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The regulations set forth in this section or elsewhere in this chapter which are applicable, shall apply in the R-1 (High Density) Single-Family Residential District.  This also recognizes older areas of Adel.
   1.   Purpose and Intent.  The purpose of this district is to provide space for the smallest standard lot for single-family living where public utilities and services are available and to encourage a suitable living environment through the promotion of public health, safety and welfare. 
   2.   Permitted Uses.
      A.   Single-family detached dwellings.
      B.   Elder Home.  Any residential facility which meets the definition of an elder home as defined in Chapter 414.29 and referenced sections of the Code of Iowa.
      C.   Family homes.
      D.   Home occupations.
      E.   Two Family Attached Dwellings.
   3.   Accessory Uses.
      A.   Private garages.
      B.   Normal accessory buildings and structures for a dwelling such as: swimming pools, children’s playhouses, radio and television receiving antennas, barbecue pits, playground equipment, tennis courts, greenhouses, gazebos, etc.
      C.   Temporary buildings for use incidental to construction work.  Such buildings shall be removed upon the completion or abandonment of the construction work.
   4.   Conditional Uses.  The following conditional uses may be allowed by the Board of Adjustment, provided such use complies with the requirements of this and all other City ordinances and is in accordance with the Comprehensive Plan of the City.
      A.   Public or private elementary, junior high or middle schools, high schools, and similar educational facilities, but not including boarding, rooming, or residential dwelling units.
      B.   Nursery schools and other child care (SIC 8351).
      C.   Churches and other religious organizations (SIC 8661).
      D.   Public or nonprofit museums and historic sites or buildings, including offices and support facilities accessory thereto.
      E.   Public utility facilities, including transmission and distribution equipment, substations, regulator stations, and buildings associated therewith, but not including facilities for maintenance or general operations or communication towers.  Evidence shall be provided to show such facilities are essential to service the public, that no reasonable alternative exists, and that all negative impacts, including esthetics, have been mitigated to the extent possible.
      F.   Bed and breakfast houses.
      G.   Home occupation in accessory buildings.
   5.   Maximum Height Regulations.  No principal building shall exceed two and one-half stories or 35 feet in height.   
   6.   Lot Area, Frontage and Yard Set Back Requirements.
For Non-Dwellings
Lot Area
8,000 square feet
10,000 square feet
one acre
Lot Frontage
65 feet
85 feet
150 feet
Front Yard Depth
25 feet
30 feet
50 feet
Side Yard (least width on any one side)
A total of 15 feet; one side may be reduced to not less than 7 feet; 15 feet for any other principal building.
10 feet
25 feet
Width (minimum sum of both side yards)
16 feet
20 feet
50 feet
Rear Yard Depths
25 feet
30 feet
50 feet
In the event public sewer is not available for a dwelling, the minimum lot area shall be 40,000 square feet.
   7.   Minimum Floor Area.  Single-family dwellings shall have a minimum of 1,000 square feet of living space.  If the dwelling is two or more stories high, the first floor living space shall contain a minimum of 800 square feet.   
   8.   Off-Street Parking Regulations.
      A.   There shall be two parking spaces for each dwelling unit, exclusive of private garages.
      B.   For two-family dwellings:  two spaces per dwelling unit.
   9.   Off-Street Loading.  The following off-street loading requirements apply in the R-1 District:
      A.   All activities or uses allowed in the R-1 District shall be provided with adequate receiving facilities accessible by motor vehicle off any adjacent service drive or open space on the same zoning lot.
      B.   Loading is not permitted to block public right-of-way.