-MH, and MX-T zone districts, no portion a carport structure may be located within 3 feet of a lot line.
d. Carports are prohibited within any front yard in the following small areas:
i. Downtown Neighborhood Area - CPO-3
ii. Monte Vista and College View Historic District
4. In Centers and Corridor areas identified in the ABC Comp Plan, as amended, tandem parking is allowed. A tandem parking space may be counted toward off-street parking requirements provided that both spaces are leased to, allocated to, or otherwise under the control of the same party.
1. Public parking areas shall be designed so that vehicles do not have to back out of the parking area onto a public street.
2. The primary vehicular access to a parking area shall be from a side street or alley, where alleys are platted and in use. If an alley is used for parking area access, the alley area may be included in the calculation of circulation and maneuvering areas.
3. Vehicular access to a primary non-residential use shall be located to avoid the need for traffic from a collector or arterial street to use a local street for more than 150 feet to access the lot containing the non-residential use.
4. Vertically stacked tandem parking using lift equipment may be used to meet minimum off-street parking requirements in any zone district provided that the parking structure is attended with a lift operator at all times.
5. Fire and emergency access to and through parking areas shall comply with Article 14-2 of ROA 1994 (Fire Code).
6. In the MX-H and MX-FB zone districts, no portion of a vehicle driving lane shall be located in the area directly between the front façade of the primary building and the front lot line.
7. Large Parking Lots
a. Parking areas, parking circulation, and access for a non-residential development with more than 100,000 square feet of gross floor area shall be designed based on a traffic study conducted at the applicant's expense, covering anticipated traffic volumes, turning movements, trip generation, and parking demand.
b. Each parking lot containing 100 or more parking spaces, any of which are located more than 330 feet from the front façade of the building shall contain walkways designed to allow pedestrians to access the front door of the primary building without the need to walk through parking areas or cross driving lanes, as required by the DPM.
c. Each parking lot containing 100 or more spaces shall divide the parking lot into separate areas each containing less than 100 spaces that are separated from each other by 1 or more of the following:
i. Landscaped swales or other landscaped features (which shall count toward the amount of required site landscaping).
ii. Landscaped pedestrian paths not less than 20 feet wide.
iii. Driving lanes that do not contain parking spaces on either side.
iv. Primary or accessory buildings.
v. A distance of at least 100 feet (measured between the closest points in the 2 parking areas).
d. Each parking lot containing 200 or more spaces shall include bicycle pathways designed to provide a clear and convenient connection across or through vehicle circulation areas, as required by the DPM.
e. All parking lots shall meet the landscaping requirements in Subsection 14-16-5-6(F) (Parking Lot Landscaping).
5-5(F)(3)(a) All parking facilities shall comply with all applicable provisions in this IDO, including but not limited to those in Sections 14-16-5-3 (Access and Connectivity), 14-16-5-5(I) (Landscaping, Buffering, and Screening), 14-16-5-8 (Outdoor Lighting), and 14-16-5-9 (Neighborhood Edges), and applicable standards in the DPM.
1. Grading and drainage of parking areas.
2. Parking surface materials, including the use of pervious paving materials.
3. Allowed parking space overhangs of public rights-of-way, sidewalks, walkways, and landscaped areas, and the use and design of wheel stops and barriers to prevent overhangs and damage.
4. Marking of parking spaces.
5. Parking space and aisle dimensions.
In the HPO zones, all off-street parking and loading areas and garages shall be located toward the rear of the site to the maximum extent practicable, shall comply with the standards in all other portions of this Subsection 14-16-5-5, and shall comply with the additional standards applicable to that Historic Protection Overlay zone in this Section 14-16-5-5(F)(4). If there is a conflict between other parking standards in this Section 14-16-5-5 and the standards in this Section 14-16-5-5(F)(4), the standards in this Section 14-16-5-5(F)(4) shall prevail.
1. Parking areas shall not be located between buildings and the street.
2. Minimum parking lot setbacks:
a. From the front lot line: 30 percent of the lot depth.
b. From other street frontages: 10 feet.
c. From rear lot lines: 5 feet.
3. Vehicular access is allowed only from a side street or alley.
4. Parking structures shall have uses from Table 4-2-1 on the ground floor along at least 50 percent of the street-facing façade of the parking structure.
a. Where ground floor uses aren't provided, opaque walls at least 3 feet high or vegetative screens at least 3 feet high at the time of planting shall be provided.
b. Walls provided pursuant to Subsection a. above may be part of the structure of the building or may be a separate wall constructed between the building and the sidewalk.
1. For single-family and two-family detached dwellings, circular driveways are prohibited.
2. Tandem parking is allowed in driveways for single-family and two-family detached dwellings provided that the tandem space is behind the required front setback. The tandem space may be counted in the calculation of required on-site parking driveways.
1. Parking and loading areas shall be located to the back of the site.
2. Parking and loading areas shall be located to minimize visibility from the street.
3. Parking on the street-facing side of corner buildings is prohibited.
1. All parking areas with 6 or more parking spaces shall be divided with landscaped areas planted in accordance with Section 14-16-5-6 (Landscaping, Buffering, and Screening).
2. Parking areas shall be accessed primarily by alleys where physical conditions permit.
3. Tandem parking is allowed in driveways provided that the tandem space is behind the front yard setback. The tandem space may be counted in the calculation of required on-site parking.
4. Automobile headlights shall be screened from adjacent lots and from the street in accordance with Section 14-16-5-6 (Landscaping, Buffering, and Screening).
Off-street parking is not required, but any off-street parking shall comply with all provisions of this Section 14-16-5-5, excluding those special provisions applicable to other HPO zones.
1. An alley shall serve as the primary access to parking and loading areas.
2. Tandem parking is allowed in driveways provided that the tandem space is behind the front yard setback. The tandem space may be counted in the calculation of required on-site parking driveways.
3. Existing driveways shall not be widened or expanded, and paving in the front yard setback other than for driveways is prohibited.
4. Parking areas with 6 or more vehicle parking spaces must include landscaped areas internal to the parking area complying with Section 14-16-5-6 (Landscaping, Buffering, and Screening).